The Bible

 

Joshua 6 : La batalla de Jericó

Study

           |

1 Now Jericho was straitly shut up because of the children of Israel: none went out, and none came in.

2 And the LORD said unto Joshua, See, I have given into thine hand Jericho, and the king thereof, and the mighty men of valour.

3 And ye shall compass the city, all ye men of war, and go round about the city once. Thus shalt thou do six days.

4 And seven priests shall bear before the ark seven trumpets of rams' horns: and the seventh day ye shall compass the city seven times, and the priests shall blow with the trumpets.

5 And it shall come to pass, that when they make a long blast with the ram's horn, and when ye hear the sound of the trumpet, all the people shall shout with a great shout; and the wall of the city shall fall down flat, and the people shall ascend up every man straight before him.

6 And Joshua the son of Nun called the priests, and said unto them, Take up the ark of the covenant, and let seven priests bear seven trumpets of rams' horns before the ark of the LORD.

7 And he said unto the people, Pass on, and compass the city, and let him that is armed Pass on before the ark of the LORD.

8 And it came to pass, when Joshua had spoken unto the people, that the seven priests bearing the seven trumpets of rams' horns passed on before the LORD, and blew with the trumpets: and the ark of the covenant of the LORD followed them.

9 And the armed men went before the priests that blew with the trumpets, and the rereward came after the ark, the priests going on, and blowing with the trumpets.

10 And Joshua had commanded the people, saying, Ye shall not shout, nor make any noise with your voice, neither shall any word proceed out of your mouth, until the day I bid you shout; then shall ye shout.

11 So the ark of the LORD compassed the city, going about it once: and they came into the camp, and lodged in the camp.

12 And Joshua rose early in the morning, and the priests took up the ark of the LORD.

13 And seven priests bearing seven trumpets of rams' horns before the ark of the LORD went on continually, and blew with the trumpets: and the armed men went before them; but the rereward came after the ark of the LORD, the priests going on, and blowing with the trumpets.

14 And the second day they compassed the city once, and returned into the camp: so they did six days.

15 And it came to pass on the seventh day, that they rose early about the dawning of the day, and compassed the city after the same manner seven times: only on that day they compassed the city seven times.

16 And it came to pass at the seventh time, when the priests blew with the trumpets, Joshua said unto the people, Shout; for the LORD hath given you the city.

17 And the city shall be accursed, even it, and all that are therein, to the LORD: only Rahab the harlot shall live, she and all that are with her in the house, because she hid the messengers that we sent.

18 And ye, in any wise keep yourselves from the accursed thing, lest ye make yourselves accursed, when ye take of the accursed thing, and make the camp of Israel a curse, and trouble it.

19 But all the silver, and gold, and vessels of brass and iron, are consecrated unto the LORD: they shall come into the treasury of the LORD.

20 So the people shouted when the priests blew with the trumpets: and it came to pass, when the people heard the sound of the trumpet, and the people shouted with a great shout, that the wall fell down flat, so that the people went up into the city, every man straight before him, and they took the city.

21 And they utterly destroyed all that was in the city, both man and woman, young and old, and ox, and sheep, and ass, with the edge of the sword.

22 But Joshua had said unto the two men that had spied out the country, Go into the harlot's house, and bring out thence the woman, and all that she hath, as ye sware unto her.

23 And the young men that were spies went in, and brought Rahab, and her father, and her mother, and her brethren, and all that she had; and they brought out all her kindred, and left them without the camp of Israel.

24 And they burnt the city with fire, and all that was therein: only the silver, and the gold, and the vessels of brass and of iron, they put into the treasury of the house of the LORD.

25 And Joshua saved Rahab the harlot alive, and her father's household, and all that she had; and she dwelleth in Israel even unto this day; because she hid the messengers, which Joshua sent to spy out Jericho.

26 And Joshua adjured them at that time, saying, Cursed be the man before the LORD, that riseth up and buildeth this city Jericho: he shall lay the foundation thereof in his firstborn, and in his youngest son shall he set up the gates of it.

