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Hosea 5

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1 Ακουσατε τουτο, ιερεις, και προσεξατε, οικος Ισραηλ, και δοτε ακροασιν, οικος βασιλεως· διοτι προς εσας ειναι κρισις· επειδη εσταθητε παγις επι Μισπα και δικτυον ηπλωμενον επι το Θαβωρ.

2 Και οι αγρευοντες εκαμον βαθειαν σφαγην· αλλ' εγω θελω παιδευσει παντας αυτους.

3 Εγω εγνωρισα τον Εφραιμ, και ο Ισραηλ δεν ειναι κεκρυμμενος απ' εμου· διοτι τωρα πορνευεις, Εφραιμ, και εμιανθη ο Ισραηλ.

4 Δεν αφινουσιν αυτους αι πραξεις αυτων να επιστρεψωσιν εις τον Θεον αυτων· διοτι το πνευμα της πορνειας ειναι εν μεσω αυτων και δεν εγνωρισαν τον Κυριον.

5 Και η υπερηφανια του Ισραηλ μαρτυρει κατα προσωπον αυτου· δια τουτο ο Ισραηλ και ο Εφραιμ θελουσι πεσει εν τη ανομια αυτων· ο Ιουδας ετι θελει πεσει μετ' αυτων.

6 Μετα των ποιμνιων αυτων και μετα των αγελων αυτων θελουσιν υπαγει δια να ζητησωσι τον Κυριον· αλλα δεν θελουσιν ευρει· απεμακρυνθη απ' αυτων.

7 Εφερθησαν απιστως προς τον Κυριον· διοτι εγεννησαν τεκνα αλλοτρια· τωρα δε εις μην θελει καταφαγει αυτους και τας κληρονομιας αυτων.

8 Σαλπισατε κερατινην εν Γαβαα, σαλπιγγα εν Ραμα· ηχησατε δυνατα εν Βαιθ-αυεν· κατοπιν σου, Βενιαμιν.

9 Ο Εφραιμ θελει εισθαι ηρημωμενος εν τη ημερα του ελεγχου· μεταξυ των φυλων του Ισραηλ εγνωστοποιησα το βεβαιως γενησομενον·

10 οι αρχοντες Ιουδα εγειναν ως οι μετατοπιζοντες ορια· επ' αυτους θελω εκχυσει ως υδατα την οργην μου.

11 Κατεδυναστευθη ο Εφραιμ, συνετριβη εν τη κρισει διοτι εκουσιως υπηγε κατοπιν προσταγματος·

12 δια τουτο εγω θελω εισθαι ως σαρακιον εις τον Εφραιμ και ως σκωληξ εις τον οικον Ιουδα.

13 Και ειδεν ο Εφραιμ την νοσον αυτου και ο Ιουδας το ελκος αυτου, και υπηγεν ο Εφραιμ προς τον Ασσυριον και απεστειλε προς τον βασιλεα Ιαρειβ· αλλ' ουτος δεν ηδυνηθη να σας ιατρευση ουδε να σας απαλλαξη απο του ελκους σας.

14 Διοτι εγω θελω εισθαι ως λεων εις τον Εφραιμ και ως σκυμνος λεοντος εις τον οικον Ιουδα· εγω, εγω θελω διασπαραξει και αναχωρησει· θελω λαβει, και δεν θελει υπαρχει ο ελευθερων.

15 Θελω υπαγει, θελω επιστρεψει εις τον τοπον μου, εωσου γνωρισωσι το εγκλημα αυτων και ζητησωσι το προσωπον μου· εν τη θλιψει αυτων θελουσιν ορθρισει προς εμε.

