The Bible

 

Hesekiel 27

German: Elberfelder (1905)         

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1 Und das Wort Jehovas geschah zu mir also:

2 Und du, Menschensohn, erhebe ein Klagelied über Tyrus und sprich zu Tyrus:

3 Die du wohnst an den Zugängen des Meeres und Handel treibst mit den Völkern nach vielen Inseln hin, so spricht der Herr, Jehova: Tyrus, du sprichst: Ich bin vollkommen an Schönheit!

4 Deine Grenzen sind im Herzen der Meere; deine Bauleute haben deine Schönheit vollkommen gemacht.

5 Aus Zypressen von Senir bauten sie dir alles Doppelplankenwerk; sie nahmen Zedern vom Libanon, um dir einen Mast zu machen;

6 aus Eichen von Basan machten sie deine Ruder; dein Verdeck machten sie aus Elfenbein, eingefaßt in Scherbinzeder von den Inseln der Kittäer.

7 Byssus in Buntwirkerei aus Ägypten war dein Segel, um dir als Flagge zu dienen; blauer und roter Purpur von den Inseln Elischas war dein Zeltdach.

8 Die Bewohner von Zidon und Arwad waren deine Ruderer; deine Weisen, die in dir waren, Tyrus, waren deine Steuermänner;

9 die Ältesten von Gebal und seine Weisen waren in dir als Ausbesserer deiner Lecke. Alle Schiffe des Meeres und ihre Seeleute waren in dir, um deine Waren einzutauschen.

10 Perser und Lud und Put waren in deinem Heere deine Kriegsleute; Schild und Helm hängten sie in dir auf, sie gaben dir Glanz.

11 Die Söhne Arwads und dein Heer waren auf deinen Mauern ringsum, und Tapfere waren auf deinen Türmen; ihre Schilde hängten sie ringsum an deinen Mauern auf; sie machten deine Schönheit vollkommen.

12 Tarsis trieb Handel mit dir wegen der Menge von allerlei Gütern; mit Silber, Eisen, Zinn und Blei bezahlten sie deinen Absatz.

13 Jawan, Tubal und Mesech waren deine Kaufleute: Mit Menschenseelen und ehernen Geräten trieben sie Tauschhandel mit dir.

14 Die vom Hause Togarma zahlten Rosse und Reitpferde und Maulesel für deinen Absatz.

15 Die Söhne Dedans waren deine Kaufleute. Viele Inseln standen in Handelsbeziehungen mit dir: Elefantenzähne und Ebenholz erstatteten sie dir als Zahlung.

16 Aram trieb Handel mit dir wegen der Menge deiner Erzeugnisse; mit Karfunkeln, rotem Purpur und Buntwirkerei und Byssus und Korallen und Rubinen bezahlten sie deinen Absatz.

17 Juda und das Land Israel waren deine Kaufleute; mit Weizen von Minnith und süßem Backwerk und Honig und Öl und Balsam trieben sie Tauschhandel mit dir.

18 Damaskus trieb Handel mit dir um die Menge deiner Erzeugnisse, wegen der Menge von allerlei Gütern, mit Wein von Chelbon und Wolle von Zachar.

19 Wedan und Jawan von Usal zahlten bearbeitetes Eisen für deinen Absatz; Kassia und Würzrohr waren für deinen Tauschhandel.

20 Dedan trieb Handel mit dir in Prachtdecken zum Reiten.

21 Arabien und alle Fürsten Kedars standen in Handelsbeziehungen mit dir; mit Fettschafen und Widdern und Böcken, damit trieben sie Handel mit dir.

22 Die Kaufleute von Scheba und Raghma waren deine Kaufleute; mit den vorzüglichsten Gewürzen und mit allerlei Edelsteinen und Gold bezahlten sie deinen Absatz.

23 Haran und Kanne und Eden, die Kaufleute von Scheba, Assur und Kilmad waren deine Kaufleute.

24 Sie handelten mit dir in Prachtgewändern, in Mänteln von blauem Purpur und Buntwirkerei, und in Schätzen von gezwirnten Garnen, in gewundenen und festen Schnüren, gegen deine Waren.

25 Die Tarsisschiffe waren deine Karawanen für deinen Tauschhandel. Und du wurdest angefüllt und sehr herrlich im Herzen der Meere.

26 Deine Ruderer führten dich auf großen Wassern; der Ostwind zerschellte dich im Herzen der Meere.

27 Deine Güter und dein Absatz, deine Tauschwaren, deine Seeleute und deine Steuermänner, die Ausbesserer deiner Lecke und die deine Waren eintauschten, und alle deine Kriegsleute, die in dir sind, samt deiner ganzen Schar, die in deiner Mitte ist, werden ins Herz der Meere fallen am Tage deines Sturzes.

