Ezekiel 34

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1 The word of Yahweh came to me, saying,

2 Son of man, prophesy against the shepherds of Israel, prophesy, and tell them, even to the shepherds, Thus says the Lord Yahweh: Woe to the shepherds of Israel who feed themselves! Shouldn't the shepherds feed the sheep?

3 You eat the fat, and you clothe yourself with the wool, you kill the fatlings; but you don't feed the sheep.

4 You haven't strengthened the diseased, neither have you healed that which was sick, neither have you bound up that which was broken, neither have you brought back that which was driven away, neither have you sought that which was lost; but with force and with rigor you have ruled over them.

5 They were scattered, because there was no shepherd; and they became food to all the animals of the field, and were scattered.

6 My sheep wandered through all the mountains, and on every high hill: yes, my sheep were scattered on all the surface of the earth; and there was none who searched or sought.

7 Therefore, you shepherds, hear the word of Yahweh:

8 As I live, says the Lord Yahweh, surely because my sheep became a prey, and my sheep became food to all the animals of the field, because there was no shepherd, neither did my shepherds search for my sheep, but the shepherds fed themselves, and didn't feed my sheep;

9 therefore, you shepherds, hear the word of Yahweh:

10 Thus says the Lord Yahweh: Behold, I am against the shepherds; and I will require my sheep at their hand, and cause them to cease from feeding the sheep; neither shall the shepherds feed themselves any more; and I will deliver my sheep from their mouth, that they may not be food for them.

11 For thus says the Lord Yahweh: Behold, I myself, even I, will search for my sheep, and will seek them out.

12 As a shepherd seeks out his flock in the day that he is among his sheep that are scattered abroad, so will I seek out my sheep; and I will deliver them out of all places where they have been scattered in the cloudy and dark day.

13 I will bring them out from the peoples, and gather them from the countries, and will bring them into their own land; and I will feed them on the mountains of Israel, by the watercourses, and in all the inhabited places of the country.

14 I will feed them with good pasture; and on the mountains of the height of Israel shall their fold be: there shall they lie down in a good fold; and on fat pasture shall they feed on the mountains of Israel.

15 I myself will be the shepherd of my sheep, and I will cause them to lie down, says the Lord Yahweh.

16 I will seek that which was lost, and will bring back that which was driven away, and will bind up that which was broken, and will strengthen that which was sick: but the fat and the strong I will destroy; I will feed them in justice.

17 As for you, O my flock, thus says the Lord Yahweh: Behold, I judge between sheep and sheep, the rams and the male goats.

18 Does it seem a small thing to you to have fed on the good pasture, but you must tread down with your feet the residue of your pasture? and to have drunk of the clear waters, but you must foul the residue with your feet?

19 As for my sheep, they eat that which you have trodden with your feet, and they drink that which you have fouled with your feet.

20 Therefore thus says the Lord Yahweh to them: Behold, I, even I, will judge between the fat sheep and the lean sheep.

21 Because you thrust with side and with shoulder, and push all the diseased with your horns, until you have scattered them abroad;

22 therefore will I save my flock, and they shall no more be a prey; and I will judge between sheep and sheep.

23 I will set up one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them, even my servant David; he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd.

24 I, Yahweh, will be their God, and my servant David prince among them; I, Yahweh, have spoken it.

25 I will make with them a covenant of peace, and will cause evil animals to cease out of the land; and they shall dwell securely in the wilderness, and sleep in the woods.

26 I will make them and the places around my hill a blessing; and I will cause the shower to come down in its season; there shall be showers of blessing.

27 The tree of the field shall yield its fruit, and the earth shall yield its increase, and they shall be secure in their land; and they shall know that I am Yahweh, when I have broken the bars of their yoke, and have delivered them out of the hand of those who made slaves of them.

28 They shall no more be a prey to the nations, neither shall the animals of the earth devour them; but they shall dwell securely, and none shall make them afraid.

29 I will raise up to them a plantation for renown, and they shall be no more consumed with famine in the land, neither bear the shame of the nations any more.

