The Bible

 

Ezequiel 36

Spanish: Sagradas Escrituras (1569)         

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1 Y tú, hijo de hombre, profetiza sobre los montes de Israel, y di: Montes de Israel, oíd palabra del SEÑOR:

2 Así dijo el Señor DIOS: Por cuanto el enemigo dijo sobre vosotros: ¡Ea! También las alturas perpetuas nos han sido por heredad;

3 profetiza, por tanto, y di: Así dijo el Señor DIOS: Pues por cuanto os asolaron y os tragaron de todas partes, para que fueseis heredad a los otros gentiles, habéis subido en bocas de lenguas, e infamia del pueblo,

4 por tanto, montes de Israel, oíd Palabra del Señor DIOS: Así dijo el Señor DIOS a los montes y a los collados, a los arroyos y a los valles, a las ruinas y asolamientos, y a las ciudades desamparadas, que fueron puestas a saqueo y en escarnio a los otros gentiles alrededor;

5 por eso, así dijo el Señor DIOS: He hablado por cierto en el fuego de mi celo contra los demás gentiles, y contra toda Idumea, que se disputaron mi tierra por heredad con alegría, de todo corazón, con menosprecio de ánimo, echándola a saqueo.

6 Por tanto, profetiza sobre la tierra de Israel, y di a los montes y a los collados, y a los arroyos y a los valles: Así dijo el Señor DIOS: He aquí, en mi celo y en mi furor he hablado, por cuanto habéis llevado la injuria de los gentiles.

7 Por lo cual así dijo el Señor DIOS: Yo he alzado mi mano, que los gentiles que os están alrededor han de llevar su afrenta.

8 Mas vosotros, oh montes de Israel, daréis vuestros ramos, y llevaréis vuestro fruto a mi pueblo Israel; porque cerca están para venir.

9 Porque heme aquí a vosotros, y a vosotros me volveré, y seréis labrados y sembrados.

10 Y haré multiplicar sobre vosotros hombres, a toda la Casa de Israel, toda ella ; y las ciudades han de ser habitadas, y serán edificadas las ruinas.

11 Y multiplicaré sobre vosotros hombres y bestias, y serán multiplicados y crecerán; y os haré morar como solíais antiguamente, y os haré más bien que en vuestros comienzos; y sabréis que yo soy el SEÑOR.

12 Y haré andar hombres sobre vosotros, a mi pueblo Israel; y te poseerán, y les serás por heredad, y nunca más les matarás los hijos.

13 Así dijo el Señor DIOS: Por cuanto dicen de vosotros: Comedora de hombres, y matadora de los hijos de tus naciones has sido;

14 por tanto, no devorarás más hombres, y nunca más matarás los hijos a tus moradores, dice el Señor DIOS.

15 Y nunca más te haré oír injuria de gentiles, ni más llevarás denuestos de pueblos, ni harás más morir los hijos a tus moradores, dice el Señor DIOS.

16 Y vino Palabra del SEÑOR a mí, diciendo:

17 Hijo de hombre, la Casa de Israel que mora en su tierra, la han contaminado con sus caminos y con sus obras; como inmundicia de menstruosa fue su camino delante de mí.

18 Y derramé mi ira sobre ellos por la sangre que ellos derramaron sobre la tierra; y por sus ídolos con que la contaminaron.

19 Y yo los esparcí por los gentiles, y fueron aventados por las tierras; conforme a sus caminos y conforme a sus obras los juzgué.

20 Y entrados a los gentiles adonde fueron, profanaron mi santo Nombre, diciéndose de ellos: Estos son pueblo del SEÑOR, y de la tierra de él han salido.

21 Y he tenido dolor al ver mi santo Nombre profanado por la Casa de Israel entre los gentiles adonde fueron.

22 Por tanto, di a la Casa de Israel: Así dijo el Señor DIOS: No lo hago por vosotros, oh Casa de Israel, sino por causa de mi santo Nombre, el cual profanasteis vosotros entre los gentiles adonde habéis llegado.

