聖書

 

Joshua 5:13-15 : Joshua on Holy Ground

勉強

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13 And it came to pass, when Joshua was by Jericho, that he lifted up his eyes and looked, and, behold, there stood a man over against him with his sword drawn in his hand: and Joshua went unto him, and said unto him, Art thou for us, or for our adversaries?

14 And he said, Nay; but as captain of the host of the LORD am I now come. And Joshua fell on his face to the earth, and did worship, and said unto him, What saith my lord unto his servant?

15 And the captain of the LORD's host said unto Joshua, Loose thy shoe from off thy foot; for the place whereon thou standest is holy. And Joshua did so.

解説

 

靴を脱いでください

     

による New Christian Bible Study Staff (機械翻訳された 日本語)

From a Sakura picnic, Yoyogi park, Tokyo, March 2016.

この非常に短い物語は、ヨシュア記の第1章にあります。 5天使がエリコの近くにいるヨシュアの前に現れ、「聖なる場所に立っているのだから、靴を脱ぎなさい」と言いました。

よく知られているところでは、「モーゼと燃える柴」の物語の中にも同じような箇所があります。 出エジプト記3:5ここで、エホバはモーセに靴を脱ぐように命じますが、これも聖地にいるからです。

これらの話は何を意味しているのでしょうか?

どちらの話にも警告があります。ジョシュアに立ち向かった天使は、剣を抜いています。出エジプト記では、燃える柴が出てきて、エホバがモーセに「この場所に近づいてはいけない」と警告します。これらの警告は、モーセや後のヨシュアが、神を感覚的なレベルだけで考え続けてはいけないということを意味しています。モーセやヨシュアは、感覚的に神を思い浮かべるのではなく、自分が愛し、理解しているものを通して、より内面的な心で神に近づかなければなりません。

二人は靴を脱ぐように言われます。なぜでしょう?靴は、私たちの心の中で最も低い、感覚的な部分を表しています。肉体的な部分が邪魔をして、精神的なことを明確に考えることができなくなるのです。

興味深いですね。霊的な真理を受け取って考えるためには、心を高める必要がありますが、自然界で自然な心を使ってそれを実践する必要もあります。私たちは、この高揚とグラウンディングの間の緊張関係を上手に利用しなければなりません。

もし私たちが霊的な考えを深め、知っている真理を実践することができれば、次第に自然の心も再形成され、主からの影響を受けることができるようになります。このことを詳しく説明しているスウェーデンボルグの著作の中の重要な2つの文章へのリンクを紹介します。

アルカナ・コエレスティア 6843アルカナ・コーレスティア 6844.

スウェーデンボルグの著作から

 

Arcana Coelestia#6844

この節の研究

        
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6844. Take off your shoes from upon your feet' means that the powers of the senses, which form the external levels of the natural, should be removed. This is clear from the meaning of 'shoes' as the powers of the senses forming the external levels of the natural, dealt with in 1748; and from the meaning of 'feet' as the natural, dealt with in 2162, 3147, 3761, 3986, 4280, 4938-4952. 'Taking off' plainly means removing since one is talking about the powers of the senses. Particular expressions have to be used in application to the actual matter to which they refer; thus 'being taken off' is applied to shoes, and 'being removed' to the powers of the senses. The implications of all this need to be stated. Anyone can see that here 'shoes' represent something that does not accord with Him who is holy and Divine, so that 'taking off one's shoes' was representative of the removal of things like that. Without this representation what would it matter to the Divine whether a person drew near in shoes or in bare feet, provided that inwardly he is the kind of person who can draw near the Divine in faith and love? Therefore the powers of the senses are meant by 'shoes', and those powers, which form the external levels of the natural, are by nature such that they cannot remain when one thinks with reverence about the Divine. Consequently because it was a time when representatives had to be observed, Moses was not allowed to draw near with his shoes on.

[2] The reason why the powers of the senses that form the external levels of the natural are by nature such that they cannot receive the Divine is that they are steeped in ideas of worldly, bodily, and also earthly things because they are the first to receive them. Therefore sensory impressions contained in the memory as a result of the activity of the senses draw their nature from the light and heat of the world, and hardly at all from the light and heat of heaven. As a consequence they are the last things that can be regenerated, that is, receive something of the light of heaven. This explains why, when a person is ruled by his senses and sensory impressions control his thinking, he inevitably thinks of the Divine as he does of earthly things. If also he is ruled by evil those impressions make him think in ways altogether contrary to the Divine. When therefore a person thinks about the kinds of things that have to do with faith and love to God he is raised, if he is governed by good, from the powers of the senses which form the external levels of the natural to more internal levels, consequently from earthly and worldly things nearer to celestial and spiritual ones.

[3] This is something people do not know about, the reason being that they do not know that internal levels distinct and separate from external ones are present within them, or that thought exists on increasingly internal levels as well as on more external ones. And unaware of these things a person cannot reflect on them. But see what has been stated already about thought ruled by sensory impressions:

People whose thought is ruled by sensory impressions have little wisdom, 5084, 5089, 5094, 6201, 6310-6312, 6314, 6316, 6318, 6598, 6612, 6614, 6622, 6624.

A person may be raised above the level of the senses, and when he is raised he comes into a quite gentle light; and this happens especially to those who are being regenerated, 6183, 6313, 6315.

All this now shows what is meant by 'taking off one's shoes from upon one's feet'. A person's natural divides into the external, the middle, and the internal, see 4570, 5118, 5126, 5497, 5649. The internal natural is meant by 'the feet', the middle natural by 'the soles', and the external by 'the shoes'.

  
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Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.