The Bible

 

Ezekiel 17

English: Basic English Bible         

Study the Inner Meaning

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1 And the word of the Lord came to me, saying,

2 Son of man, give out a dark saying, and make a comparison for the children of Israel,

3 And say, This is what the Lord has said: A great eagle with great wings, full of long feathers of different colours, came to Lebanon, and took the top of the cedar:

4 Biting off the highest of its young branches, he took it to the land of Canaan, and put it in a town of traders.

5 And he took some of the seed of the land, planting it in fertile earth, placing it by great waters; he put it in like a willow-tree.

6 And its growth went on and it became a vine, low and widely stretching, whose branches were turned to him and its roots were under him: so it became a vine, putting out branches and young leaves.

7 And there was another eagle with great wings and thick feathers: and now this vine, pushing out its roots to him, sent out its branches in his direction from the bed where it was planted, so that he might give it water.

8 He had it planted in a good field by great waters so that it might put out branches and have fruit and be a strong vine.

9 Say, This is what the Lord has said: Will it do well? will he not have its roots pulled up and its branches cut off, so that all its young leaves may become dry and it may be pulled up by its roots?

10 And if it is planted will it do well? will it not become quite dry at the touch of the east wind, drying up in the bed where it was planted?

11 Then the word of the Lord came to me, saying,

12 Say now to this uncontrolled people, Are these things not clear to you? Say to them, See, the king of Babylon came to Jerusalem and took its king and its rulers away with him to Babylon;

13 And he took one of the sons of the king and made an agreement with him; and he put him under an oath, and took away the great men of the land:

14 So that the kingdom might be made low with no power of lifting itself up, but might keep his agreement to be his servants.

15 But he went against his authority in sending representatives to Egypt to get from them horses and a great army. Will he do well? will he be safe who does such things? if the agreement is broken will he be safe?

16 By my life, says the Lord, truly in the place of the king who made him king, whose oath he put on one side and let his agreement with him be broken, even in Babylon he will come to his death.

17 And Pharaoh with his strong army and great forces will be no help to him in the war, when they put up earthworks and make strong walls for the cutting off of lives:

18 For he put his oath on one side in letting the agreement be broken; and though he had given his hand to it, he did all these things; he will not get away safe.

19 And so the Lord has said, By my life, truly, for my oath which he put on one side, and my agreement which has been broken, I will send punishment on his head.

20 My net will be stretched out over him, and he will be taken in my cords, and I will send him to Babylon, and there I will be his judge for the wrong which he has done against me.

21 All his best fighting-men will be put to the sword, and the rest will be sent away to every wind: and you will be certain that I the Lord have said it.

22 This is what the Lord has said: Further, I will take the highest top of the cedar and put it in the earth; cutting off from the highest of his young branches a soft one, I will have it planted on a high and great mountain;

23 It will be planted on the high mountain of Israel: it will put out branches and have fruit and be a fair cedar: under it all birds of every sort will make their living-place, resting in the shade of its branches.

24 And it will be clear to all the trees of the field that I the Lord have made low the high tree and made high the low tree, drying up the green tree and making the dry tree full of growth; I the Lord have said it and have done it.

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   Study the Inner Meaning
From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 140


Other references to this chapter:

Arcana Coelestia 40, 368, 776, 885, 2702, 3448, 3901, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 244, 298, 343, 400, 401, 757, 759

The Lord 28

True Christian Religion 290, 468


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 109, 281, 283, 355, 419, 507, 577, ...

The White Horse - Appendix 1

Other New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:


Hop to Similar Bible Verses

Genesis 41:6

Deuteronomy 17:16, 28:49

Joshua 9:20

Judges 14:12

1 Samuel 2:7

1 Kings 32, 33

2 Kings 10:15, 24:12, 14, 15, 16, 20

2 Chronicles 36:10

Psalms 2:6

Isaiah 11:1, 31:1, 36:6

Jeremiah 22:23, 23:5, 24:1, 32:4, 34:3, 21, 37:5

Ezekiel 2:5, 5:13, 9:10, 12:9, 13, 14, 16:43, 19:10, 12, 20:40, 21:5, 28, 22:14, 24:3, 14, 29:6, 31:6, 36:36, 37:14

Daniel 4:8, 9

Hosea 12:11

Micah 4:1

Matthew 13:32, 23:12

Mark 4:32

Luke 1:52

Word/Phrase Explanations

the Word
In general, we tend to be very aware of how knowing what's true leads to doing what is good. That starts as children, with parents...

word
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

the Lord
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

lord
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

son
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

son of man
The Lord, in some places, calls Himself 'the son of God,' at other times, 'the son of man (ἄνθρωπος).' This is always according to the...

children
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

great
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

eagle
Eagle wings, referred to in Daniel 7:3, signify rational principles grounded in man's proprium.

wings
'Wings' signify spiritual truths. 'Wings,' when related to the Lord, signify the divine spiritual. In the opposite sense, 'wings' relate to falsities and rationalizations from...

