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Hosea 2

German: Luther (1545)         

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1 Saget euren Brüdern, sie sind mein Volk; und zu eurer Schwester, sie sei in Gnaden.

2 Sprechet das Urteil über eure Mutter, sie sei nicht mein Weib, und ich will sie nicht haben. Heißt sie ihre Hurerei von ihrem Angesichte wegtun und ihre Ehebrecherei von ihren Brüsten,

3 auf daß ich sie nicht nackend ausziehe und darstelle, wie sie war, da sie geboren ward, und ich sie nicht mache wie eine Wüste und wie ein dürres Land, daß ich sie nicht Durst sterben lasse,

4 und mich ihrer Kinder nicht erbarme; denn sie sind Hurenkinder,

5 und ihre Mutter ist eine Hure, und die sie getragen hat, hält sich schändlich und spricht: Ich will meinen Buhlen nachlaufen, die mir geben Brot, Wasser, Wolle, Flachs, Öl und Trinken.

6 Darum siehe, ich will deinen Weg mit Dornen vermachen und eine Wand davor ziehen, daß sie ihren Steig nicht finden soll,

7 und wenn sie ihren Buhlen nachläuft, daß sie die nicht ergreifen, und wenn sie die suchet, nicht finden könne und sagen müsse: Ich will wiederum zu meinem vorigen Manne gehen, da mir besser war, denn mir jetzt ist.

8 Denn sie will nicht wissen, daß ich es sei, der ihr gibt Korn, Most, Öl und ihr viel Silber und Gold gegeben habe, das sie haben Baal zu Ehren gebraucht.

9 Darum will ich mein Korn und Most wieder nehmen zu seiner Zeit und meine Wolle und Flachs entwenden, damit sie ihre Scham bedecket.

10 Nun will ich ihre Schande aufdecken vor den Augen ihrer Buhlen, und niemand soll sie von meiner Hand erretten.

11 Und ich will's ein Ende machen mit allen ihren Freuden, Festen, Neumonden, Sabbaten und allen ihren Feiertagen.

12 Ich will ihre Weinstöcke und Feigenbäume wüst machen, weil sie sagt: Das ist mein Lohn, den mir meine Buhlen geben. Ich will einen Wald daraus machen, daß es die wilden Tiere fressen sollen.

13 Also will ich heimsuchen über sie die Tage Baalim, denen sie Räuchopfer tut, und schmückt sich mit Stirnspangen und Halsbändern und läuft ihren Buhlen nach und vergißt mein, spricht der HERR.

14 Darum siehe, ich will sie locken und will sie in eine Wüste führen und freundlich mit ihr reden.

15 Da will ich ihr geben ihre Weinberge aus demselben Ort und das Tal Achor, die Hoffnung aufzutun. Und daselbst wird sie singen wie zur Zeit ihrer Jugend, da sie aus Ägyptenland zog.

16 Alsdann spricht der HERR, wirst du mich heißen mein Mann und mich nicht mehr mein Baal heißen.

17 Denn ich will die Namen der Baalim von ihrem Munde wegtun, daß man derselbigen Namen nicht mehr gedenken soll.

18 Und ich will zur selbigen Zeit ihnen einen Bund machen mit den Tieren auf dem Felde, mit den Vögeln unter dem Himmel und mit dem Gewürme auf Erden; und will Bogen, Schwert und Krieg vom Lande zerbrechen und will sie sicher wohnen lassen.

19 Ich will mich mit dir verloben in Ewigkeit; ich will mich mit dir vertrauen in Gerechtigkeit und Gericht, in Gnade und Barmherzigkeit;

20 ja, im Glauben will ich mich mit dir verloben; und du wirst den HERRN erkennen.

21 Zur selbigen Zeit, spricht der HERR, will ich erhören; ich will den Himmel erhören; und der Himmel soll die Erde erhören

22 und die Erde soll Korn, Most und Öl erhören; und dieselbigen sollen Jesreel erhören.

23 Und ich will mir sie auf Erden zum Samen behalten und mich erbarmen über die, so in Ungnaden war, und sagen zu dem, das nicht mein Volk war: Du bist mein Volk; und es wird sagen: Du bist mein Gott.

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From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

der Propheten und der Psalmen Davids 185


Other references to this chapter:

Arcana Coelestia 40, 46, 666, 908, 994, 1030, 1664, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 208, 213, 299, 334, 500, 546, 567, ...

