The Bible

 

Revelation 22

King James Version         

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1 And he shewed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb.

2 In the midst of the street of it, and on either side of the river, was there the tree of life, which bare twelve manner of fruits, and yielded her fruit every month: and the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations.

3 And there shall be no more curse: but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it; and his servants shall serve him:

4 And they shall see his face; and his name shall be in their foreheads.

5 And there shall be no night there; and they need no candle, neither light of the sun; for the Lord God giveth them light: and they shall reign for ever and ever.

6 And he said unto me, These sayings are faithful and true: and the Lord God of the holy prophets sent his angel to shew unto his servants the things which must shortly be done.

7 Behold, I come quickly: blessed is he that keepeth the sayings of the prophecy of this book.

8 And I John saw these things, and heard them. And when I had heard and seen, I fell down to worship before the feet of the angel which shewed me these things.

9 Then saith he unto me, See thou do it not: for I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren the prophets, and of them which keep the sayings of this book: worship God.

10 And he saith unto me, Seal not the sayings of the prophecy of this book: for the time is at hand.

11 He that is unjust, let him be unjust still: and he which is filthy, let him be filthy still: and he that is righteous, let him be righteous still: and he that is holy, let him be holy still.

12 And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be.

13 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last.

14 Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city.

15 For without are dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie.

16 I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning star.

17 And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that heareth say, Come. And let him that is athirst Come. And whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely.

18 For I testify unto every man that heareth the words of the prophecy of this book, If any man shall add unto these things, God shall add unto him the plagues that are written in this book:

19 And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.

20 He which testifieth these things saith, Surely I come quickly. Amen. Even so, come, Lord Jesus.

21 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.

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From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

Arcana Coelestia 9481

Apocalypse Revealed 36, 348, 473, 626, 932, 933, 934, ...

A Brief Exposition of New Church Doctrine 71

Divine Providence 263

Doctrine of the Lord 61


Other references to this chapter:

Arcana Coelestia 109, 411, 885, 1530, 2336, 2702, 2851, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 0, 1, 13, 43, 50, 151, 173, ...

A Brief Exposition of New Church Doctrine 98, 101

Conjugial Love 81, 135

Divine Providence 128, 134, 264

Doctrine of the Lord 36, 51

The Doctrine of the New Jerusalem Regarding the Sacred Scripture 2, 13, 87, 98

Doctrine of Life 2, 105

Heaven and Hell 471

The Last Judgement 41

True Christian Religion 19, 48, 59, 102, 190, 252, 261, ...


References from Swedenborg's drafts, indexes & diaries:

Apocalypse Explained 62, 71, 72, 98, 109, 110, 148, ...

On the Athanasian Creed 112

Canons of the New Church 5

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 5, 7

Divine Wisdom 8

An Invitation to the New Church 1

Marriage 19, 48, 59, 102

Scriptural Confirmations 2, 4, 5, 11, 32

Related New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:



Hop to Similar Bible Verses

Numbers 24:17, 27:16

Deuteronomy 4:2

Judges 1:7

Job 34:11

Psalms 17:15, 36:10, 46:5, 6

Proverbs 30:6

Isaiah 33:17, 40:10, 60:1, 62:11

Jeremiah 3:17

Ezekiel 33:20, 47:1, 7, 12, 48:35

Daniel 7:18, 10:21

Zechariah 14:8, 11

Bible Word Meanings

River of water of life
The river of water of life,' as in Revelation 22:1, signifies the divine truths in abundance now revealed by the Lord in the Apocalypse.

Water of life
'Water of life' signifies divine truths from the Lord through the Word.

life
According to Swedenborg, the Lord is life itself, and we are recipients of life. This is true even of the most evil spirits, who loved...

side
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

Tree of life
'The tree of life,' as in Revelation 2:7, signifies the essential celestial, and in the highest sense, the Lord Himself, because everything celestial is from...

twelve
'Twelve' and 'twenty-four' signify everything, and refer to truths.

leaves
'Leaves' symbolize rational truths because a tree symbolizes a person, and every part of the tree symbolizes accordant elements in the person.

healing
'Healing' signifies reformation by truth derived by good. 'Healing in his wings,' as mentioned in Malachi 3:20, signifies reformation by divine truth from good.

serve
Generally speaking, those who are at lower levels of an organization serve those at higher levels. Bosses boss and their employees serve; coaches devise strategy...

see
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

foreheads
The forehead corresponds to heavenly love. The forehead signifies love both good and evil: because the face is the inmost of man's affections and the...

candle
(Luke 15:8.) By the woman lighting a candle to find the piece of silver she had lost, is signified inquisition in herself from affection.

light
(Luke 15:8.) By the woman lighting a candle to find the piece of silver she had lost, is signified inquisition in herself from affection.

ever
“Age” is used in slightly different ways in natural language, and those differences are reflected in the word’s spiritual meanings. All the variations, though, reflect...

