Die Bibel

 

Psalms 23 : Der 23. Psalm

Studieren Sie die innere Bedeutung

        

1 The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not want.

2 He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters.

3 He restoreth my soul: he leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for his name's sake.

4 Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.

5 Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over.

6 Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: and I will dwell in the house of the LORD for ever.

   Studieren Sie die innere Bedeutung

The Inner Meanings of the 23rd Psalm      

Durch Rev. Julian Duckworth

Psalm 23 is undoubtedly the most well-known and well-loved of all the psalms with its illustration of the Lord as our shepherd. In the various descriptions of what a shepherd does for the sheep we are told what the Lord does for us in our spiritual journey.

As the psalm unfolds we continue to hear more about the Lord’s work for us, during states in our lives when we could be unsure and afraid, and of the Lord’s provision for us. Gradually the speaker confirms his trust in the Lord’s guidance and declares the many blessings the Lord brings. The psalm ends with an emphatic statement that goodness and mercy will always be present and a closing assurance of dwelling in the house of the Lord for ever.

This psalm of six verses would surely have been known and loved by the Lord during his life in the world as a statement of faith in his purpose to overcome evil and glorify his humanity. Jesus, in human states, would often have looked to his own divinity as his shepherd, and seen it as his anchor and provider. For us, spiritually, the same parallel applies, that our faith in the Lord is to be our trust and guide at all times.

The run of shepherding care in verses 2 and 3 speak about how the Lord leads us into acquiring new truths that bring heavenly peace and rest for us. Our state is lifted up and we live in goodness because we understand that this is the divine quality that God wishes for us to live by. (See Apocalypse Explained 375 and Arcana Caelestia 3696)

Still with shepherding, the valley of the shadow of death describes our states of being afraid and of not seeing the Lord with us during which our mind can be filled with disturbing and mocking thoughts. But we know that the Lord is there with us nonetheless. The “rod” and “staff” represent the power of the Lord’s truths for us to use; a rod is pointed out and stands for spiritual truths, a staff is leaned on and stands for natural truths or truths to do with life.”
(Apocalypse Explained 727)

With the provision of truth from the Lord it follows on to the picture of the table of bounty which truth brings to us as our spiritual nourishment and satisfaction. Our head anointed with oil has many associations of being the Lord’s chosen, of being loved and blessed by the Lord, and of how our mind with its understanding receives love and good to make it full of heavenly joy. “My cup runs over” means the unknown extent of the truths of the Word and the blessings of the Lord. (Apocalypse Explained 727)

The final verse is put in term of our full conviction of being in the Lord for ever and in all the days of our lives. What we experience and say in terms of time and duration spiritually means what is certain, perpetual and to all eternity. The ‘house of the Lord’ is heaven. (Arcana Caelestia 650)

Swedenborg

Haupterklärung(en) aus den Werken Swedenborgs:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 273


Weitere Verweise Swedenborgs zu diesem Kapitel:

Arcana Coelestia 57, 650, 3384, 3696, 4715, 4876, 5120, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 50, 383, 485, 672


Referenzen aus Swedenborgs unveröffentlichten Werken:

Apocalypse Explained 71, 220, 375, 482, 662, 727, 960

Anderer Kommentar

  Geschichten:


  Spirituelle Themen:



Sprung zu ähnlichen Bibelversen

Exodus 15:27

Psalms 27:4, 31:4, 34:10, 11, 92:11, 106:8, 109:21

Proverbs 4:11

Isaiah 40:11, 43:2

Jeremiah 31:25

Ezekiel 34:14

John 10:11, 14

Revelation 7:17

Bedeutungen biblischer Begriffe

the Lord
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

lord
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

shepherd
The Writings tell us that shepherds represent those who lead and teach others, using knowledge and true ideas to help people reach the goodness of...

want
'Want of spiritual nourishment,' denotes a lack of knowledge, intelligence, and wisdom.

restoreth
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

soul
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

leadeth
"Leading" people in the Bible is, in the inner meaning, about leading people in spiritual things, not natural ones. When it talks about the Lord...

paths
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

righteousness
The word "righteous" has taken on a bit of negative shading in modern language. That may be because we hear it most often as part...

name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

walk
To walk in the Bible represents living, and usually means living according to the true things taught to us by the Lord -- to "walk...

