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เอเสเคียล 27:15

Thai: from KJV         

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15 ชาวเดดานทำการค้าขายกับเจ้า เกาะต่างๆเป็นอันมากเป็นตลาดประจำของเจ้า เขานำงาช้างและไม้มะเกลือมาเป็นค่าของสินค้า

   Study the Inner Meaning
From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 150

Other references to this verse:

Arcana Coelestia 1172, 2967, 4453, 10227

Apocalypse Revealed 606, 774

Heaven and Hell 365

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 50, 840, 1146

Hop to Similar Bible Verses

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เอเสเคียล 25:13, 38:13

Word/Phrase Explanations

Dedan (Gen. 10) signifies the knowledges of celestial things of an inferior order, such as consist in ritual observances. Dedan, in Jer. 49:8 signifies rituals...

'Merchants' signify people who have knowledges of good and truth. Merchants,' as in Nahum 3:16, signify people who falsify the Word, and communicate, and sell.

An island,' in an abstract sense, signifies the truth of faith.

Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

'A horn,' when spoken of the Lord, signifies omnipotence. 'The little horn that rose up,' as mentioned in Daniel 7:3-8, signifies the full perversion of...

'Ivory' signifies natural truth.

Ebony, as in 1 Kings 10:18, signifies divine truths in ultimates.

'Merchandise' signifies the knowledges of good.

From Swedenborg's Works


Arcana Coelestia #4453

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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4453. 'Carry on trade throughout it, and have possessions in it' means matters of doctrine which, because they are comunicated, would accord with one another. This is clear from the meaning of 'carrying on trade" as acquiring cognitions for oneself and also communicating them, dealt with in 2967 - 'carrying on trade throughout the land' therefore meaning entering into the cognitions of good and truth which Shechem the son of Hamor and his city mean; and from the meaning of 'having posession of a land make one and accord with one another. The reason why 'carrying on trade' means acquiring cognitions for oneself and also communicating them is that in heaven, where the Word is perceived, which in general is the acquisition and communication of cognitions, and specifically the reality meant my whatever commodity is mentioned. For example, if gold is mentioned, the good of love and wisdom is understood, 113, 1551, 1552; if silver, the truth that belongs to intelligence and faith, 1551, 2048, 2954. If mention if made of sheep, rams, kids, or lambs with which people traded in ancient times, the kinds of things meant by sheep, rams, kids and lambs are understood; and so on.

(References: Arcana Coelestia 1551-1552)

[2] As in Ezekiel,

Say to Tyre, one that dwells upon the entrances of the seas, that she is the trader of the peoples to many islands: Tarshish was your merchant because of the abundance of all riches; silver, iron, tin, and lead, they exchanged for your wares. Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were your traders in the souls of men - and they gave vessels of bronze for your commerce. The sons of Dedan were your traders; many islands were the merchandise of your hand. Syria was your merchant in the multitude of your handiworks; Judah, and the land of Israel, they were your traders. Wheat of Minnith, and pannag, and honey, and oil, and balm they exchanged for your commerce. Damascus was your merchant in the multitude of your handiworks, because of the multitude of all riches - in the wine of Helbon, and the wool of Zahar. Dan and Javan traded with yarn for your wares. Dedan was your trader in chariot cloaks. 1 . The Arab and all the princes of Kedar were the merchants of your hand, in lambs, and rams, and goats; in these were they your merchants. The traders of Sheba and Raamah, they were your traders in the best of every spice; and by means of every precious stone and gold they provided your tradings. Haran and Canneh and Eden, the traders of Sheba; Asshur, Chilmad, was your trader. These were your traders in choice wares - balls of violet, and embroidered garments; and treasure-chests of precious garments, bound cords, and objects made of cedar were among your merchandise. The ships of Tarshish were your squadrons in your merchandise from which you have been filled and made exceedingly honoured in the heart of the seas. Ezekiel 27:1-25.

(References: Ezekiel 27, Ezekiel 27:3, 27:12-13, 27:15-19, 27:21-25)

[3] From here and many other paces in the Word it may be seen that tradings, commerce, merchandise, and wares mean nothing other than undertakings involving cognitions of good and truth. For what connection can the prophetical Word have with the trading activities of Tyre unless they mean things that are spiritual and celestial? That being so, it is quite clear not only that things other than wares are meant by 'wares' but also that the nations mentioned by name there mean people among whom these other things reside. It is also clear that no one can know what is meant by any of them except from the internal sense - what is meant by Tarshish, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, the sons of Dedan, Syria, Judah, Israel, Dan, Javan, Dedan, the Arab, Shebah, Raamah, Haran, Canneh, Eden, Asshur, and Chilmad. Nor can one know what is meant by their wares - by silver, iron, tin, lead, vessels of bronze, wheat, minnith, pannag, honey, oil, balm, the wine of Helbon, the wool of Zahar, yarn, chariot-cloaks, lambs, rams, goats, spices, precious stones, gold, balls of violet embroidered garments, bound cords, and objects made of cedar. These and others like them mean the goods and truths of the Church and of the Lord's kingdom, and the cognitions of those goods and truths. It is because Tyre means cognitions, 1201, that Tyre is the subject at this point in Ezekiel. And because such 'wares', that is, goods and truths, exist in the Church and the Lord's kingdom, the land of Canaan, which means the Church and the Lord's kingdom, was from most ancient times so named from a word meaning wares or merchandise, for this is what the name Canaan means in the original language. From all this one may now see what is meant by 'carrying on trade throughout the land'.


1. literally garments of liberty for the chariot - possibly garments with loose sleves.


(References: Ezekiel 27; Genesis 34:10)

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   Study this Passage
From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 4481, 4756, 4769, 5527, 5886, 10042, 10199

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 121

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 70, 355, 443

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.




By New Christian Bible Study Staff

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'To trade' signifies acquiring knowledges for one’s self, and to communicate. This is because in heaven, where the Word is perceived according to the internal sense, there is no trading, because there is no gold or silver or any currency for trad in the world. This is why when trading is mentioned in the Word, it a spiritual sense, and is perceived as corresponding, in general, to the acquisition and communication of knowledges, specifically whatever is being traded. If gold is mentioned, it is the good of love and wisdom, and silver, the truth of intelligence and faith, and so on.

(References: Arcana Coelestia 4453)

'To merchandise and trade' in the Word, signifies acquiring spiritual riches, which are the knowledges of truths and goods, and in an opposite sense, knowledges of falsity and evil. The negative are used to gain in the world, and the positive, to gain heaven. This is why the Lord compared the kingdom of heaven to a merchant seeking goodly pearls, in Matthew 13:45-46, and the members of the church to servants to whom were given talents to trade with and make profit, in Matthew 25:14-20, and to whom were given ten pounds, which they also were to trade with and make profit, in Luke 19:12-26. And since 'Tyre' signifies the church with respect to the knowledges of truths and good, 'her trade and merchandise' are discussed throughout the whole of Ezekiel 27, and in chapter 28:5, and Isaiah 23:1, 8. The perverted church among the Jews in the land of Canaan is called the land of traffic, in Ezekiel 16:3, 29, 21:35, and 29:14.

(References: Apocalypse Revealed 759; Matthew 13:45-46)