The Bible

 

Amos 2

Vietnamese (1934)     

Study the Inner Meaning

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1 Ðức Giê-hô-va phán như vầy: Bởi cớ tội ác của Mô-áp đến gấp ba gấp bốn lần, nên ta không xây bỏ án phạt khỏi nó; vì nó đã đốt hài cốt của vua Ê-đôm đặng làm ra vôi.

2 Ta sẽ sai lửa đến trên Mô-áp, nó sẽ thiêu nuốt đền đài của Kê-ri-giốt. Mô-áp sẽ chết trong sự ồn ào, giữa tiếng kêu, khi tiếng kèn thổi.

3 Ta sẽ dứt quan xét khỏi giữa nó, và giết hết thảy các quan trưởng nó với nó, Ðức Giê-hô-va phán vậy.

4 Ðức Giê-hô-va phán như vầy: Bởi cớ tội ác của Giu-đa đến gấp ba gấp bốn lần, nên ta không xây bỏ án phạt khỏi nó; vì chúng nó đã bỏ luật pháp của Ðức Giê-hô-va và không vâng theo lệ luật Ngài, những sự giả dối mà tổ phụ chúng nó đã theo, làm lầm lạc chúng nó.

5 Ta sẽ sai lửa đến trên Giu-đa, nó sẽ thiêu nuốt những đền đài của Giê-ru-sa-lem.

6 Ðức Giê-hô-va phán như vầy: Bởi cớ tội ác của Y-sơ-ra-ên đến gấp ba gấp bốn lần, nên ta không xây bỏ án phạt khỏi nó; vì chúng nó đã bán người công bình lấy bạc, bán kẻ nghèo lấy một đôi dép.

7 Chúng nó cũng tham cả đến bụi đất trên đầu người nghèo khó, và làm cong đường của kẻ nhu mì. Con và cha cùng đến chung một đứa gái, như vậy làm cho ô danh thánh ta.

8 Chúng nó nằm gần mỗi bàn thờ, trên những áo xống đã nhận làm của tin, và uống rượu của kẻ phải phạt trong miếu thần chúng nó.

9 Dầu vậy, chính ta đã tuyệt diệt người A-mô-rít trước mặt chúng nó, là thứ người cao bằng cây bách và mạnh như cây dẻ bộp. Ta đã diệt những trái nó ở trên và những rễ nó ở dưới.

10 Ta cũng đã đem các ngươi lên khỏi đất Ê-díp-tô, và dắt các ngươi trong đồng vắng trải bốn mươi năm, hầu cho các ngươi được đất của người A-mô-rít làm sản nghiệp.

11 Ta đã dấy mấy kẻ tiên tri lên trong vòng con trai các ngươi, và dấy mấy người Na-xi-rê lên trong vòng bọn trai trẻ các ngươi. Ðức Giê-hô-va phán: Hỡi con cái Y-sơ-ra-ên, chẳng phải vậy sao?

12 Nhưng các ngươi đã cho các người Na-xi-rê uống rượu, và cấm các kẻ tiên tri rằng: Chớ nói tiên tri!

13 Nầy, ta sẽ chận ép các ngươi trong nơi các ngươi cũng như cái xe đầy những lúa bó chận ép.

14 Người lẹ làng sẽ không thể trốn được; người mạnh mẽ sẽ không bổ sức cho mình nữa, và người bạo dạn sẽ chẳng cứu được mạng sống mình.

15 Kẻ giương cung sẽ chẳng đứng vững được; kẻ có chơn lẹ làng sẽ chẳng lánh khỏi được; người cỡi ngựa sẽ khí huyết cứu mình;

16 và kẻ bạo gan trong những người mạnh mẽ sẽ ở trần mà trốn trong ngày đó, Ðức Giê-hô-va phán vậy.

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   Study the Inner Meaning

Exploring the Meaning of Amos 2      

By E. Taylor and Helen Kennedy

In the Book of Amos, chapter two begins with the Lord declaring his anger against the people of Moab, Judea, and Israel. They have committed various wrongs against the Lord and the church, despite His efforts to guide them, and the chapter goes on to suggest that the Lord is losing faith in His people.

Verses 1-8 of this chapter describe the specific ways in which people can destroy or misuse the good and truth of the Word.

Verses 1-3 discuss the Moabites specifically. They represent people who corrupt the good and truth of the church, meaning they would twist what they learned from the Word to suit their own selfish purposes. Bones represent natural truths that we can use as a framework to support all higher knowledge that we learn, so the fact that people were ‘burning bones’ means they destroyed their own foundation to gain spiritual knowledge. In verse 3, the Lord says that he will cut off the judge and the prince, meaning that the Moabites’ failure to determine what is good (like the judge), and lead a life based in truth (like the prince) will not stand against the real spiritual principles of the Lord.

Verses 4-5 are about people who destroy celestial things from the Word, by turning their hearts away from the Lord. The people of Judea had believed they were the Lord’s chosen people for so many generations at this point that they grew complacent, and no longer felt they needed to obey the Lord’s commandments.

