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Arcana Coelestia #9372

Arcana Coelestia (Potts translation)      

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9372. And He said unto Moses. That this signifies that which concerns the Word in general, is evident from the representation of Moses, as being the Word (of which below); and from the signification of “He said,” as involving those things which follow in this chapter, thus those which concern the Word (see n. 9370). (That Moses represents the Word, can be seen from what has been often shown before about Moses, as from the preface to Genesis 18; and n. 4859, 5922, 6723, 6752, 6771, 6827, 7010, 7014, 7089, 7382, 8601, 8760, 8787, 8805.) Here Moses represents the Word in general, because it is said of him in what follows, that he alone should come near unto Jehovah (verse 2); and also that, being called unto out of the midst of the cloud, he entered into it, and went up the mount (verses 16-18).

(References: Exodus 24:16, 24:18)


[2] In the Word there are many who represent the Lord in respect to truth Divine, or in respect to the Word; but chief among them are Moses, Elijah, Elisha, and John the Baptist. That Moses does so, can be seen in the explications just cited above; that so do Elijah and Elisha, can be seen in the preface to Genesis 18; and n. 2762, 5247; and that John the Baptist does so is evident from the fact that he was “Elias who was to come.” He who does not know that John the Baptist represented the Lord as to the Word, cannot know what all those things infold and signify which are said about him in the New Testament; and therefore in order that this secret may stand open, and that at the same time it may appear that Elias, and also Moses, who were seen when the Lord was transfigured, signified the Word, some things may here be quoted which are spoken about John the Baptist; as in Matthew:

After the messengers of John had departed, Jesus began to speak concerning John, saying, What went ye out into the wilderness to see? a reed shaken by the wind? But what went ye out to see? a man clothed in soft raiment? Behold, they that wear soft things are in kings’ houses. But what went ye out to see? a prophet? Yea, I say unto you, even more than a prophet. This is he of whom it is written, Behold I send Mine angel before Thy face, who shall prepare Thy way before Thee. Verily I say unto you, Among those who are born of women there hath not arisen a greater than John the Baptist; nevertheless he that is less in the kingdom of the heavens is greater than he. All the prophets and the law prophesied until John. And if ye are willing to believe, he is Elias who was to come. He that hath ears to hear, let him hear (Matthew 11:7-15; and also Luke 7:24-28).

No one can know how these things are to be understood, unless he knows that this John represented the Lord as to the Word, and unless he also knows from the internal sense what is signified by “the wilderness” in which he was, also what by “a reed shaken by the wind,” and likewise by “soft raiment in kings’ houses;” and further what is signified by his being “more than a prophet,” and by “none among those who are born of women being greater than he, and nevertheless he that is less in the kingdom of the heavens is greater than he,” and lastly by his being “Elias.” For without a deeper sense, all these words are uttered merely from some comparison, and not from anything of weight.

(References: Arcana Coelestia 2135)


[3] But it is very different when by John is understood the Lord as to the Word, or the Word representatively. Then by “the wilderness of Judea in which John was” is signified the state in which the Word was at the time when the Lord came into the world, namely, that it was “in the wilderness,” that is, it was in obscurity so great that the Lord was not at all acknowledged, neither was anything known about His heavenly kingdom; when yet all the prophets prophesied about Him, and about His kingdom, that it was to endure forever. (That “a wilderness” denotes such obscurity, see n. 2708, 4736, 7313.) For this reason the Word is compared to “a reed shaken by the wind” when it is explained at pleasure; for in the internal sense “a reed” denotes truth in the ultimate, such as is the Word in the letter.

