The Bible

 

Hesekiel 10

German: Elberfelder (1871)         

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1 Und ich sah: Und siehe, auf der Ausdehnung (S. d. Anm. zu Kap. 1,22,) die über dem Haupte der Cherubim war, war es wie ein Saphirstein, wie das Aussehen der Gestalt eines Thrones, der über ihnen erschien.

2 Und er sprach zu dem in Linnen gekleideten Manne und sagte: Gehe hinein zwischen den äderwirbel unterhalb des Cherubs (Der Ausdruck "Cherub" oder das "das lebendige Wesen" (v 15) bezeichnet die gesamte Erscheinung der Cherubim; s. die Anm. zu Kap. 1,9,) und fülle deine Hände mit Feuerkohlen von dem aume (Eig. von heraus) zwischen den Cherubim, und streue sie über die Stadt hin. Und er ging vor meinen Augen hinein.

3 Die Cherubim aber standen zur rechten Seite des Hauses, als der Mann hineinging; und die Wolke erfüllte den inneren Vorhof.

4 Und die Herrlichkeit Jehovas hatte sich von dem Cherub auf die Schwelle des Hauses hin erhoben; und das Haus war von der Wolke erfüllt, und der Vorhof war voll von dem Glanze der Herrlichkeit Jehovas.

5 Und das auschen der Flügel der Cherubim wurde bis in den äußeren Vorhof gehört wie die Stimme Gottes (El,) des Allmächtigen, wenn er redet.

6 Und es geschah, als er dem in Linnen gekleideten Manne gebot und sprach: Nimm Feuer zwischen dem äderwirbel, zwischen den Cherubim weg, und er hineinging und zur Seite des ades trat,

7 da streckte ein Cherub seine Hand zwischen den Cherubim hervor, zu dem Feuer hin, welches zwischen den Cherubim war, und hob es ab und gab es in die Hände dessen, der in Linnen gekleidet war; der nahm es und ging hinaus.

8 Und es erschien an den Cherubim das Gebilde einer Menschenhand unter ihren Flügeln. -

9 Und ich sah: und siehe, vier äder waren neben den Cherubim, je ein ad neben je einem Cherub. Und das Aussehen der äder war wie der Anblick eines Chrysolithsteines;

10 und ihr Aussehen: die vier hatten einerlei Gestalt, wie wenn ein ad inmitten eines ades wäre.

11 Wenn sie gingen, so gingen sie nach ihren vier Seiten hin: Sie wandten sich nicht, wenn sie gingen; denn nach dem Orte, wohin das Vorderteil gerichtet war, folgten sie demselben: sie wandten sich nicht, wenn sie gingen.

12 Und ihr ganzer Leib und ihr ücken und ihre Hände und ihre Flügel und die äder waren voll Augen ringsum; alle vier hatten ihre äder.

13 Die äder, sie wurden vor meinen Ohren "Wirbel" genannt.

14 Und ein jedes hatte vier Angesichter; das Angesicht (nämlich das dem Propheten zugekehrte) des ersten war das Angesicht eines Cherubs, und das Angesicht des zweiten das Angesicht eines Menschen, und des dritten das Angesicht eines Löwen, und des vierten das Angesicht eines Adlers.

15 Und die Cherubim hoben sich empor. Das war das lebendige Wesen, welches ich am Flusse Kebar gesehen hatte.

16 Und wenn die Cherubim gingen, so gingen die äder neben ihnen; und wenn die Cherubim ihre Flügel erhoben, um sich von der Erde emporzuheben, so wandten sich die äder auch nicht von ihrer Seite.

17 Wenn sie stehen blieben, blieben auch sie stehen; und wenn sie sich emporhoben, hoben sie sich mit ihnen empor; denn der Geist des lebendigen Wesens war in ihnen. -

18 Und die Herrlichkeit Jehovas begab sich von der Schwelle des Hauses hinweg und stellte sich über die Cherubim.

19 Und die Cherubim erhoben ihre Flügel und hoben sich vor meinen Augen von der Erde empor, als sie sich hinwegbegaben; und die äder waren neben ihnen (S. die Anm. zu Kap. 1,20.) Und sie stellten sich an den Eingang des östlichen Tores des Hauses Jehovas, und die Herrlichkeit des Gottes Israels war oben über ihnen.

20 Das war das lebendige Wesen, welches ich unter dem Gott Israels am Flusse Kebar gesehen hatte; und ich erkannte, daß es Cherubim waren.

21 Jeder hatte vier Angesichter, und jeder hatte vier Flügel, und das Gebilde von Menschenhänden war unter ihren Flügeln.

