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Amos 2

Greek: Modern         

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1 Ουτω λεγει Κυριος· Δια τας τρεις παραβασεις του Μωαβ και δια τας τεσσαρας δεν θελω αποστρεψει την τιμωριαν αυτου· διοτι κατεκαυσε τα οστα του βασιλεως του Εδωμ μεχρι κονιας·

2 αλλα θελω εξαποστειλει πυρ επι τον Μωαβ και θελει καταφαγει τα παλατια της Κιριωθ· και ο Μωαβ θελει αποθανει μετα θορυβου, μετα κραυγης, μετ' ηχου σαλπιγγος.

3 Και θελω εξολοθρευσει τον κριτην εκ μεσου αυτου, και θελω αποκτεινει παντας τους αρχοντας αυτου μετ' αυτου, λεγει Κυριος.

4 Ουτω λεγει Κυριος· Δια τας τρεις παραβασεις του Ιουδα και δια τας τεσσαρας δεν θελω αποστρεψει την τιμωριαν αυτου, διοτι κατεφρονησαν τον νομον του Κυριου και δεν εφυλαξαν τα προσταγματα αυτου και επλανησαν αυτους τα ματαια αυτων, κατοπιν των οποιων περιεπατησαν οι πατερες αυτων·

5 αλλα θελω εξαποστειλει πυρ επι τον Ιουδαν και θελει καταφαγει τα παλατια της Ιερουσαλημ.

6 Ουτω λεγει Κυριος· Δια τας τρεις παραβασεις του Ισραηλ και δια τας τεσσαρας δεν θελω αποστρεψει την τιμωριαν αυτου διοτι επωλησαν τον δικαιον δι' αργυριον και τον πενητα δια ζευγος υποδηματων·

7 οιτινες ποθουσι να βλεπωσι την κονιν της γης επι την κεφαλην των πτωχων και εκκλινουσι την οδον των πενητων· και υιος και πατηρ αυτου υπαγουσι προς την αυτην παιδισκην, δια να βεβηλονωσι το ονομα το αγιον μου·

8 και πλαγιαζουσι πλησιον παντος θυσιαστηριου επι ενδυματων ενεχυριασμενων, και πινουσιν εν τω οικω των θεων αυτων τον οινον των καταδυναστευομενων.

9 Αλλ' εγω εξωλοθρευσα τον Αμορραιον απ' εμπροσθεν αυτων, του οποιου το υψος ητο ως το υψος των κεδρων και αυτος ισχυρος ως αι δρυς· και ηφανισα τον καρπον αυτου επανωθεν και τας ριζας αυτου υποκατωθεν.

10 Και εγω σας ανεβιβασα εκ γης Αιγυπτου και σας περιεφερον τεσσαρακοντα ετη δια της ερημου, δια να κληρονομησητε την γην του Αμορραιου.

11 Και ανεστησα εκ των υιων σας δια προφητας και εκ των νεανισκων σας δια Ναζηραιους. Δεν ειναι ουτως, υιοι Ισραηλ; λεγει Κυριος.

12 Σεις δε εποτιζετε τους Ναζηραιους οινον και προσεταξατε τους προφητας λεγοντες, Μη προφητευσητε.

13 Ιδου, εγω θελω καταθλιψει υμας εν τω τοπω υμων, καθως καταθλιβεται η αμαξα η πληρης δραγματων.

14 Και η φυγη θελει χαθη απο του δρομεως και ο ανδρειος δεν θελει στερεωσει την ισχυν αυτου και ο ισχυρος δεν θελει διασωσει την ψυχην αυτου,

15 και ο τοξοτης δεν θελει δυνηθη να σταθη· και ο ταχυπους να εκφυγη και ο ιππευς να σωση την ζωην αυτου,

16 και ο μεταξυ των δυνατων γενναιοκαρδιος γυμνος θελει φυγει εν εκεινη τη ημερα, λεγει Κυριος.