[4] That the Word in the ultimate, or in the letter, is crude and obscure in the sight of men; but that in the internal sense it is soft and shining, is signified by their “not seeing a man clothed in soft raiment, for behold those who wear soft things are in kings’ houses.” That such things are signified by these words, is plain from the signification of “raiment,” or “garments,” as being truths (n. 2132, 2576, 4545, 4763, 5248, 6914, 6918, 9093); and for this reason the angels appear clothed in garments soft and shining according to the truths from good with them (n. 5248, 5319, 5954, 9212, 9216). The same is evident from the signification of “kings’ houses,” as being the abodes of the angels, and in the universal sense, the heavens; for “houses” are so called from good (n. 2233, 2234, 3128, 3652, 3720, 4622, 4982, 7836, 7891, 7996, 7997); and “kings,” from truth (n. 1672, 2015, 2069, 3009, 4575, 4581, 4966, 5044, 6148). Therefore by virtue of their reception of truth from the Lord, the angels are called “sons of the kingdom,” “sons of the king,” and also “kings.”

(References: Arcana Coelestia 2233-2234, 7996-7997)


[5] That the Word is more than any doctrine in the world, and more than any truth in the world, is signified by “what went ye out to see? a prophet? Yea, I say unto you, and more than a prophet;” and by, “there hath not arisen among those who are born of women a greater than John the Baptist;” for in the internal sense “a prophet” denotes doctrine (n. 2534, 7269); and “those who are born,” or are the sons, “of women” denote truths (n. 489, 491, 533, 1147, 2623, 2803, 2813, 3704, 4257).

[6] That in the internal sense, or such as it is in heaven, the Word is in a degree above the Word in the external sense, or such as it is in the world, and such as John the Baptist taught, is signified by, “he that is less in the kingdom of the heavens is greater than he;” for as perceived in heaven the Word is of wisdom so great that it transcends all human apprehension. That the prophecies about the Lord and His coming, and that the representatives of the Lord and of His kingdom, ceased when the Lord came into the world, is signified by, “all the prophets and the law prophesied until John.” That the Word was represented by John, as by Elijah, is signified by his being “Elias who is to come.”

[7] The same is signified by these words in Matthew:

The disciples asked Jesus, Why say the scribes that Elias must first come? He answered and said, Elias must needs first come, and restore all things. But I say unto you, that Elias hath come already, and they knew him not, but did unto him whatsoever they wished. Even so shall the Son of man also suffer of them. And they understood that He spoke to them of John the Baptist (Matthew 17:10-13).

That “Elias hath come, and they knew him not, but did unto him whatsoever they wished” signifies that the Word has indeed taught them that the Lord is to come, but that still they did not wish to comprehend, interpreting it in favor of the rule of self, and thus extinguishing what is Divine in it. That they would do the same with the truth Divine itself, is signified by “even so shall the Son of man also suffer of them.” (That “the Son of man” denotes the Lord as to truth Divine, see n. 2803, 2813, 3704)

[8] From all this it is now evident what is meant by the prophecy about John in Malachi:

Behold I send you Elijah the prophet before the great and terrible day of Jehovah cometh (Malachi 4:5).

Moreover, the Word in the ultimate, or such as it is in the external form in which it appears before man in the world, is described by the “clothing” and “food” of John the Baptist, in Matthew:

John the Baptist, preaching in the wilderness of Judea, had His clothing of camel’s hair, and a leathern girdle about his loins; and his food was locusts and wild honey (Matthew 3:1, 4).

In like manner it is described by Elijah in the second book of Kings:

He was a hairy man, and girt with a girdle of leather about his loins (2 Kings 1:8).

By “clothing,” or a “garment,” when said of the Word, is signified truth Divine there in the ultimate form; by “camel’s hair” are signified memory-truths such as appear there before a man in the world; by the “leathern girdle” is signified the external bond connecting and keeping in order all the interior things; by “food” is signified spiritual nourishment from the knowledges of truth and of good out of the Word; by “locusts” are signified ultimate or most general truths; and by “wild honey” their pleasantness.

