Ezekiel 1

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1 Now it happened in the thirtieth year, in the fourth [month], in the fifth [day] of the month, as I was among the captives by the river Chebar, that the heavens were opened, and I saw visions of God.

2 In the fifth [day] of the month, which was the fifth year of king Jehoiachin's captivity,

3 the word of Yahweh came expressly to Ezekiel the priest, the son of Buzi, in the land of the Chaldeans by the river Chebar; and the hand of Yahweh was there on him.

4 I looked, and behold, a stormy wind came out of the north, a great cloud, with flashing lightning, and a brightness around it, and out of its midst as it were glowing metal, out of the midst of the fire.

5 Out of its midst came the likeness of four living creatures. This was their appearance: they had the likeness of a man.

6 Everyone had four faces, and each one of them had four wings.

7 Their feet were straight feet; and the sole of their feet was like the sole of a calf's foot; and they sparkled like burnished brass.

8 They had the hands of a man under their wings on their four sides; and the four of them had their faces and their wings [thus]:

9 their wings were joined one to another; they didn't turn when they went; each one went straight forward.

10 As for the likeness of their faces, they had the face of a man; and the four of them had the face of a lion on the right side; and the four of them had the face of an ox on the left side; the four of them also had the face of an eagle.

11 Such were their faces. Their wings were spread out above. Two wings of each one touched another, and Two covered their bodies.

12 Each one went straight forward: where the spirit was to go, they went; they didn't turn when they went.

13 As for the likeness of the living creatures, their appearance was like burning coals of fire, like the appearance of torches: [the fire] went up and down among the living creatures; and the fire was bright, and out of the fire went forth lightning.

14 The living creatures ran and returned as the appearance of a flash of lightning.

15 Now as I saw the living creatures, behold, one wheel on the earth beside the living creatures, for each of the four faces of it.

16 The appearance of the wheels and their work was like a beryl: and the four of them had one likeness; and their appearance and their work was as it were a wheel within a wheel.

17 When they went, they went in their four directions: they didn't turn when they went.

18 As for their rims, they were high and dreadful; and the four of them had their rims full of eyes all around.

19 When the living creatures went, the wheels went beside them; and when the living creatures were lifted up from the earth, the wheels were lifted up.

20 Wherever the spirit was to go, they went; there was the spirit to go: and the wheels were lifted up beside them; for the spirit of the living creature was in the wheels.

21 When those went, these went; and when those stood, these stood; and when those were lifted up from the earth, the wheels were lifted up beside them: for the spirit of the living creature was in the wheels.

22 Over the head of the living creature there was the likeness of an expanse, like the awesome crystal to look on, stretched forth over their heads above.

23 Under the expanse were their wings straight, the one toward the other: each one had two which covered on this side, and every one had two which covered on that side, their bodies.

24 When they went, I heard the noise of their wings like the noise of great waters, like the voice of the Almighty, a noise of tumult like the noise of an army: when they stood, they let down their wings.

25 There was a voice above the expanse that was over their heads: when they stood, they let down their wings.

26 Above the expanse that was over their heads was the likeness of a throne, as the appearance of a sapphire stone; and on the likeness of the throne was a likeness as the appearance of a man on it above.

27 I saw as it were glowing metal, as the appearance of fire within it all around, from the appearance of his waist and upward; and from the appearance of his waist and downward I saw as it were the appearance of fire, and there was brightness around him.

28 As the appearance of the rainbow that is in the cloud in the day of rain, so was the appearance of the brightness all around. This was the appearance of the likeness of the glory of Yahweh. When I saw it, I fell on my face, and I heard a voice of one that spoke.

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Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 9457, 9509

Apocalypse Revealed 36, 322, 945

Conjugial Love 26

Doctrine of the Lord 52

The Doctrine of the New Jerusalem Regarding the Sacred Scripture 97

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 124

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 49, 425, 908, 934, 1042, 1992, 2162, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 14, 49, 239, 245, 466, 614, 629, ...