22 Und was die Gestalt ihrer Angesichter betrifft, so waren es die Angesichter, welche ich am Flusse Kebar gesehen hatte, ihr Aussehen und sie selbst. Sie gingen ein jeder stracks vor sich hin.

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   Study the Inner Meaning
From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

Arcana Coelestia 9457, 9509

Apocalypse Revealed 36, 322, 945

Die Eheliche Liebe 26

Die Lehre vom Herrn 52

Die Lehre des neuen Jerusalem von der Heiligen Schrift 97

der Propheten und der Psalmen Davids 133


Other references to this chapter:

Arcana Coelestia 308, 908, 1992, 2921, 3901, 5313, 5922, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 14, 48, 239, 240, 245, 332, 487, ...

Die göttliche Vorsehung 134

Die Lehre vom Herrn 39

Wahre Christliche Religion 93, 157, 260


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 36, 152, 179, 208, 220, 253, 277, ...

Spiritual Experiences 255

Marriage 93

Other New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:


Hop to Similar Bible Verses

2 Mose 25:18

1 Koenige 7:30, 8:10, 11

2 Koenige 25:9

Psalm 18:11, 99:1

Hesekiel 1:1, 8:6, 9:2, 3, 11:1, 28:14, 43:1, 3, 5, 44:4

Offenbarung 4:2, 7, 8, 8:5

Word/Phrase Explanations

sah
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

ausdehnung
The firmament, as in Genesis 1, signifies the internal man. The firmament of heaven is mutual love.

sprach
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

sagte
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

cherub
A Cherub has as its first definition in the dictionary, “A winged heavenly creature.” Cherubim is the plural of cherub. In the Word, the words...

Stadt
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Augen
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

Mann
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Wolke
In Isaiah 19:1, "Jehovah rides upon a light cloud, and comes into Egypt", signifies the visitation of the natural man from spiritual-natural Divine Truth, for...

vorhof
'Villages' signify the external aspects of faith and the church. Rituals are the external parts of the church. Doctrines are the internal parts when they...

jehovas
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

haus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

erfüllt
There are two ways something can be filled: It can be filled with something bad against the wishes of its owner, or it can be...

Voll
'To satiate' relates to the extent of a person's will, for good or evil.

Flügel
'Wings' signify spiritual truths. 'Wings,' when related to the Lord, signify the divine spiritual. In the opposite sense, 'wings' relate to falsities and rationalizations from...

gehört
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

stimme
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

Gebot
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

Hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Feuer
Coals of fire being scattered over the cities (Ezek. 10:1, 7), signify that men were to be left to their wild lusts, rather than they...

unter
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

vier
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

inmitten
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

nach
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

Seiten
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

Löwen
'A lion' signifies the good of celestial love and the truth from that good.

um
To encompass, as in Genesis 19:4, signifies to be contrary, or to attack and assault with a hostile intention.

Erde
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

Stehen
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

Eingang
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Gott
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

Vor
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

From Swedenborg's Works

 

Arcana Coelestia #8427

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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8427. 'And in the morning you will see the glory of Jehovah' means that at the beginning of a new state the arrival of the Lord is going to take place. This is clear from the meaning of 'the morning' as the beginning of a new state, dealt with immediately above in 8426; and from the meaning of 'the glory of Jehovah' as the presence and the arrival of the Lord. The reason why 'the glory' means the presence and the arrival of the Lord is that in the highest sense 'glory' is the Divine Truth which emanates from the Lord; and Divine Truth appears before angels' eyes as the light and splendour from the Sun, which is the Lord. For the meaning of 'the glory' as Divine Truth emanating from the Lord, see 5922, 8267; for its meaning intelligence and wisdom that belong to Divine Truth, 4809; and its consequently meaning the internal sense of the Word, since that sense is Divine Truth in glory, 5922.

[2] It says that in the morning they are going to see the glory of Jehovah because sunrise and its accompanying light (which in heaven brings light to angels' eyes, to both their outward and their inward sight) consequently the presence and arrival of the Lord (who is the Sun of heaven) corresponds to morning time on earth and is meant here by 'the morning'. The light from the sun then, which is Divine Truth emanating from the Lord, and for that reason is the Lord, is 'the glory'. From this it is evident that 'the glory' means the presence and arrival of the Lord. The fact that these are meant by 'the glory' is also evident from a number of places in the Word, such as in Moses,

The cloud covered the mountain, and the glory of Jehovah dwelt over Mount Sinai. And the cloud covered it six days. The sight of the glory of Jehovah was like a devouring fire on the top of the mountain, before the eyes of the children of Israel. Exodus 24:15-18.