[9] That such things are signified by “clothing” and “food” has its origin in the representatives of the other life, where all appear clothed according to truths from good, and where food also is represented according to the desires of acquiring knowledge and growing wise. From this it is that “clothing,” or a “garment,” denotes truth (as may be seen from the citations above; and that “food” or “meat” denotes spiritual nourishment, n. 3114, 4459, 4792, 5147, 5293, 5340, 5342, 5576, 5579, 5915, 8562, 9003; that “a girdle” denotes a bond which gathers up and holds together interior things, n. 9341; that “leather” denotes what is external, n. 3540; and thus “a leathern girdle” denotes an external bond; that “hairs” denote ultimate or most general truths, n. 3301, 5569-5573; that “a camel” denotes memory-knowledge in general, n. 3048, 3071, 3143, 3145, 4156; that “a locust” denotes nourishing truth in the extremes, n. 7643; and that “honey” denotes the pleasantness thereof, n. 5620, 6857, 8056). It is called “wild honey,” or “honey of the field,” because by “a field” is signified the church (n. 2971, 3317, 3766, 7502, 7571, 9139, 9295). He who does not know that such things are signified, cannot possibly know why Elijah and John were so clothed. And yet that these things signified something peculiar to these prophets, can be thought by everyone who thinks well about the Word.

[10] Because John the Baptist represented the Lord as to the Word, therefore also when he spoke of the Lord, who was the Word itself, he said of himself that he was “not Elias, nor the prophet,” and that he was “not worthy to loose the latchet of the Lord’s shoe,” as in John:

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and God was the Word. And the Word became flesh, and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory. The Jews from Jerusalem, priests and Levites, asked John who he was. And he confessed, and denied not, I am not the Christ. Therefore they asked him, What then? Art thou Elias? But he said, I am not. Art thou the prophet? He answered, No. They said therefore unto him, Who art thou? He said, I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness, Make straight the way of the Lord, as said Isaiah the prophet. They said therefore, Why then baptizest thou, if thou art not the Christ, nor Elias, nor the prophet? He answered, I baptize with water; in the midst of you standeth one whom ye know not; He it is who is to come after me, who was before me, the latchet of whose shoe I am not worthy to unloose. When he saw Jesus, he said, Behold the Lamb of God, who taketh away the sin of the world! This is He of whom I said, After me cometh a man who was before me; for he was before me (John 1:1, 14, 19-30).

From these words it is plain that when John spoke about the Lord Himself, who was Truth Divine itself, or the Word, he said that he himself was not anything, because the shadow disappears when the light itself appears, that is, the representative disappears when the original itself makes its appearance. (That the representatives had in view holy things, and the Lord Himself, and not at all the person that represented, see n. 665, 1097, 1361, 3147, 3881, 4208, 4281, 4288, 4292, 4307, 4444, 4500, 6304, 7048, 7439, 8588, 8788, 8806.) One who does not know that representatives vanish like shadows at the presence of light, cannot know why John denied that he was Elias and the prophet.

[11] From all this it can now be seen what is signified by Moses and Elias, who were seen in glory, and who spoke with the Lord when transfigured, of His departure which He should accomplish at Jerusalem (Luke 9:29-31); namely, that they signified the Word (“Moses” the historic Word, and “Elias” the prophetic Word), which in the internal sense throughout treats of the Lord, of His coming into the world, and of His departure out of the world; and therefore it is said that “Moses and Elias were seen in glory,” for “glory” denotes the internal sense of the Word, and the “cloud” its external sense (see the preface to Genesis 18, and n. 5922, 8427).

(References: Arcana Coelestia 2135; Exodus 24:1-2)

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Arcana Coelestia 9374, 9378, 9379, 9382, 9386, 9429, 9504, 9779, 9806, 9828, 9954, 10027, 10090, 10215, 10251, 10337, 10355, 10375, 10396, 10397, 10400, 10432, 10450, 10460, 10468, 10528, 10549, 10551, 10635, 10636, 10641, 10690


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Apocalypse Explained 19, 64, 66, 83, 130, 355, 375, 701, 710, 735, 746


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Arcana Coelestia #1097

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1097. And Canaan shall be his servant. That this signifies that such as make worship consist solely in externals are among those who may perform vile services to the men of the church, is evident especially from the representatives in the Jewish Church. In the Jewish Church the internal church was represented by Judah and Israel; by Judah the celestial church, by Israel the spiritual church, and by Jacob the external church. But those who made worship consist solely in externals were represented by the Gentiles, whom they called strangers, and who were their servants, and performed menial services in the church. As in Isaiah:

Strangers shall stand and feed your flock, and the sons of the stranger shall be your plowmen and your vinedressers; but ye shall be called the priests of Jehovah; the ministers of our God shall ye be called; ye shall eat the wealth of the Gentiles, and in their glory shall ye boast yourselves (Isaiah 61:5-6).

