The Bible

 

Psalms 23 : El Salmo 23

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1 The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not want.

2 He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters.

3 He restoreth my soul: he leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for his name's sake.

4 Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.

5 Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over.

6 Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: and I will dwell in the house of the LORD for ever.

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The Inner Meanings of the 23rd Psalm      

Por Rev. Julian Duckworth

Psalm 23 is undoubtedly the most well-known and well-loved of all the psalms with its illustration of the Lord as our shepherd. In the various descriptions of what a shepherd does for the sheep we are told what the Lord does for us in our spiritual journey.

As the psalm unfolds we continue to hear more about the Lord’s work for us, during states in our lives when we could be unsure and afraid, and of the Lord’s provision for us. Gradually the speaker confirms his trust in the Lord’s guidance and declares the many blessings the Lord brings. The psalm ends with an emphatic statement that goodness and mercy will always be present and a closing assurance of dwelling in the house of the Lord for ever.

This psalm of six verses would surely have been known and loved by the Lord during his life in the world as a statement of faith in his purpose to overcome evil and glorify his humanity. Jesus, in human states, would often have looked to his own divinity as his shepherd, and seen it as his anchor and provider. For us, spiritually, the same parallel applies, that our faith in the Lord is to be our trust and guide at all times.

The run of shepherding care in verses 2 and 3 speak about how the Lord leads us into acquiring new truths that bring heavenly peace and rest for us. Our state is lifted up and we live in goodness because we understand that this is the divine quality that God wishes for us to live by. (See Apocalypse Explained 375 and Arcana Caelestia 3696)

Still with shepherding, the valley of the shadow of death describes our states of being afraid and of not seeing the Lord with us during which our mind can be filled with disturbing and mocking thoughts. But we know that the Lord is there with us nonetheless. The “rod” and “staff” represent the power of the Lord’s truths for us to use; a rod is pointed out and stands for spiritual truths, a staff is leaned on and stands for natural truths or truths to do with life.”
(Apocalypse Explained 727)

With the provision of truth from the Lord it follows on to the picture of the table of bounty which truth brings to us as our spiritual nourishment and satisfaction. Our head anointed with oil has many associations of being the Lord’s chosen, of being loved and blessed by the Lord, and of how our mind with its understanding receives love and good to make it full of heavenly joy. “My cup runs over” means the unknown extent of the truths of the Word and the blessings of the Lord. (Apocalypse Explained 727)

The final verse is put in term of our full conviction of being in the Lord for ever and in all the days of our lives. What we experience and say in terms of time and duration spiritually means what is certain, perpetual and to all eternity. The ‘house of the Lord’ is heaven. (Arcana Caelestia 650)

Swedenborg

Pasajes Core:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 273


Otras referencias de Swedenborg a esta historia:

Arcana Coelestia 57, 650, 3384, 3696, 4715, 4876, 5120, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 50, 383, 485, 672


Referencias de las obras inéditas de Swedenborg:

Apocalypse Explained 71, 220, 375, 482, 662, 727, 960

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Salte a los versículos bíblicos similares

Exodus 15:27

Psalms 27:4, 31:4, 34:10, 11, 92:11, 106:8, 109:21

Proverbs 4:11

Isaiah 40:11, 43:2

Jeremiah 31:25

Ezekiel 34:14

John 10:11, 14

Revelation 7:17

Significados de Palabras en la Biblia

the Lord
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

lord
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

shepherd
The Writings tell us that shepherds represent those who lead and teach others, using knowledge and true ideas to help people reach the goodness of...

want
'Want of spiritual nourishment,' denotes a lack of knowledge, intelligence, and wisdom.

restoreth
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

soul
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

leadeth
"Leading" people in the Bible is, in the inner meaning, about leading people in spiritual things, not natural ones. When it talks about the Lord...

paths
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

righteousness
The word "righteous" has taken on a bit of negative shading in modern language. That may be because we hear it most often as part...

name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

walk
To walk in the Bible represents living, and usually means living according to the true things taught to us by the Lord -- to "walk...

