The Bible

 

Ézéchiel 41

French: Louis Segond (1910)         

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1 Il me conduisit dans le temple. Il mesura les poteaux; il y avait six coudées de largeur d'un côté, et six coudées de largeur de l'autre, largeur de la tente.

2 La largeur de la porte était de dix coudées; il y avait cinq coudées d'un côté de la porte, et cinq coudées de l'autre. Il mesura la longueur du temple, quarante coudées, et la largeur, vingt coudées.

3 Puis il entra dans l'intérieur. Il mesura les poteaux de la porte, deux coudées, la porte, six coudées, et la largeur de la porte, sept coudées.

4 Il mesura une longueur de vingt coudées, et une largeur de vingt coudées, sur le devant du temple; et il me dit: C'est ici le lieu très saint.

5 Il mesura le mur de la maison, six coudées, et la largeur des chambres latérales tout autour de la maison, quatre coudées.

6 Les chambres latérales étaient les unes à côté des autres, au nombre de trente, et il y avait trois étages; elles entraient dans un mur construit pour ces chambres tout autour de la maison, elles y étaient appuyées sans entrer dans le mur même de la maison.

7 Les chambres occupaient plus d'espace, à mesure qu'elles s'élevaient, et l'on allait en tournant; car on montait autour de la maison par un escalier tournant. Il y avait ainsi plus d'espace dans le haut de la maison, et l'on montait de l'étage inférieur à l'étage supérieur par celui du milieu.

8 Je considérai la hauteur autour de la maison. Les chambres latérales, à partir de leur fondement, avaient une canne pleine, six grandes coudées.

9 Le mur extérieur des chambres latérales avait une épaisseur de cinq coudées. L'espace libre entre les chambres latérales de la maison

10 et les chambres autour de la maison, avait une largeur de vingt coudées, tout autour.

11 L'entrée des chambres latérales donnait sur l'espace libre, une entrée au septentrion, et une entrée au midi; et la largeur de l'espace libre était de cinq coudées tout autour.

12 Le bâtiment qui était devant la place vide, du côté de l'occident, avait une largeur de soixante-dix coudées, un mur de cinq coudées d'épaisseur tout autour, et une longueur de quatre-vingt-dix coudées.

13 Il mesura la maison, qui avait cent coudées de longueur. La place vide, le bâtiment et ses murs, avaient une longueur de cent coudées.

14 La largeur de la face de la maison et de la place vide, du côté de l'orient, était de cent coudées.

15 Il mesura la longueur du bâtiment devant la place vide, sur le derrière, et ses galeries de chaque côté: il y avait cent coudées. Le temple intérieur, les vestibules extérieurs,

16 les seuils, les fenêtres grillées, les galeries du pourtour aux trois étages, en face des seuils, étaient recouverts de bois tout autour. Depuis le sol jusqu'aux fenêtres fermées,

17 jusqu'au-dessus de la porte, le dedans de la maison, le dehors, toute la muraille du pourtour, à l'intérieur et à l'extérieur, tout était d'après la mesure,

18 et orné de chérubins et de palmes. Il y avait une palme entre deux chérubins. Chaque chérubin avait deux visages,

19 une face d'homme tournée d'un côté vers la palme, et une face de lion tournée de l'autre côté vers l'autre palme; il en était ainsi tout autour de la maison.

20 Depuis le sol jusqu'au-dessus de la porte, il y avait des chérubins et des palmes, et aussi sur la muraille du temple.

21 Les poteaux du temple étaient carrés, et la face du sanctuaire avait le même aspect.

22 L'autel était de bois, haut de trois coudées, et long de deux coudées. Ses angles, ses pieds, et ses côtés étaient de bois. L'homme me dit: C'est ici la table qui est devant l'Eternel.

23 Le temple et le sanctuaire avaient deux portes.

24 Il y avait aux portes deux battants, qui tous deux tournaient sur les portes, deux battants pour une porte et deux pour l'autre.

25 Des chérubins et des palmes étaient sculptés sur les portes du temple, comme sur les murs. Un entablement en bois était sur le front du vestibule en dehors.

26 Il y avait des fenêtres fermées, et il y avait des palmes de part et d'autre, ainsi qu'aux côtés du vestibule, aux chambres latérales de la maison, et aux entablements.