Here celestial men are called the “priests of Jehovah” spiritual men the “ministers of our God;” those who make worship consist solely in externals are called the “sons of the stranger” who should serve in their fields and vineyards.

[2] Again:

The sons of the stranger shall build up thy walls, and their kings shall minister unto thee (Isaiah 60:10), where in like manner their services are mentioned.

In Joshua concerning the Gibeonites:

Now therefore ye are cursed, and there shall not be cut off from you a servant, both hewers of wood and drawers of water for the house of my God; and Joshua made them that day hewers of wood and drawers of water for the congregation, especially for the altar of Jehovah (Joshua 9:23, 27).It may be seen elsewhere who were represented by the Gibeonites, because of the covenant made with them, in spite of which however they were among those who served in the church. Concerning strangers, a law was delivered, that if they would receive peace and open their gates, they should be tributary and serve (Deuteronomy 20:11; 1 Kings 9:21-22). Everything written in the Word concerning the Jewish Church was representative of the kingdom of the Lord. The kingdom of the Lord is such that everyone in it, whosoever and whatsoever he may be, must perform some use. Nothing but use is regarded by the Lord in His kingdom. Even the infernals must perform some use, but the uses which they perform are most vile. Among those who in the other life perform vile uses are those who have had merely external worship, separated from internal.

(References: Deuteronomy 22:2)


[3] Moreover the representatives in the Jewish Church were of such a nature that there was no thought about the person that represented, but only about the thing represented thereby; as for instance in the case of the Jews, who were by no means celestial men, and yet represented them; and Israel again was by no means a spiritual man, yet represented him; and so it was with Jacob and the rest. The same was the case with the kings and priests, by whom was represented the royalty and holiness of the Lord. This is very evident from the use of inanimate things for representation, as Aaron’s garments, the altar itself, the tables for bread, the lamps, the bread and wine, besides oxen, bullocks, goats, sheep, kids, lambs, pigeons, and turtledoves. And because the sons of Judah and Israel only represented the internal and external worship of the Lord’s church, and yet more than others made all worship consist in externals, they above all others may be called “Canaan” according to his signification here.

(References: Genesis 9:26)

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Isaiah 61:5-6

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5 And strangers shall stand and feed your flocks, and the sons of the alien shall be your plowmen and your vinedressers.

6 But ye shall be named the Priests of the LORD: men shall call you the Ministers of our God: ye shall eat the riches of the Gentiles, and in their glory shall ye boast yourselves.

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Explanation of Isaiah 61      

By Rev. John H. Smithson

THE EXPLANATION of Isaiah Chapter 61

(Note: Rev. Smithson's translation of the Isaiah text is appended below the explanation.)

1. The Spirit of the Lord Jehovih is upon Me, because Jehovah has anointed Me to preach good tidings to the poor: He has sent Me to bind up the broken-hearted; to proclaim liberty to the captives; and to the bound the opening of the prison;

2. To proclaim the year of the good pleasure of Jehovah, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn;

VERSE 1. In respect to "Jehovih", as distinguished from " Jehovah", see above, Chapter 3:15, note and Exposition.

The Divine Truth which was in the Lord when He was in the world, and which was then Himself, is here "the Spirit of Jehovih." Arcana Coelestia 9818.

Jehovah has anointed Me to preach good tidings to the poor; He has sent Me to bind up the broken-hearted; to proclaim liberty to the captives, etc. - These things are said concerning the Lord.

