Haggai 1

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King James Version         

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1 In the second year of Darius the king, in the sixth month, in the first day of the month, came the word of the LORD by Haggai the prophet unto Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, saying,

2 Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, This people say, The time is not come, the time that the LORD's house should be built.

3 Then came the word of the LORD by Haggai the prophet, saying,

4 Is it time for you, O ye, to dwell in your cieled houses, and this house lie waste?

5 Now therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts; Consider your ways.

6 Ye have sown much, and bring in little; ye eat, but ye have not enough; ye drink, but ye are not filled with drink; ye clothe you, but there is none warm; and he that earneth wages earneth wages to put it into a bag with holes.

7 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Consider your ways.

8 Go up to the mountain, and bring wood, and build the house; and I will take pleasure in it, and I will be glorified, saith the LORD.

9 Ye looked for much, and, lo, it came to little; and when ye brought it home, I did blow upon it. Why? saith the LORD of hosts. Because of mine house that is waste, and ye run every man unto his own house.

10 Therefore the heaven over you is stayed from dew, and the earth is stayed from her fruit.

11 And I called for a drought upon the land, and upon the mountains, and upon the corn, and upon the new wine, and upon the oil, and upon that which the ground bringeth forth, and upon men, and upon cattle, and upon all the labour of the hands.

12 Then Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, with all the remnant of the people, obeyed the voice of the LORD their God, and the words of Haggai the prophet, as the LORD their God had sent him, and the people did fear before the LORD.

13 Then spake Haggai the LORD's messenger in the LORD's message unto the people, saying, I am with you, saith the LORD.

14 And the LORD stirred up the spirit of Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and the spirit of Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, and the spirit of all the remnant of the people; and they came and did work in the house of the LORD of hosts, their God,

15 In the four and twentieth day of the sixth month, in the second year of Darius the king.

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Exploring the Meaning of Haggai 1      

Durch New Christian Bible Study Staff

Haggai’s prophecy holds something new and happy, and also something old and unhappy. In his time, the ancient church has petered out, and the substitute for it, the Jewish church, has lost its way and become a church only on the outside. The time is approaching for the coming of the Lord, and this scolding by Haggai has in it, in verses 6-9, a prophecy of that coming.

The time of this prophecy is after the 70 years of exile in Babylon, when many of the exiles are coming back to the holy land. Zerubbabel is the appointed governor of the land and Joshua, the son of Josedech, is the high priest.

In Chapter 1, in Verses 1-5, Haggai tells these leaders that the Lord has told him that the people believe that it isn’t yet time to build the Lord's house, but that he is here to say that it is time. He asks them, "Is it time for you to live in your fancy houses while the Lord’s house lies in waste? Consider your ways!" The people are willing to wait for Messiah to raise them to earthly wealth and power but that time has gone and the church they represent lies in waste.

In verse 6, Haggai reminds them that none of what they have done so far has prospered, and then he alternates between telling them to get busy on the Lord’s house and telling them the troubles that will come if they don’t (in verses 7-11). A true church can't be set up with them because they only care about themselves and don’t care about the Lord.

A good thing happens: Haggai's message gets through. The leaders - Zerubbabel and Joshua - listen, and enough of the people are worried enough about the way things were going (as Haggai had said) that work starts on a new rebuilding on the old foundation. (verses 12-14)

Swedenborg

Haupterklärung(en) aus den Werken Swedenborgs:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 231


Weitere Verweise Swedenborgs zu diesem Kapitel:

Arcana Coelestia 1488, 2606, 3579, 3580, 10325

Doctrine of the Lord 48


Referenzen aus Swedenborgs unveröffentlichten Werken:

Apocalypse Explained 573

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 56

Anderer Kommentar

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Sprung zu ähnlichen Bibelversen