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From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

Arcanes Célestes 648

L’Apocalypse Révélée 861, 945

L'Amour Conjugal 26

La Divine Providence 134

Doctrine de a Nouvelle Jérusalem sur Le Seigneur 52

Du Ciel et de L'Enfer 171

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 164


Other references to this chapter:

Arcanes Célestes 3391, 3708, 3858, 4482, 5291, 6367, 7847, ...

L’Apocalypse Révélée 36, 191, 239, 367, 486, 904

La Doctrine de l'Écriture Sainte 97

Du Ciel et de L'Enfer 197

La Vraie Religion Chrétienne 260


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 208, 220, 277, 391, 417, 458, 627, ...

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 53

Hop to Similar Bible Verses

Exode 30:1

1 Rois 6:1, 23, 31, 7:29

2 Chroniques 4:22

Ézéchiel 1:10, 40:16, 42:1, 44:16

Zacharie 6:12

Malachie 1:7

Apocalypse 21:16

Word/Phrase Explanations

temple
'A temple' represents heaven and the church. The sacred place where the ark was, represents the inmost, or third heaven, and the church among people...

six
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

côté
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

tente
'Tent' is used in the Word to signify the celestial and holy aspects of love, because in ancient time they performed holy worship in their...

Porte
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

Dix
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

Cinq
Five also signifies all things of one part.

longueur
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

quarante
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

vingt
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything or fullness, because it is ten twice. 'Twenty,' as in Genesis 18:31, like all numbers occurring in...

deux
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

Sept
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

saint
'Sanctuary' signifies the truth of heaven and the church. 'Sanctuary,' as in Ezekiel 24:21, signifies the Word.

mur
'A wall' signifies truth in outer extremes. 'A wall,' as in Revelation 21, signifies the divine truth proceeding from the Lord, and so, the truth...

maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

autour
'Round about' denotes the things most distant from the middle, or from good and truth.

quatre
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

trente
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...

trois
'Thirteen,' between twelve and fourteen, denotes the intermediate state. 'Thirteen,' as the sum of ten and three, denotes remains.

entrer
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

canne
'A reed' or 'cane' signifies feeble power, like a person has from himself.

entrée
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

septentrion
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

midi
'South' denotes truth in light.

l'occident
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

cent
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

derrière
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

les fenêtres
'Window' signifies truth in the light.

fenêtres
'Window' signifies truth in the light.

bois
'Wood' signifies good, as well the good of love to the Lord as the good of charity towards our neighbor.

sol
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

Mesure
'To measure' signifies knowing and exploring the quality of something.

chérubins
A Cherub has as its first definition in the dictionary, “A winged heavenly creature.” Cherubim is the plural of cherub. In the Word, the words...

Chérubin
A Cherub has as its first definition in the dictionary, “A winged heavenly creature.” Cherubim is the plural of cherub. In the Word, the words...

visages
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

sanctuaire
'Sanctuary' signifies the truth of heaven and the church. 'Sanctuary,' as in Ezekiel 24:21, signifies the Word.

autel
The first altar mentioned in the Word was built by Noah after he came out of the ark. On that altar, he sacrificed clean animals...

côtés
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

table
Food and drink in the Bible represent the desire to be loving and the understanding of how to be loving, gifts that flow from the...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Commentary

 

Two      

By New Christian Bible Study Staff

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The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible.

In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see if we consider the conflicts we tend to have between our "hearts" and our "heads" – between what we want and what we know. Our "hearts" tell us that we want pie with ice cream for dinner; our "heads" tell us we should have grilled chicken and salad. If we can bring those two together and actually want what's good for us, we'll be pretty happy.

We're built that way – with our emotions balanced against our intellect – because the Lord is built that way. His essence is love itself, or Divine Love, the source of all caring, emotion and energy. It is expressed as Divine Wisdom, which gives form to that love and puts it to work, and is the source of all knowledge and reasoning. In His case the two aspects are always in conjunction, always in harmony.

It's easy also to see how that duality is reflected throughout creation: plants and animals, food and drink, silver and gold. Most importantly, it's reflected in the two genders, with women representing love and men representing wisdom. That's the underlying reason why conjunction in marriage is such a holy thing.