Divine Providence 134

Doctrine of the Lord 48

True Christian Religion 157, 260

Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 69, 70, 77, 239, 253, 277, 279, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 60

Spiritual Experiences 255

Scriptural Confirmations 2, 4, 22, 52

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Významy biblických slov

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The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

Five also signifies all things of one part.

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"Air" in the Bible represents thought, but in a very general way – more like our capacity to perceive ideas and the way we tend...

To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

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the Word
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'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

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Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Stormy wind
'A stormy wind' and 'an overflowing shower,' as in Ezekiel 13:11-13, signify the desolation of falsity.

Because a nearer and stronger divine influx through the heavens disperses truths among the wicked, 'wind' signifies this dispersion of truth and the resulting conjunction...

As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

In Isaiah 19:1, "Jehovah rides upon a light cloud, and comes into Egypt", signifies the visitation of the natural man from spiritual-natural Divine Truth, for...

'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

living creatures
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four wings
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The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

Calves of the lips (Hos 14:2) are confessions from the affection of truth.

Our feet are the lowest and most utilitarian parts of our bodies, and in the Bible they represent the lowest and most utilitarian part of...

Brass and iron as in Isaiah 48:4 and Daniel 7:19 signify what is hard.

Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

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“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

'A lion' signifies the good of celestial love and the truth from that good.

'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

Eagle wings, referred to in Daniel 7:3, signify rational principles grounded in man's proprium.

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A live coal from the altar (Isa. 6:6), signifies divine love, from which all purification is derived.

'Lightning' is the radiance and brilliance of God's truth.

There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

'Wheels,' as in Exodus 14:25, signify the power of proceeding and divine intelligence. 'Wheels,' as in Isaiah 5:28, signify the doctrine of natural truth. 'Wheels,'...

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'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...

'Beryl,' as in Daniel 10:6, signifies the good of charity and faith. Beryl is a sparkling precious stone.

'Height' signifies what is inward, and also heaven.

'To satiate' relates to the extent of a person's will, for good or evil.

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'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

The firmament, as in Genesis 1, signifies the internal man. The firmament of heaven is mutual love.

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The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

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noise of their wings
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In Genesis 27:22, 'voice' relates to truth, and 'hand,' to good.

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'The Lord's throne' signifies, in general, the whole heaven, and specifically, the spiritual heaven, and by extension, divine truth proceeding, and so, everything of heaven...

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Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

day of
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Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

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Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) # 60

Coronis (Buss translation)      

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60. Now follow some things concerning the Coming of the Lord collected from the prophecies of the Old Word; namely:

Jehovah God said, Lo, I come; in the roll of the Book it is written of Me (Psalm 40:7).

Jehovah God said to the serpent,... Be thou cursed;... I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her Seed; and He shall trample thy head, but thou shalt injure the heel (Gen. 3:14-15).

The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a law-giver from between his feet, until Shiloh come: to Him shall the cleaving of the peoples be (Gen. 49:10)- the prophecy of the father, Israel, concerning his sons.

A Star shall rise out of Jacob, and a sceptre shall rise up out of Israel (Num. 24:17).

Jehovah thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet out of the midst of thy brethren, like unto Me; Him ye shall obey,... and I will put My words in His mouth;... whence it shall come to pass, that the man who will not obey His words, I will require it of him (Deut. 18:15-19).

The Lord Himself giveth you a sign, Behold a Virgin shall conceive and bear a Son, and shall call His name, God with us (Isa. 7:14).

Unto us a Boy is born, unto us a Son is given, on whose shoulder shall be the government; His name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, God, Hero, Father of Eternity, Prince of Peace: of the increase of His government... there shall be no end (Isa. 9:6-7).

There shall come forth a shoot out of the stem of Jesse, and a branch out of his root shall bear fruit;... upon Him shall rest the spirit of wisdom and intelligence, the spirit of counsel and might (Isa. 11:1-2).

