Van Swedenborgs Werken

 

Hemel en Hel #73

Hemel en Hel (Janssens vertaling)      

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73. IEDERE ENGEL HEEFT DAAROM EEN VOLLEDIG MENSELIJKEVORM

Inde twee voorafgaande hoofdstukken is getoond dat de hemel in zijn volledigheid een mens weergeeft, en dat iedere gemeenschap in de hemel dit ook doet. Uit de opeenvolging van redenen die daar gegeven zijn volgt dat iedere engel er ook als een mens uitziet. Aangezien de hemel de mens in de grootste vorm is en een gemeenschap van de hemel dit in een kleinere vorm is, is een engel dit in de kleinste vorm. Want in de meest volmaakte vorm, zoals die van de hemel dat is, bestaat er een gelijkenis van het geheel in het onderdeel en van het onderdeel in het geheel. Dat dit het geval is, komt omdat de hemel een gemeenschap is, want het deelt alles wat het bezit met iedereen en iedereen ontvangt alles wat hij heeft uit die gemeenschap. Een engel is een ontvangbekken en zodoende een hemel in de kleinste vorm, zoals hierboven eveneens in het betreffende gedeelte werd uitgelegd. Voor zover iemand de hemel in zich opneemt, is hij ook een ontvangbekken, een hemel en een engel (zie nr. 57). it wordt in de Apocalyps als volgt beschreven: En hij mat de muur op van het heilige Jeruzalem, honderdvierenveertig el, mensen maat, die engelenmaat is. (Apocalyps 21:17) Jeruzalem is hier de kerk van de Heer, en in hogere betekenis de hemel; de muur is het ware, dat een bescherming is tegen de onjuistheden en zonden; de honderdvierenveertig zijn alle waarheden en al het goede bij elkaar genomen; de maat is de hoedanigheid; mensen maat is iemand in wie al het goede en ware in het algemeen en in het bijzonder aanwezig is, dat is, in wie de hemel is; en omdat een engel door deze dingen ook een mens is, wordt er gezegd mensenmaat, wat ook de maat van een engel is. Dit is de geestelijke betekenis van die woorden. Wie zou zonder die betekenis kunnen begrijpen dat de muur van het heilige Jeruzalem de maat van een mens is, dat is, van een engel?

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Apocalyps Onthuld 943

Engelenwijsheid over de Goddelijke Liefde en de Goddelijke Wijsheid 11, 19, 133, 328

Goddelijke Voorzienigheid 64, 204, 254, 306

Leer over de Gewijde Schrift 70, 105, 107

Hemel en Hel 170, 200, 250, 314, 453, 454, 460, 485

Het Laatste Oordeel 9, 18, 25

Ware Christelijke Religie 240, 268, 269

Over het Nieuwe Jeruzalem en haar Hemelse Leer 2


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 27, 69, 199, 228, 280, 294, 299, 302, 313, 351, 391, 392, 404, 427, 490, 546, 554, 595, 600, 606, 617, 837, 955, 1222

Over het Woord (Janssens vertaling) 17


Thanks to the Swedenborg Boekhuis NL and Guus Janssens for their permission to use this translation.

Van Swedenborgs Werken

 

Apocalypse Explained #69

Apocalypse Explained (Whitehead translation)      

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69. Verse 15. And His feet like unto burnished brass, as if glowing in a furnace, signifies the ultimate of Divine order, which is the natural, full of Divine love. This is evident from the signification of "feet," as being the natural (see Arcana Coelestia 2162, 3147, 3761, 3986, 4280, 4938-4952); therefore, in reference to the Lord, as meaning the ultimate of Divine order, because that is the natural; also from the signification of "burnished brass," or brass polished, as being natural good (of which presently); and from the signification of "glowing," as being, in reference to the Lord, what is from Divine love (see n. 10055). It is said, "as if glowing in a furnace," in order that the Divine love in the greatest degree and in its fullness may be represented, for the Divine is in its fullness when it is in its ultimate, and the ultimate is the natural (see above, n. 66).

From this it is clear that by "His feet like unto burnished brass, as if glowing in a furnace," is signified the ultimate of Divine order, which is the natural, full of Divine love. These things, as well as the preceding, are described by comparisons; as that "His head and His hairs were white as white wool, as snow," and that "His feet were like unto burnished brass, as if glowing in a furnace;" but it is to be noted, that all comparisons in the Word are significative, for they are from correspondences in like manner as the things themselves (see Arcana Coelestia 3579, 4599, 8989).

