聖書

 

Luke 24:13-35 : エマオへの道

内的意味を調べる

        

13 And, behold, two of them went that same day to a village called Emmaus, which was from Jerusalem about threescore furlongs.

14 And they talked together of all these things which had happened.

15 And it came to pass, that, while they communed together and reasoned, Jesus himself drew near, and went with them.

16 But their eyes were holden that they should not know him.

17 And he said unto them, What manner of communications are these that ye have one to another, as ye walk, and are sad?

18 And the one of them, whose name was Cleopas, answering said unto him, Art thou only a stranger in Jerusalem, and hast not known the things which are come to pass therein these days?

19 And he said unto them, What things? And they said unto him, Concerning Jesus of Nazareth, which was a prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people:

20 And how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him to be condemned to death, and have crucified him.

21 But we trusted that it had been he which should have redeemed Israel: and beside all this, to day is the third day since these things were done.

22 Yea, and certain women also of our company made us astonished, which were early at the sepulchre;

23 And when they found not his body, they came, saying, that they had also seen a vision of angels, which said that he was alive.

24 And certain of them which were with us went to the sepulchre, and found it even so as the women had said: but him they saw not.

25 Then he said unto them, O fools, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken:

26 Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory?

27 And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself.

28 And they drew nigh unto the village, whither they went: and he made as though he would have gone further.

29 But they constrained him, saying, Abide with us: for it is toward evening, and the day is far spent. And he went in to tarry with them.

30 And it came to pass, as he sat at meat with them, he took bread, and blessed it, and brake, and gave to them.

31 And their eyes were opened, and they knew him; and he vanished out of their sight.

32 And they said one to another, Did not our heart burn within us, while he talked with us by the way, and while he opened to us the scriptures?

33 And they rose up the same hour, and returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven gathered together, and them that were with them,

34 Saying, The Lord is risen indeed, and hath appeared to Simon.

35 And they told what things were done in the way, and how he was known of them in breaking of bread.

   内的意味を調べる

Explanation of Luke 24      

による Rev. John Clowes M.A.

Verse 1. That the Lord's resurrection early in the morning involves in it the arising of a new Church, both in general and in particular, yea also in singular, thus that He rises again daily, yea every moment, in the minds of the regenerate.

Verses 2-4. On which occasion they who are in the affection of good and truth experience the removal of all false principles, so that Divine good and Divine truth are made manifest.

Verses 5-7. By which they are led into holy adoration, and are admonished that the Lord's Humanity was made Divine, when the hereditary principle received from the mother was separated by temptation combats.

Verses 8-12. They therefore communicate this truth to those, who had before been instructed concerning it, but as yet they cannot receive it.

Verse 12. Nevertheless they who are more principled in the doctrine of faith are led to make enquiry about it, and seeing that in the Lord all truth was made Divine Good, they are excited to adoration.

Verses 13-17. They too, who are in the doctrine of charity and faith united, reason together on the subject, and by their reasonings bring the Lord near to and present with them, though they do not know it.

Verses 17-27. By which nearness and presence they are finally instructed, that the Divine principle of the Lord led the Human principle into the most grievous temptations, and this even to the last of ability, that He might expel thence every thing that was merely human, until nothing remained but what was Divine.

Verse 27. And that all this was in agreement with what the Word teaches, since there is nothing written in theWord, which does not respect the Lord Himself, his kingdom and Church.

Verses 28-32. They therefore who are in the doctrine of charity and faith united are thus excited to cleave to the Lord with more earnest affection, by virtue of which affection they obtain conjunction with him, and by that conjunction are instructed in the good and truth of faith, by which the Lord makes himself manifest.

Verses 32-36. On which occasion, recollecting the warmth of heavenly love which has been inspired by the Lord's presence, they testify the doctrine of the Lord's glorification to those, who had before received the doctrine of good and truth.

Verses 36-44. So that these latter also are made sensible of the Lord's presence, which is attended with alarm and perplexity, until they are instructed, that the Lord made the very corporeal principle in Himself Divine, both as to its sensual and recipient principles.

Verse 44. And that this was in agreement with the Word throughout, since the things contained in the internal sense are all written of Him, for hence is the sanctity of the Word.

Verses 45-47. Their understandings thus become enlightened by the light of Divine Truth, which teaches, that the Lord by temptation-combats subdued the hells, and glorified His Humanity, and that all obtain remission of sins, who do the work of repentance and believe in Him.

