100. BRIEF ANALYSIS
The reason the New Church is meant by the New Jerusalem coming down from God out of heaven, Rev. xxi, is that Jerusalem was the metropolis of the land of Canaan. The temple and the altar were there; there also sacrifices were offered. Thus, Divine worship itself was performed there, and every male throughout the land was commanded to come to this worship three times a year. A further reason is that the Lord was in Jerusalem and taught in its temple; afterwards glorifying His Human there; thence it is that Jerusalem signifies the Church. That the Church is meant by Jerusalem is clearly evident from the prophecies in the Old Testament concerning a New Church to be established by the Lord, and which is there called Jerusalem.
(References: Daniel 9:25, Daniel 9:27; Ezekiel 4, Ezekiel 5:9-17, Ezekiel 12:18-19, 15:6-8, Ezekiel 16, Ezekiel 16:46, Ezekiel 16:48, 23:1-40; Isaiah 3:9, Isaiah 65:17-18, 65:19; Jeremiah 5:1, Jeremiah 6:6-7, 7:17-18, Jeremiah 8:6-7, Jeremiah 8:8, 9:10-11, Jeremiah 9:11-12, 9:13, 9:14, 13:9-10, Jeremiah 13:14, Jeremiah 14:16, Jeremiah 23:14; Joel 3:17-21; Lamentations 1:8-9, 1:17; Luke 19:41-44, 21:20-22, Luke 23:28-30; Matthew 23:37-38, Matthew 24:15; Micah 4:8; Psalms 130:4-6; Revelation 21; Zechariah 8:20-23)
 The following passages only shall be cited, from which anyone possessed of interior reason may see that by Jerusalem is there meant the Church. Let these passages alone be taken from the prophets:
Behold, I create a new heaven and a new earth, and the former shall not be remembered. . . . I will create Jerusalem a rejoicing and her people a joy; that I may rejoice over Jerusalem and be joyful over My people. Then the wolf and the lamb shall feed together. . . they shall do no evil in all the mountain of My holiness. Isaiah 65:17-19, 25.
For Zion's sake will I not hold my peace, and for Jerusalem's sake I will not rest, until the righteousness thereof goes forth as brightness, and the salvation thereof as a lamp that burneth. Then the Gentiles shall see thy righteousness, and all kings thy glory; and thou shalt be called by a new name, which the mouth of Jehovah shall name. And thou shalt be a crown of beauty.. . and a royal diadem in the hand of thy God... Jehovah shall be well pleased in thee, and thy land shall be married . . . Behold, thy salvation cometh; behold, His reward is with Him . . . and they shall call them, The holy people, the redeemed of Jehovah and thou shalt be called, sought out, a city not forsaken. Isaiah 62:1-4, 11-12.
Awake awake put on thy strength, O Zion; put on the garments of thy beauty, O Jerusalem, the holy city for henceforth there shall no more come into thee the uncircumcised and the unclean. Shake thyself from the dust arise, sit down, O Jerusalem . . . The people shalt know My name in that day, for I am He that doth speak behold, it is I. . .. Jehovah hath comforted His people, He hath redeemed Jerusalem. Isaiah 52:1-2, 6, 9.
Shout with joy, O daughter of Zion; be glad with all thy heart, O daughter of Jerusalem. . .. The King of Israelis in the midst of thee; fear not evil any more . . . He will be glad over thee with joy He will rest in thy love; He will exult over thee with joyful shouting. . . will make you a name and a praise among all people of the earth. Zephaniah 3:14-17, 20.
Thus saith Jehovah, thy Redeemer . . . saying to Jerusalem, thou shalt be inhabited. Isaiah 44:24, 26.
Thus saith Jehovah, I am returned to Zion, and will dwell in the midst of Jerusalem; whence Jerusalem shall be called the city of truth, and the mountain of Jehovah Zebaoth, the mountain of holiness. Zechariah 8:3.
Then shall ye know that I am Jehovah your God, dwelling in Zion, the mountain of holiness; and Jerusalem shall be holiness... .And it shall come to pass in that day that the mountains shall drop new wine, and the hills shall flow with milk... and Jerusalem shall abide from generation to generation. Joel 3:17-18, 20.
In that day shall the branch of Jehovah be beauty and glory. . . And it shall come to pass that he that is left in Zion, and he that remaineth in Jerusalem, shall be called holy; everyone that is written unto life in Jerusalem. Isaiah 4:2-3.
In the last days the mountain of the house of Jehovah shall be established in the head of the mountains ... for out of Zion shall go forth doctrine, and the word of Jehovah from Jerusalem. Micah 4:1-2.
At that time they shall call Jerusalem the throne of Jehovah, and all nations shall be gathered to Jerusalem because of the name of Jehovah; neither shall they go any more after the confirmation of their own evil heart. Jeremiah 3:17.
Look upon Zion, the city of our appointed feasts; let thine eyes see Jerusalem, a quiet habitation, a tabernacle that shall not be taken down; the stakes thereof shall never be removed, and the cords thereof shall not be broken. Isaiah 33:20.
Other passages are: Isaiah 24:23; 37:32; 66:10-14; Zechariah 12:3, 6-10; 14:8, 11-12, 21; Malachi 3:2, 4; Psalms 122:1-7; 137:4-6.
 That by Jerusalem in the above passages is meant a Church to be established by the Lord, and not the Jerusalem inhabited by the Jews, is plain from every detail of its description therein; as that Jehovah God was about to create a new heaven and a new earth, and Jerusalem also at the same time; that this Jerusalem would be a crown of beauty, and a royal diadem; that it is to be called holiness, and the city of truth, the throne of Jehovah, a quiet habitation, a tabernacle that shall not be taken down; that the wolf and the lamb shall feed together there; that there the mountains shall drop with new wine, and the hills flow with milk; that it should abide from generation to generation; besides many other things respecting the people therein, that they should be holy, all written unto life, and should be called the redeemed of Jehovah.