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

sayings
'Sayings' denotes persuasion. 'Sayings,' when related to Jehovah, signify informing or instructing.

angel
"Angels" in the Bible represent qualities of the Lord himself, or a variety of things that come directly from the Lord. On a lower level...

shew
'Shew' signifies instruction to the life.

Shortly
In Revelation 1:1, 'things which must shortly come to pass' signify things that will certainly be, so that the church will not perish. In the...

come
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

quickly
'Quickly' signifies certain and full, because 'time' signifies state and so 'quickly' and 'speedily' mean a current state of affection and thought, or what is...

john
'John the apostle' signifies those who are in the good of life from charity and its faith. 'John,' as in Revelation 1:4, signifies the Lord...

saw
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

heard
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

seen
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

worship
To adore, in the Word, signifies to acknowledge and believe.

Feet of the angel
The feet of the angel, as in Revelation 10:1, signify the natural or literal sense of the Word.

saith
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

righteous
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

reward
A "reward" in the Bible represents something that brings people together, or brings spiritual states together, and binds them. It's easy to see this in...

the first
'Resurrection' signifies salvation and eternal life. 'The first,' mentioned in Revelation 20:5, 6, does not mean a first resurrection, but the essence and primary part...

To
'To jubilate' or 'make a joyful noise' signifies worship from the delight of good.

enter
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

city
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

idolaters
'Idolaters' signify those who establish worship or are in worship not from the Word, and consequently not from the Lord, but from self-derived intelligence. This...

star
'Stars' signify the knowledge of truth and good. 'Stars' are frequently mentioned in the Word, and always signify goods and truths, but in an opposite...

spirit
'The seven spirits' in Matthew 12:45 signify all falsities of evil, and as a result, a total extinction of goodness and truth. 'The seven spirits'...

bride
'A bride' means the church in respect to Divine truth from the Lord.

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

plagues
'Plagues' signify evils of love, and falsities of faith. 'The plagues of Egypt' signify the falsities and lust which cause the church to perish. In...

written
If knowing what’s right were the same as doing what’s right, we would all be thin, healthy, hard-working, law-abiding, faithful to our spouses and free...

Amen
Amen signifies divine confirmation from truth, consequently from the Lord himself.Amen signifies truth, because the Lord was truth itself, therefore he so often said Amen...

grace
The Lord’s essence and substance is love: pure, perfect and infinite. That love is formed through His pure, perfect, infinite wisdom and flows to us...

jesus christ
It is relatively well known that "Jesus" means "Savior" and "Christ" means "the anointed," but there are spiritual meanings that extend well beyond these natural...

christ
Christ is one of the names of the Lord. It derives from Greek, and means "the anointed one," a King or Messiah. Christ as King...

Videos from the Swedenborg Foundation

The videos shown here are provided courtesy of our friends at the Swedenborg Foundation. You can find out more about them here: swedenborg.com.


The Difference Between Grace and Mercy

Grace and mercy are mentioned a lot in the Bible and both come from God, but what's the difference? We dig into the spiritual difference between these two divine auras and how we can open ourselves up to them.

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library at the New Church Vineyard website.


 Alpha and Omega Design
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Alpha and Omega, First and Last
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Enter Through the Gates
Those who do the Lord's commandments may enter the gates of the Holy City and see the Tree of Life. Draw a picture of the Tree of Life and lay open gates on top of it.  
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 His Name on Our Foreheads
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 I Am Thy Fellow Servant
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 John's Vision of the Tree of Life: Felt Board
Provides a pattern for cutting the Tree of Life and fruit for this felt board activity.
Project | Ages up to 6

 Leaves for Healing of the Nations
Activity | Ages over 15

 Memory Verse: Blessings from the Lord
Activity | Ages 4 - 14

 Memory Verse: The Tree of Life and the Crystal River
Activity | Ages 4 - 14

 Names of the Lord
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 9 - 12

 New Church Day: The 19th of June
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 New Church Day: The Second Coming
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 New Church Day: The Teachings of the New Church
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Painting the River of Life
Use felt tip pens to draw the river of life, then go over it with a wet paint brush.
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Picture the Tree of Life with Play Dough
Use play dough or another modeling compound to make a picture of the Tree of Life on a piece of cover stock paper or other stiff paper. Then add colored beads for the twelve different kinds of fruit. 
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Prayers for Adults: Prophecies of the Advent
Activity | Ages over 18