27 So the LORD was with Joshua; and his fame was noised throughout all the country.

Commentary

 

La batalla de Jericó

     

Por New Christian Bible Study Staff (machine translated into Español)

Ver el video en una nueva ventana

This video is a product of the New Christian Bible Study Corporation. Follow this link for more information and more explanations - text, pictures, audio files, and videos: www.newchristianbiblestudy.org

The Seven Trumpets of Jericho, c. 1896-1902, by James Jacques Joseph Tissot (French, 1836-1902) or follower, gouache on board, 7 5/16 x 12 1/16 in. (18.7 x 30.7 cm), at the Jewish Museum, New York

La batalla de Jericó es una gran historia ... y una horrible. ¿Por qué Dios querría que mataran a los niños? La respuesta es que no lo hizo, pero tenía lecciones espirituales que enseñarnos.

Primero, es importante recordar que todos los lugares en la tierra de Canaán significaban cosas celestiales y espirituales acerca de la iglesia. Estas significaciones estuvieron presentes desde los tiempos más antiguos.

Los hijos de Israel debían representar a la iglesia. La Palabra, el Antiguo Testamento, fue escrita y preservada por ellos. En él, los lugares que se mencionan significan cosas sobre el cielo y la iglesia.

Justo antes de llegar a Jericó, los hijos de Israel cruzaron el río Jordán, cruzando por tierra seca mientras las aguas se dividían por ellos. El Jordán simboliza nuestra introducción en la iglesia.

La ciudad de Jericó, cerca del río, significa instrucción en los conocimientos del bien y la verdad. Ese tipo de instrucción introduce a las personas en la iglesia. Extendiendo eso, "Jericó" también representaba el bien de la vida, porque tiene que haber algo bueno inicial, algo que quiera aprender, antes de que uno pueda recibir instrucciones.

Sin embargo, en ese momento, las naciones idólatras vivían en la tierra de Canaán, lo que cambia el significado de los lugares y las ciudades en esa tierra en lo opuesto, es decir, con Jericó significando la profanación de la verdad y el bien.

Las Escrituras nos dicen que la "ciudad" significaba la doctrina de la falsedad y el mal, que pervierte y profana las verdades y los bienes de la iglesia, y su "muro" significa las falsedades del mal que defienden esa doctrina. En la historia, los "habitantes" representan a los que son profanos.

¿Qué significa profano en este contexto? Lo profano es lo que sucede cuando, después de un reconocimiento inicial de la verdad y el bien, el mal de una persona ama corrompe ese bien y la verdad. En la historia, Jericho fue quemado con fuego, su muro se cayó y su gente fue maldecida. ("Fuego" aquí significa amor infernal, "maldición", un borrón total, y "la caída del muro", la exposición a todo mal y falsedad).

Los hijos de Israel marcharon alrededor de la ciudad una vez al día durante 6 días, y al séptimo día, marcharon alrededor de ella 7 veces. A la orden del Señor, entonces tocaron sus trompetas y gritaron, y los muros cayeron.

La brújula de la ciudad, con el Arca de la Alianza, significó un estudio de la falsedad y el mal y su dispersión por el influjo de la verdad divina del Señor.

El sonido de las trompetas por parte de los sacerdotes significaba la proclamación de la verdad divina del bien divino. Los gritos de la gente significaban consentimiento y confirmación de la verdad.

El número siete significa santidad. Hubo 7 sacerdotes, 7 trompetas, 7 días y 7 circuitos de la ciudad. Significan la proclamación de la verdad divina.

El oro, la plata y los vasos de latón y hierro se depositaron en el tesoro de la casa de Jehová. El "oro y la plata" representan los conocimientos de la verdad espiritual y el bien, y los "recipientes de bronce y hierro" los conocimientos de la verdad y el bien naturales.

En las manos profanas de los idólatras de Jericó, los conocimientos fueron profanados, convirtiéndose en herramientas para servir a las falsedades y males terribles. En la casa de Jehová, podrían ser conocimientos útiles, aplicados a buenos fines, de ahí que sean rescatados.