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Eichah 2

Hebrew: Modern     

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1 איכה יעיב באפו אדני את בת ציון השליך משמים ארץ תפארת ישראל ולא זכר הדם רגליו ביום אפו׃

2 בלע אדני לא חמל את כל נאות יעקב הרס בעברתו מבצרי בת יהודה הגיע לארץ חלל ממלכה ושריה׃

3 גדע בחרי אף כל קרן ישראל השיב אחור ימינו מפני אויב ויבער ביעקב כאש להבה אכלה סביב׃

4 דרך קשתו כאויב נצב ימינו כצר ויהרג כל מחמדי עין באהל בת ציון שפך כאש חמתו׃

5 היה אדני כאויב בלע ישראל בלע כל ארמנותיה שחת מבצריו וירב בבת יהודה תאניה ואניה׃

6 ויחמס כגן שכו שחת מועדו שכח יהוה בציון מועד ושבת וינאץ בזעם אפו מלך וכהן׃

7 זנח אדני מזבחו נאר מקדשו הסגיר ביד אויב חומת ארמנותיה קול נתנו בבית יהוה כיום מועד׃

8 חשב יהוה להשחית חומת בת ציון נטה קו לא השיב ידו מבלע ויאבל חל וחומה יחדו אמללו׃

9 טבעו בארץ שעריה אבד ושבר בריחיה מלכה ושריה בגוים אין תורה גם נביאיה לא מצאו חזון מיהוה׃

10 ישבו לארץ ידמו זקני בת ציון העלו עפר על ראשם חגרו שקים הורידו לארץ ראשן בתולת ירושלם׃

11 כלו בדמעות עיני חמרמרו מעי נשפך לארץ כבדי על שבר בת עמי בעטף עולל ויונק ברחבות קריה׃

12 לאמתם יאמרו איה דגן ויין בהתעטפם כחלל ברחבות עיר בהשתפך נפשם אל חיק אמתם׃

13 מה אעודך מה אדמה לך הבת ירושלם מה אשוה לך ואנחמך בתולת בת ציון כי גדול כים שברך מי ירפא לך׃

14 נביאיך חזו לך שוא ותפל ולא גלו על עונך להשיב שביתך ויחזו לך משאות שוא ומדוחים׃

15 ספקו עליך כפים כל עברי דרך שרקו וינעו ראשם על בת ירושלם הזאת העיר שיאמרו כלילת יפי משוש לכל הארץ׃

16 פצו עליך פיהם כל אויביך שרקו ויחרקו שן אמרו בלענו אך זה היום שקוינהו מצאנו ראינו׃

17 עשה יהוה אשר זמם בצע אמרתו אשר צוה מימי קדם הרס ולא חמל וישמח עליך אויב הרים קרן צריך׃

18 צעק לבם אל אדני חומת בת ציון הורידי כנחל דמעה יומם ולילה אל תתני פוגת לך אל תדם בת עינך׃

19 קומי רני בליל לראש אשמרות שפכי כמים לבך נכח פני אדני שאי אליו כפיך על נפש עולליך העטופים ברעב בראש כל חוצות׃

20 ראה יהוה והביטה למי עוללת כה אם תאכלנה נשים פרים עללי טפחים אם יהרג במקדש אדני כהן ונביא׃

21 שכבו לארץ חוצות נער וזקן בתולתי ובחורי נפלו בחרב הרגת ביום אפך טבחת לא חמלת׃

22 תקרא כיום מועד מגורי מסביב ולא היה ביום אף יהוה פליט ושריד אשר טפחתי ורביתי איבי כלם׃

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   Study the Inner Meaning
From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 120


Other references to this chapter:

Arcana Coelestia 402, 414, 921, 1071, 1460, 2015, 2162, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 20, 49, 158, 166, 270, 285, 299, ...


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 31, 69, 187, 195, 204, 304, 315, ...

Scriptural Confirmations 9, 78

Other New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:


  Bible Study Videos:


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Word/Phrase Explanations

בת
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

ארץ
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

ישראל
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

בלע
To 'swallow' signifies natural truth.