Die Eheliche Liebe 119

Die göttliche Liebe und die göttliche Weisheit 38

Die Lehre vom Herrn 4

Die Lehre des neuen Jerusalem von der Heiligen Schrift 85

Himmel und Hölle 216

Wahre Christliche Religion 51, 306, 583


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 67, 79, 237, 240, 304, 324, 329, ...

Coronis oder Anhang zur Wahren Christlichen Religion 3

Marriage 51

Scriptural Confirmations 2, 22

Other New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:


Hop to Similar Bible Verses

1 Mose 9:10, 22:17, 34:3

2 Mose 15:1

3 Mose 26:5, 6, 20

Josua 7:26

Richter 8:34, 19:3

Rut 2:13

1 Koenige 16:31

2 Chronik 24:7, 28:23

Hiob 19:8

Jesaja 2:4, 5:5, 11:12, 40:2, 50:1, 54:5, 57:3, 62:4, 5

Jeremia 2:2, 3:18, 6:8, 7:34, 13:22, 26, 24:7, 30:10, 44:17, 45:4, 51:5

Klagelieder 1:4, 5:14

Hesekiel 16:4, 16, 19, 39, 62, 20:35, 23:12, 34:25, 27, 36:11, 29

Hosea 1:2, 5:14, 9:2, 10:1, 13:1, 14:4

Amos 8:10, 13

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Sacharja 8:8, 9:10, 13:2

Lukas 15:18

Roemer 9:26

2 Korinther 11:2

1 Petrus 2:10

Word/Phrase Explanations

Schwester
The Lord calls people who are in truth from the good of charity from Him 'sisters,' as in Matthew 12:50. 'Sister' denotes intellectual truth, when...

Mutter
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

geboren
In a general sense, being "born" in the Bible represents one spiritual state producing another, usually some form of love or affection producing or "giving...

wüste
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

Land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

sterben
'To slay' or 'to kill' in the Word, means destroying souls, which is spiritually killing.

Kinder
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Hure
'A harlot' signifies the affection of falsities, thus the church corrupted.

Brot
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

wasser
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

Flachs
Flax, as in Exodus 9:31, signifies truth of the natural exterior principle. A smoking flax, as in Isaiah 42:3, signifies a little of truth from...

Öl
Oil – typically olive oil – was an extremely important product in Biblical times, for food preparation, medicinal ointment and for burning in lamps. As...

Weg
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

Wand
'A wall' signifies truth in outer extremes. 'A wall,' as in Revelation 21, signifies the divine truth proceeding from the Lord, and so, the truth...

Finden
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

Wissen
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

Korn
Corn,' as in Genesis 42:2, here stands for a word in the original language which means 'breaking,' and also for a similar word meaning to...

most
'Must' or 'new wine' denotes evil produced by false.

silber
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

Gold
'Money' relates to truth.

gegeben
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

scham
Clothing in general represents day-to-day knowledge about spiritual things, held in the memory so it can be used for the goodness of life. For someone...

Hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Augen
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

Feigenbäume
The Writings tell us that the fig tree represents the "natural human," which is our outward life in the world, and the thoughts and feelings...

sagt
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Wald
Plants in general stand for facts, knowledge, ideas, so it makes sense that a forest in the Bible represents a collection or system of external,...

tage
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Baalim
Baalim and her lovers (Hosea 2:13) signify those things which belong to the natural man, and are loved; such as the lusts and falsities thence...

nach
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

spricht
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

führen
The meaning of "leading" people in the Bible is pretty straightforward, though obviously it is about leading people in spiritual things, not natural ones. When...

reden
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

weinberge
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

Tal
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

Ägyptenland
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...

Mann
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

Namen
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

himmel
Heavens are celestial and spiritual things. Consequently, they are inmost things, both of the Lord's kingdom in heaven the and in the earth. This also...

bogen
A bow signifies falsity of doctrine destroying truth, and spear, the falsity of evil de­stroying good. (Jer. 6:23.)

schwert
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

Krieg
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

Ewigkeit
In many cases, the use of “eternity” in the Bible is pretty literal, simple meaning forever. This is especially true when the text is referring...