Plainly, the presence of Jehovah, that is, of the Lord, appearing as a cloud and as fire on the mountain, is here called 'the glory of Jehovah'.

In the same author,

The cloud covered the tent of meeting, and the glory of Jehovah filled the tabernacle. Nor could Moses enter the tent of meeting, because the cloud dwelt over it, and the glory of Jehovah filled the tabernacle. Exodus 40:34-35.

Here also the Lord's presence, appearing as a cloud, is called 'the glory'.

(References: Exodus 24:15-17, Exodus 40:34, 40:36)


[3] In the same author,

Moses and Aaron entered the tent of meeting; and they came out and blessed the people. At that time the glory of Jehovah appeared to the whole people. Leviticus 9:23-24.

In the same author,

The glory of Jehovah appeared in the tent of meeting before all the children of Israel. Numbers 14:10-12.

Likewise in Numbers 16:19, 42. In the first Book of Kings,

The cloud filled the house of Jehovah, so that the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud; for the glory of Jehovah filled the house of Jehovah. 1 Kings 8:10-11.

In John,

The temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God and from His power, so that no one was able to enter the temple. Revelation 15:8.

In the same book,

He showed me the great city, the holy Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, having the glory of God. The city has no need of the sun or of the moon to shed light in it; the glory of God gives it light, and its lamp is the Lamb. Revelation 21:10-11, 23.

Here 'the glory of God' plainly stands for light from the Lord, which is Divine Truth emanating from Him, and so is the presence of the Lord since the Lord is present in Truth coming from Him.

(References: Leviticus 9:23; Numbers 14:10, 20:6)


[4] The fact that 'the glory of Jehovah' means His presence is clear yet again in Moses,

Moses said to Jehovah, Show me, I beg You, Your glory He said to him, I will cause all My goodness to pass by before you. And when My glory passes by, it will happen, that I will put you in a cleft of the rock and cover My hand over you until I have passed by. But when I take My hand away you will see My back parts, and My face will not be seen. Exodus 33:18-end.

Here also 'Jehovah's glory' plainly stands for His presence. In Matthew,

The disciples said to Jesus, Tell us, what will be the sign of Your coming? Jesus said, Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear, and they will see the Son of Man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and glory. Matthew 24:3, 30.

The subject here is the final period of the former Church and the first of the new. 'The Son of Man' is God's truth emanating from the Lord; 'the clouds of heaven' are the Word in the sense of the letter, and 'power and glory' are the internal sense, thus Divine Truth which will be visible then. 'The Lord's coming' stands for the acceptance of God's truth by those belonging to the new Church and the rejection of it by those belonging to the old Church, see 4060 (end).

(References: Exodus 33:18-23)


[5] The fact that the Lord in respect of Divine Truth is meant by 'the glory' is clear in Isaiah,

The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare the way of Jehovah. The glory of Jehovah will be revealed, and all flesh will see it together. Isaiah 40:3, 5.

This refers to the Lord, who is 'the glory'. In John,

The Word became flesh and dwelt among us; and we saw His glory. glory as of the Only Begotten from the Father, full of grace and truth. John 1:14

In the same gospel,

These things Isaiah said when he saw His glory and spoke of Him. John 12:41.

Here 'glory' stands for the Lord. Similarly in Moses,

I am the Living One, and the whole earth will be filled with the glory of Jehovah. Numbers 14:21.

Here 'the glory of Jehovah' stands for the Coming or arrival of the Lord, and for enlightenment by Divine Truth emanating from Him.

[6] 'Glory' stands for the Lord's Divinity in Isaiah,

I am Jehovah, that is My name; and My glory I will not give to another. Isaiah 42:8.

In Mark,

... when the Son of Man comes in the glory of His Father with the holy angels. Mark 8:38.

In Luke,

Ought [not] Christ to have suffered these things and to enter into His glory? Luke 24:26.

Since 'the glory of Jehovah' means the Lord in respect of Divine Truth, 'the glory' also means the Divine Wisdom and Intelligence that belong to Divine Truth emanating from the Lord. Wisdom and intelligence from God are meant by the glory in Ezekiel 1:28; 8:4; 9:3; 10:4, 18-19; 11:22-23; and there it is represented by 'a rainbow' such as one sees in a cloud.

(References: Exodus 16:7, Exodus 33:18-23; Luke 24:46)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 8432, 8443, 8444, 8454, 9299, 9372, 9391, 9405, 9429, 9553, 9741, 9787, 10114, 10149, 10605

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 1


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 33, 179, 235, 242, 253, 331

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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