30 They shall know that I, Yahweh, their God am with them, and that they, the house of Israel, are my people, says the Lord Yahweh.

31 You my sheep, the sheep of my pasture, are men, and I am your God, says the Lord Yahweh.

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Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 157

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 46, 93, 415, 666, 908, 1038, 1085, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 3, 49, 243, 270, 306, 336, 383, ...

A Brief Exposition of New Church Doctrine 86

The Lord 4, 28, 43

Faith 68

True Christian Religion 171, 689, 844

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 67, 280, 316, 340, 365, 388, 405, ...

Spiritual Experiences 4573

Scriptural Confirmations 2, 4, 22, 53

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Word/Phrase Explanations

the Word
In general, we tend to be very aware of how knowing what's true leads to doing what is good. That starts as children, with parents...

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The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

son of man
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'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

'To tell' signifies perceiving, because in the spiritual world, or in heaven, they do not need to tell what they think because they communicate every...

As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

'Fat things full of marrow,' signify goods.

The instruction not make clothing that mixes 'Woolen and linen' threads means, in the internal sense, that people's spiritual states of good and truth should...

'A haven, port, or harbor,' denotes the point where scientific matters terminate and commence, or where there is a conclusion of truth from scientific things.

To 'be strengthened,' as in Genesis 21:18, signifies being supported.

'The sick,' as in Matthew 25:35, signify people in evil, and those who acknowledge that in themselves there is nothing but evil.

To “break” something creates an image that is much different from “attacking,” “destroying,” or “shattering.” It is less emotional, less violent in its intent; it...

Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

The meaning of "scatter" in the Bible is relatively literal, but it is used in regard to spiritual things, not natural ones. So to "scatter"...

The Writings tell us that shepherds represent those who lead and teach others, using knowledge and true ideas to help people reach the goodness of...

When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

In Isaiah 40:12 'to weigh the mountains in a balance, and the hills in scales,' signifies that the celestial aspects of love and charity are...

'Height' signifies what is inward, and also heaven.

The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

A 'surface' denotes the extreme.

'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

'To require of another' denotes the state when one thing is joined to another so that it cannot be separated.

In Genesis 27:22, 'voice' relates to truth, and 'hand,' to good.

When the Bible talks about "feeding" it is generally referring to instruction in spiritual things – teaching people the true concepts that can lead them...

In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

The meaning of "to seek" in the Bible is pretty straightforward, but there is a bit of nuance: Swedenborg tells us that in most cases...

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'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

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'To push' or 'to strike the people' denotes destroying falsities with truths.

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In ordinary life, we tend to think of "peace" as essentially "a lack of conflict." As a nation, if we're not at war, it's a...

'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

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A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

the Lord
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

Resources for parents and teachers

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 Heal Me (sheet music)
Song | Ages over 11

 I Will Save My Flock
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Lost Sheep
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Good Shepherd
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Shepherds Visit
The Word is the story of ourselves. What are our "sheep", "shepherds", and the miracle of the Lord's birth in our lives?
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 17




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'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

(Odkazy: The Apocalypse Explained 741)

Ze Swedenborgových děl


Scriptural Confirmations # 4

Scriptural Confirmations (Whitehead translation)      

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4. 2. The Son of God (Romans 1:3-4).

Called after Jesus Christ, Christians (Romans 1:6) through the faith of Jesus Christ (Romans 3:22).

Faith in Christ. Through Jesus Christ we have peace toward God, and to God we have access by faith into this grace, and we glory in the hope of the glory of God (Romans 5:1-2).

By Jesus Christ were we reconciled to God (Romans 5:10,11).

As by one man sin entered into the world, so by the justice of one are we justified (Romans 5:12, 13, 15, 18-19).

There is no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit, in order that the justification of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the spirit (Romans 8:1-4). Christ is at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us (Romans 8:34).

Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? Shall tribulation, distress, hunger, death, angels, principalities, height, depth, etc. (Romans 8:35-39)?

From the fathers Christ is according to the flesh, who is over all; God blessed forever. Amen (Romans 9:5).

Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord, shall be saved (Romans 10:13).

We are one body in Christ; all are members having different gifts according to grace (Romans 12:5-6). The gifts which belong to different members are enumerated in a long series (verses 6, 13).

Put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ (Romans 13:14).

Whether we live, we live in the Lord; whether we die, we die in the Lord; therefore, whether we live or die, we are the Lord's. For to this end Christ both died and rose and lived again that He might be Lord both of the dead and of the living (Romans 14:8-9).

It is written, I live, saith the Lord, for every knee shall bow to Me, and every tongue shall confess to God (Romans 14:11). Isaiah saith, there shall be a root of Jesse, and He that shall rise to rule over the nations; in Him shall the nations hope (Romans 15:12).

The Gospel of Christ (Romans 15:19-21).

Chosen and tried in the Lord, in Christ: to work and labor in the Lord (Romans 16:8-13).

(Odkazy: 1 Corinthians 3:22, 5:1-2, 5:10-11; 1 John 2:13; 1 Peter 1:7-10, 2:1-11, 2:19, 3:13, 4:1-2, 4:15-17, 5:2-4; 2 Corinthians 5:12-13, 5:15, 5:18-19, 8:1, 8:4; 2 Peter 1:12, 3:1-6; 2 Timothy 1:10-11, 1:13; Amos 5:8, 8:9, 8:11, 8:12-13, 9:11, 9:11-15; Daniel 2:28, 2:32-33, 2:34-43, 2:34-35, 2:44-45, 2:44, 3:25, 3:28, 4:10-13, 4:17-31, 5, 7, 7:13-14, 7:22, 7:27, 8, 8:4, 8:10, 8:11-12, 8:17, 8:19, 8:24-25, 8:26, 9:2, 9:3-4, 9:7-9, 9:13-14, 9:15-19, 9:16-19, 9:20, 9:25-27, 10:14, 11:27, 11:35, 11:45, 12:1, 12:3, 12:4, 12:7, 12:11, 12:13; Ephesians 1:7-8; Ezekiel 1:26-28, 2:4, 3:11, 3:27, 4:14, 4:17, 5:5, 5:7-8, 5:11, 6:3, 6:6, 6:11, 7:2, 7:2-12, 7:5, 8:1, 8:4, 11:6-7, 12:19-20, 12:27, 13:20-23, 29:9-10, 29:12, 30:7, 30:12, 32:7-8, 32:12, 32:15, 34:12, 35:3-4, 35:7, 35:9, 35:12, 35:14-15, 36:10, 36:23, 36:26-28, 36:33-38, 37:12-14, 38:8, 38:16, 39:11-13, 39:17-22, 40:1, 41:1, 42:1, 43:1, 44:1, 45:1, 46:1, 47:1, 48:1, 48:35; Genesis 15:11, 15:17; Haggai 2:6-9; Hebrews 1:6, 1:10, 2:16; Hosea 1:1, 3:4-5, 5:15, 6:2-3, 7:13, 10:14, 12:2; Isaiah 1:6-9, 1:11-18, 1:25-31, 2:2-6, 2:11, 2:17, 4, 5:3-15, 5:18-30, 6:1-8, 6:9-13, 7:18-19, 7:20, 7:23-24, 10:3-19, 10:23, 10:23-24, 13:6-10, 13:13, 14:1-28, 14:29-32, 17:4-6, 17:9-14, 21:11-12, 22:4-14, 22:12, 22:20-24, 22:25, 23:1-16, 23:17, 23:18, 24:1-13, 24:14-15, 24:16-20, 24:21-23, 25:6-8, 25:9, 26:1-2, 26:18, 26:20-21, 