Gerechtigkeit
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

Gnade
In regular language, "mercy" means being caring and compassionate toward those who are in poor states. That's a position we are all in relative to...

sagen
'To tell' signifies perceiving, because in the spiritual world, or in heaven, they do not need to tell what they think because they communicate every...

gott
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

From Swedenborg's Works

 

Apocalypse Explained #237

Apocalypse Explained (Tansley translation)      

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237. And knowest not that thou art wretched. That this signifies that they do not know that their falsities have no coherence with truths is evident from the signification of wretchedness, as denoting the breaking down of truth by falsities, and also no coherence; it is therefore plain what is meant by wretched. The reason why they are thus wretched is that their doctrine is founded upon two false principles, which are faith alone, and justification thereby; therefore falsities flow thence in a continuous series, and the truths which they adduce to confirm them from the letter of the Word are broken down and falsified; and falsified truths are essentially falsities. This is described in many passages in the Word, and is meant by the vanities which the prophets are said to see, and the lies which they are said to speak. The same is also described by the breaches made in walls and in houses, so that they fall; similarly, by the idols and graven images which the artificer is said to make and connect by chains that they may cohere; for by idols and graven images are signified falsities of doctrine. The same is also meant by breaches made in walls and in houses, and by the prophets seeing vanities and speaking lies; for by prophets are meant doctrines; by vanities, such things as are of no account; and by lies, falsities.

But as these things are mentioned in too many passages in the Word to be here adduced in full, we shall only quote some wherein mention is made of wretchedness, and of a wall, in order that it may be known that they signify the breaking down of truths by falsities, and thus no coherence.

(References: Isaiah 47:10-11; Revelation 3:17)


[2] In Isaiah:

"Thy wisdom and thy knowledge, it hath seduced thee; when thou saidst in thine heart, I, and none else beside me. Therefore shall wretchedness fall upon thee, and desolation shall come upon thee suddenly" (xlvii. 10, 11).

Here also are described those who believe that they know all things, and suppose themselves to be intelligent above all others, when yet they neither know nor understand anything of truth; therefore it follows that the understanding of truth is taken away from them. Their belief that they are more intelligent than all others is meant by Thy wisdom and thy knowledge, it hath seduced thee; when thou saidst in thine heart, I, and none else beside me; and the loss of all understanding of truth is meant by wretchedness shall fall upon thee, desolation shall come upon thee suddenly.

(References: Isaiah 47:10-11)


[3] In Ezekiel:

"Wretchedness shall come upon wretchedness; therefore shall they seek a vision from the prophets; but the law hath perished from the priest, and counsel from the elders; the king shall mourn, and the prince shall be clothed with amazement" (vii. 26, 27).

The vastation of the church is here treated of, which takes place when there is none but falsified truth; falsity from falsity is meant by wretchedness upon wretchedness; a vision from the prophet denotes doctrine, and here, doctrine of falsity; the law hath perished from the priest, denotes that the Word is not understood; for the law signifies the Word, and the priest him that teaches it: counsel hath perished from the elders, denotes that what is right shall perish from the intelligent; counsel denoting what is right, and elders signifying the intelligent: the king shall mourn, and the prince shall be clothed with amazement, denotes that there is no longer any truth; king signifying truth, and the prince truths primarily subservient.

(References: Ezekiel 7:26-27)


[4] In David:

"What is right is not in their mouth; wretchedness is in the midst of them" (Ps. v. 9);

where wretchedness also signifies falsities not cohering with any truth. Similarly in Jeremiah:

"Howl! and wander among the walls; for their king goeth away into captivity, his priests and princes together" (xlix. 3).

Here by wandering among the walls is meant amongst truths destroyed by falsities; by the king who goeth away into captivity is signified truth; and by his priests and princes together are denoted the goods and truths of life and doctrine, as above.

(References: Jeremiah 49:3; Psalms 5:9)


[5] In Ezekiel:

"When they build a wall [maceries], lo, they daub it with untempered [mortar]. Say unto them that daub with untempered [mortar] that the wall [paries] shall fall. Shall it not be said unto you, Where is the daubing wherewith ye have daubed?" (xiii. 10-12).

The wall which they daubed with untempered [mortar] signifies the falsity which is assumed as a principle, and which, by application of the Word from the sense of the letter, they make to appear as truth. Daubing denotes application, and thence apparent confirmation; untempered [mortar] denotes what is falsified; and because the truth of the Word is thus destroyed, and confirmatory things become truths falsified, which in themselves are falsities, and these perish together with the false principle, therefore it is said, "Behold the wall shall fall; shall it not be said unto you, Where is the daubing with which ye have daubed?"

(References: Ezekiel 13:10-12)


[6] In Hosea:

"Behold I hedge up thy way with thorns, and I will encompass wall with wall, that she shall not find thy paths" (ii. 6).

To hedge up the way with thorns is to obstruct all thoughts by falsities of evil, lest they should see truths; falsities of evil are signified by thorns. To encompass wall with wall is to heap falsities upon falsities; that she shall not find thy paths, denotes that nothing of truth can be seen. This comes to pass because truths can no more co-exist with falsities of evil than heaven can with hell, for truths are from heaven and falsities of evil from hell; therefore, when the latter have rule, communication with heaven is taken away, in which case the former cannot be seen, and if others utter them they are rejected. Hence it is, that those who are in false principles, as, for example, those who are in the principles of faith alone and justification thereby, cannot be in any truths, as may be seen above (n. 235, 236).