Shadow of death
'The shadow of death' has respect to the states of people in hell, who are in the falsities of evil.

fear
Fear of the unknown and fear of change are both common ideas, and together cover a broad spectrum of the fears we tend to have...

evil
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

comfort
When the Bible talks about someone being comforted or consoled, it generally means that they are being offered ideas that will help bring them to...

table
Food and drink in the Bible represent the desire to be loving and the understanding of how to be loving, gifts that flow from the...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

head
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

oil
Oil – typically olive oil – was an extremely important product in Biblical times, for food preparation, medicinal ointment and for burning in lamps. As...

mercy
In regular language, "mercy" means being caring and compassionate toward those who are in poor states. That's a position we are all in relative to...

follow
The basic meaning of "follow" in the Bible is pretty obvious if we consider what it means to "follow the Lord." That obviously doesn't mean...

days
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

life
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

dwell
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

house of the
'The house of the prison' denotes the vastation of falsity, and also falsity itself.

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Videos de la Fundación Swedenborg

Los videos que se muestran aquí son cortesía de nuestros amigos de la Fundación Swedenborg. Puedes encontrar más información sobre ellos aquí: swedenborg.com.


The Meaning of the 23rd Psalm

We explore the comfort, protection, and safety which God promises us on our spiritual journey, especially when we're undergoing spiritual struggles.


Can You Dwell in the House of the Lord?

The Bible talks about dwelling in “the house of the Lord.” But what does that really mean?


How to Get a Home in Heaven - Swedenborg & Life

What are the houses like in heaven? And how do we get one? We explore the spiritual living conditions of the afterlife and how we can work on our heaven house right now.

Recursos para padres y maestros

Los artículos listados aquí son proporcionados por cortesía de nuestros amigos de la Iglesia General de la Nueva Jerusalén. Puede buscar/examinar toda su biblioteca siguiendo este enlace.


 A Shepherd and His Sheep
Use oil pastels or wax crayons to make a picture of shepherd, then use a sponge (cut into the shape of a lamb) to make little lambs around him.
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 Blessings: Good Tidings of Great Joy
Blessings to say at mealtime.
Activity | Ages over 7

 Blessings: Unto Us a Child Is Born
Blessings to say at mealtime.
Activity | Ages over 7

 Experiencing the Twenty-third Psalm
Explore the meaning of each phrase in Psalm 23, then help children experience it using their five senses.
Activity | Ages up to 10

 Following the Lord Our Shepherd
Use magnets to picture members of a family following the Lord as the shepherd.
Project | Ages up to 10

 Lord Is My Shepherd Diorama
Make a simple diorama to help remember the Lord's unceasing care.
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Memory Verse: God Meant It for Good
Activity | Ages 4 - 14

 Out of the Forest
A story showing how the Lord leads as described in the 23rd Psalm.
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Quotes: The Lord Is My Shepherd
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Rainbow Method of Learning the 23rd Psalm
Use the colors of the rainbow to help you learn the sequence of this psalm. 
Activity | Ages 4 - 10

 Ribbon Bookmark to Embroider
Embroider a satin ribbon with the words: "The Lord is my Shepherd" and pictures of a shepherd's staff and a little lamb.
Project | Ages over 7

 Shepherd and His Sheep Diorama
Project | Ages 7 - 17

 Talking with Your Child About the Twenty-Third Psalm
Article | Ages over 18

 The Good Shepherd
Worship Talk | Ages 4 - 7

 The Good Shepherd
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Lord Is My Shepherd
The Lord with His flock all around Him.
Coloring Page | All Ages

 The Lord Is My Shepherd
Print and display this lovely poster of the Twenty-third Psalm with an illustrative color border.
Picture | Ages over 7

 The Lord Is My Shepherd
"The teaching that the Lord is our Shepherd is a powerful and comforting one. The relationship between the sheep and their shepherd involves a sense of trust and security.
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 The Lord Is Our Shepherd
Color picture of the Lord our Shepherd.
Picture | Ages up to 14