 Prayers for Teens: Prophecies of the Advent
Activity | Ages 15 - 17

 Prayers for Teens: Water and Baptism
Activity | Ages 15 - 17

 Quotes: The Tree of Life and the Crystal River
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Reading Chart: The Tree of Life
Color a leaf on this beautiful tree of life reading chart each time you read a chapter or two of the Lord's Word.
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 River of Life, Tree of Life
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Sending Out the Twelve Disciples
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Sending Out the Twelve Disciples
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Stars
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 9 - 12

 The Angel
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Clear River and the Fruitful Tree
Article | Ages 15 - 17

 The End of John's Vision
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The End of John’s Vision (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 The End of John’s Vision (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 The End of John’s Vision (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 The Holy City 2
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Meaning of the Tree of Life
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 The Number Twelve in the Word Crossword Puzzle
Discover times when the number twelve appears throughout the Word.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Pure River and the Tree of Life
Color picture of the river of pure water coming from the throne of God with the tree of life on either side bearing twelve fruit. The leaves of the tree are for the healing of the nations.
Picture | Ages up to 14

 The River of Water of Life
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Second Coming
While many anticipate the return of Jesus Christ to earth, the New Church teaches the Lord has already made His second coming in the teachings for the New Church.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 17

 The Tree of Life
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Tree of Life
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 9 - 12

 The Tree of Life (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 The Tree of Life (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 The Tree of Life (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 The Tree of Life with Twelve Kinds of Fruit
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The True Water of Life
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 The Water of Life
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Water of Life from the Throne of God
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Tree of Life Banner
Use various colors of felt to make this banner. Note that the illustration shows one Tree of Life spanning the river of the water so that it is one tree on both sides of the river. 
Project | Ages 7 - 14

From Swedenborg's Works

 

Arcana Coelestia #9481

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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9481. 'In accordance with all that I show you, the pattern of the dwelling-place' means a representative of heaven where the Lord is. This is clear from the meaning of 'the pattern of the dwelling-place' as a representative of heaven; for 'the pattern' means a representative, and 'the dwelling-place' means heaven. The reason why 'the pattern' means a representative is that Divine realities in heaven are also manifested in visible shapes, which are representatives. For the meaning of 'the dwelling-place' as heaven where the Lord is, see 8269, 8309. What the representatives that appear in heaven are like is clear in the prophets, for example in John's Book of Revelation, in which he describes lampstands, Chapter 1:12ff; a throne with twenty-four thrones around it, and four living creatures before the throne, Chapter 4:2ff; a book sealed with seven seals, Chapter 5; horses going out when the seals were opened, Chapter 6; angels who are clothed in various ways and have bowls, Chapters 9, 10, 15, 16; a white horse, Chapter 19; and at length a new Jerusalem, its walls, gates, foundations, height, breadth, and length, Chapters 21, 22. Similar sights are also described by other prophets.

[2] All those sights are representatives such as appear unceasingly in heaven before angels' eyes, manifesting in visible shapes the Divine celestial realities that belong to the good of love and the Divine spiritual realities that belong to the good of faith. Such realities taken all together were represented by the tabernacle and its contents, that is, the ark itself, the table on which loaves were laid, the altar of incense, the lampstand, and everything else. Therefore when these objects, being outward forms of Divine celestial and spiritual realities, were beheld by the people while they were engaged in holy acts of worship, such realities as were represented by those objects were brought to notice in heaven. These, as stated above, were the Divine celestial realities that belong to the good of love to the Lord and the Divine spiritual realities that belong to the good of faith in the Lord. All the representatives of that Church had that kind of effect in heaven. It should be realized that a person always has spirits and angels present with him and that a person cannot live without them. It should likewise be realized that through them the person is linked to the Lord, and that in this way the human race, and heaven too, is kept in being. From this one can see what purpose was served by the representatives and also the ritual observances of the Church established among the Israelite nation. One can also see what purpose is served by the Word, in which all things mentioned in the sense of the letter correspond to Divine realities that exist in heaven, thus in which all the objects mentioned are representative and all the words used carry a spiritual meaning. This is what brings about the linking of a person to heaven, and through heaven to the Lord. Without that link the person would have no life whatever, for without being linked to the actual Essential Being (Esse) of life, from which the Coming-into-Being (Existere) of life emanates, no one has life.

[3] But these considerations are unintelligible to those who think that life exists essentially in a person himself and that a person lives without spirits or angels, thus without influx from the Divine by way of heaven. But in actual fact anything that is not linked to the Divine perishes and ceases to exist. Indeed nothing can ever come into being without that which is prior to itself, thus without the Divine, who is the First and is self-existent Being (Esse) or Jehovah; nor consequently can it remain in being, for remaining in being is constant coming-into-being. Because 'the dwelling-place' means heaven where the Lord is, it also means the good of love and faith, since these compose heaven; and because all good comes from the Lord, and heaven is called heaven by virtue of its love to and faith in the Lord, 'the dwelling-place' also means in the highest sense the Lord, as is evident in Isaiah 63:15; Jeremiah 25:30; Ezekiel 37:26-27; Psalms 26:8; 43:3; 90:1; 91:9; Exodus 15:13; Deuteronomy 12:5, 11; and other places. From this it is clear that the tabernacle was called Jehovah's sanctuary and dwelling-place for the reason that it represented the realities mentioned above.

