The Bible

 

Esekiel 33

Norwegian: Det Norsk Bibelselskap (1930)         

Study the Inner Meaning

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1 Og Herrens ord kom til mig, og det lød så:

2 Menneskesønn! Tal til ditt folks barn og si til dem: Når jeg lar sverdet komme over et land, og landets folk tar en mann av sin midte og setter ham til vekter for sig,

3 og han ser sverdet komme over landet og støter i basunen og advarer folket,

4 men den som hører basunens lyd, ikke lar sig advare, og sverdet kommer og tar ham bort, da skal hans blod komme over hans eget hode;

5 han hørte basunens lyd, men lot sig ikke advare, hans blod skal komme over ham selv; men hadde han latt sig advare, så hadde han berget sitt liv.

6 Men når vekteren ser sverdet komme og ikke støter i basunen, og folket ikke blir advart, og sverdet kommer og tar bort nogen av dem, da blir han tatt bort for sin misgjernings skyld, men hans blod vil jeg kreve av vekterens hånd.

7 Og du menneskesønn! Til vekter har jeg satt dig for Israels hus, og når du hører et ord av min munn, skal du advare dem fra mig.

8 Når jeg sier til den ugudelige: Du ugudelige, du skal visselig , og du ikke taler og advarer den ugudelige for hans ferd, da skal han, den ugudelige, for sin misgjernings skyld, men hans blod vil jeg kreve av din hånd.

9 Men når du har advart den ugudelige for hans ferd, at han skal vende om fra den, men han ikke vender om fra sin ferd, da skal han for sin misgjernings skyld, men du har reddet din sjel.

10 Og du menneskesønn! Si til Israels hus: Således sier I: Våre overtredelser og synder tynger på oss, og for deres skyld visner vi bort; hvorledes kan vi da leve?

11 Si til dem: Så sant jeg lever, sier Herren, Israels Gud, jeg har ikke behag i den ugudeliges død, men i at den ugudelige vender om fra sin ferd og lever. Vend om, vend om fra eders onde veier! Hvorfor vil I , Israels hus?

12 Og du menneskesønn! Si til ditt folks barn: Den rettferdiges rettferdighet skal ikke frelse ham på den dag han synder, og den ugudelige skal ikke omkomme for sin ugudelighets skyld på den dag han vender om fra sin ugudelighet, og den rettferdige skal ikke kunne leve ved sin rettferdighet på den dag han synder.

13 Når jeg sier om den rettferdige: Han skal visselig leve, og han setter sin lit til sin rettferdighet og gjør urett, da skal ingen av hans rettferdige gjerninger tilregnes ham, men for den uretts skyld som han har gjort, for den skal han .

14 Og når jeg sier til den ugudelige: Du skal visselig , og han vender om fra sin synd og gjør rett og rettferdighet,

15 så han, den ugudelige, gir pant tilbake, godtgjør det han har røvet, følger livets bud, så han ikke gjør urett, da skal han visselig leve, han skal ikke .

16 Ingen av de synder som han har gjort, skal tilregnes ham; rett og rettferdighet har han gjort, han skal visselig leve.

17 Og ditt folks barn sier: Herrens vei er ikke rett. Men det er deres vei som ikke er rett.

18 Når den rettferdige vender om fra sin rettferdighet og gjør urett, så skal han .

19 Og når den ugudelige vender om fra sin ugudelighet og gjør rett og rettferdighet, så skal han leve.

20 Og enda sier I: Herrens vei er ikke rett. Jeg vil dømme eder, Israels hus, hver efter hans ferd.

21 I det tolvte år efterat vi var bortført, i den tiende måned, på den femte dag i måneden, kom det nogen flyktninger fra Jerusalem til mig og sa: Staden er inntatt.

22 Og Herrens hånd var kommet over mig om aftenen, før flyktningene kom, og han oplot min munn, innen de kom til mig om morgenen; min munn blev oplatt, og jeg var ikke lenger målløs.

23 Og Herrens ord kom til mig, og det lød så:

24 Menneskesønn! De som bor iblandt grushaugene der borte i Israels land, sier så: Abraham var bare en, og han fikk landet i eie; vi er mange, vi har fått landet til eiendom.

25 Si derfor til dem: Så sier Herren, Israels Gud: I eter kjøtt med blodet i og løfter eders øine til eders motbydelige avguder og utøser blod - og I skulde eie landet?