By "the poor, to whom Jehovah anointed Him to preach good tidings", are signified those who are in few Truths, and yet desire them, that their souls may be thereby sustained; by "the broken-hearted", are understood those who are thence in grief; by "the captives, to whom He should proclaim liberty", are denoted those who are secluded from Truths, and thence from Goods, to whom Truths shall be opened, whereby they shall be imbued with Goods; by "them that are bound, and him that is deprived of eyes", are signified those to whom it was denied to see Truths; thus the Gentiles are understood, who afterwards received Truths from the Lord. Apocalypse Explained 811.

Verses 1, 2. He has sent Me, - to proclaim the year oj the good pleasure of Jehovah, etc. - That these things are said concerning the Lord and His advent, may be seen in Matthew 5:3, and following verses; and in Luke 4:16-22. The advent itself is understood by "the year of the good pleasure of Jehovah", and by "the day of vengeance of our God."

By "the poor, to whom the Lord should evangelize or preach good tidings", likewise by "the captives, the bound, and the blind", are understood the Gentiles, who are called such because they were in ignorance of Truth, by reason of their not having the Word. The Gentiles are also understood, in Matthew, by "the poor, who hear the Gospel." Apocalypse Explained 612.

By "the year of good pleasure" is signified the time and state of the men of the church when they require aid from Love; wherefore it is also said, "to comfort all that mourn." Apocalypse Explained 295.

3. To impart [gladness] to the mourners of Zion; to give them a crown, instead of ashes; the oil of gladness, instead of sorrow; the mantle of praise, instead of the spirit of heaviness: that they may be called the Trees of Justice, the Plantation of Jehovah, to glorify Himself.

Verse 3. The oil of gladness, instead of sorrow, etc. - As "oil" is here mentioned, and as, in the first verse of this chapter, the Lord is said to be "anointed to preach good tidings", etc., it may be well to explain what is signified by "oil", as used in the holy things of worship, and what is meant by "anointing." That in ancient times "they anointed stones which were set up as statues", appears from Genesis 28:18, 19, 22. That "they also anointed warlike arms, targets, and shields." (2 Samuel 1:21; Isaiah 21:5)

That "they were commanded to prepare holy oil, with which they were to anoint all the holy things of the church", and that with it "they anointed the altar and all the vessels thereof, as also the Tabernacle and all things appertaining to it." (Exodus 30:22-28; 40:9-11; Leviticus 8:10-12; Numbers 7:1, 10)

That with it "they anointed those who exercised the priestly office, and their garments." (Exodus 29:7, 29; 30:30, 31; Leviticus 8:12; Psalm 133:1-3)

That with it "they anointed the prophets." (1 Kings 19:15, 16)

That with it "they anointed kings", and that therefore kings were called "Jehovah's anointed." (1 Samuel 10:1, 15:1, 16:3, 6, 12; 1 Kings 1:34, 35; 19:15, 16; 2 Kings 9:3; 23:30; Lamentations 4:20, Psalm 2:2, 6; 45:1, 7)

The reason why unction with the holy oil was commanded is, because "oil" signified the Good of Love, and represented the Lord, who, as to His Humanity, is the Real and Only "Anointed of Jehovah", anointed not with oil, but with the Divine Good itself of Divine Love; wherefore He is also named "Messiah" in the Old Testament, and "Christ" in the New, (John 1:41; 4:25) and "Messiah" and "Christ" signify the Anointed.

Hence it is that "priests", "kings", and all things appertaining to the church were anointed, and when they were anointed they were called, "holy"; not that in themselves they were holy, but because they thereby represented the Lord as to His Divine Humanity. This is the reason why it was a sacrilege to hurt a king, because he was the "anointed of Jehovah." - (1 Samuel 24:6, 10; 26:9)

Moreover it was a received custom for people to anoint themselves and others, to testify "joyfulness of mind and benevolence, but with common oil, and not with "holy oil." That " it was not lawful to anoint themselves or others with the holy oil", see Exodus 30:32, 33. Apocalypse Revealed 779.