Shadow of death
'The shadow of death' has respect to the states of people in hell, who are in the falsities of evil.

fear
Fear of the unknown and fear of change are both common ideas, and together cover a broad spectrum of the fears we tend to have...

evil
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

comfort
When the Bible talks about someone being comforted or consoled, it generally means that they are being offered ideas that will help bring them to...

table
Food and drink in the Bible represent the desire to be loving and the understanding of how to be loving, gifts that flow from the...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

head
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

oil
Oil – typically olive oil – was an extremely important product in Biblical times, for food preparation, medicinal ointment and for burning in lamps. As...

mercy
In regular language, "mercy" means being caring and compassionate toward those who are in poor states. That's a position we are all in relative to...

follow
The basic meaning of "follow" in the Bible is pretty obvious if we consider what it means to "follow the Lord." That obviously doesn't mean...

days
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

life
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

dwell
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

house of the
'The house of the prison' denotes the vastation of falsity, and also falsity itself.

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Videos der Swedenborg-Stiftung

Die hier gezeigten Videos werden mit freundlicher Genehmigung unserer Freunde der Swedenborg-Stiftung zur Verfügung gestellt. Sie können hier mehr über sie erfahren: swedenborg.com.


The Meaning of the 23rd Psalm

We explore the comfort, protection, and safety which God promises us on our spiritual journey, especially when we're undergoing spiritual struggles.


Can You Dwell in the House of the Lord?

The Bible talks about dwelling in “the house of the Lord.” But what does that really mean?


How to Get a Home in Heaven - Swedenborg & Life

What are the houses like in heaven? And how do we get one? We explore the spiritual living conditions of the afterlife and how we can work on our heaven house right now.

Hilfsmittel für Eltern und Lehrer

Die hier aufgelisteten Artikel werden mit freundlicher Genehmigung unserer Freunde in der General Church oft he New Jerusalem zur Verfügung gestellt. Sie können ihre gesamte Bibliothek durchsuchen, indem Sie dieser Link folgen.


 A Shepherd and His Sheep
Use oil pastels or wax crayons to make a picture of shepherd, then use a sponge (cut into the shape of a lamb) to make little lambs around him.
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 Blessings: Good Tidings of Great Joy
Blessings to say at mealtime.
Activity | Ages over 7

 Blessings: Unto Us a Child Is Born
Blessings to say at mealtime.
Activity | Ages over 7

 Experiencing the Twenty-third Psalm
Explore the meaning of each phrase in Psalm 23, then help children experience it using their five senses.
Activity | Ages up to 10

 Following the Lord Our Shepherd
Use magnets to picture members of a family following the Lord as the shepherd.
Project | Ages up to 10

 Lord Is My Shepherd Diorama
Make a simple diorama to help remember the Lord's unceasing care.
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Memory Verse: God Meant It for Good
Activity | Ages 4 - 14

 Out of the Forest
A story showing how the Lord leads as described in the 23rd Psalm.
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Quotes: The Lord Is My Shepherd
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Rainbow Method of Learning the 23rd Psalm
Use the colors of the rainbow to help you learn the sequence of this psalm. 
Activity | Ages 4 - 10

 Ribbon Bookmark to Embroider
Embroider a satin ribbon with the words: "The Lord is my Shepherd" and pictures of a shepherd's staff and a little lamb.
Project | Ages over 7

 Shepherd and His Sheep Diorama
Project | Ages 7 - 17

 Talking with Your Child About the Twenty-Third Psalm
Article | Ages over 18

 The Good Shepherd
Worship Talk | Ages 4 - 7

 The Good Shepherd
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Lord Is My Shepherd
The Lord with His flock all around Him.
Coloring Page | All Ages

 The Lord Is My Shepherd
Print and display this lovely poster of the Twenty-third Psalm with an illustrative color border.
Picture | Ages over 7

 The Lord Is My Shepherd
"The teaching that the Lord is our Shepherd is a powerful and comforting one. The relationship between the sheep and their shepherd involves a sense of trust and security.
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 The Lord Is Our Shepherd
Color picture of the Lord our Shepherd.
Picture | Ages up to 14

 The Lord’s Rod and Staff
This family talk explains what the Lord's rod and staff are in our lives, and how He uses them to comfort us. 
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Shepherd Rescuing His Sheep
Project | Ages 11 - 17

 The Stream of Providence Game
This game is about the Lord leading us toward His heavenly sheepfold. 
Activity | Ages 11 - 14