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Exploring the Meaning of Amos 2      

By E. Taylor and Helen Kennedy

In the Book of Amos, chapter two begins with the Lord declaring his anger against the people of Moab, Judea, and Israel. They have committed various wrongs against the Lord and the church, despite His efforts to guide them, and the chapter goes on to suggest that the Lord is losing faith in His people.

Verses 1-8 of this chapter describe the specific ways in which people can destroy or misuse the good and truth of the Word.

Verses 1-3 discuss the Moabites specifically. They represent people who corrupt the good and truth of the church, meaning they would twist what they learned from the Word to suit their own selfish purposes. Bones represent natural truths that we can use as a framework to support all higher knowledge that we learn, so the fact that people were ‘burning bones’ means they destroyed their own foundation to gain spiritual knowledge. In verse 3, the Lord says that he will cut off the judge and the prince, meaning that the Moabites’ failure to determine what is good (like the judge), and lead a life based in truth (like the prince) will not stand against the real spiritual principles of the Lord.

Verses 4-5 are about people who destroy celestial things from the Word, by turning their hearts away from the Lord. The people of Judea had believed they were the Lord’s chosen people for so many generations at this point that they grew complacent, and no longer felt they needed to obey the Lord’s commandments.

Verses 6-8 tell what can happen when people pervert spiritual truths from the church, and turn them into falsities. Swedenborg writes that most of the images from these verses - silver, shoes, dust, wine - can all represent either falsity, or only the most external type of truth. The Israelites were turning to these falsities and to their own greed, instead of using the Lord’s truths to help the poor and the meek.

In verses 9-11, the Lord reminds the children of Israel of everything he has done to prepare them for salvation. He fought for them and delivered them from Egypt, lifted up their leaders and prophets, and provided them with the truths they would need in order to be regenerated.

He also shows that He has the strength to punish them, because He’s already overcome the Amorites, who symbolize evil in general (Secrets of Heaven 6306).

Verses 12-16 describe how the Israelites perverted the knowledge the Lord tried to give them. Instead of trusting what the Lord had taught them, they turned to their own self-righteousness for guidance. Since they thought they had all the answers, they corrupted the Nazarites and silenced the prophets. Without a proper understanding of the Lord’s teachings, the people were no longer equipped to fight against evils or to grow spiritually.

At face value, this chapter depicts the Lord as an angry god who will punish those who disobey him. What seems to be anger is actually the Lord fiercely protecting us, and calling us to follow Him. This chapter reminds us to turn our hearts toward the Lord, and to live according to the truths of the Word.

From Swedenborg's Works

Principais explicações provenientes das obras de Swedenborg:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 202


Outras referências por Swedenborg do presente capítulo

Arcana Coelestia 348, 1857, 3881, 6306, 6377, 9489, 10303

Apocalypse Revealed 316

The Lord 4


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 315, 355, 357, 376, 532, 633, 783

Scriptural Confirmations 9, 75

Hop to Similar Bible Verses

Exodus 22:25, 26

Leviticus 18:21

Numbers 6:2, 3, 13:32, 32:13

Deuteronomy 2:7, 8:2, 9:1, 2

Joshua 24:8

Judges 13:7

1 Samuel 3:20

2 Kings 26, 17:19, 25:9

2 Chronicles 14

Job 18:16

Psalms 33:16

Ecclesiastes 9:11

Isaiah 3:14, 15, 5:24, 10:1, 2, 15:1, 30:10

Jeremiah 2:6, 16:19, 17:27, 39:8, 48:1

Ezekiel 25:8

Hosea 8:14, 12:3

Amos 1:4, 14, 3:1, 4:1, 5:11, 7:13, 8:4, 6, 9:1

Micah 2:6

Zephaniah 8

Zechariah 11:5

Word/Phrase Explanations

Ισραηλ
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

A Bíblia

 

Jeremiah 17:27

Greek: Modern         

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27 Αλλ' εαν δεν μου υπακουσητε, ωστε να αγιαζητε την ημεραν του σαββατου και να μη βασταζητε φορτιον και εμβιβαζητε εις τας πυλας της Ιερουσαλημ την ημεραν του σαββατου, τοτε θελω αναψει πυρ εν ταις πυλαις αυτης και θελει καταφαγει τα παλατια της Ιερουσαλημ και δεν θελει σβεσθη.