So when "two" is used in the Bible to indicate some sort of pairing or unity, it means a joining together.

In rare cases, however, "two" is used more purely as a number. In these cases it stands for a profane or unholy state that comes before a holy one. This is because "three" represents a state of holiness and completion (Jesus, for instance, rase from the tomb on the third day), and "two" represents the state just before it.

(References: Arcana Coelestia 720, 747, 900, 1686, 5194)

From Swedenborg's Works

 

Apocalypse Explained #220

Apocalypse Explained (Whitehead translation)      

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220. But it shall be told also what "temple" signifies in the Word. In the highest sense, "temple" signifies the Lord's Divine Human, and in the relative sense, heaven; and as it signifies heaven, it also signifies the church, for the church is the Lord's heaven on earth; and as "temple" signifies heaven and the church it also signifies Divine truth proceeding from the Lord, for the reason that this makes heaven and the church; for those who receive Divine truth in soul and heart, that is, in faith and love, are they who constitute heaven and the church. As such is the signification of "temple," it is said, "the temple of My God;" "My God," when said by the Lord, meaning heaven and Divine truth there, which also is the Lord in heaven. The Lord is above the heavens, and to those who are in the heavens He appears as a sun. From the Lord as a sun light and heat go forth. Light in heaven is in its essence Divine truth, and heat in heaven is in its essence Divine good; these two make heaven in general and in particular. Divine truth is what is meant by "My God;" therefore in the Word of the Old Testament the Lord is called both "Jehovah" and "God;" "Jehovah" where Divine good is treated of, and "God" where Divine truth is treated of; for the same reason also angels are called "gods," and the word God in the Hebrew is used in the plural, Elohim. This shows why it is said, "the temple of My God." (That the Lord is called "Jehovah" where Divine good is treated of, but "God" where Divine truth is treated of, see Arcana Coelestia 709, 732, 2586, 2769, 2807, 2822, 3921, 4283, 4402, 7010, 9167; that He is called Jehovah" from Esse, thus from Essence, but "God" from Existere, thus from Existence, n. 300, 3910, 6905; that the Divine Esse moreover is Divine good, and the Divine Existere is Divine truth, n. 3061, 6280, 6880, 6905, 10579; and in general that good is the esse, and truth the existere therefrom, n. 5002; that the angels are called "gods" from their reception of Divine truth from the Lord, n. 4295, 4402, 7268, 7873, 8192, 8301, 8192. That the Divine of the Lord in the heavens is Divine truth united to Divine good, see in the work on Heaven and Hell (13, 133, 139-140. That light in the heavens is in its essence Divine truth, and heat there is Divine good, both from the Lord, see in the same work n. 126-140, 275.)

(References: Arcana Coelestia 5002; Revelation 3:12; The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 126-140, 275)


[2] That "temple" in the Word signifies the Lord's Divine Human, and in the relative sense, heaven and the church, consequently also Divine truth, can be seen from the following passages.

In John:

The Jews asking, What sign showest Thou unto us, that Thou doest these things? Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up. Then said the Jews, In forty and six years was this temple built, and wilt Thou raise it up in three days? But He was speaking of the Temple of His body (John 2:18-23).

That "temple" signifies the Lord's Divine Human is here openly declared; for "destroying the temple and raising it up after three days" means the Lord's death, burial, and resurrection.

(References: John 2:18-22)


[3] In Malachi:

Behold, I send My messenger, and he shall prepare the way before Me; and the Lord shall suddenly come to His temple, and the Angel of the covenant whom ye seek (Malachi 3:1).

Here also "temple" means the Lord's Divine Human; for the Lord's coming is here treated of, therefore "coming to His temple" signifies to His Human.

[4] In Revelation:

I saw no temple in the New Jerusalem, for the Lord God Almighty is its temple, and the Lamb (Revelation 21:22).

The New Heaven and the New Earth, when they will be in internals, and not in externals, are here treated of, therefore it is said, that "there will be no temple," but "the Lord God Almighty, and the Lamb." "The Lord God Almighty," is the Divine Itself of the Lord, and "the Lamb" is His Divine Human; from which also it is clear, that His Divine in the heavens is meant by "temple."