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From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 188


Other references to this chapter:

Arcana Coelestia 1186, 3881, 4592, 5354, 5585, 5895, 8999, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 134

The Lord 48

Sacred Scripture 79

True Christian Religion 156, 247, 314


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 502, 962

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 54

Other New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:


  Bible Study Videos:


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Word/Phrase Explanations

Ισραηλ
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

From Swedenborg's Works

 

Arcana Coelestia #5585

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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5585. 'Saying, You will not see my face' means that no compassion will show itself. This is clear from the meaning of 'face', when used in reference to a person, as his interiors, that is to say, his affections and consequent thoughts, dealt with in 358, 1999, 2434, 3527, 3573, 4066, 4796, 4797, 5102. But when used in reference to the Lord, for the Lord is represented in the highest sense by 'Joseph', 'face' means mercy and compassion, and therefore 'not seeing his face' means a lack of mercy or absence of compassion. Not that the Lord lacks any compassion, for He is pure mercy; but when the intermediary that effects the joining to Him is not present it does seem to a person as though there is no compassion in the Lord. The reason for this is that if no intermediary effecting the joining together is present, no acceptance of good takes place. And if there is no acceptance of good, evil is present instead. If at this time the person calls out to the Lord because evil prompts him to do so, thus for selfish reasons in defiance of anyone else's needs, he is not heard, in which case it seems as though no compassion shows itself.

(References: Arcana Coelestia 4796-4797)


[2] As regards 'Jehovah's (or the Lord's) face' meaning mercy, this is evident from the Word; for understood properly 'Jehovah's (or the Lord's) face' is Divine love itself, and being Divine love it is the face of mercy since mercy is the expression of love towards the human race set in such miseries. The truth that 'Jehovah's (or the Lord's) face' is Divine Love may be seen from the Lord's face when He was transfigured in the presence of Peter, James, and John; that is, when He displayed His Divinity to them,

His face shone like the sun. Matthew 17:2.

It has been shown already that 'the sun' is Divine Love, see 30-38, 1521, 1529-1531, 2441, 2495, 3636, 3643, 4060, 4321 (end), 4696. The Lord's actual Divinity had never previously appeared in any face; but His Divine Human had so appeared, through which, seemingly within which, Divine Love - which in relation to the human race is Divine Mercy - showed itself. This Divine Mercy within the Divine Human is called 'the angel of His face' in Isaiah,

I will cause the mercies of Jehovah to be remembered. He has rewarded 1 them according to His mercies, and according to the abundance of His mercies; and He became their Saviour. And the angel of His face saved them; in His love and in His pity He redeemed them. Isaiah 63:7-9.

The expression 'the angel' is used because 'angels' in the Word means in the internal sense some attribute of the Lord, 1925, 2821, 4085, in this case His mercy, which is why the phrase 'the angel of His face' is used.

(References: Arcana Coelestia 3038)


[3] 'Jehovah's (or the Lord's) face' is not only mercy but also peace and goodness since these are attributes of mercy, as may also be seen from the following places: In the Blessing,

Jehovah make His face shine upon you and be merciful to you. Jehovah lift up His face upon you and give you peace. Numbers 6:25-26.

Here it is quite evident that 'making His face shine' means showing mercy, and 'lifting up His face' means granting His peace. In David,

God be merciful to us and bless us, and make His face shine upon us. Psalms 67:1.

Here also 'face' stands for mercy. In the same author,

Turn us back, O God, and make Your face shine, that we may be saved. Psalms 80:3, 7, 19.

Here the meaning is similar. In the same author,

Deliver me from the hand of my enemies and my pursuers. Make Your face shine upon Your servant. Psalms 31:15-16.

Likewise in Psalms 119:134-135. In Daniel,

Hear, our God, the prayer of Your servant, and his supplications, and make Your face shine upon Your sanctuary that has been made desolate. Daniel 9:17.

Here also 'making His face shine' stands for showing mercy.

(References: Psalms 67:2)


[4] In David,

Many are saying, Who will cause us to see good? Lift up the light of Your face upon us. Psalms 4:6-7.

'Lifting up the light of His face' stands for His imparting good because of His mercy. In Hosea,

Let them seek My face; when they are in distress, in the morning let them seek Me. Hosea 5:15.

In David,

Seek My face! Your face, O Jehovah, will I seek. Psalms 27:8-9.

In the same author,

Seek Jehovah and His strength; seek His face continually. Psalms 105:4.

'Seeking Jehovah's face' stands for seeking His mercy. In the same author,

I, in righteousness, shall see Your face. Psalms 17:15.

And in Matthew,

See that you do not despise any of these tiny ones; for I say to you that their angels in heaven always see the face of My Father who is in heaven. Matthew 18:10.

'Seeing God's face' stands for the enjoyment of peace and good because of His mercy.