(References: Exodus 25:9)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 9482, 9576, 9670, 9739, 9854, 9873, 9928, 9954, 9963, 10001, 10022, 10103, 10108, 10129, 10150, 10177, 10195, 10230, 10268, 10270, 10304, 10337, 10338

Divine Love and Wisdom 377

The White Horse 12

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 261


References from Swedenborg's drafts, indexes & diaries:

Apocalypse Explained 62, 133, 277, 324, 375, 392, 630, 700


   Swedenborg Research Tools

Related New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.

The Bible

 

Isaiah 63:15

King James Version         

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15 Look down from heaven, and behold from the habitation of thy holiness and of thy glory: where is thy zeal and thy strength, the sounding of thy bowels and of thy mercies toward me? are they restrained?

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Explanation of Isaiah 63      

By Rev. John H. Smithson

THE EXPLANATION of Isaiah Chapter 63

(Note: Rev. Smithson's translation of the Isaiah text is appended below the explanation.)

1. WHO is this that cometh from Edom, with sprinkled garments from Bozrah? this, that is magnificent in His apparel; marching on in the greatness of His strength? I, who speak in justice, mighty to save.

2. Wherefore art You red in Thine apparel, and Your garments as of him that treads the wine-vat?

VERSES 1-3. These things are said concerning the Lord, and His combats against all the hells; and whereas He fought against them from the human, in which was the Essential Divine it is therefore said - "Who is this that cometh from Edom, with sprinkled garments from Bozrah?" whereby is signified combating from the Good of Love and from Truth, which are from the Divine; for "Edom" denotes what is red, and "Bozrah" the vintaging, and red" is predicated of Good, and "vintaging" of Truth; and whereas those things are meant by "Edom" and by "Bozrah", therefore in what follows He is called "red as he that treads the wine-vat"; and, whereas the Divine Good and the Divine Truth, which is here understood, is the Word in the letter, and this is slgnified by the "garments" of the Lord, therefore it is said, - , "Who has sprinkled His garments"; likewise, "Who is magnificent in His apparel"; and whereas all strength is contained in the Word, in the letter, therefore it is said, "walking [or marching on] in the greatness of His strength".

Judgment from His Divine upon the good find upon the evil, salvation in consequence thereof, is understood by "I who speak in justice, mighty [or great] to save". The violence offered to the Word by the Jewish nation, is signified by "Wherefore art You red in Thine apparel, and Your garments as of him that treads the wine-vat!" - "red as to the apparel" being predicated of the violence offered to the Divine Good of the Word, which was understood above by "Edom", and "the garments as of him that treads in the wine-vat" being predicated of the violence offered to the Divine Truth therein, which was understood above by "Bozrah".

The "garments", of the Lord, signify the Word in the letter, to which violence was offered by the adulterations and falsifications thereof. The prostration of the hells, and of the falsities thence derived, by virtue of His own proper power, is signified by "I have trodden the wine-press alone, and of the peoples there was not a man with Me"; the casting of them down into the hells, who were in direful evils, and falsities thence derived, is signified by "I trod them down in Mine anger, and I trampled! them in My wrath"; "anger" being predicated of evils, and "wrath" of falsities; and they are attributed to the Lord, although it is they who are in evils and falsities thence derived, and that are angry and wrathful against the Lord; and whereas the judgment whereby the hells were subjugated was accomplished by the Lord, by temptations admitted into His Human, even to the last, which was the passion of the cross, therefore it is said, "Their victory was sprinkled upon My garments, and I have stained all Mine apparel"; for the Lord, by all things of His passion, and by the last upon the cross, represented the violence offered by the Jewish nation to the Word, or to Divine Truth; concerning which, see above, Apocalypse Explained 183, 195, at the end; 627, at the end; 655, 805. Apocalypse Explained 922.

Verses 1, 2, 3, 5. Who is this that cometh from Edom! etc.

- That "Edom" is the Lord as to the Divine Good of the Divine-Natural is evident, for the subject here treated of [in the supreme sense] is the conjunction of Good and Truth in the Humanity of the Lord; and the combats of temptations by which He conjoined them. That the "garments" here mentioned are the Truths of the natural man, or inferior Truths respectively, may be seen, Arcana Coelestia 2576; and that "red" is the Good of the natural principle, Arcana Coelestia 3300. That the Lord, by His own power, through combats in temptations, conjoined Truths therein to Good, is described by His "treading the wine-press alone", and by "His looking, and there was none to help", etc. "His own arm" signifies His own power. Arcana Coelestia 3322.