In that day the nations shall seek the Root of Jesse, which standeth for an ensign of the peoples, and His rest shall be glory (Isa. 11:10).

Send ye the lamb of the Ruler of the hand, from the rock toward the wilderness:... His throne is established in mercy, and one shall sit upon it in truth in the tabernacle of David, judging, and seeking judgment, and hastening justice (Isa. 16:1, 5).

It shall be said in that day, Lo, this is our God for whom we have waited that He may deliver us; this is Jehovah for whom we have waited: we will exult and rejoice in His salvation (Isa. 25:9; 26:8-9).

The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of Jehovah, make plain in the desert a path for our God.... The glory of Jehovah shall be revealed; and all flesh shall see it together (Isa. 40:3, 5).

O Zion, thou evangelizer, get thee up upon the high mountain; O Jerusalem,... thou that evangelizest, lift up thy voice with strength; say to the cities of Judah, Behold your God. Behold, the Lord Jehovih cometh in strength, and His arm shall rule for Him; behold His reward is with Him.... He shall feed His flock like a shepherd; He shall gather the lambs in His arm, and carry them in His bosom; He shall gently lead the sucklings (Isa. 40:9-11).

My people shall know My name in that day; for I am He that doth speak; Behold Me. How delightful upon the mountains are the feet of Him that evangelizeth, that causeth them to hear peace, that evangelizeth good, that causeth them to hear salvation, that saith unto Zion, Thy King reigneth.... They shall lift up the voice and sing; they shall see eye to eye that Jehovah is returned to Zion. He hath comforted His people, He hath redeemed Jerusalem:... all the ends of the land shall see the salvation of our God (Isa. 52:6-10).

Say ye to the daughter of Zion, Behold, thy salvation cometh; His reward is with Him, and the recompense of His work before Him (Isa. 62:11).

Shout for joy and rejoice, O daughter of Zion; behold, I come, that I may dwell in the midst of thee;... then many nations shall cleave to Jehovah (Zech. 2:10-11).

Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem; behold, thy King cometh to thee, just (Zech. 9:9).

Behold, the days come... when I will raise up to David a righteous Branch, who shall reign a King and prosper, and He shall execute judgment and justice in the land;... and this is His name,... Jehovah our Righteousness (Jer. 33:5-6; 23:15-16).

Behold, I send My angel, who shall prepare the way before Me; and the Lord whom ye seek shall suddenly come to His temple, and the Angel of the covenant whom ye desire, behold, He shall come (Mal. 3:1).

Thou Bethlehem Ephratah, it is little that thou art among the thousands of Judah; out of thee shall One go forth unto Me, who will be Ruler in Israel, and whose goings forth are from of old, from the days of eternity.... He shall stand and feed the flock in the strength of Jehovah,... and shall increase even to the ends of the land (Micah 5:2, 4).

I anoint My king upon Zion.... I will proclaim concerning the statute, Jehovah saith unto Me, Thou art My Son, this day have I begotten Thee; ask of Me, and I will give the nations for Thine inheritance, and the ends of the earth for Thy possession.

Kiss the Son, lest He be angry, and ye perish in the way; Blessed are all they that put their trust in Him (Psalm 2:6-12).

Behold, the God of my salvation! I will trust and not be afraid. Cry out and shout for joy, O inhabitant of Zion; for great is the Holy One of Israel in the midst of thee (Isa. 12:2, 6).

In that day a man shall look to his Maker, and his eyes shall have regard to the Holy One of Israel (Isa. 17:7).

My Beloved had a vineyard in a horn of [the son of] oil (Isa. 5:1). Jehovah Zebaoth, Him shall ye sanctify.... He shall be for a sanctuary, although for a stone of stumbling, and for a rock of offence,... and for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitant of Jerusalem (Isa. 8:13-14; Matt. 21:42-44; Luke 20:17-18).

The people that walked in darkness shall see a great light; they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them shall the light shine (Isa. 9:2).