[5] But the contrary of this is the hiding or concealment and also the turning away of the face, by which showing no compassion is meant, as in Isaiah,

In an overflowing of My anger I hid My face from you for a moment; but with eternal mercy I will have mercy on you. Isaiah 54:8.

'An overflowing of anger' stands for temptation in which, because the Lord does not seem to show mercy, the words 'I hid My face from you for a moment' are used. In Ezekiel,

I will turn My face away from them. Ezekiel 7:22.

In David,

How long, O Jehovah, will You forget me [as if] for ever? How long will You hide Your face from me? Psalms 13:1

In the same author,

Do not hide Your face from me; do not cast aside Your servant in anger. Psalms 17:8, 9.

In the same author,

Why, O Jehovah, do You abandon my soul? Why do You hide Your face from me? Psalms 88:14.

In the same author,

Make haste, answer me, O Jehovah. MY spirit is consumed. Do not hide Your face from me, lest I become like those going down into the pit. Cause me to hear Your mercy in the morning. Psalms 143:7-8.

And in Moses,

My anger will flare up against this people on that day, so that I forsake them, and I will hide My face from them, and they will be devoured. I will certainly hide My face on that day, because of all the evil which they have done. Deuteronomy 31:17-18.

'Anger flaring up' stands for turning oneself away, 5034, and 'hiding one's face' for not showing any compassion.

(References: Psalms 27:9)


[6] These actions are attributed to Jehovah or the Lord, for the reason that although He is never angry and never turns away or hides His face He is said to do so because that is how it seems to someone under the influence of evil. For the person under the influence of evil turns himself away and hides the Lord's face from himself; that is, he removes His mercy from himself. The fact that it is the evils present with a person that do this is also clear from the Word, as in Micah,

Jehovah will hide His face from them at that time, inasmuch as they have rendered their deeds evil. Micah 3:4.

In Ezekiel,

Because they transgressed against Me, therefore I hid My face from them. According to their uncleanness and according to their transgressions I have dealt with them and have hidden My face from them. Ezekiel 39:23-24.

In particular in Isaiah,

Your iniquities are what separate you from your God, and your sins what cause. His face to hide from you. Isaiah 59:2.

From these and many other places one may see the internal sense, which shows itself in various places and is discovered by one who is looking for it.

-----
Footnotes:

1. Reading retribuit (has rewarded), which Swedenborg has in his rough draft and also in 221, for retribuet (will reward)

-----

(References: Ezekiel 39:28-29; Genesis 43:3)

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Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 5592, 5706, 5816, 6037, 6263, 7599, 8867, 8925, 9212, 9293, 9297, 9306, 9545, 9546, 9936, 10019, 10433

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 121, 196


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 64, 74, 401

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.

The Bible

 

Isaiah 54:8

English: King James Version         

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8 In a little wrath I hid my face from thee for a moment; but with everlasting kindness will I have mercy on thee, saith the LORD thy Redeemer.

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Explanation of Isaiah 54      

By Rev. John H. Smithson

THE EXPLANATION of Isaiah Chapter 54

(Note: Rev. Smithson's translation of the Isaiah text is appended below the explanation.)

1. SING, O you barren, that didst not bear; break forth into singing, and exult, you that didst not travail: for more are the sons of the desolate than the sons of the married woman, says Jehovah.

VERSE 1. Treating of the advent of the Lord, and of the New Church to be established by Him among the Gentiles, who are understood by "the barren, who did not bear", and by "the desolate, who shall have many sons." They are called "barren", because they knew not the Lord, neither had the Word, where Truths are; wherefore they could not be regenerated. "Sons" denote Truths from the Lord by the Word. The church which is in possession of the Word, from which the Lord is known, is understood by "the married, who has no sons"; the joy of those who are of the New Church; and who before had not Truths, is signified by "her breaking forth in to singing, and exulting, who did not travail", - to "travail" denotes to have in the womb, Inasmuch as "mother" signified the church, and "sons" and "daughters" its Truths and Goods, and whereas in the ancient churches; and afterwards in the Jewish church, all things were representative, and thence significative, therefore it was a disgrace and a reproach for women to be barren; on which account Rachel was angry with Jacob, because she did not bear children, arid said, when she brought forth Joseph, "God has taken away my reproach." (Genesis 30:1, 23)

For the same reason, after Elizabeth had conceived, she said "Thus has the Lord done to me in the days wherein He looked on me, to take away my reproach amongst men." (Luke 1:25) Apocalypse Explained 721.

