聖書

 

阿摩司書 5

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1 以色列家啊,要我為你們所作的哀歌

2 以色列民(原文是處女)跌倒,不得再起;躺在地上,無人攙扶。

3 耶和華如此以色列家的城發出一兵的,只剩一;發出一的,只剩個。

4 耶和華以色列家如此:你們要尋求我,就必存活。

5 不要往伯特利尋求,不要進入吉甲,不要過到別是巴;因為吉甲必被擄掠,伯特利也必歸於無有。

6 尋求耶和華,就必存活,免得他在約瑟家像發出,在伯特利焚燒,無人撲滅。

7 你們這使公平變為茵蔯、將公丟棄於地的,

8 尋求那造昴星和參星,使死蔭變為晨光,使白日變為黑夜,命來澆在地上的─耶和華是他的名;

9 他使力強的忽遭滅亡,以致保障遭遇毀壞。

10 你們怨恨那在城門口責備人的,憎惡那正直話的。

11 你們踐踏貧民,向他們勒索麥子;你們用鑿過的石頭建造房屋,卻不得在其內;栽種美好的葡萄園,卻不得所出的酒。

12 知道你們的罪過何等多,你們的惡何等大。你們苦待人,收受賄賂,在城門口屈枉窮乏人。

13 所以通達人見這樣的時勢必靜默不言,因為時勢真惡。

14 你們要求善,不要求惡,就必存活。這樣,耶和華─萬軍之必照你們所的與你們同在。

15 要惡惡善,在城門口秉公行義;或者耶和華─萬軍之向約瑟的餘民施恩。

16 耶和華─萬軍之如此:在一切寬闊處必有哀號的聲音;在各街市上必有人:哀哉!哀哉!又必農夫來哭號,善唱哀歌的來舉哀。

17 在各葡萄園必有哀號的聲音,因為我必從你中間經過。這是耶和華的。

18 想望耶和華日子來到的有禍了!你們為何想望耶和華的日子呢?那日黑暗沒有明,

19 景況好像躲避獅子遇見,或是進房屋,就被咬。

20 耶和華的日子不是黑暗沒有明麼?不是幽毫無輝麼?

21 厭惡你們的節期,也不喜悅你們的嚴肅會。

22 你們雖然向我獻燔祭和素祭,我卻不悅納,也不顧你們用肥畜獻的平安祭;

23 要使你們歌唱的聲音遠離我,因為我不你們彈琴的響聲。

24 惟願公平如大滾滾,使公如江滔滔。

25 以色列家啊,你們在曠野四十年,豈是將祭物和供物獻給我呢?

26 你們抬著為自己所造之摩洛的帳幕和偶像的龕,並你們的

27 所以我要把你們擄到大馬色以外。這是耶和華、名為萬軍之的。

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   内的意味を調べる

Exploring the Meaning of Amos 5      

By New Christian Bible Study Staff

In this fifth chapter of the Book of Amos, the first three verses (Amos 5:1-3) state the Lord's sorrow that the church - the truth from the Divine flowing into the world - has successively been devastated. (That was seen in Amos 4). When, in verse 3, it says, “The city that goes out by a thousand shall have a hundred left,” it means that very little truth is left to nourish the people. This bad state is their own doing.

In Amos 5:4-9, amid this dying out, the Lord entreats, almost anxiously, “Seek Me and live,” and then names traps, or spiritual states, that will turn people away from Him: Bethel, Gilgal, and Beersheba.

- The first, Bethel, here stands for falsifying knowledges.
- The second, Gilgal, signifies sensuous or external pleasures.
- The third, Beersheba, symbolized the last negative attitudes towards everything that constitutes faith and its doctrine. (See Arcana Coelestia 3923).

The next warning is to those “who turn justice into wormwood,” in Amos 5:7, i.e. they turn good into evil. (Arcana Coelestia 1488)

The Lord wants the people to return to Him, and explains clearly that He is the source of power, the one who, “made the Pleiades and Orion,” and the one who “rains ruin upon the strong”.

In Amos 5:10-13, in their love of their own intelligence, people continue to reject the Lord, to “tread down the poor,” rejecting even the little bits of truth coming to them. The people are warned, “Though you have built houses of hewn stone, yet you shall not dwell in them."

Stone meaning truths in our natural minds. (Apocalypse Explained 745). The dictionary meaning of “hewn” means a workman making something, so it can be seen as coming from ourselves, or our own intelligence. Anything like that is “devoid of life from the Divine” (Arcana Coelestia 9852).