(References: Luke 12:8)


[5] In Isaiah:

I saw the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up, and His skirts filled the temple (Isaiah 6:1).

"The throne high and lifted up," upon which the Lord was seen to sit, signifies the Lord in respect to Divine truth in the higher heavens; but "His skirts" signify His Divine truth in the church. (That "skirts" signify, in reference to the Lord, His Divine truth in ultimates, see Arcana Coelestia 9917.)

That:

The veil of the temple was rent into two parts from the top to the bottom, after the Lord suffered (Matthew 27:51; Mark 15:34, 38; Luke 23:45);

signified the union of the Lord's Divine Human with the Divine itself (see Arcana Coelestia 9670).

[6] In the passages that follow "temple" signifies the Lord's Divine Human, and at the same time heaven and the church.

In David :

I will bow myself down toward the temple of Thy holiness, and will confess unto Thy name (Psalms 138:2).

In Jonah:

I said, I am cast out from before Thine eyes, but yet will I add to look to the temple of Thy holiness, and my prayer came to Thee to the temple of Thy holiness (Jon. Haggai 2:4, 7).

In Habakkuk:

Jehovah in the temple of Thy 1 holiness (Habakkuk 2:20).

In Matthew:

Woe unto you, ye blind guides, who say, Whosoever shall swear by the temple, it is nothing; but whosoever shall swear by the gold of the temple, he is a debtor. Ye fools and blind; for whether is greater, the gold or the temple that sanctifieth the gold? (Matthew 23:16, 17).

In John :

Jesus said to them that sold in the temple, Take these hence; make not My Father's house a house of merchandise. Then the disciples remembered that it was written, The zeal of Thine house hath consumed me (John 2:16, 17).

(References: John 2:16-17; Jonah 2:4, 2:7; Matthew 23:16-17)


[7] Beside these, there are many other passages in the Word where "temple" is mentioned. That it may be known that "temple" means heaven and the church, as also Divine truth proceeding from the Lord, I will cite these passages here, lest the mind should cling to the idea that a mere temple is meant, and not something more holy; for the temple in Jerusalem was holy because it represented and thus signified what is holy. That "temple" signified heaven is evident from these passages. In David:

I called upon Jehovah, and cried unto my God: He heard my voice from His temple (Psalms 18:6).

In the same:

A day in Thy courts is better than thousands. I have chosen to stand at the door in the house of my God, rather than to dwell in the tents of wickedness (Psalms 84:10).

In the same:

The righteous shall flourish like the palm-tree; he shall grow like a cedar in Lebanon. They that are planted in the house of Jehovah shall flourish in the courts of our God (Psalms 92:12-13).

In the same :

One thing have I asked of Jehovah; that I may dwell in the house of Jehovah, and to early visit His temple (Psalms 27:4).

I shall be at rest in the house of Jehovah for length of days (Psalms 23:6).

In John:

Jesus said, In My Father's house are many mansions (John 14:2).

It is clear that in these passages, by "house of Jehovah" and "Father's house" heaven is meant.

[8] In the following passages the church also is meant. In Isaiah:

The house of our holiness and our splendor, where our fathers praised Thee, is burned up with fire (Isaiah 64:11).

In Jeremiah:

I have forsaken My house, I have abandoned Mine heritage (Jeremiah 12:7).

In Haggai:

I will shake all nations, that the choice of all nations may come; and I will fill this house with glory. The silver is Mine, and the gold is Mine. The glory of this latter house shall be greater than that of the former (Haggai 2:7-9).

In Isaiah:

He shall say to Jerusalem, Thou shalt be built; and to the temple, Thou shalt be founded (Isaiah 44:28).

Here the coming of the Lord and a new church at that time are treated of. In Zechariah the meaning is similar:

The house of Jehovah was founded that the temple may be built (Zechariah 8:9).

In Daniel:

Belshazzar commanded to bring the vessels of gold and silver which Nebuchadnezzar his father had taken out of the temple in Jerusalem, that they might drink from them. They drank wine, and praised the gods of gold, and of silver, of brass, of iron, of wood, and of stone, and then came the writing on the wall (Daniel 5:2-4.).