4. And they shall build up the wastes of old times; they shall restore the former desolations; and they shall repair the waste cities, the desolations of many generations.

Verse 4. "Wastes" here and elsewhere signify evils; "desolations" denote falsities; to "build is applied to the former, but to "restore" [or erect] to the latter. Arcana Coelestia 153.

The desolations of many generations. - That " generations" are predicated of Faith, does not appear from the sense of the letter, which is historical, but, in the internal sense, the things of Faith are understood by "generations", as in Isaiah:

"You shalt raise up the foundations of many generations; and you shall be called the Repairer of the breach, the Restorer of paths to dwell in"; (Isaiah 58:12) where all things signify the things of Faith, - "old waste places" the celestial things of Faith, and the "foundations of many generations" the spiritual things of Faith, which from ancient times had been fallen. Arcana Coelestia 613.

5. And strangers shall stand up and feed your flocks; and the sons of the alien shall be your husbandmen and your vine-dressers.

Verses 5, 6. In the Jewish church the internal church was represented by "Judah" and "Israel", -by "Judah" the celestial church, and by "Israel" the spiritual, and by "Jacob" the external church; but those who placed worship in externals only were represented by the nations or Gentiles whom they called "strangers" and "aliens", who should be their servants, and perform menial services in the church, as in Isaiah:

"Strangers shall stand up and feed your flocks; and the sons of the alien shall be your husbandmen", etc. Those, who placed worship in externals only are called "the sons of the alien", who should serve in the fields and vineyards, but celestial men are here called "the priests of Jehovah", and spiritual men "the ministers of our God."

Again, in the same Prophet:

"The sons of the alien shall build up your walls"; (Isaiah 60:10) where, in like manner, the menial services of such as are in mere externals of worship, without internals, are represented. Arcana Coelestia 1097.

6. But you shall be named the Priests of Jehovah; the Ministers of our God shall you be called: the wealth of the nations shall you eat, and in their glory shall you boast.

Verse 6. Priests are called "ministers" because they represented the Lord as to the Good of love, and hence they who are in the Good of love are, in the Word, called "priests", as may be seen in Arcana Coelestia 2015; 6148; from this circumstance also it is that they are called "the ministers of God." Hence it is that the function of Aaron and his sons is called, a "ministry", as likewise that of the Levites the "'priests"; and that to enter into the tent of the assembly, and officiate in the ministry, as also to approach the altar, and there officiate in the ministry, is called to "minister", as may be seen in Exodus 28:35; 31:10; Numbers 8:15, 19, 24, 25, 26.

And in Jeremiah:

"My covenant shall become void with the Levites the priests, My ministers". (Jeremiah 33:21)

That "Aaron" represented the Lord as to the Good of love, may be seen in Arcana Coelestia 9806, 9966; that the "priests", in general, signified the same, see Arcana Coelestia 2015.

That hence by the "priesthood", in the Word, is signified the Divine Good of the Lord's Divine Love, see Arcana Coelestia 9806, Apocalypse Explained 155.

"The wealth of the nations shall you eat", signifies to appropriate Goods to themselves; "in their glory shall you boast", means to enjoy Truths; thus, to have joy and felicity from what is Good and True.

That "nations", in a good sense, signify Goods, may be seen in Arcana Coelestia 1259; and, that "glory" is Truth from the Lord, is shown in n. 9429. Arcana Coelestia 9809.

7. Instead of your shame, there shall be double; and instead of ignominy, they shall rejoice in their portion: for in their land they shall possess double; and everlasting gladness shall be unto them.

8. For I Jehovah love judgment; I hate robbery by iniquity: and I will give them the reward of their work in truth, and an everlasting covenant will I make with them;

Verse 7. That to "receive double" is predicated of retribution and of remuneration, and signifies much, may be seen above, Chapter 40:1, 2, the Exposition.