יעקב
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

יהודה
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

אף
'A blast of the breath of the nostrils' signify the same thing as 'his anger and wrath.'

אויב
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

עין
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

שכח
To forget, in the internal sense, signifies nothing else but removal and apparent privation.

יהוה
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

מלך
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

קול
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

חזון
Vision is the innermost revelation, which is of perception. Visions are according to the state of humankind. The visions of people whose interiors are closed,...

עיר
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

גדול
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

דרך
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

שן
'Tooth,' as in Exodus 21:24, denotes the exterior understanding, and natural truth.

היום
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

דמעה
'A tear' signifies grief because of a lack of understanding of truth.

ראה
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

נשים
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

From Swedenborg's Works

 

Arcana Coelestia #6377

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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6377. 'He washes his clothing in wine' means that His Natural consists in Divine Truth from His Divine Good. This is clear from the meaning of 'washing' as purifying, dealt with in 3147; from the meaning of 'wine' as the good of love towards the neighbour and the good of faith, and in the highest sense as Divine Truth from the Lord's Divine Good, dealt with below; and from the meaning of 'clothing' as the exterior which covers the interior, dealt with in 5248, thus the natural since this is exterior and covers the rational, which is interior. Therefore 'clothing' also means truth since this is exterior and covers good, which is interior, 2576, 4545, 4763, 5319, 5954.

[2] The fact that 'wine' means love towards the neighbour and the good of faith may be recognized from what has been shown regarding the bread and wine in the Holy Supper, in 2165, 2177, 3464, 4581, 5915. These paragraphs show that 'bread' is the good of celestial love, and that 'wine' is the good of spiritual love. The same may also be recognized from the minchah and the drink-offering in sacrifices. The minchah in them meant the good of love, and the drink-offering the good of faith. The minchah consisted of the kinds of things that meant the good of love, while the drink-offering consisted of wine that meant the good of faith. The sacrifices themselves were also called 'bread', 2165. For the use in sacrifices of a drink-offering consisting of wine, see Exodus 29:40; Leviticus 23:12-13, 18-19; Numbers 15:2-15; 28:6-7, 18-end; 29:1-7 and following verses.

(References: Numbers 28:18-31)


[3] The meaning that 'wine' has of love towards the neighbour and the good of faith is also evident in Isaiah,

Everyone who thirsts, come to the waters; and he who has no money, come, buy and eat! And come, buy wine and milk without money and without price. Isaiah 55:1.

No one can fail to see that they did not have to buy wine and milk, but that they were to acquire what is meant by 'wine and milk', which is love towards the neighbour and faith. These gifts come from the Lord 'without money and without price'.

[4] In Hosea,

Threshing-floor and winepress will not feed them, and new wine will be deceptive to her. 1 Ephraim will return to Egypt, and in Assyria they will eat what is unclean. They will not pour libations of wine to Jehovah, their sacrifices will not be pleasing to Him. Hosea 9:1-4.

Here also in the internal sense reference is made to the good of love and the good of faith, to the demise of them. The good of love is meant by 'threshing-floor' by virtue of the grain there and the bread made from it, while the good of faith is meant by 'winepress', 'new wine', and 'libation of wine'. 'Ephraim will return to Egypt' stands for the fact that the understanding would resort to factual knowledge for advice concerning the arcana of faith; 'in Assyria they will eat what is unclean' stands for that which is the outcome of consequent false reasoning - 'Ephraim' being the area of understanding in the Church, see 5754, 6112, 6238, 6267; 'Egypt' the area of factual knowledge, 1164, 1165, 1186, 1462, 5702; and 'Assyria' that of reasoning, 1186. The line of thought in this passage also shows that the words used here contain something more than what one sees in the letter. For everything hangs together in the internal sense, but not so in the external sense, for example when it says that 'threshing-floor and winepress will not feed them, and new wine will be deceptive to her', immediately followed by 'Ephraim will return to Egypt, and in Assyria they will eat what is unclean'. Moreover, without the internal sense what meaning would Ephraim's return to Egypt and their eating in Assyria what is unclean have?