Full
'To satiate' relates to the extent of a person's will, for good or evil.

long
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

feathers
Feathers signify spiritual good, from which truth is derived.

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

lebanon
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

Land of Canaan
The land of Canaan' in the Word, means love, and consequently, the will of the celestial self.

land
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

canaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

town
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

traders
'Merchants' signify people who have knowledges of good and truth. Merchants,' as in Nahum 3:16, signify people who falsify the Word, and communicate, and sell.

the seed of
'The seed of Sihor,' as in Isaiah 23:3, signifies scientific truth.

seed
'A seed' signifies love, and everyone who has love, as in Genesis 12:7. 8:15, 16. 'A seed' signifies faith grounded in charity. 'A seed' signifies...

earth
"Earth" in the Bible can mean a person or a group of like-minded people as in a church. But it refers specifically to the external...

turned
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

To
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

roots
'A root,' as in Malachi 4:1, signifies charity. The dried up root,' as in Hosea 9:16, 17, signifies charity which could not bear fruit.

under
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

sent
'To send' signifies revealing.

might
'Might' denotes the forces or power of truth.

good
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

field
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

branches
A branch (Matt. 24:32) signifies affection, for affection springs and flourishes from good as a branch Springs from its trunk. A branch (Mal. 4:1) denotes...

fruit
We tend to think of "fruit" in two ways in natural language. One is as food that grows on trees and vines, sweet and delicious,...

Vine
In Zechariah 8:12, 'the vine shall give her fruit, and the ground her increase,' signifies that the spiritual affection of truth produces the good of...

well
A pit,' or 'well which has no water,' as in Jeremiah 2:13, signifies doctrines which have no truths.

dry
'Withering and drying up,' as in Ezekiel 17:10, referring to the east wind, signifies when there is no good or truth.

touch
Imagine having your mother touch your cheek. Then imagine having your spouse or someone you love romantically touch your cheek. Then imagine having a baby...

Wind
In the Bible, the wind represents the power of the Lord working on us through the heavens. The Lord is love itself, and by extending...

drying
In the Bible (and in life), the idea of withering is usually connected to plants, and plants generally wither if they don't get enough water....

see
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

babylon
Babylon was an ancient city built on the Euphrates river in what is now southern Iraq. It once was the capital of a great empire...

jerusalem
Jerusalem first comes to or attention in II Samuel, chapter 5 where King David takes it from the Jebusites and makes it his capital. In...

rulers
Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.

oath
An oath' or 'swearing' signifies confirmation and conjunction.

lifting
The idea of "lifting" is used in a number of different ways in the Bible. In general, it means connecting with a higher spiritual state...

keep
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

representatives
In the most ancient church, their method of expressing themselves was such, that when they mentioned earthly and worldly things, they thought of the spiritual...

egypt
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

horses
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

life
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

says
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

place
'A room' or 'place' denotes state.

side
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

pharaoh
'Pharaoh' signifies scientific ideas, or the natural principle in general. 'Pharaoh' signifies false ideas infesting the truth of the church. Pharaoh,' in Genesis 40, represents...

army
Forces denote the power of truth.

forces
Forces denote the power of truth.

war
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

given
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

hand
In Genesis 27:22, 'voice' relates to truth, and 'hand,' to good.

punishment
Punishment' is the consummation of evil, because after punishment, reformation succeeds. This is why it says in Deuteronomy 25:3, 'that no more than forty stripes...

head
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

net
To cast the net on the right side,' as in John 21:6, signifies teaching the good of life.

judge
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

sword
The three words, sword, famine and pestilence, appear in a group in 26 different Bible verses. That's not an accident. Sword, famine and pestilence describe...

high
'Height' signifies what is inward, and also heaven.

mountain
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

birds
"Birds" mean rational concepts in the external man and intellectual concepts in the internal man.

shade
In Psalm 121:6, 'be a shade on the right hand' means being a defense against the evil and falsity.

Trees of the field
'The trees of the field,' as in Ezekiel 31:15, signify the knowledges of truth in the church.

trees
In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

tree
In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

Commentary

 

Shrub      

By New Christian Bible Study Staff

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'A shrub' signifies the knowledges of truth.

(References: The Apocalypse Explained 410)

Commentary

 

Son      

By New Christian Bible Study Staff

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'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church.

(References: Arcana Coelestia 526, Genesis 5:28)


'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good.

(References: Arcana Coelestia 3024, Genesis 24:3)


'A son,' as in Genesis 30:7, signifies a general truth.

(References: Arcana Coelestia 3496, Genesis 30:7)


'A son,' in Genesis 38:4, signifies evil, and in verse 4, signifies something idolatrous.

(References: Arcana Coelestia 4823, 4825, Genesis 38:4-5)


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