28 Von dem Getöse des Geschreies deiner Steuermänner werden die Gefilde erbeben.

29 Und alle, die das Ruder führen, die Seeleute, alle Steuermänner des Meeres, werden aus ihren Schiffen steigen, werden ans Land treten;

30 und sie werden ihre Stimme über dich hören lassen und bitterlich schreien; und sie werden Staub auf ihre Häupter werfen und sich in der Asche wälzen.

31 Und sie werden sich deinethalben kahl scheren und sich Sacktuch umgürten und werden deinetwegen weinen mit Betrübnis der Seele in bitterer Klage.

32 Und in ihrem Jammern werden sie ein Klagelied über dich erheben und über dich klagen: Wer ist wie Tyrus, wie die Vernichtete inmitten des Meeres!

33 Als die Meere dir Absatz für deine Waren brachten, hast du viele Völker gesättigt; mit der Menge deiner Güter und deiner Waren hast du die Könige der Erde bereichert.

34 Jetzt, da du von den Meeren weg zerschellt bist in den Tiefen der Wasser, und deine Waren und deine ganze Schar in deiner Mitte gefallen sind,

35 entsetzen sich alle Bewohner der Inseln über dich, und ihre Könige schaudern, ihre Angesichter zittern;

36 die Händler unter den Völkern zischen über dich. Ein Schrecken bist du geworden, und bist dahin auf ewig!

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   Study the Inner Meaning
From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

Arcana Coelestia 4453, 10227

Apocalypse Explained 840

Apocalypse Revealed 606, 759

Himmel und Hölle 365

der Propheten und der Psalmen Davids 150


Other references to this chapter:

Arcana Coelestia 117, 425, 426, 1154, 1156, 1158, 1171, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 166, 406, 450, 492, 503, 538, 725, ...

Die Lehre vom Herrn 28


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 50, 70, 195, 242, 314, 355, 375, ...

Hop to Similar Bible Verses

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2 Mose 30:23

5 Mose 3:9

Josua 13:5

Richter 11:33

1 Koenige 10:1, 2, 22

2 Koenige 19:12

1 Chronik 1:7

2 Chronik 2:7, 9:21, 17:11

Ester 4:1, 3

Hiob 2:12

Psalm 48:8, 83:8

Sprueche 7:16, 17, 27:26

Hohelied 1:5, 4:14

Jesaja 7:8, 42:11, 60:7, 66:19

Jeremia 2:10, 6:26, 8:22, 9:16, 19, 25:22, 46:9

Hesekiel 19:1, 23:42, 25:13, 26:1, 27:2, 32, 28:1, 30:5, 32:2, 26, 38:2, 5, 6, 13

Daniel 11:30

Joel 1:13

Amos 9

Sacharja 9:2, 3

Offenbarung 18:9, 11, 12, 13, 19

Word/Phrase Explanations

Wort
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

jehovas
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

klagelied
The children of Israel represent 'lamentation' by various things which signified some evil of the church among them for which they were punished. When they...

tyrus
'Tyre,' as in Ezekiel 27:13-14, represents people with knowledge of celestial and spiritual things.

inseln
Islands' signify the natural mind, or the natural human, regarding truths and falsities. People who are steeped in the internal sense of the Word, such...

Schönheit
Beauty of his ornament (Ezek. 7:20) signifies the church and its doctrine.

Grenzen
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

Herzen
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

Meere
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

libanon
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

Elfenbein
'Ivory' signifies natural truth.

Ägypten
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

purpur
Blue and purple signify celestial goods and truths, and scarlet double-dyed and fine-twined linen, spiritual goods and truths. (Exod. 28:33.) Blue and purple from the...

steuermänner
'Pilots,' as in Ezekiel 27:28, signify people who are wise because of their knowledge from the Word.' Pilots,' as in Revelation 18, signify the supreme...

Waren
'Merchandise' signifies the knowledges of good.

Schiffe
Ships were used in the ancient world – as they generally are now – to carry freight from nation to nation for trade. The various...

lud
'Lud,' as in Genesis 10:22, signifies the knowledge of truth.

Schild
'A shield' signifies defense which is trusted against evils and falsities. In respect to the Lord, it signifies defense, and in respect to people, confidence...

Söhne
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Heer
Forces denote the power of truth.

silber
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

Eisen
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

Zinn
'Tin,' as in Ezekiel 22:18, has respect to the literal sense of the Word, or the goods and truths of the natural self.