 The Lord’s Rod and Staff
This family talk explains what the Lord's rod and staff are in our lives, and how He uses them to comfort us. 
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Shepherd Rescuing His Sheep
Project | Ages 11 - 17

 The Stream of Providence Game
This game is about the Lord leading us toward His heavenly sheepfold. 
Activity | Ages 11 - 14

 The Twenty-third Psalm
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Twenty-third Psalm Book
Illustrate the literal meaning of the psalm or its application to life. 
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 The Twenty-third Psalm Calligraphy with Illustrations
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 Twenty Third Psalm
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 9 - 12

 Two Roads
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Understanding the Twenty-third Psalm
An outline showing parts of the Psalm 23 with suggestions for explaining them to children.
Activity | Ages 4 - 10

Commentary

 

El Salmo 23      

Por Mr. Brian P. David (machine translated into Español)

The Lord as Shepherd, by Nana Schnarr

El Salmo 23 es una de las obras literarias más conocidas y amadas del mundo, y puede ser el mejor poema jamás escrito. También es un buen ejemplo del poder del lenguaje figurativo: Leemos cosas profundas en la visión de nosotros mismos como ovejas, conducidas a verdes pastos y buenas aguas por un amable pastor. Es poderoso sentir la confianza de ir sin miedo al valle de la sombra de la muerte, y sentir el amor y el cuidado de una mesa preparada por el Señor y una copa tan llena que se desborda.

Lo que la gente no sabe, sin embargo, es que este lenguaje tiene realmente significados internos precisos, y que cuando los vemos hay una belleza aún más profunda en el poema. Eso es porque lo que realmente describe es el camino al cielo, y el feroz deseo que el Señor tiene de llevarnos allí.

El primer paso es dejar que el Señor sea nuestro pastor, aceptar sus enseñanzas y su liderazgo. Los verdes pastos y las aguas tranquilas representan las cosas que nos enseñará para el viaje. Luego Él comienza a trabajar en el interior, poniendo en orden nuestras vidas espirituales, para que deseemos hacer el bien y amarnos unos a otros. Eso se representa restaurando nuestras almas y guiándonos por los caminos de la rectitud.

Pero aún así nos enfrentaremos a desafíos. Todavía vivimos vidas externas, en el mundo, y estamos sujetos a los deseos que surgen en esos externos, en nuestras vidas corporales. Ese es el valle de la sombra de la muerte. Pero la vara y el bastón representan la verdad del Señor tanto a nivel externo como interno, ideas que pueden defendernos de esos deseos.

Y si seguimos, el Señor nos preparará una mesa, un lugar dentro de nosotros que puede llenar de amor (el aceite de la unción) y sabiduría (la copa desbordante). Así transformados, podemos entrar en el cielo, con amor a los demás ("bondad") y amor del Señor ("misericordia") y podemos amar y ser amados hasta la eternidad.

Una de las muchas cosas hermosas de esto es el hecho de que es el Señor quien realmente hace todo el trabajo. En todo el texto, la única acción tomada por las ovejas es caminar por el valle de la sombra de la muerte. Aparte de eso, siguen al Señor, confían en el Señor, aceptan las bendiciones del Señor. ¡Y eso es realmente cierto! En los estados externos (en el valle) puede parecer que hacemos el trabajo nosotros mismos, pero internamente, espiritualmente, simplemente necesitamos entregarnos al Señor y dejar que Él nos bendiga.

La idea subyacente aquí es que el Señor nos creó para poder amarnos, al amarnos quiere que seamos felices, sabe que nuestra mayor felicidad vendrá de estar unidos a Él en el cielo, y Él mismo no quiere nada más que estar unido a nosotros. Así que todo lo que hace, en cada momento de cada día para cada persona en la faz del planeta, se centra en el objetivo de llevar a esa persona al cielo. Él nos quiere a todos y cada uno de nosotros en el cielo más de lo que somos capaces de imaginar. Sólo tenemos que cooperar.

(Referencias: Apocalipsis Explicado 375 [34], 727 [2]; The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 273)


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