The subject here treated of is concerning the Lord, and His combats against the hells, and concerning the subjugation of them. The Lord Himself, as to His Divine Human, is here understood by "Edom, who had sprinkled garments from Bozrah", and by His "garments" is understood the Word in the letter; for "garments" signify Truths investing, and, when predicated of the Lord, they signify Divine Truths, consequently the Word; inasmuch as all Divine Truths are therein, as may be seen, Apocalypse Explained 195.

The Word, in the sense of the letter, is here also understood by "garments", because in the letter are Truths investing; for the sense of the letter serves for a vestment or clothing to the spiritual sense, and inasmuch as the Word, as to that sense, was torn asunder by the Jewish people, and thereby the Divine Truth adulterated, it is therefore said, "Who is this that cometh from Edom, with sprinkled garments from Bozrah?", "their victory was sprinkled upon My garments, and I have stained all Mine apparel"; the "garments of Bozrah" signifying the ultimate of the Word, which is the literal sense thereof; and "their victory upon My garments" denoting the sinister interpretation and application of the Word by those who wrest the sense of the letter to favour their own loves, and the principles thence conceived, as was done by the Jews, and is done by many at this day; this is understood by "their victory upon My garments."

That the Lord alone fought, is signified by "I have trodden the wine-press alone, and of the peoples there was not a man with Me"; the "wine-press" denotes combat from Divine Truths against falsities, because in wine-presses the wine is pressed out from the grapes, and by "wine" is signified Divine Truth; hence to "tread alone, and of the peoples there was not a man with Me", signifies that the Lord alone fought, without aid from anyone.

That the Lord subjugated the hells, is understood by "I trod them down in Mine anger, and I trampled them in My wrath"; "I have trodden" and "I have trampled" being expressions applicable to the wine-press, and signifying that He destroyed them; "anger" and "wrath" are expressions relating to destruction, and are attributed, in the sense of the letter, to the Lord, when notwithstanding there is not anything of anger and of wrath in Him, but in those who are against Him; wherefore, in this and in many other places, these things are said according to appearances. That they were subjugated and condemned to hell, is signified, in verse 6, by "I brought down their victory to the earth"; - "to the earth" denoting into damnation, thus into hell; that by the "earth" is also signified damnation, may be seen, Apocalypse Explained 304, at the end. Apocalypse Explained 359.

3. I have trodden the wine-press alone; and of the peoples there was not a man with Me: and I trod them down in Mine anger, and I trampled them in My wrath; and their victory was, sprinkled upon My garments, and I have stained all Mine apparel.

Verse 3. By "treading the wine-press" is signified exploration, at the time of Judgment, as to the quality of their works; for by "treading the vine-press" is signified to explore, and by "the clusters which are trodden" are understood works, as may be seen above, Apocalypse Explained 649.

By "treading the wine-press" is not only signified, in an opposite sense, to explore evil works, but also to sustain them with others, and likewise to remove them, and to cast them into hell, as may be seen from Isaiah:

"I trod them down in Mine anger, and I trampled them in My wrath." (Isaiah 63:3)

Again:

"Jehovah has trodden the wine-press of the virgin of the daughter of Judah"; (Lamentations 1:15) speaking of what takes place at the Judgment. Apocalypse Revealed 652.

4. For the day of vengeance was in My heart, and the year of My redeemed was come.

5. And I looked, and there was none to help; and I was astonished that there was none to uphold: therefore Mine own arm wrought salvation for Me, and Mine indignation, it sustained Me.

6. And I trod down the peoples in Mine anger, and I inebriated them in My wrath; and I brought down their victory to the earth.

Verses 4, 6. By the combats which were temptations admitted into Himself the Lord subjugated the hells, and thus accomplished the Last Judgment. This is the Judgment which is understood by "the day of anger and of wrath of Jehovah", in the Word of the Old Testament; but the Last Judgment which is at this day performed by the Lord, is understood by "the day of His anger" in the Apocalypse. That a Last Judgment was performed by the Lord, when He was in the world, may be seen in the work concerning the Last Judgment 46. "The year of the redeemed", signifies judgment upon the good who are saved. Apocalypse Explained 413. See also True Christian Religion 116.

7. The mercies of Jehovah I will record, and the praises of Jehovah, according to all that Jehovah has rendered unto us, and the great goodness to the house of Israel, which He has rendered to them, according to His compassions, and the multitude of His mercies.