Out of Zion... God shall shine forth; our God shall come, and shall not keep silence (Psalm 1 2, 3).

The vision is yet for the appointed time, and speaketh out to the end; yet it shall not lie: though He tarry, wait for Him; because He will surely come, He will not delay (Hab. 2:3).

O Jehovah, I have heard Thy fame; I have revered, O Jehovah, Thy work,... make it present in the midst of the years. God shall come from Teman, and the Holy One from Mount Paran. His glory covered the heavens, and the earth was full of His praise. His brightness shall be as the light; rays [coming forth] from His hand; and there is the hiding of His strength (Hab. 3:2-3, 4).

Thus said the Lord Jehovih, Behold, I will lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner-[stone] of well-established foundation;... then I will set judgment to the rule, and righteousness to the plummet (Isa. 28:16-17).

The Lord, appearing above the mercy-seat (Ezek. 1:26-28), is described as to the Word, and is called "Lord Jehovih" (Ezek. 2:4; 3:11, 27; 4:14; 5:7, 11; 6:3, 11; 7:2, 5; 8:1). In Isaiah liii, throughout, the Lord is treated of, and the state of His life in the world is described by the following expressions:

That He had no form nor comeliness; He was despised and not esteemed; He was wounded on account of our transgressions, and bruised for our iniquities; Jehovah caused the iniquities of us all to meet in Him; He was led as a lamb to the slaughter; He was cut off out of the land of the living; because He placed their guilt on His soul His days should be prolonged; also, for them He poured out His soul even unto death; He was numbered with the transgressors, and interceded for the transgressors (Isa. 53:1-12).

I have called Him forth in righteousness.... He shall build My city; and He shall send away My captivity, not for price nor for reward.... Verily, Thou art a God that hidest Thyself, O God of Israel the Saviour (Isa. 45:13, 15).

I have caused My righteousness to draw near,... and My Salvation shall not tarry (Isa. 46:13).

As for our Redeemer, Jehovah Zebaoth is His Name, and the Holy One of Israel (Isa. 47:4).

O Jehovah, our Lord, how excellent is Thy Name in all the earth! giving to it honour above the heavens.... Thou hast caused Him to lack little compared with the angels, but Thou hast crowned Him with glory and honour; Thou hast made Him to have dominion over the works of Thy hands, Thou hast put all things under His feet (Psalm 8:1, 5-6, 9).

God... shall come down like rain among the herb.... He shall have dominion also from sea even to sea, and from the river even to the ends of the earth. The barbarians shall bow themselves before him, and his enemies shall lick the dust; the kings of Tarshish and of the Isles shall bring their present; the kings of Sheba and Seba shall offer their gift; all kings shall bow themselves to him, all nations shall serve him; for he shall deliver the wretched, who hath no helper.... He shall redeem their soul from deceit and violence:... His name shall be to eternity; he shall have the name of a son 1 before the sun, and men shall be blessed in him.

Blessed be God, the God of Israel:... blessed be the name of his glory... the whole earth shall be filled with his glory. Amen and Amen (Psalm 72:6, 8, 10, 12, 18-19).

I have made a covenant with My chosen.... Thy seed will I establish even to eternity, and I will build up Thy throne from generation to generation;... and the heavens shall confess Thy wonders (Psalm 89:3-4, 5).


1. See for the word "son" A.V. margin.

[The rest is missing.]


(Odkazy: Genesis 3:15, 49:9-12; Habakkuk 3:2-4, 3:13, 3:18-19; Isaiah 5:1-2, 9:2-3, 11:1-5, 12, 45:13-15, 53:1, 53:1-2, 53:3, 53:4-5, 53:6, 53:7, 53:8, 53:10, 53:11-12, 53:12; Jeremiah 23:5-6, 33:15-16; Malachi 3:3, 4:5-6; Psalms 50:2-3, 72:1-19, 72:8-12, 72:14, 72:17-19, 89:3-5; Zechariah 2:9-11)

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Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.