   Estudar o significado interno
From Swedenborg's Works

Principais explicações provenientes das obras de Swedenborg:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 83


Outras referências de Swedenborg para este versículo:


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 965

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Hop to Similar Bible Verses

Jeremiah 7:20, 21:14

Lamentations 4:11

Ezekiel 21:3

Amos 2:4, 5

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Das Obras de Swedenborg

 

Apocalypse Revealed # 316

Apocalypse Revealed (Rogers translation)      

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316. "And do not harm the oil and the wine." This symbolizes the Lord's provision that they not violate and profane the goods and truths concealed inwardly in the Word.

Oil symbolizes the goodness of love, and wine the truth springing from that goodness. Thus the oil here symbolizes sacred goodness, and the wine sacred truth. The Lord's provision that these not be violated and profaned is symbolized by the people's being told not to harm them. For this instruction came from the midst of the four living creatures, thus from the Lord (no. 314). Whatever the Lord says He also provides. That this is something He provides may be seen in nos. 314 and 255 above.

That oil symbolizes the goodness of love - this we will see in nos. 778, 779 below.

That wine symbolizes the truth springing from that goodness is clear from the following passages:

Everyone who thirsts, come to the waters; and you who have no money, come, buy and eat. Yes..., buy wine and milk without money... (Isaiah 55:1)

It shall come to pass in that day that the mountains will drip new wine, and the hills flow with milk... (Joel 3:18, cf. Amos 9:13-14)

Joy is taken away... from Carmel, and in the vineyards there will be no singing... No treaders will tread out wine in the presses; I have made their shouting cease. (Isaiah 16:10, cf. Jeremiah 48:32-33)

Carmel symbolizes the spiritual church, because it had vineyards there.

(Referências: Apocalypse Revealed 778-779; Hosea 14:5-7; Psalms 104:14-16; Revelation 6:6; Zechariah 9:15-17)


[2] ...wail, all you drinkers of wine, because of the new wine, for it has been cut off from your mouth... The vinedressers have wailed... (Joel 1:5, 10-11)

Almost the same images occur in Hosea 9:2-3.

He washes his clothing in wine, and His vesture in the blood of grapes. His eyes are red with wine... (Genesis 49:11-12)

The subject is the Lord, and the wine symbolizes Divine truth. That is why the Lord instituted the Holy Supper, in which the bread symbolizes the Lord in respect to Divine good, and the wine the Lord in respect to Divine truth; and in their recipients the bread symbolizes a sacred goodness, and the wine sacred truth, received from the Lord. Therefore He said,

I say to you, that I will not drink of this fruit of the vine from now on until that day when I drink it new with you... in My Father's kingdom. (Matthew 26:29, cf. Luke 22:18)

Because bread and wine have these symbolic meanings, so too Melchizedek, going to meet Abram, brought out bread and wine, he being a priest of God Most High, and he blessed Abram (Genesis 14:18-19).

(Referências: Amos 5:11; Isaiah 24:6-7, 24:9, 24:11; Lamentations 2:11-12; Micah 6:15; Zephaniah 1:13)


[3] The grain offering and drink offering used in sacrifices had similar symbolic meanings, as described in Exodus 29:40, Leviticus 23:12-13, 18-19ff. The grain offering was an offering of wheat flour, thus taking the place of bread, and the drink offering was an offering of wine.

It can be seen from this what these words of the Lord symbolize:

Nor do they put new wine into old wineskins... But they put the... wine into new wineskins, and both are preserved. (Matthew 9:17, cf. Luke 5:37-38)

New wine is the Divine truth in the New Testament, thus in the New Church, and the old wine is the Divine truth in the Old Testament, thus in the old church.