Verse 8. For I Jehovah love judgment; - and I will give them the reward of their work in truth, and an everlastlnq covenant will I make with them- By the "judgment" which Jehovah loves, is understood Truth in faith, in affection, and in act; for man has judgment from Truth, as well when he thinks and wills it, as when he speaks and acts according to it; and whereas this is signified by "judgment", therefore it is said "I will give them the reward of their work in truth", that is, heaven, according to the faith and affection of Truth in act; and whereas there is conjunction with the Lord, from whom reward comes, therefore it is also said, "I will make with them an everlasting covenant"; for by "covenant", in the Word, is signified conjunction by love, -and by "an everlasting covenant" conjunction by the love of Good and Truth; for this love conjoins, inasmuch as it is of the Lord Himself, because it proceeds from Him. Apocalypse Explained 695.

"I hate robbery by iniquity", signifies that anyone should wish to justify himself by his own works. (Swedenborg's Notes on Isaiah, p. 150.)

9. And their seed shall be known among the nations, and their offspring in the midst of the peoples: all that see them shall acknowledge them, that they are a seed which Jehovah has blessed.

Verse 9. These words also are spoken concerning the church to be established by the Lord. By "the seed which shall become known among the nations", is signified the Divine Truth which will be received by those who are in the Good of life; and by "the offspring in the midst of the peoples", is signified life according thereto. By" those who see them acknowledging that they are the seed", is understood illustration that it is genuine Truth which they receive; "which Jehovah has blessed", denotes that it is from the Lord. Such is the signification of these words in the sense abstracted from persons, but, in the strict sense, they are understood who will receive Divine Truth from the Lord. Apocalypse Explained 768.

10. I will greatly rejoice in Jehovah; my soul shall exult in my God: for He has clothed me with the garments of salvation; He has covered me with the robe of justice; as the bridegroom decks himself with a priestly crowd, and as the bride adorns herself with her jewels.

Verse 10. To "rejoice in Jehovah", signifies in the Divine Good; to "exult in God", signifies in the Divine Truth : for the Lord is called "Jehovah" from Divine Good, and "God" from Divine Truth, and all spiritual joy is from Him, To be "clothed with the garments of salvation", means to instruct and gift with Truths; and to "cover with the robe of justice", signifies to fill with all Truth derived from Good, - "robe" denoting all Truth, because it denotes Truth in general, and "justice" is predicated of Good. Apocalypse Explained 395.

As the bridegroom decks himself with a priestly crowd [or head-dress], and as the bride adorns herself with her jewels. - To "put on the crown" is to put on wisdom, and to "adorn herself with jewels" denotes with the knowledges of Truth. Again:

"As the bridegroom rejoices over the bride, so shall your God rejoice over you." (Isaiah 62:5)

That the Lord is understood, in the supreme sense, by the "Bridegroom", and the church by the "bride", is evident in the Evangelists; as when the disciples of John inquired concerning fasting, Jesus said, "So long as the Bridegroom is with them, the sons of the bride-chamber cannot fast; the days will come, when the Bridegroom shall be taken away from them, then shall they fast." (Matthew 9:15; Mark 2:19, 20; Luke 5:34, 35)

There the Lord calls Himself the "Bridegroom", and the men of the church He calls the "sons of the bride-chamber"; by "fasting" is signified mourning on account of a deficiency of Truth and Good. So again in Matthew:

"The kingdom of the heavens is like to ten virgins, who, taking their lamps, went forth to meet the Bridegroom"; (Matthew 25:1) where also by the "Bridegroom" is understood the Lord, by "virgins" the church, and by "lamps" are signified the Truths of faith. Apocalypse Explained 1189.

11. For as the earth puts forth her shoots, and as a garden makes its seeds to spring forth: so shall the Lord Jehovih cause justice to spring forth, and praise, before all the nations.