Verses 1-3. These words treat of the church about to be established among the Gentiles which is called "barren", and which "did not bear", because they were without Truths from the Word; of which church it is said that "the sons should be more than the sons of the married woman, because its Truths would be more numerous than the Truths of the former church now devastated, for "sons" signify Truths. To "enlarge the place of the tent", signifies the holy principle of worship from the Good of love; to "stretch out the curtains of the habitations, denotes the holy principle of worship from the Truths of faith. Arcana Coelestia 9595.

To "enlarge the place of the tent", is to enlarge those things which are of the church, thus the doctrine of what is Good and True from the Word, and hence those things which are of worship. To "stretch out or to expand the curtains of the habitations", is to multiply Truths; that "curtains" are the Truths of the church, may be seen in Arcana Coelestia 9596. The "barren" are those who were not before in the Goods and Truths of the church. Arcana Coelestia 10545.

Verses 1, 5, 6, 13. In these verses occur expressions which have relation to marriage such as being "barren", "not bearing", :" not travailing"; "the sons of the desolate and of the married woman"; "the reproach or shame of widowhood"; "as a woman forsaken and afflicted in spirit"; "the wife of [one's] youth", etc. The reason why these terms occur is, because the conjunction of what is Good and True is represented by "marriage"; hence, in the spiritual sense, these expressions involve something relating to the marriage of what is Good and True, and to the perversions of that marriage. See Arcana Coelestia 443.

2. Enlarge the place of your tent; and let them stretch forth the curtains of your habitations: spare not; lengthen your cords, and strengthen your stakes;

Verses 2, 3. Lengthen your cords, and strengthen your stakes; for on the right hand and on the left you shalt break forth, etc. - The establishment of the church amongst the Gentiles is here treated of. By "enlarging the place of the tent", is signified the increase of the church as to worship from Good; by "stretching out the curtains of the habitations", is denoted the increase of the church as to the Truths of doctrine; by "lengthening the cords", is understood their extension; by "strengthening the stakes", is meant their confirmation from the Word.

By "breaking forth on the right hand and on the left", is signified amplification as to the Good of charity, and as to the Truth of faith, "on the right" as to the Good of charity, and "on the left" as to the Truth of faith from that Good.

By "the seed which shall inherit the nations", is understood the Truth by which Goods are acquired, - "seed" is Truth, and "nations" are Goods; and by "the desolate cities which they would cause the nations to inhabit, are understood Truths from Goods of life, "desolate cities" are the Truths of doctrine where before there were no Truths, "nations" are the Goods of life from which are Truths, and to "dwell" or to be "inhabited" is to live. Apocalypse Explained 600. See also 223.

To" lengthen the cords" and to "strengthen the stakes" signifies the more ample connection and confirmation of Truths; for by "cords" is understood the conjunction of Truths, and by "stakes" their confirmation. Arcana Coelestia 9777. See also Apocalypse Explained 799.

As to the meaning of "cords" find "stakes", and the reason "why a "tent" and a "tabernacle" signify the holy principle of worship, see Chapter 33:20, the Exposition.

3. For on the right hand, and on the left, you shalt break forth; and your seed shall inherit the nations, and they shall cause the desolate cities to be inhabited.

Verse 3. By "the seed which shall inherit the nations", is signified the Divine Truth which shall be given to the nations; by "breaking forth on the right and on the left", is denoted the extension and multiplication of Goods and Truths, - by the "right" is understood Truth which is in light, and by the "left" Truth which is in the shade, because, in the spiritual world, to the right is the south, where those are who are in the clear light of Truth, and to the left is the north, where those are who fire in the obscure light of Truth.

By "causing the desolate cities to be "inhabited", is signified their life according to divine Truths, which were previously destroyed; "cities" are the Truths of doctrine from the Word; to be "inhabited" means to live according to those Truths; "desolate cities" signify those Truths previously destroyed, namely, among the Jewish people. Apocalypse Explained 768.

