The Bible

 

Ezequiel 31

Spanish: Sagradas Escrituras (1569)         

Study the Inner Meaning

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1 Y aconteció en el año undécimo, en el mes tercero, al primero del mes, que vino Palabra del SEÑOR a mí, diciendo:

2 Hijo de hombre, di a Faraón rey de Egipto, y a su pueblo: ¿A quién te comparaste en tu grandeza?

3 He aquí era el asirio, cedro en el Líbano, hermoso en ramas, y umbroso con sus ramas, y de grande altura, y su copa la más alta entre densas ramas.

4 Las aguas lo hicieron crecer, lo encumbró el abismo; sus ríos iban alrededor de su pie, y a todos los árboles del campo enviaba sus corrientes.

5 Por tanto, se encumbró su altura sobre todos los árboles del campo, y sus ramas se multiplicaron, y se alargaron sus ramas a causa de sus muchas aguas que enviaba.

6 En sus ramas hacían nido todas las aves del cielo, y debajo de su ramaje parían todas las bestias del campo, y a su sombra habitaban muchos gentiles.

7 Se hizo hermoso en su grandeza con la extensión de sus ramas; porque su raíz estaba junto a muchas aguas.

8 Los cedros no lo cubrieron en el huerto de Dios; las hayas no fueron semejantes a sus ramas, ni los castaños fueron semejantes a sus ramos; ningún árbol en el huerto de Dios fue semejante a él en su hermosura.

9 Yo lo hice hermoso con la multitud de sus ramas; y todos los árboles del Edén, que estaban en el huerto de Dios, tuvieron de él envidia.

10 Por tanto, así dijo el Señor DIOS: Por cuanto te encumbraste en altura, y puso su cumbre entre densas ramas, y su corazón se elevó con su altura,

11 Yo lo entregué en mano del fuerte de los gentiles, él lo tratará; por su impiedad lo derribé.

12 Y lo cortarán extraños, los fuertes de los gentiles, y lo abandonarán; sus ramas caerán sobre los montes y por todos los valles, y por todos los arroyos de la tierra serán quebrados sus ramos; y se irán de su sombra todos los pueblos de la tierra, y lo dejarán.

13 Sobre su ruina habitarán todas las aves del cielo, y sobre su ramas estarán todas las bestias del campo,

14 para que no se eleven en su altura todos los árboles de las aguas, ni levanten su cumbre entre las espesuras, ni en sus ramas se paren en su altura todos los que beben aguas; porque todos serán entregados a muerte, a la tierra baja, en medio de los hijos de los hombres, con los que descienden a la sepultura.

15 Así dijo el Señor DIOS: El día que descendió al infierno, hice hacer luto, hice cubrir por él el abismo, y detuve sus ríos, y las muchas aguas fueron detenidas; y al Líbano cubrí de tinieblas por él, y todos los árboles del campo se desmayaron.

16 Del estruendo de su caída hice temblar a los gentiles, cuando lo hice descender al infierno con los que descienden a la sepultura; y todos los árboles del Edén escogidos, y los mejores del Líbano, todos los que beben aguas, tomaron consolación en la tierra baja.

17 También ellos descendieron con él al infierno, con los muertos a cuchillo, los que fueron su brazo, los que estuvieron a su sombra en medio de los gentiles.

18 ¿A quién te has comparado así en gloria y en grandeza entre los árboles del Edén? Pues derribado serás con los árboles del Edén en la tierra baja; entre los incircuncisos yacerás, con los muertos a cuchillo. Este es Faraón y todo su pueblo, dijo el Señor DIOS.

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   Study the Inner Meaning
From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

Apocalypse Explained 654

Apocalypse Revealed 503

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 154


Other references to this chapter:

Arcana Coelestia 46, 108, 119, 130, 756, 776, 908, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 90, 312, 409, 567, 757

Divine Love and Wisdom 325

The Lord 4, 28

Faith 54

La Verdadera Religión Cristiana 82, 467, 635


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 110, 175, 372, 388, 518, 538, 650, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 3, 27, 41, 58

Marriage 82

Scriptural Confirmations 9, 74

Other New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:


  Bible Study Videos:


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Daniel 4:7, 11, 5:20

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Word/Phrase Explanations

mes
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

tercero
'Three' denotes fullness, and 'a third,' not full.