Verses 48-49. They are therefore ordained to testify these things, as soon as the light of Divine Truth in their minds becomes conjoined with the love of Divine Good.

Verses 50-53. For which purpose they receive Divine benediction, and by that benediction are convinced of the glorification of the Lord's Humanity, through its oneness with Divinity, and that this glorified Humanity is the only proper object of worship, because it is the only source of all good and truth in the Church.

スウェーデンボルグ

スウェーデンボルグの作品の解説または参考文献:

Arcana Coelestia 1540, 2816, 3863, 4735, 4859, 5045, 5405, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 36, 662

Divine Providence 114, 280

Doctrine of the Lord 11, 13, 35

True Christian Religion 128, 262, 777

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 286, 294


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 340, 443, 617, 677, 806, 820, 937

その他の解説

  ストーリー:



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聖書の意味

furlongs
Furlongs signify progressions in a series according to thoughts proceeding from affection. Furlongs, being measured ways, signify leading truths.

came to pass
The phrase “it came to pass,” often also translated as “it happened,” generally indicates the end of one spiritual state and the beginning of a...

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

walk
To walk in the Bible represents living, and usually means living according to the true things taught to us by the Lord -- to "walk...

answering
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

mighty
'Might' denotes the forces or power of truth.

word
'Sayings' denotes persuasion. 'Sayings,' when related to Jehovah, signify informing or instructing.

chief priests
'The chief priests and scribes,' as in Matthew 20:18, signify the adulterations of good and the falsifications of truth.

third
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

us
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

body
The body (Matt. 6:22), signifies the man (homo). "His body shall not remain all night upon the tree" (Deut. 21:23), signifies lest it should be...

seen
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

angels
"Angels" in the Bible represent qualities of the Lord himself, or a variety of things that come directly from the Lord. On a lower level...

saw
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

believe
The meaning of "believe" in the Bible is pretty straightforward, but runs deeper than what appears on the surface. When in the Old Testament people...

spoken
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

christ
Christ is one of the names of the Lord. It derives from Greek, and means "the anointed one," a King or Messiah. Christ as King...

enter
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

glory
Blessing, and glory, and wisdom, and thanksgiving (Rev. 7.) signify divine spiritual things of the Lord.

moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

sat
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

bread
The idea of a “loaf” in the Bible is very closely tied to the idea of “bread,” and is often used to mean bread: Jesus...

opened
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

sight
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

talked
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

way
In John 14:6, 'the way is doctrine,' 'the truth' is every thing pertaining to doctrine, and 'the life' is the essential good which is the...

rose
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

rose up
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

hour
The Writings tell us that time and space are aspects of the physical world, but do not exist as we know them in the spiritual...

risen
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

simon
'Simon, son of Jonah,' as in John 21:15, signifies faith from charity. 'Simon' signifies worship and obedience, and 'Jonah,' a dove, which also signifies charity.

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解説

 

エマオへの道      

による Joe David (機械翻訳された 日本語)

Lelio Orsi's painting, Camino de Emaús, is in the National Gallery in London, England.

それぞれの福音書には、日曜日の朝、棺が空っぽになっているのを見つけた弟子たちにイエス様が現れたことが書かれています。例えば、以下を参照してください。 マタイによる福音書28:16-20; マルコによる福音書16:14-19; ルカによる福音書24:13-33; ヨハネによる福音書20:19-31であり ヨハネによる福音書21.

ルカの福音書には、二人の弟子がエルサレムからエマオの村まで約7マイルの道のりを歩いている話があります。街を出て間もなく、二人は困った顔と真面目な話をしている二人に気付いた別の旅人に声をかけられ、何に困っているのかと尋ねられます。一緒に歩いていると、彼らは見知らぬ人に「エルサレムでのトラブル、イスラエルを救うために期待していたガリラヤの預言者が十字架につけられたことを聞いたことがないのですか」と尋ねます。奇妙なことに、何人かの女たちが三日目に彼の体に油を注ぎに行ったとき、彼らは天使を見て、彼はそこにはいなかったが、死からよみがえったと彼らに告げた。"

