The Bible

Josué 1

Spanish: Sagradas Escrituras (1569)

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Josué 2 →

1 Y aconteció después de la muerte de Moisés siervo del SEÑOR, que El SEÑOR habló a Josué hijo de Nun, criado de Moisés, diciendo:

2 Mi siervo Moisés ha muerto; levántate pues ahora, y pasa este Jordán, tú y todo este pueblo, a la tierra que yo les doy a los hijos de Israel.

3 Yo os he entregado, como lo había dicho a Moisés, todo lugar que pisare la planta de vuestro pie.

4 Desde el desierto y este Líbano hasta el gran río Eufrates, toda la tierra de los heteos hasta el gran mar del poniente del sol, será vuestro término.

5 Nadie te podrá hacer frente en todos los días de tu vida; como yo fui con Moisés, seré contigo; no te dejaré, ni te desampararé.

6 Esfuérzate y sé valiente; porque tú harás heredar a este pueblo la tierra por herencia, de la cual juré a sus padres que la daría a ellos.

7 Solamente te esfuerces, y seas muy valiente, para que guardes y hagas conforme a toda mi ley, que Moisés, mi siervo, te mandó; que no te apartes de ella ni a diestra ni a siniestra, para que seas prosperado en todas las cosas que emprendieres.

8 El libro de esta ley nunca se apartará de tu boca; antes de día y de noche meditarás en él, para que guardes y hagas conforme a todo lo que en él está escrito; porque entonces harás prosperar tu camino, y entonces todo lo entenderás.

9 Mira que te mando que te esfuerces, y seas valiente; no temas ni desmayes, porque yo el SEÑOR tu Dios soy contigo en donde quiera que fueres.

10 Y Josué mandó a los oficiales del pueblo, diciendo:

11 Pasad por en medio del campamento, y mandad al pueblo, diciendo: Preveníos de comida; porque dentro de tres días pasaréis el Jordán, para que entréis a heredar la tierra que el SEÑOR vuestro Dios os da para que la heredéis.

12 También habló Josué a los rubenitas y gaditas, y a la media tribu de Manasés, diciendo:

13 Acordaos de la palabra que Moisés, siervo del SEÑOR, os mandó diciendo: El SEÑOR vuestro Dios os ha dado reposo, y os ha dado esta tierra.

14 Vuestras mujeres y vuestros niños y vuestras bestias, quedarán en la tierra que Moisés os ha dado de este lado del Jordán; mas vosotros, todos los valientes de proeza, pasaréis armados delante de vuestros hermanos, y les ayudaréis;

15 hasta tanto que el SEÑOR haya dado reposo a vuestros hermanos como a vosotros, y que ellos también hereden la tierra que el SEÑOR vuestro Dios les da; y después volveréis vosotros a la tierra de vuestra herencia, y la heredaréis; la cual Moisés, siervo del SEÑOR, os ha dado, de este lado del Jordán hacia donde nace el sol.

16 Entonces ellos respondieron a Josué, diciendo: Nosotros haremos todas las cosas que nos has mandado, e iremos adonde quiera que nos enviares.

17 De la manera que escuchábamos a Moisés en todas las cosas, así te escucharemos a ti; solamente el SEÑOR tu Dios esté contigo, como estuvo con Moisés.

18 Cualquiera que fuere rebelde a tu mandamiento, y que no oyere tus palabras en todas las cosas que le mandares, que muera; solamente que te esfuerces, y seas valiente.

Josué 2 →

Study the Inner Meaning

Commentary on this chapter:

Stories:

Explanation(s) or references from Swedenborg's works:

Arcana Coelestia 66, 901, 1408, 2788, 3693, 4289, 4495 ...

Apocalypse Revealed 444, 505

Show references from Swedenborg's unpublished works


From Swedenborg's Works

Arcana Coelestia #901

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)

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901. 'The twenty-seventh day' means that which is holy. This is clear from what has been said above, for it is the composite number that is obtained when three is cubed - that is, three multiplied by three making nine, and nine multiplied by three again making twenty-seven. The predominant factor in this number therefore is three. This was how the most ancient people calculated numbers and by means of them meant nothing else than real things. That 'three' has the same meaning as seven becomes clear from what has been stated already just above. A hidden reason why it does so is that the Lord rose on the third day. The Lord's resurrection itself comprehends all that is holy, and the resurrection of all men. This was why in the Jewish Church this number became representative, and why in the Word it is a holy number. It is similar in heaven where no numbers are envisaged. Instead of three and seven they have a general holy idea of the resurrection and of the Coming of the Lord.

