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เอเสเคียล 27:15

Thai: from KJV         

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15 ชาวเดดานทำการค้าขายกับเจ้า เกาะต่างๆเป็นอันมากเป็นตลาดประจำของเจ้า เขานำงาช้างและไม้มะเกลือมาเป็นค่าของสินค้า

   Study the Inner Meaning
From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 150

Other references to this verse:

Arcana Coelestia 1172, 2967, 4453, 10227

Apocalypse Revealed 606, 774

Heaven and Hell 365

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 50, 840, 1146

Hop to Similar Bible Verses

แหล่งกำเนิด 10:7, 25:3

1 กษัตริย์ 10:22

2 พงศาวดาร 9:21

เอเสเคียล 25:13, 38:13

Word/Phrase Explanations

Dedan (Gen. 10) signifies the knowledges of celestial things of an inferior order, such as consist in ritual observances. Dedan, in Jer. 49:8 signifies rituals...

'Merchants' signify people who have knowledges of good and truth. Merchants,' as in Nahum 3:16, signify people who falsify the Word, and communicate, and sell.

An island,' in an abstract sense, signifies the truth of faith.

Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

'A horn,' when spoken of the Lord, signifies omnipotence. 'The little horn that rose up,' as mentioned in Daniel 7:3-8, signifies the full perversion of...

'Ivory' signifies natural truth.

Ebony, as in 1 Kings 10:18, signifies divine truths in ultimates.

'Merchandise' signifies the knowledges of good.

From Swedenborg's Works


Arcana Coelestia #1172

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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1172. 'Dedan' means cognitions of lower celestial things that exist in ritual forms. This is clear from the following places in the Word: In Ezekiel,

The sons of Dedan were your traders, many islands were the merchandise of your hand; horns of ivory, and ebony they brought as your present. Ezekiel 27:15

'Horns of ivory, and ebony' in the internal sense means the exterior goods that constitute forms of worship or ritual. In the same prophet,

Dedan, she was your trader in chariot-cloaks, 1 Arabia and all the princes of Kedar Ezekiel 27:20-21.

Here 'chariot-cloaks' 1 in like manner means exterior goods, or those that constitute forms of ritual. In Jeremiah,

Their wisdom has become rotten. Flee! they have turned themselves away, they have taken themselves down to dwell in the deep, O inhabitants of Dedan. Jeremiah 49:7-8.

Here 'Dedan' in the proper sense stands for forms of ritual which have no internal worship, that is, no worship of the Lord from the heart within them, and which are spoken of as 'turning themselves back, and taking themselves down to dwell in the deep'. From the quotations above it is now clear that 'the sons of Cush' means cognitions of spiritual things, and 'the sons of Raamah' cognitions of celestial.


1. literally, garments of liberty for the chariot - possibly garments with loose sleeves


(References: Genesis 10:7)

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   Study this Passage
From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 2967, 3240

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.