23 Y santificaré mi grande Nombre profanado entre los gentiles, el cual profanasteis vosotros en medio de ellos; y sabrán los gentiles que yo soy el SEÑOR, dijo el Señor DIOS, cuando fuere santificado en vosotros delante de sus ojos.

24 Y yo os tomaré de los gentiles, y os juntaré de todas las tierras, y os traeré a vuestra tierra.

25 Y esparciré sobre vosotros agua limpia, y seréis limpiados de todas vuestras inmundicias; y de todos vuestros ídolos os limpiaré.

26 Y os daré corazón nuevo, y pondré espíritu nuevo dentro de vosotros; y quitaré de vuestra carne el corazón de piedra, y os daré corazón de carne.

27 Y pondré dentro de vosotros mi Espíritu, y haré que andéis en mis mandamientos, y guardéis mis derechos, y los pongáis por obra.

28 Y habitaréis en la tierra que di a vuestros padres; y vosotros me seréis por pueblo, y yo seré a vosotros por Dios.

29 Y os guardaré de todas vuestras inmundicias; y llamaré al trigo, y lo multiplicaré, y no os daré hambre.

30 Multiplicaré asimismo el fruto de los árboles, y el fruto de los campos, para que nunca más recibáis oprobio de hambre entre los gentiles.

31 Y os acordaréis de vuestros malos caminos, y de vuestras obras que no fueron buenas; y os avergonzaréis de vosotros mismos por vuestras iniquidades, y por vuestras abominaciones.

32 No lo hago por vosotros, dijo el Señor DIOS, sabedlo bien; avergonzaos y confundios de vuestras iniquidades, Casa de Israel.

33 Así dijo el Señor DIOS: El día que os limpiare de todas vuestras iniquidades, haré también habitar las ciudades, y las asoladas serán edificadas.

34 Y la tierra asolada será labrada, en lugar de haber sido asolada en ojos de todos los que pasaron;

35 los cuales dijeron: Esta tierra asolada fue como huerto del Edén; y estas ciudades desiertas y asoladas y arruinadas, fortalecidas estuvieron.

36 Y los gentiles que fueron dejados en vuestros alrededores, sabrán que yo, el SEÑOR, edifiqué las derribadas, y planté las asoladas; yo, el SEÑOR, he hablado, y lo haré.

37 Así dijo el Señor DIOS: Aún seré solicitado de la Casa de Israel, para hacerles esto ; los multiplicaré de hombres a modo de rebaños.

38 Como las ovejas santas, como las ovejas de Jerusalén en sus solemnidades, así las ciudades desiertas serán llenas de rebaños de hombres; y sabrán que yo soy el SEÑOR.

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   Study the Inner Meaning
From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 159


Other references to this chapter:

Arcana Coelestia 46, 55, 343, 477, 2973, 3322, 3813, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 243, 336, 459, 483, 567, 704, 832, ...

Divine Love and Wisdom 383

Doctrine of the Lord 4, 28, 49

Sacred Scripture 86

Doctrine of Life 86

La Verdadera Religión Cristiana 143, 251, 601, 705


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 183, 280, 304, 331, 405, 587, 650, ...

Divine Wisdom 6

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 53

Other New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:


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Word/Phrase Explanations

hijo
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

montes
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

palabra
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

del señor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

dijo
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

enemigo
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

gentiles
'The time of the heathen,' as mentioned in Ezekiel 30:3, signifies the heathen, or wickedness.

lenguas
'The tongue,' as an organ, signifies doctrine, but as speech, or language, it signifies religion. 'Tongue' signifies perception of truth with respect to speech, and...

Ciudades
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

hablado
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

fuego
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

idumea
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

tierra
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

fruto
We tend to think of "fruit" in two ways in natural language. One is as food that grows on trees and vines, sweet and delicious,...