The "gold and silver vessels that were brought from the temple of Jerusalem" signified the goods and truths of the church; that they "drank wine from them and praised the gods of gold, of silver, of brass, of iron, of wood, and of stone," signifies the profanation of those goods and truths; and on account of this the writing appeared on the wall, and the king 2 was changed from a man into a wild beast.

[9] In Matthew:

And the disciples came to show Jesus the building of the temple. Jesus said unto them, See ye all these things? There shall not be left here stone upon stone that shall not be thrown down (Matthew 24:1, 2; Mark 13:1-5; Luke 21:5-7).

That "there should not be left of the temple stone upon stone that should not be thrown down" signifies the total destruction and vastation of the church ("stone" signifying the truth of the church); and because this is what is meant, the successive vastation of the church is what is treated of in these chapters in the Evangelists.

In Revelation:

And the angel stood, saying, Rise and measure the temple of God and the altar, and them that worship therein (Revelation 11:1).

The "temple" here also signifies the church, and "measuring" signifies to explore its quality:

The new temple and its measurements (Ezekiel 40-Ezekiel 47); have a like signification.

(References: Mark 13:1-2; Matthew 24:1-2)


[10] That "temple" signifies Divine truth which is from the Lord, is evident from the following passages.

In Ezekiel:

The glory of Jehovah mounted up from above the cherub over the threshold of the house; and the house was filled with the cloud; but the court was full of the brightness of the glory of Jehovah (Ezekiel 10:4).

"House" here means heaven and the church, and "cloud" and "glory" Divine truth. (That "cloud" is Divine truth, see above, n. 36; and "glory" the like, n. 33.)

(References: Ezekiel 40:1, 41:1, 42:1, 43:1, 44:1, 45:1, 46:1, 47:1; The Apocalypse Explained 33, 36)


[11] In Micah:

Many nations shall go, and say, Come and let us go up to the mountain of Jehovah, and to the house of our God; that He may instruct us of His ways, and that we may go in His paths; for from Zion shall go forth instruction, and the Word out of Jerusalem (Micah 4:2).

"Mountain of Jehovah, and house of God," signify the church, likewise "Zion" and "Jerusalem;" "to be instructed of His ways, and to go in His paths," is to be instructed in Divine truths; it is therefore said, "From Zion shall go forth instruction, and the Word out of Jerusalem."

[12] In Isaiah:

A voice of a tumult of Jehovah 3 from the city, the voice of Jehovah out of the temple (Isaiah 66:6).

"City" means the doctrine of truth; "temple" the church; and "the voice of Jehovah out of the temple" Divine truth. In Revelation:

There came forth a great voice out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying (Revelation 16:17).

Here, likewise, "voice" means Divine truth.

Again:

And the temple of God in heaven was opened, and there was seen in the temple the ark of His covenant; and there were lightnings, voices, thunderings (Revelation 11:19).

"Lightnings, voices, thunderings," signify in the Word Divine truths out of heaven (see Arcana Coelestia 7573, 8914).

The temple of the tabernacle of the testimony in heaven was opened; and there came out from the temple seven angels, having the seven plagues. And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God, and from His power (Revelation 15:5-6, 8).

Here seven angels are said to have come out from the temple in heaven, because "angels" signify Divine truths (see above, n. 130, 200). What is signified by "smoke from the glory of God" will be seen in the explanation of these words further on. It should be known, moreover, that the temple built by Solomon, and also the house of the forest of Lebanon, and each particular thing pertaining to them (as described in 1 Kings 6, 1 Kings 7), signified spiritual and celestial things pertaining to the church and to heaven.

-----
Footnotes:

1. The Hebrew has "His," as found in Apocalypse Explained 587; Arcana Coelestia 643 Arcana Coelestia 643[1-4].

2. It was not Belshazzar but Nebuchadnezzar who was changed into a beast.

3. "Of Jehovah" is not found in the Hebrew.

-----

(References: 1 Kings 6:1, 7:1; John 2:16-22; Luke 12:8; Revelation 3:12; The Apocalypse Explained 130, 200)

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From Swedenborg's Works

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 202, 222, 223, 242, 253, 277, 313, 392, 478, 608, 629, 695, 699, 909, 914, 915, 918, 920, 939, 948, 1013

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Foundation for their permission to use this translation.


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