Kaufleute
'Merchants' signify people who have knowledges of good and truth. Merchants,' as in Nahum 3:16, signify people who falsify the Word, and communicate, and sell.

Hause
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

viele
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

Ebenholz
Ebony, as in 1 Kings 10:18, signifies divine truths in ultimates.

aram
'Syria,' as in Ezekiel 27:16, signifies the church regarding knowledges of truth and good.

byssus
'Silk' signifies intermediate celestial good and truth. It means good because it is soft, and truth because it shines. 'Silk,' like 'fine linen,' denotes genuine...

juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Weizen
As the finest of the grains, wheat fittingly represents the finest of spiritual food, what Swedenborg calls "the good of love and charity" – which...

Honig
'Honey' signifies the delight derived from good and truth or from the affection thereof, and specifically the external delight. Thus it signifies the delight of...

Öl
Balm signifies the truth of exterior natural good, and its pleasantness.

Damaskus
Damascus and Aroer (Isaiah 17:1, 2) signify the knowledges of truth and good. See Eliezer of Damascus.

wein
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

dedan
Dedan (Gen. 10) signifies the knowledges of celestial things of an inferior order, such as consist in ritual observances. Dedan, in Jer. 49:8 signifies rituals...

Kedars
'Kedar' or 'Arabia' signifies spiritual good. Kedar' denotes people of the Gentiles who are in simple truth. 'Arabia' signifies the same thing.

Gold
Gold means good, and just as gold was the most precious metal known to ancient mankind so it represents the good of the highest and...

haran
'Haran,' as mentioned in Genesis 11:28, signifies inward idolatrous worship. 'Haran,' as mentioned in Genesis 12:5, signifies an obscure state. 'Haran,' as mentioned in Genesis...

Mitte
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

tage
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

stimme
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

hören
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

Staub
Dust, in Ezekiel 26:12, signifies the lowest things which are of the sensual principle of man. In Isaiah 40:12, the dust signifies exterior or natural...

Asche
Ashes as in ('Ezekiel 27:30') signify what is condemned; because fire from which they are derived signify infernal love. Ashes of the furnace ('Exodus 9:8')...

kahl
'A bald head' signifies the Word deprived of the natural sense, which is the sense of the letter.

sacktuch
'Being clothed in sackcloth' signifies lamentation because of the devastation of truth in the church. 'Sackcloth,' as in Revelation 6:12, relates to destroyed good.

Seele
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

inmitten
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

Könige
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Erde
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

wasser
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

gefallen
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

ewig
'Perpetual' in the literal sense, means to the end of one’s life, after death, and eternity.

From Swedenborg's Works

 

Apocalypse Revealed #166

Apocalypse Revealed (Rogers translation)      

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166. "'Who have not defiled their garments.'" This symbolically means, who possess truths, and have not soiled their worship by evil practices and the falsities attendant on these.

Garments in the Word symbolize truths that clothe good, and in an opposite sense, falsities that clothe evil. For a person embodies either his goodness or his evilness. Truths or falsities are therefore his garments.

Angels and spirits all appear dressed in clothing that reflects the truths of their goodness or the falsities of their evilness - on which subject, see the book Heaven and Hell, published in London, nos.177-182. It is apparent from this that not defiling their garments symbolizes their possessing truths and not soiling their worship by evil practices and the falsities attendant on these.

(References: Revelation 3:4)


[2] It is apparent from the following passages that garments in the Word symbolize truths, and in an opposite sense, falsities:

Awake, awake! Put on your strength, O Zion; put on your beautiful garments, O Jerusalem... (Isaiah 52:1)

(Jerusalem), I clothed you in embroidered cloth, gave you sandals of badger skin, clothed you with fine linen..., and adorned you with ornaments... You were adorned with gold and silver, and your clothing was of fine linen, silk, and embroidered cloth..., (so that) you became exceedingly beautiful... But you took some of your garments and made for yourself multicolored high places, so as to play the harlot on them... You took your embroidered garments... and made for yourself male images with which you played the harlot. 1 (Ezekiel 16:10-18)

The Jewish Church is described here, as having been given truths, because they had the Word, but that they falsified them. To play the harlot means to falsify (no. 134).

[3] The king's daughter is all glorious within, (and) her clothing is woven with gold. She shall be brought to the King in embroidered garments. (Psalms 45:13-14)

The king's daughter is the church in relation to its affection for truth.

O daughters of Israel, weep over Saul, who clothed you in scarlet elegantly, and put ornamentation of gold on your apparel. (2 Samuel 1:24)

This is said of Saul because as a king he symbolized Divine truth (no. 20).