In Amos 5:14-15, the path is shown for the way the Lord can be with us: “Seek good and not evil, that you may live.” It can’t be any plainer. In that way the Lord can reach out with His mercy, and “be gracious to the remnant of Joseph”. That remnant is a small amount of truth, and Joseph is the spiritual part of us. (Arcana Coelestia 3921).

In Amos 5:16-20, people are warned of how bad it will be for them when the day of the Lord comes. “Is not the day of the Lord darkness?”, for those who are in evil, “with no brightness in it?” A person’s suffering will be painful, “as though he went into the house, leaned his hand on the wall, and a serpent bit him,” and terrorizing, “As though a man fled from a lion and a bear met him.”

In Amos 5:21-22, God warns that people's fear-spurred worship won’t be accepted. He says, “I hate, I despise your feast days”. The strong language of the Lord is the mirror opposite of the depth of the evil the people are in.

In verses 23-25, "Take away your noisy songs and melodies," the Lord says, i.e. take away what sounds beautiful to you but is hurtful to the Divine because it lacks internal goodness and truth. In its place, in one of the Bible's memorable images, Jehovah says, "Let justice run down like water, and righteousness like a mightly stream”.

Then, at the end, in verses 26-27, the warning is clear: if the people don’t return to the Lord, everything good will be taken from them, as shown in verse 27:

“Therefore I will send you into captivity beyond Damascus”.

Damascus was the furthest boundary of Canaan, or beyond where spiritual things reside. The “boundary of Damascus” is also referred to in Ezekiel 47:16-18. See also Apocalypse Explained 1088.

スウェーデンボルグ

スウェーデンボルグの著作の主な説明:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 205


スウェーデンボルグによるこの章の他の参照:

天堂的奥秘 195, 468, 576, 922, 925, 1071, 1715, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 316, 410, 413, 501, 573, 620, 650, ...

The Lord 4, 38

Sacred Scripture 85

真實的基督徒信仰 51, 82, 689, 761


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 208, 365, 376, 448, 519, 526, 573, ...

Canons of the New Church 27

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 5, 56

Marriage 51, 82

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 9, 56, 75

その他の解説

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Word/Phrase Explanations

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

哀歌
The children of Israel represent 'lamentation' by various things which signified some evil of the church among them for which they were punished. When they...

處女
'Virgins,' as in Revelation 14:4, signify people who love truths because they are truths, so from a spiritual affection. 'Virgin' signifies the church as a...


The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

耶和華
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...


As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...


It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...


Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

尋求
The meaning of "to seek" in the Bible is pretty straightforward, but there is a bit of nuance: Swedenborg tells us that in most cases...

伯特利
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

進入
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

吉甲
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.


Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...


'Justice' signifies both good and truth.


Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...


'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

門口
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...


"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...


Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

建造
wrought (also entwined or entwisted) is predicated of the natural scientific principle, and in Isaiah 45:13, of divine natural truth.

房屋
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...


A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...


Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

葡萄園
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...


To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

知道
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...


In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

罪過
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...


主是爱本身,以智慧本身的形式表达。爱是他的本质,也是他的全部。智慧-对如何将爱付诸行动的热爱理解-稍微有点外在,为爱提供了一种表达自我的方式。 当圣经说“耶和华”时,它代表的是至高无上的爱,这是主的本质。那爱本身就是一个完整的整体,而爱也是一个,只适用于主的名字。然而,智慧表达在各种各样的思想和观念中,这些著作统称为神的真理。也有许多虚构的神,有时天使和人也可以被称为神(耶和华说摩西将成为亚伦的神)。因此,当圣经称上帝为“上帝”时,多数情况下是指神圣的真理。 在其他情况下,“上帝”指的是所谓的神圣人类。情况是这样的: 作为人类,我们不能直接将主作为上帝的爱来参与。它太强大了,太纯净了。相反,我们必须通过神圣的真理了解他来接近他。因此,神圣的真理是人类形式的主,这是我们可以接近和理解的形式。因此,“上帝”也被用来指代人类这一方面,因为它是真理的表达。


It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...


'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

耶和華的
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

黑暗
“黑暗”是没有光的状态。 “光”是来自主的真理,因此“黑暗”代表了缺乏真理的状态。 这是来自Arcana Coelestia的令人信服的文章: “尚未再生的人被称为'虚无而空的地球',也被称为'地面',其中根本没有播种任何善良或真理-'void'在没有善良的情况下,'empty' “那里没有真理。因此,存在着“深沉的黑暗”,愚蠢和缺乏对与对主的信仰以及与灵性和天体生活有关的任何事物的知识。 (天国的秘密17)...