Cerca
'Near,' in the Word, signifies presence and conjunction. 'To be near' signifies being on internal levels. Near,' as in Genesis 19:20, signifies truth bordering upon...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Naciones
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

oír
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

contaminado
'Pollution' denotes the truth of faith defiled.

camino
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

inmundicia
Uncleanness and scum, as in Ezekiel 24:11, signifies evil and falsity.

ira
Fury is a receding from good, and anger is a receding from truth.

sangre
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

la tierra
"Earth" in the Bible can mean a person or a group of like-minded people as in a church. But it refers specifically to the external...

Ídolos
Idols of stone signify worship from falsities of doctrine. Idols of wood signify worship from evils of doctrine. Idols of silver signify worship from what...

santo
'Sanctuary' signifies the truth of heaven and the church. 'Sanctuary,' as in Ezekiel 24:21, signifies the Word.

nombre
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

en medio de
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

Medio
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

santificado
'To sanctify' denotes being led by the Lord. 'To sanctify' denotes being incapable of being violated.

ojos
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

agua
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

corazón
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

carne
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

piedra
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

padres
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

dios
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

trigo
Corn,' as in Genesis 42:2, here stands for a word in the original language which means 'breaking,' and also for a similar word meaning to...

campos
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

día
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Habitar
'Inhabit' refers to good.

huerto
Plants, in general, represent knowledge, ideas and intellectual concepts – things of the mind. Plant the best and most beautiful of those in one place,...

Edén
According to the Writings, “Eden” by itself means love, in most cases the love that comes from the Lord and our love for the Lord,...

rebaños
A flock, as in Genesis 26, denotes interior or rational good. A flock signifies those who are in spiritual good. A flock signifies natural interior...

Jerusalén
Jerusalem first comes to or attention in II Samuel, chapter 5 where King David takes it from the Jebusites and makes it his capital. In...

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library at the New Church Vineyard website.


 Quotes: The Promise of Baptism
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

From Swedenborg's Works

 

Arcana Coelestia #4545

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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4545. 'And be purified, and change your garments' means the holiness that was to be put on. This is clear from the meaning of 'being purified' or being cleansed as being made holy, dealt with below, and from the meaning of 'changing one's garments' as putting on, in this case putting on holy truths, for in the internal sense of the Word truths are meant by 'garments'. It is quite evident that 'changing one's garments' was an accepted representative within the Church, but what that custom represented no one can know unless he knows what 'garments' means in the internal sense - namely truths, see 2576. Because in the internal sense the casting aside of falsities and the arrangement by good of truths within the natural is the subject here, it is therefore recorded that Jacob commanded them to change their garments.

[2] 'Changing their garments' was representative of the need to put on holy truths, as may also be seen from other places in the Word, as in Isaiah,

Awake, awake, put on your strength, O Zion, put on your beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city, for there will no more come into you the uncircumcised and the unclean. Isaiah 52:1.

Since 'Zion' means the celestial Church and 'Jerusalem' the spiritual Church, and the celestial Church is that which dwells in good by virtue of its love to the Lord, and the spiritual Church in truth by virtue of its faith and charity, 'strength' is therefore used in reference to Zion, and 'garments' in reference to Jerusalem. And when clothed with these the two are 'clean'.

[3] In Zechariah,

Joshua was clothed with filthy garments, and so stood before the angel. And [the angel] answered and said to those standing before him - he said - Remove the filthy garments from upon him. And he said to him, See, I have caused your iniquity to pass away from upon you, by putting on you a change of garments Zechariah 3:3-4.

From this place too it is evident that 'removing garments' and 'putting on a change of garments' represented purification from falsities, for the words 'I have caused your iniquity to pass away from upon you' are used. This also explains why people had changes of garments - which they called simply 'changes', an expression occurring in various places in the Word - because different representations were set forth by means of those changes.