...I will visit judgment on the princes and the king's children, and on all clothed with foreign apparel. (Zephaniah 1:8)

(Your enemies) shall also strip you of your garments, and take away your adornments. (Ezekiel 23:26)

Joshua was clothed with filthy garments, and was standing (thus) before the Angel, (who said) "Take away the filthy garments from him (and clothe him with other garments). (Zechariah 3:3-5)

...the king came in and saw the guests, and he saw a man... who did not have on a wedding garment. So he said to him, "Friend, how did you come in here without a wedding garment?" (Matthew 22:11-13)

A wedding garment is Divine truth from the Word.

(References: Matthew 22:11-12)


[4] Beware of false prophets, who come to you in sheep's clothing... (Matthew 7:15)

No one puts a piece of cloth from a new garment on an old garment; otherwise the new one tears (the old), and the piece from the new one does not match the old. (Luke 5:36-37)

Because a garment symbolizes truth, therefore the Lord compares the truths of the previous church, which were external and representative of spiritual ones, to a piece of cloth belonging to an old garment, while comparing the truths of the new church, which were internal and spiritual, to a piece of cloth from a new garment.

...on the thrones... twenty-four elders sitting, clothed in white garments. (Revelation 4:4)

(Those who stood) before the throne... in the presence of the Lamb (were) clothed with white robes..., and they washed their robes and made their robes white in the blood of the Lamb. (Revelation 7:9, 13-14)

...white robes were given to each (of those who were under the altar). (Revelation 6:11)

...the armies (of Him who sat on the white horse) followed Him..., clothed in fine linen, white and clean. (Revelation 19:14)

(References: Luke 5:36)


[5] Because angels symbolize Divine truths, therefore angels seen in the Lord's sepulchre appeared in white and shining garments (Matthew 28:3, Luke 24:4).

Because the Lord is Divine good and Divine truth, and truths are meant by garments, therefore when He was transfigured "His face shone like the sun, and His garments became [as white] as the light" (Matthew 17:2), or "blazing white (Luke 9:29), or "shining white, like snow, such that no launderer on earth can whiten them" (Mark 9:3).

Of the Ancient of Days, which also is the Lord, it is said that "His garment was as white as snow" (Daniel 7:9).

Moreover we find the following, too, said of the Lord:

He has anointed... all your garments with myrrh, aloes and cassia. (Psalms 45:7-8)

...He washed his clothing in wine, and his vesture in the blood of grapes. (Genesis 49:11)

Who is this who comes from Edom, having sprinkled his garments from Bozrah? This One honorable in His apparel...? ...Why are You red in Your apparel? Your garments as though of one who treads in the winepress...? Their victory is sprinkled upon My garments, and I have polluted all My vesture. (Isaiah 63:1-3)

This also is said of the Lord. His garments there are the Word's truths.

...He who sat on (the white horse)...was clothed with a garment dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God. (Revelation 19:11, 13)

(References: Psalms 45:8; Revelation 19:16)


[6] From the symbolic meaning of garments it can be seen why the Lord's disciples put their garments upon the donkey and its colt when the Lord was ready to enter Jerusalem, and why the people spread their garments on the road (Matthew 21:7-9, Mark 11:7-8), thus what is symbolically meant by this verse in the Psalms,

They divided My garments..., and over My vesture they cast lots. (Psalms 22:18)

(References: John 19:23-24; Luke 19:35-36)


[7] The symbolism of garments makes it apparent moreover why the people rent their garments whenever someone spoke against the Divine truth of the Word (Isaiah 37:1 and elsewhere). Also why they washed their garments in order to purify themselves (Exodus 19:14, Leviticus 11:25, 40; 14:8-9).

Someone who knows what garments symbolize in general and in particular can know what the vestments of Aaron and his sons symbolized - the ephod, the robe, the lace tunic, the girdle, the breeches, and the turban.

Since light symbolizes Divine truth, and a garment likewise, therefore we find it said in the Psalms that Jehovah covers Himself "with light as a with garment" (Psalms 104:2).

-----
Footnotes:

1. The last two clauses are reversed from the order in which they appear in the original Hebrew.

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(References: Amos 8:10; Exodus 19:4; Ezekiel 27:31; Isaiah 15:3, 22:12, 37:1-2; Jeremiah 4:8, 6:26, 48:37, 49:3; Jonah 3:5-6, 3:8; Lamentations 2:10; Numbers 19:11-22; Revelation 3:4, 19:13-14)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Apocalypse Revealed 45, 154, 168, 212, 234, 328, 492, 671, 705, 814, 825

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the General Church of the New Jerusalem for the permission to use this translation.


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