27:1, 27:12-13, 29:10-12, 29:17-18, 30:23, 30:25-26, 32:13-18, 33:8-10, 33:15-16, 33:20-22, 34:4, 34:8, 34:10-11, 34:13-15, 35:1-2, 35:4-8, 35:10, 42:14-16, 42:18, 43:5-8, 43:19-20, 44:26-28, 49:17, 49:19, 51:3, 51:6, 51:19-20, 54:5-8, 54:11-14, 56:1, 59:1-16, 59:7, 59:16-21, 60, 60:12, 61, 61:4, 62, 62:1, 62:4, 63:1-9, 63:15-19, 64:1-11, 65:1, 65:1-15, 65:17-25, 66:10-11, 66:22; James 3:4; Jeremiah 2:15, 3:17, 4:7, 4:9, 4:20, 4:26-27, 5:9, 5:10, 5:18, 5:29, 6:7-8, 6:15, 6:26, 7:32-34, 8:12-13, 9:9-11, 10:15, 10:20, 10:22, 10:25, 11:22-23, 12:3, 12:10-11, 13:21, 16:14-15, 23:8, 23:12, 25:36-38, 26:9, 27:17, 30:7, 30:23-24, 44:2, 44:6, 44:22, 47:4, 48:1, 48:3, 48:8-9, 48:15, 48:20, 48:32, 48:34, 48:44, 49:2-3, 49:7-22, 49:10, 49:13, 49:17, 49:20, 50:1, 50:3, 50:13, 50:18, 50:23, 50:27, 50:45, 51:26, 51:29, 51:41, 51:43, 51:48, 51:53, 51:55-56, 51:62; Joel 1:6-7, 1:15-20, 2:1-11, 2:10-11, 2:12-27, 2:28, 2:31-32, 3:14-20; John 9:4, 14:20, 19:28-30, 21:18, 21:22-23; Jude 1:5, 1:7; Lamentations 1:4, 1:13, 1:16, 3:47, 4:22; Luke 2:18, 2:28, 3:2, 12:35-48, 12:36-46, 13:35, 17:22-30, 17:32, 17:34, 18:8, 20:17-18, 20:41-44, 21:5-6, 21:9-11, 21:26-27, 21:34-36; Mark 3:3-4, 3:7, 3:8, 3:10-14, 13:1-4, 13:7-8, 13:14, 13:19-20, 13:21-23, 13:24-25, 13:26-27, 13:31, 13:33, 13:35-37; Matthew 1:13, 2:12, 3:7, 4:13, 5:1, 5:4, 13:24-30, 13:37-43, 13:47-50, 19:28, 22:40-44, 24, 24:5-14, 24:15, 24:15-16, 24:21, 24:22-25, 24:22, 24:23-25, 24:27, 24:28, 24:29, 24:30-31, 24:35, 24:36, 24:37-39, 24:42-44, 24:46, 24:48, 24:50, 25:1-13, 25:14-30, 25:31, 25:31-46, 28:20; Micah 1:9, 3:5-6, 4:1-8, 7:11-12; Nahum 1:15, 3:17; Psalms 35:7-8, 35:8, 35:17, 37:19, 73:17-19, 90:4, 102:26-27, 110:1, 122, 137:5-6; Revelation 1:4, 1:7, 1:8, 1:11, 1:18, 2:5, 2:8, 3:3, 3:10, 3:11, 4:8, 5:6, 5:12, 6, 6:11, 6:13-14, 6:17, 8:1, 9:1, 9:17-21, 10:6, 11:15-17, 11:17, 11:18, 12:1-17, 12:10, 14:15-19, 16, 16:14, 16:15, 19:6-9, 19:17-18, 20:4, 20:6, 21:1, 21:2, 21:3, 21:5, 21:6, 21:9-10, 21:26, 22:7, 22:12, 22:13, 22:16-17; Romans 1:4, 1:11, 1:14-15, 1:18-19, 2:19-21, 3:20-21, 5:10-13, 8:1, 8:4, 8:34-39, 15:16-17; Zechariah 1:16-17, 2:1-12, 3:2, 3:9-10, 8:2-5, 8:8, 8:12, 8:15, 8:20-22, 12:3, 12:8-10, 13:1-2, 14:6-9, 14:11, 14:21; Zephaniah 1:2-3, 2:2-4, 2:7, 2:9, 3:9-20)

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Thanks to the Swedenborg Foundation for their permission to use this translation.