4. Fear not; for you shalt not be confounded: and blush not; for you shalt not be brought to reproach: for you shalt forget the shame of your youth, and the reproach of your widowhood you shalt remember no more,

Verse 4. See the Exposition of Isaiah Chapter 24:23.

You shalt forget the shame of your youth, and the reproach of your widowhood you shalt remember no more- The "reproach of widowhood" is predicated of the church when not in Truth, because not in Good, and consequently in the false. Arcana Coelestia 4844.

5. For your Husband is your Maker; Jehovah of Hosts is His name: and your Redeemer is the Holy One of Israel; the God of the whole earth shall He be called.

Verse 5. The Lord, from Divine Good, is called "Husband and Bridegroom"; and His kingdom and church, from the reception of the Divine Truth which proceeds from the Lord, is called "wife and bride." Arcana Coelestia 9198.

6. For as a woman forsaken and afflicted in spirit has Jehovah called you; and as a wife of youth, when you wast rejected, says your God.

7. For a small moment have I forsaken you; but with great mercies will I gather you:

Verses 6, 7. Here by "a woman forsaken and afflicted in spirit", is understood the church which is not in Truths, but still in the affection or desire for them, - "Woman" denoting the church, which is said to be "forsaken" when it is not in Truths, and "afflicted in spirit" when in grief from the affection or desire for Truths; by "a wife of youth", is denoted the ancient church, which was in Truths from affection; and by the same, when "repudiated or rejected", is understood the Jewish church, which was not in Truths from any spiritual affection. The establishment of a New Church by the Lord, and liberation from spiritual captivity, is signified by "For a small moment have I forsaken you; but with great mercies will I gather you." Apocalypse Explained 555.

8. In an inundation of anger I hid My face for a moment from you; but with everlasting kindness will I have Mercy on you, says your Redeemer Jehovah.

Verse 8. An "inundation of anger" signifies temptation, in which evils cause anguish and torment; because the Lord appears not to have mercy, it is said, "I hid my face for a moment from you." That the "face of Jehovah" is the Divine Love, is evident from the Lord's face "when He appeared transfigured before Peter, James and John that is, when He showed to them His Divine, and when "His face shone as the sun"; (Matthew 17:2) that the "Sun" is the Divine Love, was shown above. The Lord is never "angry", nor does He "turn away" or "hide His face", but it is so said from the appearance with the man who is In evil; for the man who is in evil turns himself away, and hides the Lord's face from himself, that is, removes from himself the Lord s mercy. This is evident from many passages, but especially from the following:

"Your iniquities have separated between you and your God, and your sins have hid His face from you." (Isaiah 59:2) Arcana Coelestia 5585, 6997.

9. For this is [as] the waters of Noah unto Me: when I swore that the waters of Noah should no more pass over the earth; so have I sworn that I will not be wroth with you, nor rebuke you.

Verse 9. When I sware that the waters of Noah should no more pass over the earth, etc. - The "waters of Noah" were the false principles and persuasions which destroyed the most ancient church. What is meant by "Jehovah's swearing", see Chapter 45:23, the Exposition.

10. For the mountains shall depart, and the hills shall be removed; but My loving-kindness shall not depart from you, and the covenant of My peace shall not be removed, says Jehovah who has mercy on you.

Verse 10. Where it is evident that it is not the mountains and hills upon the earth which shall "depart or recede, and be removed", but those who are in evil loves and in falsities thence derived; for the subject here treated of is concerning the nations or Gentiles, of whom a New Church was to be formed: wherefore by the "mountains" and "hills" are more especially understood those of the former church, consequently the Jews, with whom were mere evils of the false and falsities of evil, by reason of their being immersed in tbe loves of self and of the world. Apocalypse Explained 405.

Verses 10, 13. The subject here treated of is concerning the New Heaven and the New Church. The former heaven and the former church, which should perish, are understood by "the mountains which shall depart or recede, and the hills which shall be removed." That they who are in the New Heaven and in the New Church will be in Good from the Lord, and possess heavenly joy to eternity, by conjunction with Him, is signified by " My loving-kindness shall not depart [or recede] from you", and "the covenant of My peace shall not be removed"; "loving-kindness" or mercy signifies Good from the Lord, and the "covenant of peace" heavenly joy derived from conjunction with the Lord, - a "covenant" denoting conjunction.