8. For He said, Surely they are My people, sons that will not deceive; so He was their Saviour.

Verses 7-9. The divine Mercy in the Divine Human is here called " the Angel of the faces of Jehovah." That the "face of Jehovah", or of the Lord, is mercy, and also peace and goodness, because these are of Mercy, might be shown from many passages, as from the following: Numbers 6:25, 26; Psalm 67:1; 80:3, 7, 19. That the "face of Jehovah", or of the Lord, is Divine Love, is evident from His face when He was transfigured before Peter, James, and John, when "His face shone like the sun." (Matthew 17:2)

That "those who see the Lord, see the Father", is expressly declared in John 14:8, 9. Arcana Coelestia 5585.

9. In all their affliction He was afflicted, and the Angel of His faces saved them: in His love and in His pity He redeemed them; and He took them up, and He bare them, all the days of old.

Verse 9. Treating concerning the Lord, who is called "the Angel of the faces of Jehovah", by virtue of the Divine Truth from His Divine Love; for by an "angel", in the Word, is signified Divine Truth, whence angels are also called "gods", as may be seen, Apocalypse Explained 130, 200, 302; and by the "faces of Jehovah" is understood the Divine Love which is in the Lord, whence it is also said, "In His love and in His pity He redeemed them; and He took them up, and He bare them, all the days of old [or of eternity]"; these things being of the Divine Love. The Lord, as to His Human, was Divine Truth, from which He combated with the hells, and by which He subjugated them; and, therefore, He is here called an "Angel", which is His Divine Human. Apocalypse Explained 412.

10. But they rebelled, and provoked the Spirit of His holiness: so that He was turned to be their enemy, and He fought against them.

Verses 10, 11. In the Word of the Old Testament there is no mention made of the "Holy Spirit", but only of the "Spirit of Holiness", in three places, - once in David, Psalm 51:11; and twice in Isaiah, Isaiah 63:10, 11; whereas in the Word of the New Testament, both in the Gospels, the Acts of the Apostles, and the Epistles, it is mentioned frequently. The reason is, because there was no "Holy Spirit" before the coming of the Lord, inasmuch as it proceeds out of the Lord from the Father; for " the Lord only is Holy"; (Revelation 15:4) wherefore also it is said by the angel Gabriel to the mother Mary "The Holy Thing which shall be born of you." (Luke 1:35) It is written that "the Holy Spirit was not yet, because Jesus was not yet glorified"; (John 7:39) and yet it is said before that "the Holy Spirit filled Elizabeth", (Luke 1:41) and "Zechariah", (Luke 1:67) and "Simeon." (Luke 2:25)

The reason of which seeming contradiction is, because these three persons were filled with the Spirit of Jehovah the Father, which was called the "Holy Spirit" on account of the Lord, who was already in the world. This is the reason, too, why in the Word of the Old Testament it is nowhere said that the prophets "spake from the Holy Spirit", but from Jehovah; for, in expressIng themselves on this subject, they constantly use some of these terms:

"Jehovah spoke to me"; "The word of Jehovah came to me", "Jehovah has spoken", "The saying of Jehovah." The reader may convince himself of this fact by reading the Prophets, and observing the very numerous passages in which these declarations occur, which are too numerous to he adduced here, in which it is never said that "the Holy Spirit spoke by them, nor that "Jehovah spoke to them by the Holy Spirit." True Christian Religion 158. See also above, Chapter 1:1, the Exposition. In respect the true Doctrine of "the Holy Spirit its Divine Operation", True Christian Religion 138-158.

11. But He remembered the days of old, Moses and His people, [saying] Where is He that brought them up out of the sea with the shepherd of His flock? where is He that put in the midst of him the Spirit of His holiness?

12. Who led them at the right hand of Moses, with His glorious arm; dividing the waters before them, to make for Himself an everlasting name:

Verse 11. Where is He that brought them up out of the sea with the shepherd of His flock? etc.

In this prophetic declaration by "Moses" is understood the Lord, who is also "the Shepherd of the flock"; by "the people, whom He brought up out of the sea", are signified those who are delivered from damnation. Arcana Coelestia 8099.

Verse 12. Dividing the waters before them, etc. - As to the "sea" or the "waters", out of whioh they were brought", see Chapter 51:10, the Exposition.

13. Who led them through the deeps; as a horse in the desert, they did not stumble:

14. As the cattle goes down into the valley; so the Spirit of Jehovah led him: thus didst You guide Your people, to make for Yourself a name of glory.

Verses 13, 14. The subject of this chapter is concerning the Lord and His combats with the hells, and the subjugation of them; but, in this passage, concerning those who are in love and faith in Him, who are compared to "a horse in the desert", and to "cattle [or a beastJ in the valley"; because by a "horse" is signified the understanding of Truth, and by "cattle" [or a beast] the affection of Good; for, all comparisons in the Word are from correspondences. Apocalypse Explained 355.

15. Look down from heaven, and behold from the habitation of Your holiness and of Your beauty: where is Your zeal and Your strength? [For] the yearning of Your bowels, and Your compassions, are restrained toward me.