[2] That 'three' and 'seven' mean what is holy is clear from the following places in the Word: In Moses,

Anyone touching a dead body will be unclean for seven days. He shall purify himself on the third day, and on the seventh day he will be clean. And if he does not purify himself on the third day then he will not be clean on the seventh day. He who touches one pierced by the sword, or one dead, or a human bone, or a sepulchre will be unclean for seven days. The one who is clean shall sprinkle [with hyssop] over the unclean on the third day and on the seventh day; and on the seventh day he shall purify him, and he [the unclean] shall wash his clothes and bathe himself in water, and will be clean in the evening. Numbers 19:11, 11, 16, 19.

Quite clearly these requirements are representative, that is, things of an external nature meaning those that are internal. Take for example the fact that anyone was unclean who had touched one who had died, or one pierced [by the sword], or a human bone, or a sepulchre. Each of these objects means in the internal sense things that are a person's own, which are dead and unholy. So too with the requirement that he had to bathe himself in water and would be clean in the evening. And the third day and the seventh day were in like manner representative. They mean that which is holy because these were the days when he was to be purified and so be cleansed.

(References: Numbers 19:11-12)


[3] The same usage occurs in the reference to the men coming back from the battle with the Midianites, who were told,

Camp outside the camp for seven days. Every one of you who has killed someone 1 and every one who has touched one slain 2 shall purify yourselves on the third day and on the seventh day. Numbers 31:19.

If this were just a ceremonial observance and the third and the seventh days were not representative and symbolical of that which is holy, that is, of purification, it would be something dead. It would be something without a cause and a cause without an end in view. That is, it would be like that which has been severed from its cause and its cause from its end in view; and so there would be nothing Divine about it at all. That the third day was representative of, and so symbolized, that which is holy, is quite clear from the Lord's coming down on Mount Sinai, concerning which event the following command was given, Jehovah said to Moses, Go to the people, and make them holy today and tomorrow, in order that they may wash their garments and be ready on the third day, for on the third day Jehovah will come down on Mount Sinai before the eyes of all the people. Exodus 19:10, 11, 15, 16.

(References: Exodus 19:10-11, Exodus 19:14-15, 19:15-16)


[4] The same usage occurs in Joshua's crossing the Jordan on the third day,

Joshua commanded, Pass through the middle of the camp, and command the people saying, Prepare provisions for yourselves, for within three days you will be crossing this Jordan to go and take possession of the land. 'The crossing of the Jordan' represented the introduction of the children of Israel, that is, of the regenerate, into the Lord's kingdom, 'Joshua', who led them in, representing the Lord Himself. And this took place 'on the third day'. Because the third day, like the seventh, was holy it was stipulated that the third year should be a year of taking tithes 3 and in that year people should be holy in their conduct by performing charitable works, Deuteronomy 26:12 and following verses. 'Tithes' 3 represented remnants, which are holy because they are the Lord's alone. Jonah's presence in the belly of the fish for three days and three nights, Jonah 1:17, clearly represented the Lord's burial and His resurrection on the third day, Matthew 12:40.

(References: Deuteronomy 26:12-15; Joshua 1:11, 1:10-11, 3:2)


[5] That 'three' means that which is holy is also clear in the Prophets, as in Hosea,

Jehovah will revive us after two days, on the third day He will raise us up that we may live before Him. Hosea 6:2.

Here too 'the third day' clearly stands for the Lord's Coming, and for His resurrection. In Zechariah,

It will happen in all the land that two parts in it will be cut off and breathe their last, and a third will be left in it. And I will lead the third part through fire, and I will refine them as one refines silver, and test them as one tests gold. Zechariah 13:8, 9.

Here 'a third part' or three stands for that which is holy. A third embodies the same as three, and so does the third of a third, as in the present verse, for three is the cube root of twenty-seven.

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Footnotes:

1. literally, a soul
2. literally, pierced
3. or tenths

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(References: Exodus 19:15-16; Genesis 8:14; Joshua 1:10-11; Zechariah 13:8-9)


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