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Hesekiel 11

German: Luther (1545)         

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1 Und mich hub ein Wind auf und brachte mich zum Tor am Hause des HERRN, das gegen Morgen stehet; und siehe, unter dem Tor waren fünfundzwanzig Männer. Und ich sah unter ihnen Jasanja, den Sohn Assurs, und Platja, den Sohn Benajas, die Fürsten im Volk.

2 Und er sprach zu mir: Menschenkind diese Leute haben unselige Gedanken und schädliche Ratschläge in dieser Stadt.

3 Denn sie sprechen: Es ist nicht so nahe, laßt uns nur Häuser bauen; sie ist der Topf, so sind wir das Fleisch.

4 Darum sollst du, Menschenkind, wider sie weissagen.

5 Und der Geist des HERRN fiel auf mich und sprach zu mir: Sprich: So sagt der HERR: Ihr habt also geredet, ihr vom Hause Israel; und eures Geistes Gedanken kenne ich wohl.

6 Ihr habt viele erschlagen in dieser Stadt, und ihre Gassen liegen voller Toten.

7 Darum spricht der HERR HERR also: Die ihr drinnen getötet habt, die sind das Fleisch, und sie ist der Topf; aber ihr müsset hinaus.

8 Das Schwert, das ihr fürchtet, das will ich über euch kommen lassen, spricht der HERR HERR.

9 Ich will euch von dannen herausstoßen und den Fremden in die Hand geben und will euch euer Recht tun.

10 Ihr sollt durchs Schwert fallen, in den Grenzen Israels will ich euch richten; und sollt erfahren, daß ich der HERR bin.

11 Die Stadt aber soll nicht euer Topf sein, noch ihr das Fleisch drinnen, sondern in den Grenzen Israels will ich euch richten.

12 Und sollt erfahren, daß ich der HERR bin; denn ihr habt nach meinen Geboten nicht gewandelt und meine Rechte nicht gehalten, sondern getan nach der Heiden Weise, die um euch her sind.

13 Und da ich so weissagte, starb Platja, der Sohn Benajas. Da fiel ich auf mein Angesicht und schrie mit lauter Stimme und sprach: Ach, HERR HERR, du wirst's mit den Übrigen Israels gar ausmachen!

14 Da geschah des HERRN Wort zu mir und sprach:

15 Du Menschenkind, deine Brüder und nahen Freunde und das ganze Haus Israel, so noch zu Jerusalem wohnen, sprechen wohl untereinander; jene sind vom HERRN ferne weggeflohen, aber wir haben das Land inne.

16 Darum sprich du: So spricht der HERR HERR: Ja, ich habe sie ferne weg unter die Heiden lassen treiben und in die Länder zerstreuet; doch will ich bald ihr Heiland sein in den Ländern, dahin sie kommen sind.

17 Darum sprich: So sagt der HERR HERR: Ich will euch sammeln aus den Völkern und will euch sammeln aus den Ländern, dahin ihr zerstreuet seid, und will euch das Land Israel geben.

18 Da sollen sie kommen und alle Scheuel und Greuel daraus wegtun.

19 Ich will euch ein einträchtig Herz geben und einen neuen Geist in euch geben; und will das steinerne Herz wegnehmen aus eurem Leibe und ein fleischern Herz geben,

20 auf daß sie in meinen Sitten wandeln und meine Rechte halten und danach tun. Und sie sollen mein Volk sein, so will ich ihr Gott sein.

21 Denen aber, so nach ihres Herzens Scheueln und Greueln wandeln, will ich ihr Tun auf ihren Kopf werfen, spricht der HERR HERR.

22 Da schwangen die Cherubim ihre Flügel, und die Räder gingen neben ihnen, und die HERRLIchkeit des Gottes Israels war oben über ihnen.

23 Und die HERRLIchkeit des HERRN erhub sich aus der Stadt und stellete sich auf den Berg, der gegen Morgen vor der Stadt liegt.

24 Und ein Wind hub mich auf und brachte mich im Gesicht und im Geist Gottes nach Chaldäa zu den Gefangenen. Und das Gesicht, so ich gesehen hatte, verschwand vor mir.

25 Und ich sagte den Gefangenen alle Worte des HERRN, die er mir gezeiget hatte.

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   Study the Inner Meaning
From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

Die Eheliche Liebe 26

der Propheten und der Psalmen Davids 134


Other references to this chapter:

Arcana Coelestia 1250, 2921, 3813, 4503, 5922, 8408, 8427, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 36, 501, 629, 832, 883, 945

Die göttliche Vorsehung 134

Die Lehre vom Herrn 28, 39, 49, 52

Lebenslehre 86

Wahre Christliche Religion 93, 143, 157, 705


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 422, 577, 652, 746, 926, 946, 1045, ...