Verses 6-8 tell what can happen when people pervert spiritual truths from the church, and turn them into falsities. Swedenborg writes that most of the images from these verses - silver, shoes, dust, wine - can all represent either falsity, or only the most external type of truth. The Israelites were turning to these falsities and to their own greed, instead of using the Lord’s truths to help the poor and the meek.

In verses 9-11, the Lord reminds the children of Israel of everything he has done to prepare them for salvation. He fought for them and delivered them from Egypt, lifted up their leaders and prophets, and provided them with the truths they would need in order to be regenerated.

He also shows that He has the strength to punish them, because He’s already overcome the Amorites, who symbolize evil in general (Secrets of Heaven 6306).

Verses 12-16 describe how the Israelites perverted the knowledge the Lord tried to give them. Instead of trusting what the Lord had taught them, they turned to their own self-righteousness for guidance. Since they thought they had all the answers, they corrupted the Nazarites and silenced the prophets. Without a proper understanding of the Lord’s teachings, the people were no longer equipped to fight against evils or to grow spiritually.

At face value, this chapter depicts the Lord as an angry god who will punish those who disobey him. What seems to be anger is actually the Lord fiercely protecting us, and calling us to follow Him. This chapter reminds us to turn our hearts toward the Lord, and to live according to the truths of the Word.

From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 202


Other references to this chapter:

Arcana Coelestia 348, 1857, 3881, 6306, 6377, 9489, 10303

Apocalypse Revealed 316

The Lord 4


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 315, 355, 357, 376, 532, 633, 783

Scriptural Confirmations 9, 75

Hop to Similar Bible Verses

Exodus 22:25, 26

Leviticus 18:21

Numbers 6:2, 3, 13:32, 32:13

Deuteronomy 2:7, 8:2, 9:1, 2

Joshua 24:8

Judges 13:7

1 Samuel 3:20

2 Kings 26, 17:19, 25:9

2 Chronicles 14

Job 18:16

Psalms 33:16

Ecclesiastes 9:11

Isaiah 3:14, 15, 5:24, 10:1, 2, 15:1, 30:10

Jeremiah 2:6, 16:19, 17:27, 39:8, 48:1

Ezekiel 25:8

Hosea 8:14, 12:3

Amos 1:4, 14, 3:1, 4:1, 5:11, 7:13, 8:4, 6, 9:1

Micah 2:6

Zephaniah 8

Zechariah 11:5

Word/Phrase Explanations

bốn
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

chết
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

kèn
'Trumpets,' and all other wind instruments, relate to celestial affections.

giết
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

trưởng
Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.

Giu-đa
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

bố
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

vâng
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

theo
The basic meaning of "follow" in the Bible is pretty obvious if we consider what it means to "follow the Lord." That obviously doesn't mean...

bán
'To sell,' as in Genesis 41:56, means transferring to another as their own, because what is sold becomes the property of the one who buys...

bạc
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

đất
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

đường
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

nhu mì
The word "meek" is used just a handful of times in the Bible, but it is attributed several times to the Lord and is used...

thánh
'Sanctuary' signifies the truth of heaven and the church. 'Sanctuary,' as in Ezekiel 24:21, signifies the Word.

uống
To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

rượu
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

trước
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

Cao
'Height' signifies what is inward, and also heaven.

mạnh
In the Word, people who trust to themselves and their own intelligence are sometimes called 'strong,' as in Isaiah 1:31. This is because they suppose...

Dưới
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

bốn mươi
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

tiên tri
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

Con trai
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

nói
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

ép
These verbs in the Bible indicate a conflict between two spiritual states, and the effort it takes to attain the higher state. It's easy to...

Đầy
'To satiate' relates to the extent of a person's will, for good or evil.

đứng
'To stay with,' as in Genesis 32:4, relates to the life of truth when accompanied by good, and in this instance, it means to take...

ngựa
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

ngày
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

The Bible

 

Deuteronomy 8:2

Vietnamese (1934)     

Study the Inner Meaning

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2 Hãy nhớ trọn con đường nơi đồng vắng mà Giê-hô-va Ðức Chúa Trời ngươi đã dẫn ngươi đi trong bốn mươi năm nầy, để hạ ngươi xuống và thử ngươi, đặng biết điều có ở trong lòng ngươi, hoặc ngươi có gìn giữ những điều răn của Ngài hay chăng.

   Study the Inner Meaning
From Swedenborg's Works

Explanations or references:

Arcana Coelestia 730, 1846, 2708, 8098

Apocalypse Revealed 546

True Christian Religion 707, 709


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 633, 730

Other New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:



Hop to Similar Bible Verses

Exodus 15:25, 16:35, 20:20

Deuteronomy 2:7, 32:7

2 Chronicles 31

Psalms 103:2, 136:16

Proverbs 17:3

Jeremiah 2:6

Amos 10

Hebrews 3:9, 10

Word/Phrase Explanations

đường
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

chúa
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

đã dẫn
The meaning of "leading" people in the Bible is pretty straightforward, though obviously it is about leading people in spiritual things, not natural ones. When...

bốn mươi
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

biết
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

điều răn
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...


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