A similar idea is symbolized by these words of the Lord at the wedding in Cana of Galilee:

Every man at the beginning sets out the good wine, and when the guests have well drunk, then the inferior. You have kept the good wine until now! (John 2:1-10)

(Referências: Luke 5:37; Numbers 15:2-15, 28:6-7, 28:18-31, 28:18, 29:1-7)


[4] Something similar is symbolized by the wine in the Lord's parable concerning the man wounded by thieves, on whose wound the Samaritan poured oil and wine (Luke 10:33-34); for the man wounded by thieves means people whom the Jews wounded spiritually by evils and falsities, and to whom the Samaritan brought aid by pouring oil and wine on their wounds, that is, by teaching them goodness and truth, and as far as possible, healing them.

Sacred truth is symbolized by wine and new wine also elsewhere in the Word, as in Isaiah 1:21-22; 25:6; 36:17.

(Referências: Amos 2:8; Hosea 7:4-5, 7:14, Hosea 14:6-8; Psalms 104:14-15, 104:15; Zechariah 9:15, Zechariah 9:17)


[5] Because of this, a vineyard in the Word symbolizes a church that possesses truths from the Lord.

That wine symbolizes sacred truth can be seen also from its opposite meaning, in which it symbolizes truth falsified and profaned, as in the following places:

Harlotry, wine, and new wine have taken hold of the heart... Their wine is gone, they commit harlotry continually. (Hosea 4:11, 18)

Harlotry symbolizes the falsification of truth, and so, too, do the wine and new wine here.

...in the hand of Jehovah a cup, and He mixed it with wine; He filled it with the mixture and poured it out, and its dregs shall all the wicked of the earth, sucking, drink. (Psalms 75:8)

Babylon was a golden cup in Jehovah's hand, that made all the earth drunk. The nations drank her wine; therefore they are deranged. (Jeremiah 51:7)

Babylon has fallen..., because she has made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication... If anyone worships the beast..., he shall also drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is mixed with undiluted wine in the cup of the wrath (of God). (Revelation 14:8-10)

(Babylon has made) all the nations (drink) of the wine... of her fornication. (Revelation 18:3)

...great Babylon was remembered before God, to give her the cup of the wine of the fury of His wrath. (Revelation 16:19)

...the inhabitants of the earth were made drunk with the wine of her fornication. (Revelation 17:1-2)

(Referências: Hosea 4:17-18; Jeremiah 2:7)


[6] The wine that Belshazzar, the king of Babylon, and his lords and wives and concubines drank from the vessels of the Temple in Jerusalem, while they praised the gods of gold, silver, bronze, iron, wood, and stone (Daniel 5:2-4) - that wine symbolized nothing else but the sacred truth of the Word and church profaned, which is why the writing then appeared on the wall, and the king that very night was slain (Daniel 5:25, 30)

Wine symbolizes truth falsified also in Isaiah 5:11-12, 21-22; 28:1, 3, 7; 29:9; 56:11-12.

The drink offering that they poured out as an offering to idols has the same symbolic meaning in Isaiah 65:11; 57:6; Jeremiah 7:18; 44:17-19; Ezekiel 20:28; Deuteronomy 32:38.

It is owing to its correspondence that wine symbolizes sacred truth, and in an opposite sense, truth profaned. For when a person reads "wine" in the Word, angels - who apprehend everything spiritually - have just this interpretation of it. Such is the correspondence between the natural thoughts of people and the spiritual thoughts of angels. The case is the same with the wine in the Holy Supper. That is why the Holy Supper occasions an introduction into heaven (no. 224 at the end).

(Referências: Hosea 14:5-7; Jeremiah 13:12-13, 13:12, 23:9-10; Revelation 6:6)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Apocalypse Revealed 295, 360, 379, 632, 635, 649, 653, 721, 762, 778, 829

True Christian Religion 367

Resources for parents and teachers

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 Jesus' First Sign at Cana
Each of the seven "signs" in the Gospel of John reveals something about the Lord. On a deeper level the signs also show the miracles the Lord can do in our lives.
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