Jona 1

内的意味を調べる

German: Elberfelder (1871)         

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1 Und das Wort Jehovas geschah zu Jona, dem Sohne Amittais (S. 2. Kön. 14,25,) also:

2 Mache dich auf, gehe nach Ninive, der großen Stadt, und predige wider sie; denn ihre Bosheit ist vor mich heraufgestiegen.

3 Aber Jona machte sich auf, um von dem Angesicht Jehovas hinweg nach Tarsis (Eine phönizische Andiedlung in Spanien) zu fliehen; und er ging nach Japho (Joppe) hinab und fand ein Schiff, das nach Tarsis fuhr; und er gab sein Fährgeld und stieg in dasselbe hinab, um mit ihnen nach Tarsis zu fahren von dem Angesicht Jehovas hinweg.

4 Da warf Jehova einen heftigen Wind auf das Meer, und es entstand ein großer Sturm auf dem Meere, so daß das Schiff zu zerbrechen drohte.

5 Und die Seeleute fürchteten sich und schrieen, ein jeder zu seinem Gott; und sie warfen die Geräte, welche im Schiffe waren, ins Meer, um sich zu erleichtern. Jona aber war in den unteren Schiffsraum hinabgestiegen, und hatte sich hingelegt und war in tiefen Schlaf gesunken.

6 Und der Obersteuermann trat zu ihm hin und sprach zu ihm: Was ist mit dir, du Schläfer? Stehe auf, rufe deinen Gott an! vielleicht wird der Gott unser gedenken, daß wir nicht umkommen.

7 Und sie sprachen einer zum anderen: Kommt und laßt uns Lose werfen, damit wir erfahren, um wessentwillen dieses Unglück uns trifft. Und sie warfen Lose, und das Los fiel auf Jona.

8 Da sprachen sie zu ihm: Tue uns doch kund, um wessentwillen dieses Unglück uns trifft! Was ist dein Geschäft, und woher kommst du? Welches ist dein Land, und von welchem Volke bist du?

9 Und er sprach zu ihnen: Ich bin ein Hebräer; und ich fürchte Jehova, den Gott des Himmels, der das Meer und das Trockene gemacht hat.

10 Da fürchteten sich die Männer mit großer Furcht und sprachen zu ihm: Was hast du da getan! Denn die Männer wußten, daß er von dem Angesicht Jehovas hinwegfloh; denn er hatte es ihnen kundgetan.

11 Und sie sprachen zu ihm: Was sollen wir dir tun, damit das Meer sich gegen uns beruhige? denn das Meer wurde immer stürmischer (O. stürmte fort und fort; so auch v 13.)

12 Und er sprach zu ihnen: Nehmet mich und werfet mich ins Meer, so wird das Meer sich gegen euch beruhigen; denn ich weiß, daß dieser große Sturm um meinetwillen über euch gekommen ist.

13 Und die Männer ruderten hart (W. wollten durchbrechen,) um das Schiff ans Land zurückzuführen; aber sie vermochten es nicht, weil das Meer immer stürmischer gegen sie wurde.

14 Da riefen sie zu Jehova und sprachen: Ach, Jehova! laß uns doch nicht umkommen um der Seele dieses Mannes willen, und lege nicht unschuldiges Blut auf uns; denn du, Jehova, hast getan, wie es dir gefallen hat.

15 Und sie nahmen Jona und warfen ihn ins Meer. Da ließ das Meer ab (Eig. Da stand das Meer still) von seinem Wüten.

16 Und die Männer fürchteten sich vor Jehova mit großer Furcht, und sie schlachteten Schlachtopfer und taten Gelübde dem Jehova.

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   内的意味を調べる
章のまとめ

Exploring the Meaning of Jonah 1      

By Rev. Martin Pennington and Rev. George McCurdy

Billy Graham once said that the whole of Jesus' ministry could be summed up in two words; Come and Go.

COME to me, all who labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. (Matthew 11:28)

GO and make disciples of all nations (Matthew 28:19)

In the beginning of the Book of Jonah, chapter 1, we have a story about what happens when you do the first step, but not the second. Jonah was supposed to go preach the gospel -- the monotheistic worship of Jehovah -- to the people of Ninevah. Swedenborg tells us that the verses in Jonah 1:1-2 are about the people of Israel, who had received the Word - but wouldn't go out and share it amongst the nations.

In Jonah 1:4-6, peoples' spiritual knowledge declines, and begins to perish. It happens both in the land of Israel, and in the wider world.

Here are some key symbolic elements in this account:

- A ship represents the knowledge of good and truth useful for life (a church). (Apocalypse Revealed 406)

- A sea, storm and wind represents Hell and its influence. (Apocalypse Revealed 343[4])

- To be asleep means to be deluded by our own glory. (Arcana Coelestia 147)

In Jonah 1:7-9, the people who lived outside the land of Israel had some perception that their own spiritual knowledge was lacking, and they it had led to a collapse of their spiritual state. As Swedenborg puts it, "the state of the church was perverted among themselves".

When they perceived this, they also came to understand that they needed to reject falsified truths that they were getting from the Jewish church at that time, and pray to the Lord for salvation, to try to restore real worship, real spiritual love and wisdom.

Drawing lots, or playing a game of chance, represents pulling truths apart. (Arcana Coelestia 9942.13)

In Jonah 1:10-13, throwing Jonah into the sea represents the rejection of that hollowed-out church, to make way for a new church. Then, in Jonah 1:14-16, when the people in the boat pray unto the Lord for salvation -- it works! They are saved from foundering and drowning.

What's the takeaway for us? If we're getting false ideas from our neighbors, we need to perceive it, and stop. We need to identify our false beliefs, and reject them -- throw them into the sea. Then, we need to pray for salvation -- and then a new "church" can start in us, too, personally, with renewed spiritual life. And, when we come to the Lord, and experience spiritual "rest", then we can also go share our new true ideas and good loves with our neighbors -- coming, and going.

Here's a link to an interesting (audio) sermon on this chapter, by Rev. Todd Beiswenger.

Finally, here's a link to Rev. McCurdy's Study Guide for the Book of Jonah, which is available for free as a .pdf, for your use.

スウェーデンボルグ

スウェーデンボルグの著作の主な説明:

der Propheten und der Psalmen Davids 211


スウェーデンボルグによるこの章の他の参照:

Arcana Coelestia 1188, 1343, 1709, 2606, 10325

その他の解説

  ストーリー:



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Word/Phrase Explanations

Wort
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

Jehovas
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Jona
'Jonah' represents the Jewish nation.

Ninive
'Nineveh' signifies the falsities of doctrinal matters, also the Gentiles, or the falsities originating in the fallacies of the senses, in the obscurity of an...

stadt
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Bosheit
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

Vor
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

fliehen
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

Schiff
Ships were used in the ancient world – as they generally are now – to carry freight from nation to nation for trade. The various...

Wind
Because a nearer and stronger divine influx through the heavens disperses truths among the wicked, 'wind' signifies this dispersion of truth and the resulting conjunction...

Meer
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

gott
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

Schiffe
'Vessels,' in the internal sense, signify things serving as a receptacle, as scientific ideas and knowledges are to truths, and as truths themselves are to...

sprach
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

uns
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

los
On the most internal level, the stories of Abraham tell us about the Lord's development in his own childhood, with Abraham representing the Lord's spiritual...

Land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

Hebräer
The term 'Hebrew' is used in the Word to signify anything relating to service, whatever its nature may be. Hence Abraham, in one passage only...

himmels
Heavens are celestial and spiritual things. Consequently, they are inmost things, both of the Lord's kingdom in heaven the and in the earth. This also...

weiß
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

Seele
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

Blut
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

Stand
'To stay with,' as in Genesis 32:4, relates to the life of truth when accompanied by good, and in this instance, it means to take...

Gelübde
In Genesis 28:20, 'he vowed a vow' denotes, in the internal sense, willing that the Lord will provide. In the highest sense, where the Lord...

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.


 Casting Lots
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 How the Lord Saved Jonah
A retelling of the story for young children with beautiful color illustrations. 
Story | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Jonah and the Great Fish
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Jonah and the Great Fish
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah and the Great Fish (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah and the Great Fish (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 Jonah and the Great Fish (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 Jonah and the Stormy Sea
Color the drawings and then follow the directions to make a 3 dimensional picture. 
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 Jonah Disobeys the Lord
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Jonah in the Great Fish
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Jonah Swallowed by a Fish
Another way to make a 3 dimensional fish that can swallow Noah. 
Project | Ages up to 6

 Jonah Thrown Overboard
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Mighty Tempest on the Sea
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Quotes: Divine Providence and Evil
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 The Prophet Jonah
This article shows how the Lord tried to teach Jonah to be merciful and kind when Jonah disobeyed the Lord because of his hatred toward the Assyrians. 
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14


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