From Swedenborg's Works


True Christian Religion #102

True Christian Religion (Dick translation)      

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102. It is believed that the Lord as to His Human not only was, but also is, the Son of Mary; but in this the Christian world is mistaken. That He was the Son of Mary is true, but that He still is, is not true; for by the acts of redemption He put off the Human derived from the mother and put on the Human from the Father. Consequently the Human of the Lord is Divine, and in Him God is Man, and Man God. That He put off the Human from the mother, and put on the Human from the Father, which is the Divine Human, is evident from the fact that He never called Mary His mother. This may be seen from the following passages:

"The mother of Jesus saith unto Him, They have no wine. Jesus saith unto her, Woman, what have I to do with thee? Mine hour is not yet come" John 2:3-4;

and elsewhere;

"When Jesus saw" from the cross "His mother, and the disciple standing by whom He loved, He saith unto His mother, Woman, behold thy son! Then saith He to the disciple, Behold thy mother!" John 19:26-27; and once He did not acknowledge her.

It was told Jesus "by certain, which said, Thy mother and thy brethren stand without, desiring to see thee. And He answered and said unto them, My mother and my brethren are these which hear the Word of God, and do it" Luke 8:20-21; Matthew 12:46-50; Mark 3:31-35.

Thus the Lord did not call her "mother," but "woman," and entrusted her to John as a mother; in other places she is called His mother, but not by Himself.

[2] This is also proved by the fact that He did not acknowledge Himself to be the Son of David: for we read in the Evangelists:

that Jesus asked the Pharisees, "saying, What think ye of Christ? whose Son is He? They say unto Him, The Son of David. He saith unto them, How then doth David in spirit call Him Lord, saying, The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool? If David then call Him Lord, how is He his Son? And no man was able to answer Him a word" Matthew 22:41-46; Mark 12:35-37; Luke 20:41-44; Psalms 110:1.

[3] 1 To the above I will add this account of an incident not hitherto recorded: 2

It was once granted me to speak with Mary, the mother. She was then passing by, and appeared in heaven over my head, clothed in white raiment like silk. Pausing for a little she said that she had been the mother of the Lord, for He was born of her; but that He, having become God, put off all the Human He had from her; and therefore that she now worships Him as her God, and is unwilling that any one should acknowledge Him as her Son, because the whole Divinity is in Him.

From what has been said this truth is now clear that Jehovah is Man in first things and in last, as the following passages declare:

"I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending,... which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty" Revelation 1:8, 11.

When John saw the Son of Man in the midst of the seven candle-sticks, he fell at His feet as dead; and He laid His right hand upon him, saying, "I am the first and the last" Revelation 1:13, 17; 21:6;

"Behold, I come quickly, to give every man according as his work shall be. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last" Revelation 22:12-13.

Again in Isaiah it is written:

"Thus saith JEHOVAH the King of Israel, and His Redeemer JEHOVAH ZEBAOTH; I am the first, and I am the last" Isaiah 44:6; 48:12.


1. This passage is in quotation marks in Original Edition.

2. This incident is repeated in 827 with variations.


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   Study this Passage
From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

True Christian Religion 342

   Parallel Passages:

The Last Judgment (Continuation) 66

Last Judgment (Posthumous) 69

Spiritual Experiences 5834, 5992

True Christian Religion 827

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.

The Bible


Revelation 1:11

English: King James Version         

Study the Inner Meaning

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11 Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, What thou seest, write in a book, and send it unto the seven churches which are in Asia; unto Ephesus, and unto Smyrna, and unto Pergamos, and unto Thyatira, and unto Sardis, and unto Philadelphia, and unto Laodicea.

   Study the Inner Meaning
From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

Apocalypse Revealed 38, 39, 40, 41

Other references to this verse:

Arcana Coelestia 6044, 10044

Apocalypse Revealed 1, 13, 29, 42, 92, 248, 522

Conjugial Love 81, 326

The Lord 36

Sacred Scripture 98

True Christian Religion 19, 102, 261, 625

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 20, 44, 56, 57, 58, 59, 257

Canons of the New Church 5, 12, 31

Divine Wisdom 8

Marriage 19, 102

Scriptural Confirmations 2, 4, 11, 32

Other New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:

Hop to Similar Bible Verses

Isaiah 8:1

Jeremiah 36:2, 4

Word/Phrase Explanations

the first
'Resurrection' signifies salvation and eternal life. 'The first,' mentioned in Revelation 20:5, 6, does not mean a first resurrection, but the essence and primary part...

If knowing what’s right were the same as doing what’s right, we would all be thin, healthy, hard-working, law-abiding, faithful to our spouses and free...

Asia, mentioned in 'Revelation 14', signifies those who from the Word are in the light of truth.

In Revelation 2, 'the church in Smyrna' signifies people in a good life, but in falsities of doctrine, which is clear from the letter written...

The church of Pergamos,' as in Revelation 2, signifies people who place the whole of the church in good works, and nothing in truths of...

'Thyatira,' as in Revelation 2, signifies people in faith originating in charity, and so in good works, but also people in faith separate from chanty,...

'The church in Sardis,' as in Revelation 3:1, signify people who are in dead worship. 'Sardis' signifies people who live a moral life, but not...

The church in Philadelphia,' as in Revelation 3:7, means people who are in truths originating in good from the Lord.

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library at the New Church Vineyard website.

 Alpha and Omega, Beginning and the End
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Alpha and Omega Design
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Getting Strength from the Word
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Greeting Cards: For New Church Day
"Let children make special greeting cards to display in their homes or send to loved ones. "
Project | Ages 4 - 17

 John on the Isle of Patmos
Color picture of John praying on the isle of Patmos.
Picture | Ages up to 14

 John on the Isle of Patmos
The Lord opened John’s spiritual eyes so he could see into the spiritual world. John wrote down what he saw in a book called Revelation. Sample from the Jacob's Ladder Program, Introductory Level, for ages 5-6.
Religion Lesson | Ages 5 - 6

 John on the Isle of Patmos
This lesson discusses a story from the Word and suggests projects and activities for young children.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 John Receives Revelation
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 John Sees the Lord Amongst the Golden Lampstands
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 John's Vision
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 John’s Vision (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 John’s Vision (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 John’s Vision (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 John's Vision of the Lord
Color picture of the Lord in the midst of the candlesticks from Revelation 1.
Picture | Ages up to 14

 John’s Vision of the Lord
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 John Writing on Patmos
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Memory Verse: Holy Is His Name
Activity | Ages 4 - 14

Worship Talk | Ages over 18

Sunday School Lesson | Ages 9 - 12

 The Alpha and the Omega
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Book of Revelation
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Lord Amidst Seven Lampstands
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 The Lord in Midst of the Seven Lampstands
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Lord in the Candlesticks
Color picture of John's vision of the Son of Man in the midst of the candlesticks from Revelation 1.
Picture | Ages up to 14

 The Second Coming
While many anticipate the return of Jesus Christ to earth, the New Church teaches the Lord has already made His second coming in the teachings for the New Church.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 17




By New Christian Bible Study Staff

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'The church in Sardis,' as in Revelation 3:1, signify people who are in dead worship.

(References: Apocalypse Revealed 154)

'Sardis' signifies people who live a moral life, but not a spiritual life.

(References: Revelation 3:1; The Apocalypse Explained 182)