26 I trosser på eders sverd, I gjør det som vederstyggelig er, og krenker hverandres hustruer - og I skulde eie landet?

27 Så skal du si til dem: Så sier Herren, Israels Gud: Så sant jeg lever, de som bor blandt grushaugene, skal visselig falle for sverdet, og den som er på marken, ham gir jeg til føde for de ville dyr, og de som er i fjellborgene og i hulene, skal av pest.

28 Jeg vil gjøre landet til en ørken, en ødemark, og det skal være ute med dets stolte makt, og fjellene i Israel skal ligge øde, så ingen ferdes der.

29 Og de skal kjenne at jeg er Herren, når jeg gjør landet til en ørken, en ødemark, for alle de vederstyggelige tings skyld som de har gjort.

30 Og du menneskesønn! Ditt folks barn taler sammen om dig ved veggene og i husdørene, og alle sier de til hverandre: Kom og hør hvad det er for et ord som utgår fra Herren!

31 kommer de til dig i store skarer, og de setter sig foran dig som mitt folk og hører dine ord, men de gjør ikke efter dem; for det som er efter deres smak, det gjør de, og til vinning står deres hu.

32 Og se, du er for dem som en yndig sang, som en som har en vakker røst og spiller fagert; de hører dine ord, men gjør ikke efter dem.

33 Men når det kommer - og komme skal det - da skal de kjenne at en profet har vært iblandt dem.

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   Study the Inner Meaning
From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 156


Other references to this chapter:

Arcana Coelestia 612, 2235, 6367, 7102, 8711, 9263

Apocalypse Revealed 567, 668

The Lord 28

Sacred Scripture 85

True Christian Religion 51


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 55, 304, 388, 405, 650

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 56

Marriage 51

Other New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:


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Word/Phrase Explanations

ord
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

en
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

barn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

si
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

Mann
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

han ser
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

ser
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

hører
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

kommer
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

blod
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

hode
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

vekteren
'A watchman,' as in Isaiah 21:11, in an internal sense, signifies someone who observes the states of the church and its changes, which applies to...

hånd
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

hus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

munn
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

ugudelige
Swedenborg several times associates the “wicked” with “malevolence,” defines “malevolence” as “destroying good, interior and exterior,” and says that the wicked do this by disowning...


Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

taler
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

sjel
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

overtredelser
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

oss
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

herren
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

veier
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

rettferdige
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

Rettferdighet
'Justice' signifies both good and truth.

dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

tilbake
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

vei
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

dømme
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

måned
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

femte
Five also signifies all things of one part.

kom
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

jerusalem
Jerusalem first comes to or attention in II Samuel, chapter 5 where King David takes it from the Jebusites and makes it his capital. In...

før
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

abraham
Abraham (or Abram, as he is named in the beginning of his story) is one of the major characters in the story of the sacred...

mange
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

eter
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

motbydelige
Idols of stone signify worship from falsities of doctrine. Idols of wood signify worship from evils of doctrine. Idols of silver signify worship from what...

sverd
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

Bor
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

falle
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

gir
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

pest
'Pestilence' denotes the vastation of good and truth.

fjellene
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

vinning
'Lucre or gain' signifies every thing false derived from evil which perverts the judgment.

sang
'A song' signifies acknowledgment and confession from joy of heart.

spiller
To play,' as in Zechariah 8:5, signifies some kind of interior festivity arising from the affection of truth and good.

profet
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

From Swedenborg's Works

 

Arcana Coelestia #8711

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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8711. 'Men of truth hating gain' means because the truths are pure, devoid of any worldly end in view. This is clear from the meaning of 'men of truth' as pure truths (the reason why 'men of truth' are pure truths is that 'men' means truths, 3134, 5502, and 'truth' means faith, 3121, so that 'men of truth' means the truths of faith, that is, pure truths); and from the meaning of 'hating gain' as detesting the convincing false impressions which falsity and evil create, since 'hating' means detesting and 'gain' falsity and evil that are able to convince people and draw them away from truth and goodness. In general 'gain' means all falsity arising from evil that perverts mental judgements; and since this happens to those with the world as their end in view, men 'hating gain' also means those devoid of any worldly end in view. The fact that 'gain' means all falsity arising from evil that perverts mental judgements and draws a person away from truth and goodness may become clear to anyone who stops to reflect. 'Gain' in this sense is mentioned quite a number of times in the Word, such as in Isaiah 33:15; 56:11; 57:17; Jeremiah 6:13; 8:10; 22:17; Ezekiel 22:27; 33:31; and David, Psalms 119:36.

(References: Exodus 18:21)

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   Study this Passage
Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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