Deuteronomy 28:38

1 Kings 8:35

2 Kings 5:26, 8:1, 12:7

1 Chronicles 22:19, 28:20

Ezra 1:5, 2:2, 3:2, 8, 4:24, 5:1, 2

Nehemiah 12:1

Proverbs 11:24

Ecclesiastes 3:3

Isaiah 5:10, 8:10

Jeremiah 12:13

Lamentations 3:40

Hosea 4:10

Haggai 1:1, 15, 2:4, 16, 17, 19

Zechariah 1:1, 3:1, 8:10

Matthew 1:23, 28:20

Luke 12:33

Bedeutungen biblischer Begriffe

second
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

sixth
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

month
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

day of
'Day of vengeance' signifies a state of damnation.

day
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

the Word
In general, we tend to be very aware of how knowing what's true leads to doing what is good. That starts as children, with parents...

word
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

the Lord
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

lord
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

prophet
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

Zerubbabel
Zerubbabel, mentioned in Zech. 4, represents the Lord.

son
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

governor
'Officers' signify principles of what is false and evil.

judah
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

joshua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

high
'Height' signifies what is inward, and also heaven.

hosts
When the divine power of good or omnipotence is being discussed in the Word, then says 'Jehovah Zebaoth,' or 'Jehovah of hosts,' and also 'Lord,'...

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Time
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

come
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

lord's
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

built
To build something generally means to put together a variety of simpler pieces to make a useful and more complex structure, as to build a...

dwell
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

houses
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

saith
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

ways
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

bring
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

eat
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

Enough
'Sufficiency' relates to the reception of good, because good is the spiritual nourishment of the soul, as natural food is the nourishment of the body.

drink
To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

filled
'To satiate' relates to the extent of a person's will, for good or evil.

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

bag
A bundle (Gen. 42:3) signifies orderly arrangement, because the truths ap­pertaining to man are disposed and arranged into series: those which are in the greatest...

go up
To go up and to go down: in the Word, mention is made of going up and going down when speaking of going from one...

mountain
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

wood
In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

build
To build something generally means to put together a variety of simpler pieces to make a useful and more complex structure, as to build a...

pleasure
'To be satisfied with favor' signifies being filled with the good of love, and 'to be full with the blessings of the Lord' signifies being...

glorified
'Honor' signifies the good of love. 'To honor,' as mentioned in Isaiah 24:15, signifies worship and adoration. 'To honor thy father and thy mother,' as...

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

man
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

own
In many cases, the spiritual meaning of "own," both as a verb and as an adjective, is relatively literal. When people are described as the...

heaven
Heavens are celestial and spiritual things. Consequently, they are inmost things, both of the Lord's kingdom in heaven the and in the earth. This also...

dew
Dew, in Deut. 32:2 signifies the multiplication of truth from good, and the fructification of good by truth.

earth
"Earth" in the Bible can mean a person or a group of like-minded people as in a church. But it refers specifically to the external...

fruit
In Zechariah 8:12, 'the vine shall give her fruit, and the ground her increase,' signifies that the spiritual affection of truth produces the good of...

called
'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

land
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

mountains
In Isaiah 40:12 'to weigh the mountains in a balance, and the hills in scales,' signifies that the celestial aspects of love and charity are...

corn
Corn,' as in Genesis 42:2, here stands for a word in the original language which means 'breaking,' and also for a similar word meaning to...

new wine
'New wine' is the divine truth of the New Testament.

ground
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

hands
'Washing of the hands' was an ancient declaration of innocence, and signifies purification from evils and falsities, as in Psalms 73:13 and Matthew 27:24.

remnant
In Revelation 11:13, 'the remnant who were afraid' signifies people who joined some goods of charity to faith.

voice
In Genesis 27:22, 'voice' relates to truth, and 'hand,' to good.

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

words
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

sent
'To send' signifies revealing.

fear
Fear has various significations according to the thing which causes it. Fear signifies love. Fear, as in Gen 28:17, signifies a holy change.

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

spake
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

messenger
'A messenger' signifies communication.

work
'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...

house of the
'The house of the prison' denotes the vastation of falsity, and also falsity itself.

four
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

twentieth
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything or fullness, because it is ten twice. 'Twenty,' as in Genesis 18:31, like all numbers occurring in...

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 Rebuilding the Temple
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Rebuilding the Temple (3-5 years)
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 Rebuilding the Temple (9-11 years)
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