By "the sons who shall be taught by Jehovah, and who shall have much peace", are understood those in the New Heaven and in the New Church, who will be principled in Truths originating in Good from the Lord, and enjoy eternal beatitude and felicity; "sons" in the Word, signifying Truths originating in Good, or those who are principled therein; their being "taught by Jehovah" denoting that those Truths are from the Lord; and "much peace" signifying eternal beatitude and felicity. Apocalypse Explained 365.

11. O you afflicted, tossed about with tempest, not comforted, behold, I will lay your stones in stibium, and your foundations with sapphires.

Verses 11-13. These things are said of "the barren, who brought not forth", and "who should have many sons"; and by the "barren" are signified the Gentiles who had not divine Truths, because they had not the Word, whence they are called "the afflicted, tossed about with tempest, and not comforted"; to be "afflicted and tossed about with tempest" is predicated of the falsities by which they were infested and carried every way. That the Lord, when He came, would reveal to them living Truths, and instruct them, is signified by "I will lay your stones in stibium, and your foundations with sapphires", &.c. That by the "precious stones", here mentioned, are understood divine Truths in the ultimate of order, such as are those of the literal sense of the Word, in which are contained internal Truths, such as are those in the spiritual sense of the Word, is evident; for by the "foundations", "gates", and "borders", which were to be laid with those stones are signified ultimate principles, whence it follows that, in the above passage, by "stones" in general, and by "sapphires", "carbuncles" and "fire-stones" [or rubies], are signified such Truths as are in the literal sense of the Word, which are ultimate Truths, because for the natural and sensual man. Inasmuch as the instruction of the Gentiles in divine Truths is here understood, therefore it follows, "And all your sons shall be taught by Jehovah"; but what is specifically signified by the sapphire", "carbuncle", and "fire-stone", it is not necessary to explain In this place, only that "precious stones" in general signify ultimate Truths. Apocalypse Explained 717. See also Arcana Coelestia 9407, 9643, 9873.

12. And I will make your windows of rubies, and your gates of stones of carbuncle; and all your borders of pleasant stones:

Verse 12. These things are said of the Gentiles out of the church, from whom a New Church was to be established by the Lord. By "I will make your suns as rubies" is signified that Goods shall be brilliant from the fire of love; "suns" here denoting the Goods of love, and the "ruby" denotes a brilliance as from fire.

By "I will make your gates of carbuncles", is signified that Truths shall be resplendent from Good; "gates" denoting introductory Truths, specifically the doctrinals which are derived from Good, for all Truths of doctrine, which are genuine, proceed from Good, and are of Good; and "stones of carbuncle" signify their splendour from Good, - all "precious stones" signifying Truths derived from Good, and the colour, splendour, and fire thereof indicating the quality of Truth from Good.

By "all your borders shall be of pleasant stones", is signified that the scientific Truths which appertain to the natural man shall be pleasant and delightful from Good; for by a "border" is understood the same as by a "foundation", and this is the natural man, forasmuch as in the things which are therein the Goods and Truths of the spiritual man are terminated; and "pleasant stones" denote Truths that are pleasant and delightful from Good. The nature and quality of the Goods and Truths of the Word, which will be with those who are of the New Church, is therefore described in this passage. That the "sun" signifies the Good of love, is also evident from the circumstance of their being called, "suns" in the plural number. Apocalypse Explained 401.

I will make [or set] your suns [windows] of rubies, etc. - Here, instead of windows, "suns" are mentioned, from light, because it is let in or transmitted thereby, "Suns" or "windows" are intellectual things, and, indeed, from charity, wherefore they are compared to the "ruby." The "gates" are the rational things hence derived: and the "borders" are the scientific and sensual principles; for the Lord's church is here treated of. Arcana Coelestia 655. See the note.

13. And all your sons shall be taught by Jehovah; and great shall be the peace of your sons.

14. In justice shalt you be established: you shalt be far from oppression; for you shalt not fear it: and from terror; for it shall not come near you.