Coronis oder Anhang zur Wahren Christlichen Religion 58

Marriage 93

Scriptural Confirmations 2, 4, 22, 52

Other New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:


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Word/Phrase Explanations

Wind
Because a nearer and stronger divine influx through the heavens disperses truths among the wicked, 'wind' signifies this dispersion of truth and the resulting conjunction...

Tor
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

Männer
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Sohn
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

stadt
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

uns
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

bauen
wrought (also entwined or entwisted) is predicated of the natural scientific principle, and in Isaiah 45:13, of divine natural truth.

Topf
There is an interesting relationship between facts and truth. It's necessary to have facts if we want to know the truth, but facts on their...

fleisch
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

Herr
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

sprach
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

sagt
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Getötet
'The slain' when referring to the Lord, as in Revelation 5, means the separation of everything from the divine. In denial of His divinity, He...

schwert
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

Kommen
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

Hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

geben
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

fallen
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

Grenzen
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

heiden
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

Stimme
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

Wort
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

Brüder
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

haus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Jerusalem
Jerusalem first comes to or attention in II Samuel, chapter 5 where King David takes it from the Jebusites and makes it his capital. In...

wohnen
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

Land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

Sammeln
To gather, as in Genesis 6:21, refers to those things which are in the memory of man, where they are gathered. It also implies that...

Herz
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

Gott
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

Kopf
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

cherubim
A Cherub has as its first definition in the dictionary, “A winged heavenly creature.” Cherubim is the plural of cherub. In the Word, the words...

Flügel
'Wings' signify spiritual truths. 'Wings,' when related to the Lord, signify the divine spiritual. In the opposite sense, 'wings' relate to falsities and rationalizations from...

Räder
'Wheels,' as in Exodus 14:25, signify the power of proceeding and divine intelligence. 'Wheels,' as in Isaiah 5:28, signify the doctrine of natural truth. 'Wheels,'...

Berg
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

Geist Gottes
'The spirit of God,' as in Genesis 1:2, signifies the divine mercy of the Lord. 'The spirit of God' is His emanation. 'The spirit of...

Chaldäa
Chaldea was a land lying along the Euphrates river near its mouth, south of Babylon, part of what is now southern Iraq. It was a...

gesehen
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

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From Swedenborg's Works

 

Arcana Coelestia #4503

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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4503. 'The sons of Jacob came upon the slain, and plundered the city' means that all his descendants destroyed that doctrine. This is clear from the meaning of 'the sons of Jacob' as descendants from Jacob, dealt with above; from the meaning of 'plundering' as destroying; and from the meaning of 'the city' as the doctrine of the Church, dealt with above in 4500. Simeon and Levi's going away after they had killed every male in the city as well as Hamor and Shechem, and then Jacob's sons' coming upon the slain and plundering the city, involves an arcanum, the meaning of which is not evident except from the internal sense.

[2] That arcanum is this: After the truth and good of the Church which are represented by 'Simeon and Levi' were wiped out and falsity and evil took their place, further falsities and evils were added, which are meant in the contrary sense by the rest of Jacob's sons. Each son of Jacob represented some general aspect of faith and charity, as has been shown in 2129, 3858, 3913, 3926, 3939, 4060.

Which aspect is represented by each, see the following:

Reuben, 3861, 3866, 3870;
Judah, 3881;
Dan, 3921-3923;
Naphtali, 3927, 3928;
Gad, 3934, 3935;
Asher, 3938, 3939;
Issachar, 3956, 3957;
Zebulun, 3960, 3961.

These general aspects of faith and charity which those sons represented become falsities and evils of that kind once the truth and good of the Church have been wiped out and those further falsities and evils have been added to them; for falsities and evils are constantly on the increase within the Church once it has been perverted and wiped out. It is these added falsities and evils that are meant by the reference to Jacob's sons coming upon the slain and plundering the city after Simeon and Levi had killed every male in the city as well as Hamor and Shechem, and had taken Dinah and gone away.

(References: Arcana Coelestia 3927-3928, 3934-3935, 3938-3939, 3956-3957)


[3] That 'the slain' in the Word means truths and goods which have been wiped out may be seen from the following places: In Isaiah,

You are cast out from your sepulchre like an abominable branch, a garment of the killed - slain with the sword - who go down to the stones of the pit like a dead body trodden underfoot. Isaiah 14:19.

This refers to Babel. 'Those slain with the sword' stands for those who have profaned the truths of the Church. In the same prophet,

So that their slain are cast out and the stench of their dead bodies rises up. Isaiah 34:3.

This refers to the falsities and evils which infest the Church, 'the slain' standing for these.

[4] In Ezekiel,

The violent of the nations will draw the sword against the beauty of your wisdom, and they will profane your loveliness. They will bring you down into the pit and you will die the deaths of those slain in the midst of the seas. Ezekiel 28:7-8.

This refers to the prince of Tyre who means the leading cognitions of truth and good. 'Dying the deaths of those slain in the midst of the seas' stands for those who use facts to hatch falsities and in consequence defile the truths of the Church.

[5] In the same prophet,

They also will go down with them into hell, to those slain with the sword. You will be made to go down with the trees of Eden into the nether world, in the midst of the uncircumcised you will lie with those slain with the sword. Ezekiel 31:17-18.

In the same prophet,

Go down and lie with the uncircumcised; they will fall in the midst of those slain with the sword; the chief of the powerful ones will speak to him in the midst of hell. Ezekiel 32:19-21.

This refers to Pharaoh and Egypt. 'Those slain with the sword' stands for those who by their use of knowledge become insane; by their use of it they destroy all belief in the truth known to the Church.

[6] In David,

I have been reckoned with them going down to the pit; I have become as a man with no strength, neglected among the dead, like the slain lying in the sepulchre whom you remember no more and who have been cut off by your hand.

'The slain' in hell - those in the pit and 'in the sepulchre' - stands for those who have destroyed the truths and goods residing with them by means of falsities and evils. Anyone can recognize that these are not in hell merely because they have been slain with the sword.

(References: Psalms 88:4-5)


[7] In Isaiah,

A city of tumults, an exultant city, [your slain] have not been slain with the sword, and they have not been killed in war. All who have been found in you have been bound together in chains. They have fled from far away. Isaiah 22:2-3.

This refers to the illusions resulting from the evidence of the senses which do not enable the truths of the Church to be seen. It refers therefore to people subject to negative doubt, and these are called 'slain but not with the sword'.

[8] In Ezekiel,

I am bringing a sword upon you and destroying your high places; and your altars will be destroyed, and your statues will be broken; and I will cause your slain to lie before your idols. When the slain have fallen in the midst of you, you will know that I am Jehovah. Then you will acknowledge, when the slain are in the midst of their idols, around their altar. Ezekiel 6:3-4, 7, 13.

'The slain' stands for those who are governed by falsities of doctrine.

[9] In the same prophet,

Defile the house, and fill the courts with the slain. They went forth and smote in the city. Ezekiel 9:7.

This is a prophetic vision. 'Defiling the house and filling the courts with the slain' stands for profaning goods and truths. In the same prophet,

You have multiplied your slain in this city, and have filled its streets with the slain. Therefore said the Lord Jehovih, Your slain whom you have placed in the midst of it, they are the flesh, and that is the pot; and he will lead you out from the midst of it. Ezekiel 11:6-7.

[10] Because 'the slain' meant those who have annihilated the truths of the Church by means of falsities and evils, therefore also in the representative Church those who touched one who had been slain were unclean. Such persons are referred to in Moses as follows,

Everyone who has touched on the surface of the field one slain with the sword, or one dead, or a human bone, or a sepulchre will be unclean for seven days. Numbers 19:16, 18.

Inquiry was therefore made and atonement effected by means of a heifer. In the same author,

If one is found slain, lying in the field, and it is not known who smote him, then the elders of the city and the judges shall come out and they shall measure [the distance] to the cities which are around the one slain. It shall be, that in the city nearest to the one slain the elders of that city shall take a heifer by means of which no work has been done, which has not pulled in the yoke, and they shall bring it down to the river or valley, and there they shall break the heifer's neck. And they shall wash their hands over the heifer whose neck has been broken and shall say, Our hands have not shed blood, and our eyes have not seen it. Expiate Your people Israel, O Jehovah, and do not set innocent blood in the midst of Your people; and the blood shall be expiated for them. Deuteronomy 21:1-8.

[11] These laws were laid down because one who has been slain means the perversion, destruction, and profanation of the truth of the Church by means of falsity and evil, as is evident from each detail in the internal sense. The expression 'one slain, lying in the field' is used because 'the field' means the Church, see 2971, 3310, 3766. 'A heifer by means of which no work has been done' means the innocence of the external man which is present within ignorance. Without a clear knowledge of these things meant in the internal sense everyone will be surprised that a procedure such as this for making expiation should ever have been ordained.

(References: Genesis 34:27)


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   Study this Passage
From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 4515, 4728, 5037, 5461, 5482, 5512, 5538, 5622, 5626, 5665, 6238, 6352, 6716, 6767, 7041, 7231, 8080, 8159, 8408, 8902, 9262, 9293, 9320, 9642, 10396, 10485, 10566

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 121, 248


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 28, 39, 229, 281, 304, 315, 365, 433, 443, 444

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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