 The Twenty-third Psalm
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Twenty-third Psalm Book
Illustrate the literal meaning of the psalm or its application to life. 
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 The Twenty-third Psalm Calligraphy with Illustrations
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 Twenty Third Psalm
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 9 - 12

 Two Roads
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Understanding the Twenty-third Psalm
An outline showing parts of the Psalm 23 with suggestions for explaining them to children.
Activity | Ages 4 - 10

Kommentar

 

Der 23. Psalm      

Durch Mr. Brian P. David (maschinell übersetzt in Deutsch)

The Lord as Shepherd, by Nana Schnarr

Der 23. Psalm ist eines der bekanntesten und beliebtesten literarischen Werke der Welt, und es ist vielleicht das beste Gedicht, das je geschrieben wurde. Er ist auch ein schönes Beispiel für die Kraft der figurativen Sprache: Wir lesen tief in die Vision von uns selbst als Schafe hinein, die von einem gütigen Schäfer zu grünen Weiden und gutem Wasser geführt werden. Es ist befähigend, die Zuversicht zu spüren, furchtlos in das Tal des Todesschattens zu gehen, und die Liebe und Fürsorge eines vom Herrn vorbereiteten Tisches und eines so vollen Kelchs zu spüren.

Was die Leute jedoch nicht wissen, ist, dass diese Sprache tatsächlich genaue innere Bedeutungen hat, und dass, wenn wir sie sehen, eine noch tiefere Schönheit in dem Gedicht liegt. Denn was es tatsächlich beschreibt, ist der Weg in den Himmel, und das heftige Verlangen, dass der Herr uns dorthin führen soll.

Der erste Schritt ist, den Herrn unseren Hirten sein zu lassen - seine Lehre und seine Führung anzunehmen. Die grünen Weiden und die stillen Wasser stehen für die Dinge, die Er uns auf der Reise lehren wird. Dann beginnt Er, in unserem Inneren zu arbeiten und unser geistliches Leben in Ordnung zu bringen, so dass wir den Wunsch haben, das Gute zu tun und einander zu lieben. Das bedeutet, unsere Seelen wiederherzustellen und uns auf die Pfade der Gerechtigkeit zu führen.

Aber wir werden immer noch vor Herausforderungen stehen. Wir führen immer noch ein Leben im Äußeren, draußen in der Welt, und wir sind den Wünschen unterworfen, die in diesem Äußeren, in unserem Körperleben, entstehen. Das ist das Tal des Todesschattens. Aber der Stab und die Rute repräsentieren sowohl auf der äußeren als auch auf der inneren Ebene die Wahrheit des Herrn, Ideen, die uns gegen diese Wünsche verteidigen können.

Und wenn wir weiter folgen, wird der Herr einen Tisch für uns vorbereiten - einen Ort in uns, den er mit Liebe (das Salbungsöl) und Weisheit (der überfließende Kelch) füllen kann. So verwandelt, können wir in den Himmel eintreten, mit Liebe zu anderen ("Güte") und Liebe vom Herrn ("Barmherzigkeit") und können bis in die Ewigkeit lieben und geliebt werden.

Eines der vielen schönen Dinge daran ist die Tatsache, dass es der Herr ist, der wirklich die ganze Arbeit macht. Im gesamten Text ist die einzige Handlung der Schafe das Gehen durch das Tal des Todesschattens. Ansonsten folgen sie dem Herrn, vertrauen dem Herrn und nehmen die Segnungen des Herrn an. Und das ist wirklich wahr! In äußeren Zuständen (im Tal) scheinen wir die Arbeit vielleicht selbst zu tun, aber innerlich, geistlich, müssen wir uns einfach dem Herrn hingeben und uns von ihm segnen lassen.

Der Grundgedanke ist, dass der Herr uns geschaffen hat, damit er uns lieben kann, dass er uns lieben will, dass er uns glücklich machen will, dass er weiß, dass unser größtes Glück aus der Verbindung mit ihm im Himmel kommt, und dass er selbst nichts mehr will, als mit uns verbunden zu sein. Alles, was Er in jedem Augenblick eines jeden Tages für jeden Menschen auf dem Planeten tut, ist also auf das Ziel ausgerichtet, diesen Menschen in den Himmel zu bringen. Er will jeden einzelnen von uns im Himmel mehr, als wir uns vorstellen können. Wir müssen einfach nur kooperieren.

(Verweise: Die Offenbarung Erklärt 375 [34], 727 [2]; The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 273)


Übersetzen