palabra
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

seÑor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Faraón
'Pharaoh' signifies scientific ideas, or the natural principle in general. 'Pharaoh' signifies false ideas infesting the truth of the church. Pharaoh,' in Genesis 40, represents...

rey
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

egipto
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

Líbano
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

ramas
A branch (Matt. 24:32) signifies affection, for affection springs and flourishes from good as a branch Springs from its trunk. A branch (Mal. 4:1) denotes...

altura
'Height' signifies the good and truth of the church in every degree.

aguas
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

Crecer
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

ríos
'Rivers' signify truths in abundance serving the rational self, and so, the understanding, for the purpose of doctrine and life. 'Rivers' or 'floods' signify temptations....

campo
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

aves
Fowl signify spiritual truth; a bird, natural truth; and a winged thing, sensual truth. Fowl signify intellectual things. Fowl signify thoughts, and all that creeps...

del cielo
"Air" in the Bible represents thought, but in a very general way – more like our capacity to perceive ideas and the way we tend...

cielo
Heavens are celestial and spiritual things. Consequently, they are inmost things, both of the Lord's kingdom in heaven the and in the earth. This also...

debajo
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

sombra
'The shadow is good' of the oak, poplar and elm means complacence.

muchos
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

gentiles
'The time of the heathen,' as mentioned in Ezekiel 30:3, signifies the heathen, or wickedness.

raíz
'A root,' as in Malachi 4:1, signifies charity. The dried up root,' as in Hosea 9:16, 17, signifies charity which could not bear fruit.

huerto
Plants, in general, represent knowledge, ideas and intellectual concepts – things of the mind. Plant the best and most beautiful of those in one place,...

Dios
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

árbol
'Trees,' in general, signify the perceptions when discussing the celestial self, but when related to the spiritual church, they signify knowledges. A person in the...

hermosura
Beauty of his ornament (Ezek. 7:20) signifies the church and its doctrine.

edén
According to the Writings, “Eden” by itself means love, in most cases the love that comes from the Lord and our love for the Lord,...

dijo
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

extraños
In Ezekiel 28:7, 'strangers' signify falsities which destroy truths, and 'the terrible of the nations,' evils which destroy good.

montes
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

la tierra
"Earth" in the Bible can mean a person or a group of like-minded people as in a church. But it refers specifically to the external...

tierra
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

en medio de
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

medio
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

hijos
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

día
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

descendió
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

infierno
'Hell,' as mentioned in Jonah 2:3, signifies the earth below.

luto
In a general sense, mourning in the Bible represents a state of grief over the lack of desires for good and true ideas about life....

Cubrir
The "high mountains being covered " (Gen. 7:19) signifies that all the good things of charity were extin­guished.

temblar
'To tremble,' as in Jeremiah 10:10, relates to the church when falsities are believed and called truths.

cuchillo
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

brazo
Arms and feet (Daniel 10:6) signify the exterior things of the Word, which are its literal sense.

incircuncisos
'The uncircumcised,' as in Ezekiel 31:18, signifies people lacking the good of charity.

Commentary

 

Field      

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The Sower, by Vincent van Gogh

When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should I do?" "What can I do?" You look for ideas, concepts, direction. Once you determine something you want to do or a change you want to make in yourself, you seek specific knowledge. If you want to volunteer at a food pantry, say (to use a very obvious example), you'd need to know whom to call, when they need help, where to go, what to bring. Armed with that, you're ready to get to work.

That process could be compared to food production. You start with a field – which is that desire to be good. Then you plant seeds – those ideas and concepts. Those seeds sprout into plants – the specific facts and knowledge needed for the task (easily seen in the food pantry example, but also true with deeper tasks like "being more tolerant of my co-workers" or "taking more time for prayer," or "consciously being a more loving spouse"). Finally, those plants produce food – the actual good thing that you go and do.

Based on this concept, it follows that a "field" in the Bible usually represents the Lord's church, and more specifically the desire for good within the church. It's where good things start, take root, and grow.

The Writings also say that in a number of cases a "field" represents the doctrine of the church, which sounds markedly different. The desire for good is emotional, a drive, a wanting; doctrine is a set of ideas, dry and intellectual. But the Writings also say that for the church to be true, its doctrine must be centered on a desire for good and must lead people toward doing what is good. So despite how it sounds, the idea oif doctrine is actually closely bound up with the desire for good.

(References: Arcana Coelestia 368, 2971, 3310, 3766, 9138, 9141)


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