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Ιεζεκιήλ 38

Greek: Modern         

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1 Και εγεινε λογος Κυριου προς εμε, λεγων,

2 Υιε ανθρωπου, στηριξον το προσωπον σου επι Γωγ, την γην του Μαγωγ, του ηγεμονος της Ρως, Μεσεχ και Θουβαλ, και προφητευσον κατ' αυτου,

3 και ειπε, Ουτω λεγει Κυριος ο Θεος· Ιδου, εγω ειμαι εναντιον σου, Γωγ, ηγεμων της Ρως, Μεσεχ και Θουβαλ·

4 και θελω σε περιστρεψει και βαλει αγκιστρα εις τας σιαγονας σου, και θελω εκβαλει σε και πασαν την δυναμιν σου, ιππους και ιππεας, παντας τουτους εντελως ωπλισμενους, μεγα αθροισμα μετα θυρεων και ασπιδων, παντας τουτους μεταχειριζομενους μαχαιρας.

5 Περσας, Αιθιοπας και Λιβυας μετ' αυτων· παντας τουτους μετ' ασπιδων και περικεφαλαιων·

6 τον Γομερ και παντα τα ταγματα αυτου, τον οικον Θωγαρμα απο των εσχατων του βορρα και παντα τα ταγματα αυτου και πολλους λαους μετα σου.

7 Ετοιμασθητι και ετοιμασον σεαυτον, συ και παν το αθροισμα σου το συναθροισθεν εις σε, και εσο φυλαξ εις αυτους·

8 μετα πολλας ημερας θελει γεινει επισκεψις εις σε· εν τοις εσχατοις χρονοις θελεις ελθει εις την γην, ητις ηλευθερωθη εκ της μαχαιρας και συνηχθη εκ πολλων λαων εναντιον των ορεων του Ισραηλ, τα οποια κατεσταθησαν ερημα διαπαντος· αυτος ομως μετεφερθη εκ μεσου των λαων, και θελουσι κατοικησει παντες ασφαλως.

9 Και θελεις αναβη και ελθει ως ανεμοζαλη· θελεις εισθαι ως νεφος, δια να σκεπασης την γην, συ και παντα τα ταγματα σου και πολυς λαος μετα σου.

10 Ουτω λεγει Κυριος ο Θεος· Και εν εκεινη τη ημερα θελουσιν αναβη πραγματα επι την καρδιαν σου και θελεις βουλευθη βουλας πονηρας·

11 και θελεις ειπει, Θελω αναβη εις γην πολεων ατειχιστων· θελω ελθει προς ησυχαζοντας, κατοικουντας εν ασφαλεια, παντας τουτους κατοικουντας πολεις ατειχιστους και μη εχουσας μοχλους και πυλας·

12 δια να λεηλατησης λεηλασιαν και να λαφυραγωγησης λαφυρον, δια να επαναστρεψης την χειρα σου επι ερημωσεις κατοικισθεισας και επι λαον συνηγμενον εκ των εθνων αποκτησαντα κτηνη και αγαθα, κατοικουντα εν μεσω της γης.

13 Σεβα και Δαιδαν και οι εμποροι της Θαρσεις, μετα παντων των σκυμνων αυτης, θελουσιν ειπει προς σε, Ηλθες να λεηλατησης λεηλασιαν; συνηθροισας το πληθος σου δια να λαφυραγωγησης λαφυρον; δια να αρπασης αργυριον και χρυσιον, δια να λαβης κτηνη και αγαθα, δια να καμης λειαν μεγαλην;

14 Δια τουτο, υιε ανθρωπου, προφητευσον και ειπε προς τον Γωγ, Ουτω λεγει Κυριος ο Θεος· Εν εκεινη τη ημερα, οτε ο λαος μου Ισραηλ θελει κατοικει εν ασφαλεια, συ δεν θελεις μαθει τουτο;

15 Και θελεις ελθει εκ του τοπου σου, εκ των εσχατων του βορρα, συ και πολλοι λαοι μετα σου, απαντες αναβαται ιππων, πληθος μεγα και δυναμις πολλη·

16 και θελεις αναβη εναντιον του λαου μου Ισραηλ ως νεφος, δια να σκεπασης την γην· τουτο θελει εισθαι εν ταις εσχαταις ημεραις· και θελω σε φερει εναντιον της γης μου, δια να με γνωρισωσι τα εθνη, οταν αγιασθω εν σοι, Γωγ, ενωπιον αυτων.