(References: Hosea 2:6; The Apocalypse Explained 235-236)


[7] But we shall now illustrate this subject by examples. When those who embrace faith alone and justification thereby as a principle of religion, read the Word, and see that the Lord teaches that man shall be rewarded according to his deeds and works, and that he who has done good shall enter heaven, and that he who has done evil shall be cast into hell, they then call the good which they do the fruit of faith, not knowing, or not being willing to know, that the goods which they call fruits of faith are all from charity, and none of them from faith separated from charity, which is called faith alone; for all good belongs to charity, and truth to faith therefrom. From this it is clear that they pervert the Word. But they do this because they cannot otherwise apply the truth to their principle, still believing that they may thus agree together; but truth perishes in consequence, and becomes falsity, and not only becomes falsity but also evil.

[8] That falsities thence follow in a continuous series is also clear; for they teach that the good works which man performs are merit-seeking, not being willing to understand that as faith and its truths are from the Lord, and thus not merit-seeking, so also are charity and its goods. They also teach that as soon as a man receives faith he is reconciled to God the Father by the Son, and that the evils which he afterwards does are not imputed, nor yet the evils which he had done before; for they say that all are saved, however they have lived, if they only receive faith, even in the hours before death. But these and many other things, which are derivations from a false principle, do not agree with truths from the Word, but destroy them, and truths destroyed are falsities, and such falsities as have a bad odour; a grievous smell is perceived from them in the other life, which is such that it cannot be sustained by any good spirit; it is like a stench from diseased lungs. Many other examples might be adduced, of which there is an abundance; for whatsoever is concluded from a false principle derives falsity therefrom, because therein is beheld the principle to which it adheres, because it flows therefrom, and is applied to it.

[9] The true quality of the religion of faith alone, and of justification thereby, may be concluded from this fact alone, that all those who have confirmed those tenets in themselves by doctrine and life, in the other life diffuse from themselves a sphere of abominable adultery, which is that of a mother, or a mother-in-law, with a son; this abominable adultery corresponds to them, and is also perceived from them wherever they go; I have a thousand times known their presence from that sphere. The reason why such a sphere flows forth from them is that they adulterate the goods of charity and of the Word; and adulteries correspond to the adulterations of good, and whoredoms to the falsifications of truth (as may be seen, Arcana Coelestia, n. 2466, 2729, 3399, 4865, 6348, 8904, 10,648).

(References: Arcana Coelestia 2466, 2729, Arcana Coelestia 3399, Arcana Coelestia 4865, Arcana Coelestia 6348, Arcana Coelestia 8904, 10648)


[10] The same is meant by Reuben's lying with Bilhah, of whom his father begat Dan and Naphthali (Gen. xxxv. 22), therefore also he was accursed (Gen. xlix. 4); and because he polluted the couch of his father, the primogeniture was taken away from him and given to Joseph (1 Chron. v. 1); for by Reuben, in the Word, is meant faith, and in this case faith alone (see Arcana Coelestia, n. 3325, 3861, 3866, 3870, 4601, 4605, 4731, 4734, 4761, 6342, 6350), and by Joseph is meant the good of that faith (see Arcana Coelestia, n. 3969, 3971, 4669, 6417).

(References: 1 Chronicles 5:1; Acts of the Apostles 5:1; Arcana Coelestia 3325, Arcana Coelestia 3861, 3866, 3870, 3969, 3971, 4601, 4605, 4669, 4731, 4734, 4761, Arcana Coelestia 6342, Arcana Coelestia 6350, 6417, Genesis 35:22, 49:4)


[11] That such things would take place at the end of the church is predicted in Daniel, where the statue which Nebuchadnezzar saw in a dream is treated of, in these words:

"Whereas thou sawest iron mixed with miry clay, they shall mingle themselves by the seed of man; but they shall not cohere one with the other, even as iron is not mingled with clay" (ii. 43).

By iron is meant truth without good; by miry clay, the falsity which is from man's own intelligence; by the seed of man, the Word of the Lord (see Matt. xiii. 24, 37). Their not cleaving one to another is meant by its being said, they shall not cohere, even as iron is not mingled with clay.

(References: Daniel 2:43; Matthew 13:24, 13:37; Revelation 3:17)

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From Swedenborg's Works

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 226


Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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