(Referenties: Revelation 1:15; The Apocalypse Explained 66)


[2] In reference to the Lord, "feet" signify the ultimate of Divine order, and this is the natural, because heaven is heaven from the Lord's Divine Human, and from this it is that heaven in the whole complex represents one man; and as there are three heavens, that the highest heaven represents the head, the middle heaven the body, and the lowest heaven the feet. The Divine that makes the highest heaven is called the celestial Divine, but the Divine that makes the middle heaven is called the spiritual Divine, and the Divine that makes the lowest heaven is called the natural Divine from the spiritual and celestial. This makes it evident why the Lord is here described in respect to His Divine Human, which is the Son of man seen in the midst of the lampstands, not only as regards His garments, but also as to His head, breast, and feet. (That the Son of man is the Lord as to His Divine Human, see above, n. 63; and that the "lampstands" are heaven, see n. 62, 63. But since these things are arcana hitherto unknown in the world, and yet must be understood in order that the internal sense of this and the following parts of this prophetical book may be comprehended, the particulars have been explained specifically in the work on Heaven and Hell; as

That the Divine Human of the Lord makes Heaven, n. 7-12, 78-86, seq.;

That on this account Heaven in the whole Complex represents one Man, n. 59-77;

That there are Three Heavens, and that the highest refers to the head, the middle to the body, and the lowest to the feet, n. Heaven and Hell 29-40.)

When this is understood it can be seen what is signified in the Word by "the feet of Jehovah" or "of the Lord," namely, the ultimate of Divine order, or the natural; and since the external of the church, of worship, and of the Word is the ultimate of Divine order in the church, and is the natural, this is specifically signified by "the feet of Jehovah" or "of the Lord."

(Referenties: The Apocalypse Explained 63)


[3] Because of this signification of "the feet of Jehovah" or "of the Lord," therefore when the Lord was seen as an Angel by the prophets elsewhere, He appeared in like manner.

Thus by Daniel:

I lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and behold a man clothed in linen, whose loins were girded with gold of Uphaz; His body was like the tarshish stone, and His eyes as lamps of fire, and His arms and His feet like the brightness of polished brass (Daniel 10:5-6).

In like manner the cherubs, by which is meant the Lord in respect to providence and protection (see Arcana Coelestia 9277, 9509, 9673), were seen by Ezekiel:

Their feet sparkled like the brightness of polished brass (Ezekiel 1:7).

The Lord was seen in like manner as an Angel as described further on in Revelation:

I saw an Angel coming down out of heaven, arrayed with a cloud, and a rainbow was about His head, and His face was as the sun, and His feet as pillars of fire (Revelation 10:1).

As the Lord appeared in this manner as to His feet, therefore under His feet there was seen by some of the sons of Israel:

As it were a work of sapphire stone, and as it were the substance of heaven for clearness (Exodus 24:10).

Their vision of the Lord was not as to the feet, but "under the feet," because they were not in, but under, the external of the church, of worship, and of the Word (see The Doctrine of the New Jerusalem 248).

[4] Since "the feet of Jehovah" or "of the Lord" signify the ultimate of Divine order, and this specifically is the external of the church, of worship, and of the Word, therefore this external is called in the Word "His footstool," as in Isaiah:

The glory of Lebanon shall come unto thee, to beautify the place of My sanctuary; I will make the place of My feet honorable. And they shall bow themselves down at the soles of thy feet (Isaiah 60:13-14).

In the same:

Heaven is My throne, and the earth is My footstool (Isaiah 66:1).

In Jeremiah:

God doth not remember His footstool in the day of anger (Lamentations 2:1).

In David:

Worship Jehovah at His footstool (Psalms 99:5).

We will go into His tabernacles; we will worship at His footstool (Psalms 132:7).

In Nahum:

Of Jehovah, the clouds are the dust of His feet (Nahum 1:3).

"Cloud" is the external of the Word, or the Word in respect to the letter (see above, n. 36. Because "cloud" is the external of the Word, it is also the external of the church and of worship; for the church and worship are from the Word. "Clouds" are called "dust of His feet," because those things that are in the sense of the letter of the Word, which is natural, appear scattered.

(Referenties: The Apocalypse Explained 36)

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References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 60, 70, 153, 405, 411, 475, 540, 597, 600, 666, 708, 781


Thanks to the Swedenborg Foundation for their permission to use this translation.


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