(References: Arcana Coelestia 1164-1165, Arcana Coelestia 5354, 6222; Hosea 9:2-4)


[5] 'Winepress' and 'wine' are also used in Jeremiah to describe the demise of mutual love and the good of faith,

He who lays waste has fallen on your vintage, therefore joy and gladness have been plucked from Carmel, and from the land of Moab, for I have made the wine cease from the winepresses; none will tread the headed. 2 Jeremiah 48:32-33.

[6] The fact that 'wine' means the good of mutual love and of faith is also evident in John,

I heard a voice from the midst of the four living creatures, saying, Do no harm to oil and wine. Revelation 6:6.

[7] 'Oil' stands for the good of celestial love, and 'wine' for the good of spiritual love.

'Oil' and 'wine' have a similar meaning in the Lord's parable of the Good Samaritan in Luke,

A certain Samaritan was journeying, and seeing him who had been wounded by the robbers was moved with compassion for him; going therefore to him, he bandaged his wounds, and poured on oil and wine. Luke 10:33-34.

'He poured on oil and wine' means that he performed the works of love and charity, 'oil' being the good of love, see 886, 3728. A like meaning was involved in the practice of the ancients, who poured oil and wine onto a pillar when they consecrated it, Genesis 35:14-4581, Genesis 35:4582.

(References: Arcana Coelestia 4581-4582, Genesis 35:14)


[8] The fact that 'wine' means the good of love and faith is evident from the words the Lord used when He instituted the Holy Supper. He said then regarding the wine,

I tell you that I shall not drink from now on of this fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new with you in My Father's kingdom. Matthew 26:29; Luke 22:17-18.

Anyone can see that He was not about to drink wine in that kingdom, but that the good of love and faith is meant, which He was about to impart to those who belonged to His kingdom. Much the same is meant by 'wine' in Isaiah 24:9, 11; Lamentations 2:11-12; Hosea 14:7; Amos 9:13-14; Zechariah 9:15-16; Luke 5:37-39.

(References: Zechariah 9:15, 9:17)


[9] Since 'wine' means the good of love and faith, Divine Truth from the Lord's Divine Good is therefore meant in the highest sense, for that Truth, when it flows into a person and is accepted by him, brings him the good of love and faith.

[10] Since most things in the Word also have a contrary meaning, so too does 'wine', the contrary meaning of which is falsity from evil, as in Isaiah,

Woe to those who rise in the morning around dawn, and then follow strong drink, who continue into dusk, so that wine may inflame them! Woe to heroes at drinking wine, and to valiant men in mixing strong drink! Isaiah 5:11, 22

In the same prophet,

Also these err through wine, and go astray through strong drink. The priest and the prophet err through strong drink. They are swallowed up by wine, they go astray through strong drink. They err among the seers, they are tottery in judgement. Isaiah 28:7.

In the same prophet,

The shepherds know no understanding, they all look to their own way. Come, I will get wine, and we will be drunken from strong drink; and let there be tomorrow, as there is this day, great abundance. Isaiah 56:11-12.

In addition to these places 'wine' is used with the contrary meaning in Jeremiah 13:12; Hosea 4:11; 7:5; Amos 2:8; Micah 2:11; Psalms 75:8; Deuteronomy 32:33.

Falsity from evil is also meant by the cup of the wine of wrath in Jeremiah 25:15-16; Revelation 14:8, 10; 16:19; the winepress of the wrath of God's anger, Revelation 19:15; and the wine of whoredom, Revelation 17:2; 18:3.

-----
Footnotes:

1. The Latin means them but the Hebrew means her, which Swedenborg has in other places where he quotes this verse, as well as possibly here in his rough draft.

-----

(References: Genesis 49:8-12)

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   Study this Passage
From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 6378, 8481, 8568, 8904, 9003, 9057, 9139, 9223, 9296, 9320, 9331, 9544, 9780, 9960, 10040, 10079, 10137

The White Horse 9

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 219, 258


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 252, 376, 433, 447, 475, 918

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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