それを聞いた旅人は、彼らが信じていないことを非難し、「キリストがこれらのことを苦しめ、その栄光の中に入らなければならなかったことがわからないのか」と言いました。見知らぬ人は二人の弟子に、旧約聖書のモーセ書や預言者の書物から、イエス様についての多くのことを話しました。二人の弟子たちは畏敬の念を持って聞いていましたが、見知らぬ人が誰だかわかりませんでした。やがて二人はエマオにたどり着きます。二人が立ち止まると、見知らぬ人は先に進みたがっているように見えましたが、二人は彼にも立ち止まるように懇願しました。そこで彼らは皆で座って夕飯を食べ、見知らぬ人がパンを取り上げて割って、彼らに分け与えると、彼らの目が開かれて、彼を認識して、彼は消えてしまった。

これがイエス様であることを知ったとき,二人の上に現れた畏敬の念を想像することができます。彼らはイエスが十字架につけられたことを知っていたのに、イエスは数時間も歩いていて、彼らと話をしていたのです。女たちは正しかったのです。天使たちは正しかった! 彼は生きていたのです。

新教会は、主の御言葉、聖なる聖典にあるすべての物語には内的な意味があり、この内的な意味は、アブラハム、イサク、ヤコブ、ヨシュア、サムエル、ダビデなどの文字通りの物語、イザヤ書からマラキ書までの預言者たちのすべての言葉、そして四つの福音書の中にあると信じています。

では、この物語の中で私たちは何を見ることができるのでしょうか? モーセと預言者たち」にある内的な意味は、ベツレヘムでの誕生から「死」を経て復活されるまでのイエス様の人生の物語です。イエス様はそれを知っていて、確かに聖書を読んで、それを内面的に理解していたので、イエス様の地上での人生がどのように終わるのか、人類を救うためには「書かれた」通りに終わる必要があることを長い間知っていたのです。 だから、二人の弟子たちがエマオに向かって歩いているときに、その話をしたのです。

その歩き方についての詳細は...御言葉の中で、歩くことについて言及されていることは、本当に私たちが日々どのように生活しているかということを指しています。 御言葉の多くの物語の中で、ある人が神と共に歩んだと言われています。 私たちは神の道を歩むべきであり、まっすぐな道と狭い道を歩むべきだと言われています。

また、この物語の中では、これは六十スタディア(原語ギリシャ語では)の旅であったと言われています。 六十(または "六 "の他の倍数)は、私たちの先天的な利己主義から来る誘惑を拒否する生涯の仕事を表しています。 啓示された黙示録648.ですから、このエマオへの旅は、私たちの人生の旅を意味しています-主の教えに従って天使になろうとしている人として-。

目的地はエマオでした。御言葉の中では、どの都市も教義を表しており、私たちがそれに従って生きることができるように、私たちが整理された真理の集合体です。 参照 天界の秘義402.それらは、エルサレムやベツレヘムのように必ずしも良いものではありませんが、ソドムやバビロンのように悪い教義であることもあります。 私の辞書によると、エマオという名前は「温泉」という意味だそうです。御言葉の中のもう一つの普遍的な意味は、水はその有益な使用における真理を意味しますが、逆の意味で、地獄にいる人たちが真理をねじ曲げて偽りに変えたことを意味することもあります。例えば、参照してください。 天界の秘義790.アブラハムが掘った井戸や,イエスがサマリヤの女性に約束したヤコブの井戸のそばで話していた水,黙示録の新エルサレムの玉座の下から流れ出る清らかな水の川などを考えてみてください。逆の意味で、水が破壊的である場合、ノアとその家族以外のすべてを滅ぼした洪水や、イスラエルの子供たちが渡れるように紅海を分けなければならなかったことを考えてみてください。 エマオに代表される泉は、私たちが使うために御言葉から湧き出る聖なる真理でした。 そして、これらは温泉であり、熱は愛を意味します。ですから、そこが私たちの目的地であり、真理と愛が共に私たちのために、主からの絶え間ない流れの中で流れ出ている場所なのです。

弟子たちがエマオへの道で主に出会ったという、この平凡で小さな逸話は、イエス様が霊的な体を持って復活されただけの話ではありません。それはまた、私たちがどのように生きていくべきかという話でもあります。 私たちは天に向かって旅をし、主の声に耳を傾け、主と共に道を歩み、最後には主がパンを割って、私たちと一緒に夕飯を食べてくださるのです。


翻訳: