Commentary

 

Lo que la Biblia dice sobre... ¿Quién se salva?      

Por Rev. John Odhner (machine translated into Español)

Christ the Redeemer statue in Rio de Janeiro, aerial view

Hay una tendencia común entre las personas a hacer juicios negativos sobre otras personas. En las escuelas secundarias, esta tendencia se muestra en las camarillas. Unos pocos chicos populares se meten en un grupo, y poco a poco empiezan a pensar que son mejores que otros porque les gustan más. Los niños que no están "en" pueden convertirse en objetos de lástima, o de desprecio, o incluso de bromas crueles. De una forma u otra la camarilla juzga sutilmente a los demás como una clase inferior de seres humanos.

La misma tendencia a despreciar a los demás se muestra en varias religiones. Algunos grupos religiosos se vuelven tan egocéntricos que creen que nadie de una fe diferente puede ir al cielo. Cuando se lleva a un extremo, este tipo de actitud es mucho más cruel que las camarillas de adolescentes esnobservadores.

Las enseñanzas de la Biblia son un gran contraste con esto. Para empezar, la Palabra de Dios nos dice que no debemos etiquetar a la gente como "salvada" o "pecadora". Jesús dijo,

"No juzgues, para que no seas condenado. ¿Por qué miras la paja en el ojo de tu hermano, pero no consideras la viga en tu propio ojo?" (Mateo 7:1, 3)

El discípulo James lo dijo de esta manera: "Hay un Legislador, que es capaz de salvar y destruir. ¿Quién eres tú para juzgar a otro?" (Santiago 4:1)

Cuando el Señor estaba en la tierra, una actitud de juicio prevalecía entre los líderes de la iglesia. Muchos pensaron que cuando el Mesías viniera, salvaría a los judíos, y no a otros. Cuando Jesús vino, lo condenaron por asociarse con no judíos y judíos por igual.

Jesús desalentó este tipo de actitud. Una vez habló con algunas personas que "confiaban en sí mismas" que se salvaron y otras no. Les pidió que consideraran dos oraciones: "Dios, te agradezco que no soy como los demás hombres", y "Dios, ten misericordia de mí, un pecador". Jesús alabó al hombre que se creía pecador. (Lucas 18:9-14)

Es mejor pensar que eres un pecador que pensar que estás salvado.

Tal vez recuerde también la parábola del buen samaritano, que se detuvo a ayudar al hombre herido al borde del camino. A pesar de que este samaritano era de la fe "equivocada" (desde el punto de vista judío), Jesús dijo que el samaritano debía ser amado como un prójimo, porque era un buen hombre. De hecho, dijo que una persona que quiere la vida eterna debería ser como este samaritano (Lucas 10:29-37), aunque el samaritano no era ni cristiano ni judío. Jesús vio - y ve - lo que hay en el corazón de una persona, no sólo la iglesia a la que uno pertenece.

La Biblia dice claramente que es la forma en que una persona vive, no sólo lo que cree, lo que determina si va al cielo o no. Jesús dijo: "No todo el que me diga: 'Señor, Señor', entrará en el reino de los cielos, sino el que haga la voluntad de mi Padre que está en los cielos". (Mateo 7:21)

De nuevo, "recompensará a cada uno según sus obras". (Mateo 16:27)

"Los que han hecho el bien", dice, "irán a la resurrección de la vida, y los que han hecho el mal, a la resurrección de la condenación". (Juan 5:29)

Dado que la vida de una persona, no sólo su fe, determina su suerte eterna, Jesús predijo que muchos cristianos no se salvarían, porque habían vivido una vida malvada.

"Muchos me dirán en ese día: 'Señor, Señor, ¿no hemos profetizado en tu nombre, expulsado demonios en tu nombre y hecho muchas maravillas en tu nombre?' Y entonces les declararé: "Nunca os conocí: apartaos de mí, los que practicáis la ilegalidad". (Mateo 27:22-23, Lucas 13:25-27)

Una razón por la que un no cristiano puede ser salvado, es que puede amar a su prójimo. Quien ama genuinamente a su prójimo también ama a Cristo, aunque no se dé cuenta. Jesús dijo: "En la medida en que has atendido a uno de los más pequeños de estos mis hermanos, me lo has hecho a mí". (Mateo 25:40)

La fe en Jesús, sin amor al prójimo no tiene sentido.

"Aunque tengo toda la fe, para poder remover montañas, pero no tengo amor, no soy nada." (1 Corintios 13:2)

El amor genuino, por otra parte, es un signo de que una persona conoce al Señor en su corazón, independientemente de la religión que profesa en el exterior.

"El amor lo cree todo". (1 Corintios 13:7)

"El que hace el bien es de Dios, pero el que hace el mal no ha visto a Dios". (3 Juan 1:11)

"Amémonos los unos a los otros, porque el amor es de Dios, y todo aquel que ama nace de Dios y conoce a Dios. Dios es amor, y el que permanece en el amor, permanece en Dios, y Dios en él". (1 Juan 4:7-11)

Resumen:

Algunas iglesias cristianas enseñan esto: Sólo los cristianos se salvan.

Lo que la Biblia realmente dice (y lo que la Nueva Iglesia Cristiana enseña): Gente buena de todas las religiones se salvan.

Algunas referencias de las enseñanzas de la Nueva Iglesia Cristiana: Sobre el Cielo y el Infierno 318-328, La Divina Providencia 326

Usado con el permiso de John Odhner, el autor de este sitio muy útil: http://whatthebiblesays.info/Introduction.html

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The Bible

 

Lucas 10:29-37

Estudia el significado interno

   Capítulo Completo           

29 Mas él, queriéndose justificar á sí mismo, dijo á Jesús: ¿Y quién es mi prójimo?

30 Y respondiendo Jesús, dijo: Un hombre descendía de Jerusalem á Jericó, y cayó en manos de ladrones, los cuales le despojaron; é hiriéndole, se fueron, dejándole medio muerto.

31 Y aconteció, que descendió un sacerdote por aquel camino, y viéndole, se pasó de un lado.

32 Y asimismo un Levita, llegando cerca de aquel lugar, y viéndole, se pasó de un lado.

33 Mas un Samaritano que transitaba, viniendo cerca de él, y viéndole, fué movido á misericordia;

34 Y llegándose, vendó sus heridas, echándo les aceite y vino; y poniéndole sobre su cabalgadura, llevóle al mesón, y cuidó de él.

35 Y otro día al partir, sacó dos denarios, y diólos al huésped, y le dijo: Cuídamele; y todo lo que de más gastares, yo cuando vuelva te lo pagaré.

36 ¿Quién, pues, de estos tres te parece que fué el prójimo de aquél que cayó en manos de los ladrónes?

37 Y él dijo: El que usó con él de misericordia. Entonces Jesús le dijo: Ve, y haz tú lo mismo.

   Capítulo Completo  

   Estudia el significado interno

Explanation of Luke 10      

Por Rev. John Clowes M.A.

Verses 1-2. That all, who are in good derived from truths, are ordained of the Lord to announce His advent, since the Church, which was about to be established by the Lord, consists of many members, but the teachers of truth from the Lord are comparatively few.

Verse 3. Thus they who are in innocence are to instruct those who are opposed to innocence.

Verse 4. And to confess all to be from the Lord alone, and nothing from themselves.

Verses 5-6. And to make enquiry concerning those who received the Lord and the things of His kingdom.

Verse 7. And shall abide in the principle of love to the Lord and of charity, but should not pass to any other.

Verses 8-9. And it they come amongst those who are in the doctrine of truth and good, they may consociate with them, remove all false and evil principles, and proclaim the Lord's advent.

Verses 10-11. But if they come among those who are in opposite doctrine, they must then testify, that the evils, which reject goods and truths, adhere to those who are in evil, but not to those who are in truths and goods.

Verses 12-16. And that thus it is better not to know the truth, than to know it, and still continue in evil of life, inasmuch as doctrine the most celestial cannot deliver from condemnation, unless the life be formed accordingly.

Verse 16. For all good and truth is in connection with the Divine Human principle of the Lord, and consequently, whoever receives good and truth into his will and understanding receives the Lord, but whoever rejects good and truth, rejects the Lord.

Verses 17-19. That all the truths of good have power over the hells, and are operative to the removal of interior falsities, and this by virtue of their conjunction with the Lord.

Verse 20. But that they who are principled in such truths and goods are not to derive joy from the consideration of the omnipotence of truth and good, but rather from the thought of their conjunction of life with the Lord.

Verse 21. And also from the thought that the Divine mercy is alike operative to conceal truth from those who, through evil of life, are in false intelligence, as to make it manifest to the simple and sincere.

Verse 22. That the all of Divinity is in the Lord's Divine Human principle, which cannot be fully comprehended by man or angel, but that what proceeds from the Lord's Divine Human principle may be comprehended.

Verses 23-24. Therefore faith and obedience grounded in the Lord's Divine Human principle are blessed, but that such faith and obedience could not have birth previous to the assumption of the Human principle by the Lord.

Verses 25-29. No one therefore can enter into heaven, unless he acknowledge the Lord, even as to His Human essence, to be the Gop of heaven, and unless he live also according to the precepts of the decalogue, by abstaining from the evils which are there forbidden, and by abstaining from them because they are sins.

Verses 29-38. That there are degrees of love towards the neighbour, and that every man is to be loved according to the quality of the good which is in him.

Verse 30. Thus they are to be loved who are in the affection of heavenly knowledges, and at the same time are infested by evil spirits, who would deprive them of those knowledges.

Verses 31-32. All such however are disregarded by those, who are not principled in love to the Lord, and in charity towards the neighbour.

Verse 33. Whereas they excite mercy and charity from an interior principle with all those, who are in the affection of truth

Verse 34. And who therefore prepare a remedy against false principles, by giving instruction in the good of love and the truth of faith, as far as the understanding is capable of giving it, and by application to those who are more instructed in the knowledges of good and truth.

Verse 35. Also by other offices of charity, so far as they have ability.

Verses 36-37. Whence it is evident, that every man is a neighbour according to the good in which he is principled, and that true charity consists in doing works of kindness and mercy to all such.

Verses 38-39. That the Lord is received by the Gentiles, who are in the affection of truth and of good.

Verses 41-42. But that they who are in the affection of truth are not yet purified from the anxieties of self-love, and are instructed that they ought to attend to and exalt the higher affection of good.

Swedenborg

Explicación (s) o las referencias de las obras de Swedenborg:

Arcana Coelestia 4314, 6377, 6708, 9057, 9780

Apocalypse Revealed 32, 316

Doctrine of Life 2

La Verdadera Religión Cristiana 378, 410

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 87


Referencias de las obras inéditas de Swedenborg:

Apocalypse Explained 375, 376, 444, 458, 584, 622, 706, ...

Charity 50

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Significados de Palabras en la Biblia

dijo
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Jericó
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

ladrones
'Robbers' signify falsities and evils.

Camino
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

lado
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

Samaritano
'The Samaritans,' in Luke 10, means the Gentiles in charity towards their neighbors. 'The Samaritans' signify the Gentiles or nations which would receive doctrine from...

Viniendo
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

sobre
'Upon' or 'over' signifies being within.

Tres
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

Recursos para padres y maestros

Los artículos listados aquí son proporcionados por cortesía de nuestros amigos de la Iglesia General de la Nueva Jerusalén. Puede buscar/examinar toda su biblioteca siguiendo este enlace.


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Dramatize the parable of the Good Samaritan with this simple retelling of the story, 5 characters, and suggested props.
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