15. Behold, they shall be leagued together, but not by Me: whosoever is leagued against you shall fall because of you.

Verse 13. There is a spiritual idea, of which few have any knowledge, which enters by influx into the minds of those who are in the affection of Truth, and dictates interiorly, whether the thing which they are hearing or reading is true or not. In this idea are those who read the Word in illumination from the Lord. To be in illumination is to be in perception and thence in an internal acknowledgement that that which they hear or read [in the Word] is true. Those who are in this illumination are said to be "taught by Jehovah"; (Isaiah 54:13; John 6:45), and of them it is said in Jeremiah

"Behold, the days come that I will make a new covenant; - this shall be the covenant: I will put My law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and they shall no more teach every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know you Jehovah: for they shall all know Me." (Jeremiah 31:31, 33, 34)

From these considerations it is plain that Faith and Truth are a one. This also is the reason that the ancients, who were more accustomed to think of Truth from affection than the moderns, instead of Faith used the word "Truth", and for the same reason, in the Hebrew language, Truth and Faith are expressed by one and the same word, namely, Amuna or Amen. Doctrine of Faith 5, 6.

16. Behold, I have created the smith who blows the coals in the fire, and produces an instrument for his work; and I have created the destroyer to lay waste.

17. No weapon that is formed against you shall prosper; and every tongue that rises up against you in judgment you shalt condemn. This is the heritage of the servants of Jehovah; and their justice is from Me, says Jehovah.

Verse 16. See Chapter 44:10, 12, the Exposition; see also Chapter 45:7, the Exposition, in which it is explained how all things, both good and evil, are said to be "created" by God.

---
Isaiah Chapter 54.

1. Sing, O you barren, that didst not bear; break forth into singing, and exult, you that didst not travail: for more are the sons of the desolate than the sons of the married woman, says Jehovah.

2. Enlarge the place of your tent; and let them stretch forth the curtains of your habitations: spare not; lengthen your cords, and strengthen your stakes;

3. For on the right hand, and on the left, you shalt break forth; and your seed shall inherit the nations, and they shall cause the desolate cities to be inhabited.

4. Fear not; for you shalt not be confounded: and blush not; for you shalt not be brought to reproach: for you shalt forget the shame of your youth, and the reproach of your widowhood you shalt remember no more,

5. For your Husband is your Maker; Jehovah of Hosts is His name: and your Redeemer is the Holy One of Israel; the God of the whole earth shall He be called.

6. For as a woman forsaken and afflicted in spirit has Jehovah called you; and as a wife of youth, when you wast rejected, says your God.

7. For a small moment have I forsaken you; but with great mercies will I gather you:

8. In an inundation of anger I hid My face for a moment from you; but with everlasting kindness will I have Mercy on you, says your Redeemer Jehovah.

9. For this is [as] the waters of Noah unto Me: when I sware that the waters of Noah should no more pass over the earth; so have I sworn that I will not be wroth with you, nor rebuke you.

10. For the mountains shall depart, and the hills shall be removed; but My loving-kindness shall not depart from you, and the covenant of My peace shall not be removed, says Jehovah who has mercy on you.

11. O you afflicted, tossed about with tempest, not comforted, behold, I will lay your stones in stibium, and your foundations with sapphires.

12. And I will make your windows of rubies, and your gates of stones of carbuncle; and all your borders of pleasant stones:

13. And all your sons shall be taught by Jehovah; and great shall be the peace of your sons.

14. In justice shalt you be established: you shalt be far from oppression; for you shalt not fear it: and from terror; for it shall not come near you.

15. Behold, they shall be leagued together, but not by Me: whosoever is leagued against you shall fall because of you.

16. Behold, I have created the smith who blows the coals in the fire, and produces an instrument for his work; and I have created the destroyer to lay waste.

17. No weapon that is formed against you shall prosper; and every tongue that rises up against you in judgment you shalt condemn. This is the heritage of the servants of Jehovah; and their justice is from Me, says Jehovah.

From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 54


Other references to this verse:

Arcana Coelestia 705, 5585, 5798, 6997, 7091

Apocalypse Revealed 281, 962

A Brief Exposition of New Church Doctrine 120

The Lord 34, 38

True Christian Religion 83, 188, 294


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 56

Marriage 83

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 19, 44, 97

Other New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:


  PDF Resources


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