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2 Mose 31

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1 Und der HERR redete mit Mose und sprach:

2 Siehe, ich habe mit Namen berufen Bezaleel, den Sohn Uris, des Sohnes Hur, vom Stamme Juda,

3 und habe ihn erfüllt mit dem Geist Gottes, mit Weisheit und Verstand und Erkenntnis und mit allerlei Geschicklichkeit,

4 kunstreich zu arbeiten an Gold, Silber, Erz,

5 kunstreich Steine zu schneiden und einzusetzen, und kunstreich zu zimmern am Holz, zu machen allerlei Werk.

6 Und siehe, ich habe ihm zugegeben Oholiab, den Sohn Ahisamachs, vom Stamme Dan; und habe allerlei Weisen die Weisheit ins Herz gegeben, daß sie machen sollen alles, was ich dir geboten habe:

7 die Hütte des Stifts, die Lade des Zeugnisses, den Gnadenstuhl darauf und alle Geräte der Hütte,

8 den Tisch und sein Gerät, den feinen Leuchter und all sein Gerät, den Räucheraltar,

9 den Brandopferaltar mit allem seinem Geräte, das Handfaß mit seinem Fuß,

10 die Amtskleider und die heiligen Kleider des Priesters Aaron und die Kleider seiner Söhne, priesterlich zu dienen,

11 das Salböl und das Räuchwerk von Spezerei zum Heiligtum. Alles, was ich dir geboten habe, werden sie machen.

12 Und der HERR redete mit Mose und sprach:

13 Sage den Kindern Israel und sprich: Haltet meinen Sabbat; denn derselbe ist ein Zeichen zwischen mir und euch auf eure Nachkommen, daß ihr wisset, daß ich der HERR bin, der euch heiligt.

14 Darum so haltet meinen Sabbat; denn er soll euch heilig sein. Wer ihn entheiligt, der soll des Todes sterben. Denn wer eine Arbeit da tut, des Seele soll ausgerottet werden von seinem Volk.

15 Sechs Tage soll man arbeiten; aber am siebenten Tag ist Sabbat, die heilige Ruhe des HERRN. Wer eine Arbeit tut am Sabbattag, der soll des Todes sterben.

16 Darum sollen die Kinder Israel den Sabbat halten, daß sie ihn auch bei ihren Nachkommen halten zum ewigen Bund.

17 Er ist ein ewiges Zeichen zwischen mir und den Kindern Israel. Denn in sechs Tagen machte der HERR Himmel und Erde; aber am siebenten Tage ruhte er und erquickte sich.

18 Und da der HERR ausgeredet hatte mit Mose auf dem Berge Sinai, gab er ihm zwei Tafeln des Zeugnisses; die waren beschrieben mit dem Finger Gottes.

  

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Exploring the Meaning of Exodus 31

     

Durch Emanuel Swedenborg

Arcana Coelestia 10326. The subject treated of in this chapter in the internal sense is, first, the setting up of a representative church with those who are in the good of love to the Lord and in the good of faith in Him. This is signified by the things summarily enumerated as to be made by Bezalel of the tribe of Judah and Aholiab of the tribe of Dan. Afterward the subject treated of is the conjunction of the Lord with this church by means of representatives. This is signified by the sabbath which was to be kept holy.

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10326. Exodus 31

1. And Jehovah spoke to Moses, saying,

2. See, I have called by name Bezalel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, belonging to the tribe of Judah.

3. And I have filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom, and in intelligence, and in knowledge, and in all [manner of] work 1 ,

4. To compose designs 2 , to work 3 in gold, and in silver, and in bronze,

5. And in the cutting of stones for filling 4 , and in the carving of wood, to work 1 in all [manner of] work 1 .

6. And I, behold, I have appointed 5 with him Aholiab the son of Ahisamach, belonging to the tribe of Dan; and I have put wisdom in the heart of everyone wise in heart. And they shall make all the things that I have commanded you -

7. The tent of meeting, and the ark of the Testimony, and the mercy-seat which is over it, and all the vessels of the tent,

8. And the table and its vessels, and the pure lampstand and all its vessels, and the altar of incense,

9. And the altar of burnt offering and all its vessels, and the laver and its pedestal,

10. And the garments of ministry, and the holy garments for Aaron the priest, and the garments of his sons, to serve in the priestly office,

11. And the anointing oil, and the incense of spices for what is holy. According to all the things which I have commanded you they shall do.

12. And Jehovah spoke to Moses, saying,

13. And you, speak to the children of Israel, saying, Surely you shall keep My sabbaths; for it is a sign between Me and you [throughout] your generations, that you may know that I Jehovah am sanctifying you.

14. And you shall keep the sabbath, for it is holy to you. He who profanes it must certainly die; for everyone who does work on that [day], that soul will be cut off from the midst of his people.

15. Work shall be done for six days, and on the seventh day there is the sabbath of rest 6 , holy to Jehovah; whoever does any work on the sabbath day must certainly die.

16. And the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath, observing the sabbath [throughout] their generations, the covenant of an age 7 .

17. This is a sign between Me and the children of Israel into an age 8 ; for in six days Jehovah made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day He rested and recovered His breath.

18. And He gave to Moses, when He had finished talking to him on Mount Sinai, the two tablets of the Testimony, the tablets of stone, written with the finger of God.

CONTENTS

The subject here in the internal sense is first the establishment of the representative Church among those in whom the good of love to the Lord and the good of faith in Him are present. This is meant by the objects, listed briefly, which were to be made by Bezalel from the tribe of Judah and Aholiab from the tribe of Dan. Further on the subject is the joining of the Lord to that Church by means of representatives. This is meant by the sabbath, to be kept in a holy manner.

Footnotes:

1. i.e. in every kind of workmanship or craft

2. literally, to design thoughts

3. literally, make or do

4. i.e. stones which, having been cut, were to be set in the ephod and the breastplate

5. literally, have given

6. literally, sabbath of sabbath

7. i.e. a perpetual covenant

8. i.e. forever

(Verweise: Exodus 31:1)

  
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Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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