“黑暗”是没有光的状态。 “光”是来自主的真理,因此“黑暗”代表了缺乏真理的状态。 这是来自Arcana Coelestia的令人信服的文章: “尚未再生的人被称为'虚无而空的地球',也被称为'地面',其中根本没有播种任何善良或真理-'void'在没有善良的情况下,'empty' “那里没有真理。因此,存在着“深沉的黑暗”,愚蠢和缺乏对与对主的信仰以及与灵性和天体生活有关的任何事物的知识。 (天国的秘密17)...


Nov. 4, 1879: Thomas Edison filed a patent for a long-burning light bulb. Nov. 5, 1879: The light bulb was universally accepted as the symbol...


The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

獅子
'A lion' signifies the good of celestial love and the truth from that good.

遇見
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...


Bears represent the power of the literal external stories and ideas of Bible, separate from their deeper meanings. Since they are wild carnivores, this is...


Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...


'A wall' signifies truth in outer extremes. 'A wall,' as in Revelation 21, signifies the divine truth proceeding from the Lord, and so, the truth...


'The bite of a snake' or 'serpent,' as in Amos. 5:19, signifies falsification of the Word, from the interior dominion of falsity from evil.

厭惡
'To loathe' denotes aversion.


A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

四十
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...


'Stars' signify the knowledge of truth and good. 'Stars' are frequently mentioned in the Word, and always signify goods and truths, but in an opposite...

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天堂的奥秘#1860

天堂的奥秘      

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1860. “天幽暗”表仇恨取代仁爱之时. 这从“幽暗”的含义清楚可知. 在圣言中,“黑暗”表虚假,而“幽暗”(或幽冥)表邪恶,如接下来所解释的. 当虚假取代真理时,就会有“黑暗”; 而当邪恶取代良善,或也可说,仇恨取代仁爱时,就会有“幽暗”. 当仇恨取代仁爱时,这幽暗如此之大,以致这人甚至不知道它是恶,更不知道这恶如此之大,以至于在来世会将他推入地狱. 事实上,充满仇恨之人以仇恨为乐,仿佛从中找到生命. 这种快乐和生命本身致使他除了知道仇恨是良善外,几乎不知道别的. 凡支持人的乐趣和欲望的,由于支持他的爱,故他都感觉为善,甚至到了这种程度: 当被告知它属于地狱时,他几乎难以相信; 而当被告知这种快乐和生命在来世会转化为粪便和尸体的恶臭时,他更难以相信; 他尤其不相信他会变成地狱的魔鬼和可怕的形像,因为地狱无非是由各种仇恨和这类恶魔的形式构成.

然而,凡有思考能力的人都能知道这一点. 因为若要他描述或表现仇恨,或不管用什么方式来描绘仇恨,他只会勾画出恶魔般的形像,就是诸如仇恨之人死后所变成的样子. 说来奇妙,在来世,这种人仍声称他们能进入天堂,有些人认为能进入天堂仅仅因为他们声称自己有信. 而事实上,天堂只有仁爱的形式,关于仁爱的性质,我们可从灵界的经历(553节)看出来. 让这些人认真想一想,这两种形式,即仇恨的形式和仁爱的形式,如何在同一个地方和谐共处?

“黑暗”表虚假,而“幽暗”(或幽冥). 这从以下圣言经文清楚可知,以赛亚书:

看哪! 黑暗遮盖大地,幽暗遮盖万民. (以赛亚书 60:2)

约珥书:

这地所有的居民要发颤,因为耶和华的日子快到,那日是黑暗, 幽冥. (约珥书 2:1,2)

西番雅书:

那日是忿怒的日子,是荒废凄凉的日子,是黑暗, 幽冥的日子. (西番雅书 1:15)

阿摩司书:

耶和华的日子,不是黑暗没有光明吗? 不是幽暗毫无光辉吗? (阿摩司书 5:20)

在上述经文中,“耶和华的日子”表教会的末期,也就是此处所论述的主题. “黑暗”表虚假,“幽暗”(或幽冥)表邪恶. 故这二者都被提及,否则这只是重复同一件事,或没有意义的多余的话. 然而,在本节,用来表述幽暗的这个术语既包含邪恶,也包含虚假,也就是说,既包含虚假所产生的浓密的邪恶,也包含邪恶所产生的浓密的虚假.

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

天堂的奥秘 6015, 6693, 7688, 8197, 9051

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 49, 106


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 70, 274, 701


翻訳: