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Psalms 23 : Le 23ème psaume

Étude de la signification intérieure

        

1 The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not want.

2 He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters.

3 He restoreth my soul: he leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for his name's sake.

4 Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.

5 Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over.

6 Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: and I will dwell in the house of the LORD for ever.

   Étude de la signification intérieure

The Inner Meanings of the 23rd Psalm      

Par Rev. Julian Duckworth

Psalm 23 is undoubtedly the most well-known and well-loved of all the psalms with its illustration of the Lord as our shepherd. In the various descriptions of what a shepherd does for the sheep we are told what the Lord does for us in our spiritual journey.

As the psalm unfolds we continue to hear more about the Lord’s work for us, during states in our lives when we could be unsure and afraid, and of the Lord’s provision for us. Gradually the speaker confirms his trust in the Lord’s guidance and declares the many blessings the Lord brings. The psalm ends with an emphatic statement that goodness and mercy will always be present and a closing assurance of dwelling in the house of the Lord for ever.

This psalm of six verses would surely have been known and loved by the Lord during his life in the world as a statement of faith in his purpose to overcome evil and glorify his humanity. Jesus, in human states, would often have looked to his own divinity as his shepherd, and seen it as his anchor and provider. For us, spiritually, the same parallel applies, that our faith in the Lord is to be our trust and guide at all times.

The run of shepherding care in verses 2 and 3 speak about how the Lord leads us into acquiring new truths that bring heavenly peace and rest for us. Our state is lifted up and we live in goodness because we understand that this is the divine quality that God wishes for us to live by. (See Apocalypse Explained 375 and Arcana Caelestia 3696)

Still with shepherding, the valley of the shadow of death describes our states of being afraid and of not seeing the Lord with us during which our mind can be filled with disturbing and mocking thoughts. But we know that the Lord is there with us nonetheless. The “rod” and “staff” represent the power of the Lord’s truths for us to use; a rod is pointed out and stands for spiritual truths, a staff is leaned on and stands for natural truths or truths to do with life.”
(Apocalypse Explained 727)

With the provision of truth from the Lord it follows on to the picture of the table of bounty which truth brings to us as our spiritual nourishment and satisfaction. Our head anointed with oil has many associations of being the Lord’s chosen, of being loved and blessed by the Lord, and of how our mind with its understanding receives love and good to make it full of heavenly joy. “My cup runs over” means the unknown extent of the truths of the Word and the blessings of the Lord. (Apocalypse Explained 727)

The final verse is put in term of our full conviction of being in the Lord for ever and in all the days of our lives. What we experience and say in terms of time and duration spiritually means what is certain, perpetual and to all eternity. The ‘house of the Lord’ is heaven. (Arcana Caelestia 650)

Extrait de Swedenborg's Works

Passages de base:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 273


Autres références par Swedenborg à cette histoire:

Arcana Coelestia 57, 650, 3384, 3696, 4715, 4876, 5120, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 50, 383, 485, 672


Références des travaux inédits de Swedenborg :

Apocalypse Explained 71, 220, 375, 482, 662, 727, 960

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Hop aux versets bibliques similaires

Exodus 15:27

Psalms 27:4, 31:4, 34:10, 11, 92:11, 106:8, 109:21

Proverbs 4:11

Isaiah 40:11, 43:2

Jeremiah 31:25

Ezekiel 34:14

John 10:11, 14

Revelation 7:17

Sens des mots de la Bible

the Lord
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

lord
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

shepherd
The Writings tell us that shepherds represent those who lead and teach others, using knowledge and true ideas to help people reach the goodness of...

want
'Want of spiritual nourishment,' denotes a lack of knowledge, intelligence, and wisdom.

restoreth
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

soul
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

leadeth
"Leading" people in the Bible is, in the inner meaning, about leading people in spiritual things, not natural ones. When it talks about the Lord...

paths
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

righteousness
The word "righteous" has taken on a bit of negative shading in modern language. That may be because we hear it most often as part...

name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

walk
To walk in the Bible represents living, and usually means living according to the true things taught to us by the Lord -- to "walk...

Shadow of death
'The shadow of death' has respect to the states of people in hell, who are in the falsities of evil.

fear
Fear of the unknown and fear of change are both common ideas, and together cover a broad spectrum of the fears we tend to have...

evil
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

comfort
When the Bible talks about someone being comforted or consoled, it generally means that they are being offered ideas that will help bring them to...

table
Food and drink in the Bible represent the desire to be loving and the understanding of how to be loving, gifts that flow from the...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

head
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

oil
Oil – typically olive oil – was an extremely important product in Biblical times, for food preparation, medicinal ointment and for burning in lamps. As...

mercy
In regular language, "mercy" means being caring and compassionate toward those who are in poor states. That's a position we are all in relative to...

follow
The basic meaning of "follow" in the Bible is pretty obvious if we consider what it means to "follow the Lord." That obviously doesn't mean...

days
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

life
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

dwell
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

house of the
'The house of the prison' denotes the vastation of falsity, and also falsity itself.

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Vidéos de la Fondation Swedenborg

Les vidéos présentées ici sont fournies avec l'aimable autorisation de nos amis de la Fondation Swedenborg. Vous pouvez en savoir plus à leur sujet ici : swedenborg.com.


The Meaning of the 23rd Psalm

We explore the comfort, protection, and safety which God promises us on our spiritual journey, especially when we're undergoing spiritual struggles.


Can You Dwell in the House of the Lord?

The Bible talks about dwelling in “the house of the Lord.” But what does that really mean?


How to Get a Home in Heaven - Swedenborg & Life

What are the houses like in heaven? And how do we get one? We explore the spiritual living conditions of the afterlife and how we can work on our heaven house right now.

Ressources pour les parents et les enseignants

Les articles énumérés ici sont fournis avec l'aimable autorisation de nos amis de l'Église générale de la Nouvelle Jérusalem. Vous pouvez effectuer une recherche dans toute leur bibliothèque en suivant ce lien.


 A Shepherd and His Sheep
Use oil pastels or wax crayons to make a picture of shepherd, then use a sponge (cut into the shape of a lamb) to make little lambs around him.
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 Blessings: Good Tidings of Great Joy
Blessings to say at mealtime.
Activity | Ages over 7

 Blessings: Unto Us a Child Is Born
Blessings to say at mealtime.
Activity | Ages over 7

 Experiencing the Twenty-third Psalm
Explore the meaning of each phrase in Psalm 23, then help children experience it using their five senses.
Activity | Ages up to 10

 Following the Lord Our Shepherd
Use magnets to picture members of a family following the Lord as the shepherd.
Project | Ages up to 10

 Lord Is My Shepherd Diorama
Make a simple diorama to help remember the Lord's unceasing care.
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Memory Verse: God Meant It for Good
Activity | Ages 4 - 14

 Out of the Forest
A story showing how the Lord leads as described in the 23rd Psalm.
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Quotes: The Lord Is My Shepherd
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Rainbow Method of Learning the 23rd Psalm
Use the colors of the rainbow to help you learn the sequence of this psalm. 
Activity | Ages 4 - 10

 Ribbon Bookmark to Embroider
Embroider a satin ribbon with the words: "The Lord is my Shepherd" and pictures of a shepherd's staff and a little lamb.
Project | Ages over 7

 Shepherd and His Sheep Diorama
Project | Ages 7 - 17

 Talking with Your Child About the Twenty-Third Psalm
Article | Ages over 18

 The Good Shepherd
Worship Talk | Ages 4 - 7

 The Good Shepherd
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Lord Is My Shepherd
The Lord with His flock all around Him.
Coloring Page | All Ages

 The Lord Is My Shepherd
Print and display this lovely poster of the Twenty-third Psalm with an illustrative color border.
Picture | Ages over 7

 The Lord Is My Shepherd
"The teaching that the Lord is our Shepherd is a powerful and comforting one. The relationship between the sheep and their shepherd involves a sense of trust and security.
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 The Lord Is Our Shepherd
Color picture of the Lord our Shepherd.
Picture | Ages up to 14

 The Lord’s Rod and Staff
This family talk explains what the Lord's rod and staff are in our lives, and how He uses them to comfort us. 
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Shepherd Rescuing His Sheep
Project | Ages 11 - 17