17 Ουτω λεγει Κυριος ο Θεος· Συ εισαι εκεινος, περι του οποιου ελαλησα εν ταις αρχαιαις ημεραις, δια των δουλων μου των προφητων του Ισραηλ, οιτινες προεφητευσαν εν εκειναις ταις ημεραις δια πολλων ετων, οτι εμελλον να σε φερω εναντιον αυτων;

18 Αλλ' εν εκεινη τη ημερα, εν τη ημερα καθ' ην ο Γωγ ελθη εναντιον της γης Ισραηλ, η οργη μου θελει αναβη επι το προσωπον μου, λεγει Κυριος ο Θεος.

19 Διοτι εν τω ζηλω μου, εν τω πυρι της οργης μου ελαλησα, Εξαπαντος εν τη ημερα εκεινη θελει εισθαι σεισμος μεγας εν γη Ισραηλ·

20 και οι ιχθυες της θαλασσης και τα πετεινα του ουρανου και τα θηρια του αγρου και παντα τα ερπετα τα ερποντα επι της γης και παντες οι ανθρωποι οι επι του προσωπου της γης θελουσι σεισθη απο της παρουσιας μου· και τα ορη θελουσιν ανατραπη και οι πυργοι θελουσι πεσει και παν τειχος θελει κατεδαφισθη.

21 Και θελω καλεσει εναντιον αυτου μαχαιραν κατα παντα τα ορη μου, λεγει Κυριος ο Θεος· η μαχαιρα εκαστου ανθρωπου θελει εισθαι κατα του αδελφου αυτου.

22 Και θελω ελθει εις κρισιν εναντιον αυτου εν λοιμω και εν αιματι· και θελω βρεξει επ' αυτον και επι τα ταγματα αυτου και επι τον πολυν λαον τον μετ' αυτου βροχην κατακλυσμου και λιθους χαλαζης, πυρ και θειον.

23 Και θελω μεγαλυνθη και αγιασθη, και θελω γνωρισθη ενωπιον πολλων εθνων και θελουσι γνωρισει οτι εγω ειμαι ο Κυριος.

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   Study the Inner Meaning
From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 161


Other references to this chapter:

Arcana Coelestia 776, 1151, 1154, 1691, 2446, 2447, 2906, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 290, 331, 336, 399, 405, 436, 452, ...

The Lord 4, 28

True Christian Religion 689


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 342, 355, 400, 405, 503, 504, 513, ...

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 9, 53, 74

Other New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:


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Word/Phrase Explanations

Ισραηλ
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

From Swedenborg's Works

 

Arcana Coelestia #776

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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776. '[Every] bird according to its kind' means all spiritual truth, 'flying things' means natural truth, and 'winged thing' sensory truth. This is clear from what has been stated and shown already about birds, as in 40. The most ancient people likened man's thoughts to birds, for in relation to things of the will, thoughts are like birds. Since bird, flying thing, and winged thing are mentioned here, and come consecutively in the way that intellectual concepts, rational concepts, and sensory impressions do in man, and to prevent anyone doubting that this is what they mean, let other places from the Word of a confirmatory nature be quoted, from which as well it will be evident that 'beasts' means such things as have been stated.

[2] In David,

You have given Him dominion over the works of Your hands; You have put all things under His feet, flocks and all cattle, and also the beasts of the fields, the flying things of the air, 1 and the fish of the sea. Psalms 8:6-8.

This refers to the Lord, whose dominion over man and over what belongs to man is described in this fashion. If this were not so, what would 'dominion over beasts and birds' really be? In the same author,

Fruit tree and all cedars, wild animal and every beast, creeping thing and flying thing - they shall glorify the name of Jehovah. Psalms 148:9-10, 13.

'Fruit tree' is the celestial man, 'cedar' the spiritual man, 'wild animal and beast and creeping thing' the goods of these kinds of man, as in the present context. 'Flying thing' is their truths from which they are able to glorify the name of Jehovah. This a wild animal, a beast, a creeping thing, or a flying thing can never do. In secular literature such statements can be used as hyperbole, but in the Word of the Lord they are never just hyperbole but meaningful signs and representatives.

[3] In Ezekiel,

They start to tremble before Me - the fish of the sea, and the birds of the air, 2 and the wild animals of the field, and every creeping thing creeping over the ground, and every man that is on the face 3 of the ground. Ezekiel 38:20.

The fact that 'beasts' and 'birds' here have such meanings is quite clear, for what would Jehovah's glory be if fish, birds, and beasts were to start to tremble? Could anyone think that such utterances are holy if they did not embody holy things within them? In Jeremiah,

I looked, and behold, there was no man; all the birds of the air 2 had fled. Jeremiah 4:15.

This stands for all good and truth. Here 'man' stands as well for good that stems from love. In the same prophet,

They have been laid waste so that no man passes through, neither do men hear the voice of the herd. From the birds of the air 2 down to beasts, they have scattered, they have gone away. Jeremiah 9:10.

This in a similar way stands for the departure of all truth and good.

(References: Jeremiah 4:25)


[4] In the same prophet,

How long will the land mourn and the grass of every field wither? For the wickedness of those who dwell in it, the beasts and the birds have perished, for men said, He will not see our latter end. Jeremiah 11:4.

Here 'beasts' stands for goods, and 'birds' for truths, which perished. In Zephaniah,

I will consume man and beast, I will consume the birds of the air 2 and the fish of the sea, and the stumbling-blocks with the wicked; and I will cut off mankind from the face 4 of the ground. Zephaniah 1:3.

Here 'man and beast' stands for the things which belong to love and good deriving from love, 'the birds of the air 2 and the fish of the sea' for those which belong to the understanding and so to truth. These are called 'stumbling-blocks' because for wicked people it is goods and truths, not beasts and birds, that are stumbling-blocks. These are also plainly referred to as man's. In David,

The trees of Jehovah are watered abundantly, and the cedars of Lebanon which He planted. In them flying things build their nests. Psalms 104:16-17.

'The trees of Jehovah and the cedars of Lebanon' stands for spiritual man, 'flying things' for his rational or natural truths which are like 'nests'. What is more, 'the birds build nests in the branches' was a common saying by which people meant truths, as in Ezekiel,

(References: Jeremiah 12:4)


[5] On the mountain height of Israel I will plant it, and it will bring forth a branch, and bear fruit, and it will become a noble cedar, and under it will dwell every flying thing of every sort, 5 in the shade of its branches they will dwell. Ezekiel 17:23.

This stands for the Church among gentiles which was spiritual and which is 'a noble cedar'. 'Birds of every sort' 5 stands for truths of every kind. In the same prophet,

In its branches all the birds of the air 2 made their nests, and under its branches every wild animal of the field gave birth, and in its shadow dwelt all great nations. Ezekiel 31:6.

This refers to Asshur, which is the spiritual Church and is called 'a cedar'. 'Birds of the air' 2 stands for its truths, 'beasts' for its goods.

(References: Daniel 4:21; Mark 4:31-32; Matthew 13:31-32)


[6] In Daniel,

Its branch was fair, and its fruit much, and food for all was on it. The beast of the field had shade under it, and in its branches dwelt the flying things of the air' 1 Daniel 4:12, 11.

Here 'beast' stands for goods, and 'flying thing of the air' 1 for truths. This may become clear to anyone, for what else would bird and beast dwelling there really be? The same applies to what the Lord said, The kingdom of God is like a grain of mustard seed, which someone took and sowed in his garden, and it grew and became a big tree so that the birds of the air 1 dwelt in its branches. Luke 13:19; Matthew 13:32; Mark 4:32.

-----
Footnotes:

1. literally, flying thing of the heavens (or the skies)

2. literally, bird of the heavens (or the skies)

3. literally, over the faces

4. literally, the faces

5. literally, of every wing

-----

(References: Daniel 4:21; Genesis 7:14; Matthew 13:31-32)


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   Study this Passage
From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 909, 922, 987, 988, 1027, 1028, 1823, 1826, 2179, 2566, 3219, 3901, 5149, 5198, 6413, 7424, 7441, 7523, 7781, 7872, 8075, 8764, 8801, 9090, 9182, 9190, 9255, 9276, 9280, 9331, 9553, 10042


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 281, 329, 388


Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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