[4] Because the kinds of things mentioned here were represented by changes of garments it is therefore said in Ezekiel, in the description of the new Temple, which in the internal sense means a new Church,

When the priests enter they shall not go out of the holy place to the outer court, but there shall lay aside their garments in which they have ministered, for these are holy, 1 and they shall put on other garments and go near the things which are for the people. Ezekiel 42:14.

And in the same prophet,

When they go out to the outer court, to the people, they shall put off their garments in which they have been ministering and lay them in the holy chambers, and they shall put on other garments, and they shall not sanctify the people in their own garments. 2 Ezekiel 44:19.

[5] Anyone may see that a new temple and the holy city and land which are referred to by the prophet in this chapter, and in the chapters before and after it, are not used to mean any new temple, new city, or new land. For reference is made to sacrifices and religious ceremonies being introduced anew, when in fact these had to be brought to an end; and mention is also made of how the tribes of Israel, referred to by name, were to divide the land among themselves into inheritances, when in fact they were dispersed and never returned to the land. From this it is evident that the religious ceremonies referred to in those chapters mean the spiritual and celestial things constituting the Church. Much the same is meant by Aaron's change of garments when he was going to minister, to offer a burnt offering; in Moses,

He shall put on his linen robe, and linen breeches. He shall place the ashes at the side of the altar. After he takes off his own garments and puts on other garments he shall carry away the ashes to a clean place outside the camp. Leviticus 6:9-12.

This was what he had to do when offering the burnt offering.

(References: Leviticus 6:9-11)


[6] As regards 'being cleansed' meaning being made holy, this may be seen from the cleansings that were commanded, such as the command to wash their flesh and their garments, and the command to be sprinkled with the waters of separation. Everyone who knows anything about the spiritual man may also recognize that nobody is made holy by carrying out commands such as these. For what does iniquity or sin have to do with the garments a person is wearing? Yet it is stated several times that after people had cleansed themselves they would be holy. From this it is also evident that such rituals which the Israelites were commanded to carry out were in no way holy except by virtue of their representation of holy things, and that as a consequence people who served as representers did not on that account become holy persons. It was the holiness they represented, quite apart from them as actual persons, that stirred the affections of the spirits present with them, and through these the affections of the angels in heaven, 4307.

[7] For in order that the human race may be kept in being, human beings must of necessity live in communication with heaven; and that communication is effected through the Church. Otherwise human beings would become like animals, lacking any restraints internally or externally, so that all would plunge unchecked into the destruction of others and would annihilate one another. And because in the time of the Israelites no communication through any Church was possible, the Lord therefore provided in an amazing way for a communication to be effected by means of representatives. It is evident from many places in the Word that being made holy was represented by the ritual observance of washing and cleansing, as when Jehovah came down on Mount Sinai and then said to Moses,

Make them holy today and tomorrow, and let them wash their garments and be ready on the third day. Exodus 19:10-11.

In Ezekiel,

I will sprinkle clean water over you, and you will be cleansed from all your uncleannesses, and from all your idols I will cleanse you. And I will give you a new heart, and a new spirit will I give in the midst of you. Ezekiel 36:25-26.

Here it is plain that 'sprinkling clean water' represented purification of the heart, so that 'being cleansed' means being made holy.

-----
Footnotes:

1. literally, holiness

2. The Latin means they shall sanctify the people in other garments, but the Hebrew means they shall not sanctify the people in their own garments, which Swedenborg has in another place where he quotes this verse.

-----

(References: Genesis 35:1-4)

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   Study this Passage
From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 4763, 4844, 4858, 4875, 4884, 4973, 5006, 5248, 5319, 5433, 5954, 6377, 6524, 7967, 8459, 8789, 8904, 9158, 9212, 9276, 9372, 9391, 9477, 9595, 9688, 9806, 9952, 10227, 10258, 10536

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 121, 246


Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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