 The Stream of Providence Game
This game is about the Lord leading us toward His heavenly sheepfold. 
Activity | Ages 11 - 14

 The Twenty-third Psalm
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Twenty-third Psalm Book
Illustrate the literal meaning of the psalm or its application to life. 
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 The Twenty-third Psalm Calligraphy with Illustrations
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 Twenty Third Psalm
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 9 - 12

 Two Roads
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Understanding the Twenty-third Psalm
An outline showing parts of the Psalm 23 with suggestions for explaining them to children.
Activity | Ages 4 - 10

Commentaire

 

Le 23ème psaume      

Par Mr. Brian P. David (machine translated into français)

The Lord as Shepherd, by Nana Schnarr

Le 23e psaume est l'une des œuvres littéraires les plus connues et les plus appréciées au monde, et il pourrait bien être le meilleur poème jamais écrit. C'est aussi un bel exemple de la puissance du langage figuratif : Nous lisons des choses profondes dans la vision de nous-mêmes en tant que moutons, conduits vers de verts pâturages et une bonne eau par un gentil berger. C'est un sentiment de confiance qui nous permet d'aller sans crainte dans la vallée de l'ombre de la mort, et de sentir l'amour et la sollicitude d'une table préparée par le Seigneur et d'une coupe si pleine qu'elle déborde.

Ce que les gens ne savent pas, cependant, c'est que cette langue a en fait des significations internes précises, et que lorsque nous les voyons, il y a une beauté encore plus profonde dans le poème. C'est parce qu'il décrit en fait le chemin du ciel et le désir ardent du Seigneur de nous y conduire.

La première étape est de laisser le Seigneur être notre berger - d'accepter son enseignement et son leadership. Les verts pâturages et les eaux tranquilles représentent les choses qu'il nous enseignera pour le voyage. Ensuite, il commence à travailler à l'intérieur de nous, en mettant de l'ordre dans notre vie spirituelle, afin que nous désirions faire le bien et nous aimer les uns les autres. Cela se traduit par la restauration de nos âmes et par le fait de nous conduire sur les chemins de la justice.

Mais nous devrons encore relever des défis. Nous vivons encore des vies extérieures, dans le monde, et nous sommes soumis à des désirs qui se manifestent dans ces vies extérieures, dans nos vies corporelles. C'est la vallée de l'ombre de la mort. Mais le bâton et la hampe représentent la vérité du Seigneur sur les plans externe et interne, des idées qui peuvent nous défendre contre ces désirs.

Et si nous continuons à suivre, le Seigneur nous préparera une table - une place en nous qu'il pourra remplir d'amour (l'huile d'onction) et de sagesse (la coupe qui déborde). Ainsi transformés, nous pouvons entrer au ciel, avec l'amour des autres ("bonté") et l'amour du Seigneur ("miséricorde") et nous pouvons aimer et être aimés pour l'éternité.

Une des nombreuses belles choses à ce sujet est le fait que c'est le Seigneur qui fait vraiment tout le travail. Dans tout le texte, la seule action entreprise par les moutons est de marcher dans la vallée de l'ombre de la mort. A part cela, elles suivent le Seigneur, font confiance au Seigneur, acceptent les bénédictions du Seigneur. Et c'est vraiment vrai ! Dans les états extérieurs (dans la vallée), nous pouvons sembler faire le travail nous-mêmes, mais intérieurement, spirituellement, nous devons simplement nous donner au Seigneur et le laisser nous bénir.

L'idée sous-jacente ici est que le Seigneur nous a créés pour pouvoir nous aimer, qu'en nous aimant il veut que nous soyons heureux, qu'il sait que notre plus grand bonheur viendra de notre union avec lui au ciel, et qu'il ne veut rien d'autre que de nous être uni à lui. Ainsi, tout ce qu'Il fait, à chaque instant de chaque jour pour chaque personne sur la planète, est centré sur l'objectif d'amener cette personne au ciel. Il veut que chacun d'entre nous au ciel soit plus que ce que nous sommes capables d'imaginer. Nous devons simplement coopérer.

(références: L'Apocalypse Expliquée 375 [34], 727 [2]; The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 273)


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