Verse. 15. Zeal here stands for Mercy, which is "the yearning [commotio] of the bowels, and is predicated of Good; for it is said, "Your zeal and Your strength [virtutes]", where "zeal" is predicated of Good and "strength" of Truth; in like manner "the yearning of the bowels" is predicated of Good, and "compassions" of Truth.

"The habitation of holiness" is the heaven where those are who are of the celestial kingdom, and "the habitation of beauty" is the heaven where those are who are of the spiritual kingdom. Hence also it is evident that in the Word where "Good" is mentioned, "Truth" is also named, on account of the heavenly marriage which is in every particular of the Word; thus also the Lord, as to His two names "JESUS" and "CHRIST" which signify the divine marriage which is in the Lord; concerning which see Arcana Coelestia 683, 793, 8339. Arcana Coelestia 8875. See also Arcana Coelestia 3960, 9815.

As to the distinction between "glory" and "beauty", see above Chapter 46:13, the Exposition.

"Bowels", in the Word, signify love or mercy, by reason that the bowels or inward parts, especially the mother's womb, represent and thence signify chaste conjugial love, and love towards infants thence derived, as in Isaiah:

"The yearning [or commotion] of Your bowels, and Your compassions, are restrained toward me"; and in Jeremiah:

"Is not Ephraim My dear son? Is not he a pleasant child? Therefore My bowels are troubled fo. him; I will surely have compassion on him. (Jeremiah 31:20)

Hence it appears that love Itself, or mercy itself and the Lord's compassion towards mankind, are the things which in the internal sense, are signified by "bowels", and by "coming forth", or by "the offspring of the bowels"; (Isaiah 48:19) to "come forth out of the bowels", signifies to be born, and, in a spiritual sense, to be born of the Lord, or regenerated. They who have not the Lord's love, that is, who do not love their neighbour as themselves, have not in any respect the Lord's life, consequently they are in no respect "born" of Him, or "come forth out of His bowels", wherefore they cannot be heirs of His kingdom. Arcana Coelestia 1803.

16. Surely You art our Father, for Abraham knows us not, and Israel doth not acknowledge us: You, O Jehovah! art our Father, our Redeemer; Your name is from eternity.

Verse 16. That the Lord, as to His Divine Human, in whom is the Divine Trinity, is the "Father" see Chapter 9:6, the Exposition; see also Isaiah 22:21-24, the Exposition; and True Christian Religion 83, 113, 188, 294, 299, 637.

For Abraham knows us not. - As to "Abraham", see Chapter 41:8; 51:2, the Exposition.

17. Why, O Jehovah! have You made us to err from Your ways; why have You hardened our heart from the fear of You? Return for the sake of Your servants, the tribes of Thine inheritance.

Verse 17. [That Jehovah is here said to "cause or make the people err from His ways, is spoken according to appearance, In a manner similar to that in which He is said to be "angry", to "punish", to "do evil", to "lead into temptation", etc. See the Exposition of Isaiah Chapter 45:7.]

Why have You hardened our heart from the fear of You? - What is meant by "the fear of the Lord", see Chapter 11:3, the Exposition.

Return for the sake of Your servants, the tribes of Your inheritance.

- "Tribes" are often mentioned in the Word, because the people of Israel were divided into twelve tribes; and he who does not know the internal sense of the Word supposes that by "tribes" are understood the tribes of Israel; tribes, however, are not understood by "tribes", nor Israel by "Israel", but by the "tribes" are understood all who are in Truths from Good, and by "Israel" is meant the church of the Lord. He who does not know this may easily seize upon the common belief that the sons of Israel were elected above all others in the universal world, and also that at length they are to be introduced into the land of Canaan, yea, that even heaven itself is to consist chiefly of them; whereas by the names of the "tribes" they are not understood, but those who are in Truths from Good, thus those who are of the church, - by the "twelve tribes" all, and by each "tribe" some particular Truth and Good, which they who belong to the church possess. That this is the case might be proved from many passages in the Word where "tribes" are mentioned, as in Isaiah 63:17. Apocalypse Explained 39.

18. They had, within a little, possessed the people of Your holiness: our enemies have trodden down Your sanctuary.

Verse 18. That "the people of holiness" signify holy Truths, see Chapter 62:12, the Exposition.

Our enemies have trodden down Your sanctuary. - By "enemies" are signified evils of life; by "treading down the sanctuary", is meant to destroy the Truths of doctrine from the Word, and this by the sensual-corporeal principle; for those who are in evils of life are all sensual-corporeal. The reason why "trampling" or "treading down" signifies these things is, because treading down is effected by the soles of the feet, and by the "soles of the feet" are signified the external-sensual things of man, and by the "feet" his natural things. In the spiritual world those who have denied and despised the Truths of heaven and the church, appear to tread them down with the soles of their feet, and this because, as said above, the external-sensual [principle] of man corresponds to the "soles of the feet." It is said that the external-sensual principle of man does this, but only the sensual [principle] with those who are merely sensual, who are those that deny the Truths of heaven and of the church, and also who believe nothing but what they can see with their eyes and touch with their hands. Apocalypse Explained 632. See also above, Chapter 5:5, 10:6, the Exposition.

That the internal of the natural degree is signified by the "feet", the middle by the "soles", and the lowest by the "shoes", see above, Chapter 11:15, 16, the Exposition.

19. We have been as those over whom You have never ruled, and who were not called by Your name.

Verse 19. Who were not called by Your name. - What is signified by being "called by a name", see Chapter 4:1, the Exposition.

---
Isaiah Chapter 63

1. WHO is this that cometh from Edom, with sprinkled garments from Bozrah? this, that is magnificent in His apparel; marching on in the greatness of His strength? I, who speak in justice, mighty to save.

2. Wherefore art You red in Thine apparel, and Your garments as of him that treads the wine-vat?

3. I have trodden the wine-press alone; and of the peoples there was not a man with Me: and I trod them down in Mine anger, and I trampled them in My wrath; and their victory was, sprinkled upon My garments, and I have stained all Mine apparel.

4. For the day of vengeance was in My heart, and the year of My redeemed was come.

5. And I looked, and there was none to help; and I was astonished that there was none to uphold: therefore Mine own arm wrought salvation for Me, and Mine indignation, it sustained Me.

6. And I trod down the peoples in Mine anger, and I inebriated them in My wrath; and I brought down their victory to the earth.

7. The mercies of Jehovah I will record, and the praises of Jehovah, according to all that Jehovah has rendered unto us, and the great goodness to the house of Israel, which He has rendered to them, according to His compassions, and the multitude of His mercies.

8. For He said, Surely they are My people, sons that will not deceive; so He was their Saviour.

9. In all their affliction He was afflicted, and the Angel of His faces saved them: in His love and in His pity He redeemed them; and He took them up, and He bare them, all the days of old.

10. But they rebelled, and provoked the Spirit of His holiness: so that He was turned to be their enemy, and He fought against them.

11. But He remembered the days of old, Moses and His people, [saying] Where is He that brought them up out of the sea with the shepherd of His flock? where is He that put in the midst of him the Spirit of His holiness?

12. Who led them at the right hand of Moses, with His glorious arm; dividing the waters before them, to make for Himself an everlasting name:

13. Who led them through the deeps; as a horse in the desert, they did not stumble:

14. As the cattle goes down into the valley; so the Spirit of Jehovah led him: thus didst You guide Your people, to make for Yourself a name of glory.

15. Look down from heaven, and behold from the habitation of Your holiness and of Your beauty: where is Your zeal and Your strength? [For] the yearning of Your bowels, and Your compassions, are restrained toward me.

16. Surely You art our Father, for Abraham knows us not, and Israel doth not acknowledge us: You, O Jehovah! art our Father, our Redeemer; Your name is from eternity.

17. Why, O Jehovah! have You made us to err from Your ways; why have You hardened our heart from the fear of You? Return for the sake of Your servants, the tribes of Thine inheritance.

18. They had, within a little, possessed the people of Your holiness: our enemies have trodden down Your sanctuary.

19. We have been as those over whom You have never ruled, and who were not called by Your name.

From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 63


Other references to this verse:

Arcana Coelestia 1736, 1803, 3960, 5922, 8309, 8875, 9229, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 216

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 294


References from Swedenborg's drafts, indexes & diaries:

Apocalypse Explained 204, 622

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 47

Related New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:


  Related Books  (see all)


Hop to Similar Bible Verses

Deuteronomy 26:15

Psalms 77:10, 80:15

Isaiah 57:15

Jeremiah 31:20

Hosea 11:8

Bible Word Meanings

look
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

heaven
"Air" in the Bible represents thought, but in a very general way – more like our capacity to perceive ideas and the way we tend...

habitation
'The sanctuary and habitation' together signify heaven and the church, 'sanctuary' regarding the good of love, and 'tabernacle' regarding truths of that good, because the...

holiness
The Bible describes many things as being holy, or sacred. The Ark of the Covenant is one very holy object. The inmost chamber of the...

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 Blessings: The Lord's Final Temptation
Blessings to say at mealtime.
Activity | Ages over 7

 His Own Arm Brought Salvation
Because the Lord came on earth and overcame the hells two thousand years ago, our battles are easier today. He fought the hells one by one, and each time He fought, He used a truth to combat them
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Memory Verse: The Lord's Final Temptation
Activity | Ages 4 - 14

 Quotes: The Lord's Final Temptation
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