Verse 11. As a garden makes its seeds to spring forth, so shall the Lord Jehovih cause justice to spring forth, etc. - The man of the church is, as to intelligence, like a "garden", when he is in the Good of love from the Lord, because the spiritual heat which vivifies him is love, and spiritual light is intelligence; hence, that from these two things, namely, heat and light, gardens in the world flourish, is known. It is, similar in heaven, where there appear paradisical gardens, with fruit-bearing trees, according to their wisdom derived from the Good of love from the Lord; and around those who are in intelligence, and not in the Good of love, no garden appears, but only grass; whereas about those who are in faith separate from charity, there does not even appear grass, but sand. Apocalypse Revealed 90.

As to the further meaning of a "garden", see above, Chapter 51:3; 58:11, the Exposition.

---
Isaiah Chapter 61.

1. The Spirit of the Lord Jehovih is upon Me, because Jehovah has anointed Me to preach good tidings to the poor: He has sent Me to bind up the broken-hearted; to proclaim liberty to the captives; and to the bound the opening of the prison;

2. To proclaim the year of the good pleasure of Jehovah, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn;

3. To impart [gladness] to the mourners of Zion; to give them a crown, instead of ashes; the oil of gladness, instead of sorrow; the mantle of praise, instead of the spirit of heaviness: that they may be called the Trees of Justice, the Plantation of Jehovah, to glorify Himself.

4. And they shall build up the wastes of old times; they shall restore the former desolations; and they shall repair the waste cities, the desolations of many generations.

5. And strangers shall stand up and feed your flocks; and the sons of the alien shall be your husbandmen and your vine-dressers.

6. But you shall be named the Priests of Jehovah; the Ministers of our God shall you be called: the wealth of the nations shall you eat, and in their glory shall you boast.

7. Instead of your shame, there shall be double; and instead of ignominy, they shall rejoice in their portion: for in their land they shall possess double; and everlasting gladness shall be unto them.

8. For I Jehovah love judgment; I hate robbery by iniquity: and I will give them the reward of their work in truth, and an everlasting covenant will I make with them;

9. And their seed shall be known among the nations, and their offspring in the midst of the peoples: all that see them shall acknowledge them, that they are a seed which Jehovah has blessed.

10. I will greatly rejoice in Jehovah; my soul shall exult in my God: for He has clothed me with the garments of salvation; He has covered me with the robe of justice; as the bridegroom decks himself with a priestly crowd, and as the bride adorns herself with her jewels.

11. For as the earth puts forth her shoots, and as a garden makes its seeds to spring forth: so shall the Lord Jehovih cause justice to spring forth, and praise, before all the nations.

From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 61


Other references to this text:

Arcana Coelestia 1097, 7051, 9809

Apocalypse Revealed 128


References from Swedenborg's drafts, indexes & diaries:

Apocalypse Explained 155, 175, 433, 1115

Scriptural Confirmations 2, 4, 20, 46

Related New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:


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Isaiah 14:2, 54:3, 60:5, 10, 66:21

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Bible Word Meanings

stand
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

feed
When the Bible talks about "feeding" it is generally referring to instruction in spiritual things – teaching people the true concepts that can lead them...

flocks
A flock, as in Genesis 26, denotes interior or rational good. A flock signifies those who are in spiritual good. A flock signifies natural interior...

sons of the
The sons of the Javanites,' as in Joel 3:6, signify worship in externals, separate from the internal.

alien
'The son of a stranger,' as in Genesis 17:12, signifies people born out of the church, and so not principled in the goods and truths...

priests
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

the Lord
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

lord
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

call
'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

ministers
'To minister,' as in Genesis 40:2, relates to scientific ideas.

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

eat
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

riches
When the Bible talks about riches, it is talking about spiritual wealth, not worldly wealth – ideas and knowledge about the Lord and spiritual things,...

gentiles
'The time of the heathen,' as mentioned in Ezekiel 30:3, signifies the heathen, or wickedness.

Resources for parents and teachers

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 Beauty for Ashes
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 9 - 12

 Blessed Are Those Who Mourn
In the process of trying to be a person who is growing spiritually, there will be mourning. We will see things that are not the way they should be - in ourselves and in the world around us. This sermon examines ways in which we can be comforted?
Worship Talk | Ages over 18


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