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Daniel 10

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1 ในปีทที่สามแห่งรัชกาลไซรัสกษัตริย์แห่งประเทศเปอร์เซีย มีอยู่สิ่งหนึ่งทรงสำแดงแก่ดาเนียล ผู้ได้ชื่อว่าเบลเทชัสซาร์ และสิ่งนั้นก็จริง แต่เวลาที่กำหนดไว้ก็อีกนาน ท่านเข้าใจสิ่งนั้นและมีความเข้าใจในนิมิตนั้น

2 ในคราวนั้น ข้าพเจ้าดาเนียลเป็นทุกข์อยู่สามสัปดาห์

3 ข้าพเจ้าไม่ได้รับประทานอาหารอร่อย เนื้อหรือน้ำองุ่นก็มิได้เข้าปากข้าพเจ้า ข้าพเจ้าไม่ได้ชโลมน้ำมันตัวเลยตลอดสามสัปดาห์

4 เมื่อวันที่ยี่สิบสี่เดือนต้นข้าพเจ้าอยู่ที่ฝั่งแม่น้ำใหญ่ คือแม่น้ำไทกริส

5 ข้าพเจ้าแหงนขึ้นมอง ดูเถิด มีชายคนหนึ่งสวมเสื้อผ้าป่าน มีทองคำเนื้อดีเมืองอุฟาสคาดเอวไว้

6 ร่างกายของท่านดั่งพลอยเขียว และหน้าของท่านก็เหมือนฟ้าแลบ ดวงตาของท่านก็เหมือนกับคบเปลวเพลิง แขนและเท้าเป็นเงางามเหมือนกับทองสัมฤทธิ์ขัด และเสียงถ้อยคำของท่านเหมือนเสียงมวลชน

7 และข้าพเจ้าดาเนียลเห็นนิมิตนั้นแต่ผู้เดียว คนที่อยู่กับข้าพเจ้ามิได้เห็นนิมิตนั้น แต่เขาตัวสั่นมากจึงวิ่งไปซ่อนเสีย

8 แล้วข้าพเจ้าอยู่แต่ลำพัง และข้าพเจ้าได้เห็นนิมิตใหญ่ยิ่งนี้ ข้าพเจ้าก็สิ้นเรี่ยวสิ้นแรง หน้าตาสุกใสของข้าพเจ้าก็เปลี่ยนเป็นหน้าซีด ข้าพเจ้าหมดแรง

9 แล้วข้าพเจ้าจึงได้ยินเสียงถ้อยคำของท่าน และเมื่อข้าพเจ้าได้ยินเสียงถ้อยคำนั้น ข้าพเจ้าก็ซบหน้าลงสลบอยู่ หน้าของข้าพเจ้าฟุบกับดิน

10 และดูเถิด มีมือมาแตะต้องข้าพเจ้า พยุงให้ข้าพเจ้ายันตัวด้วยฝ่ามือและเข่า

11 ท่านกล่าวแก่ข้าพเจ้าว่า "โอ ดาเนียล บุรุษผู้เป็นที่รักอย่างยิ่ง จงเข้าใจถ้อยคำที่เราพูดกับท่าน และยืนตรง เพราะบัดนี้ข้าพเจ้าได้รับใช้ให้มาหาท่าน" ขณะที่ท่านกล่าวคำนี้แก่ข้าพเจ้า ข้าพเจ้าก็ยืนสั่นสะท้านอยู่

12 แล้วท่านพูดกับข้าพเจ้าว่า "ดาเนียลเอ๋ย อย่ากลัวเลย เพราะตั้งแต่วันแรกที่ท่านได้ตั้งใจจะเข้าใจและถ่อมลงต่อพระพักตร์พระเจ้าของท่านนั้น พระเจ้าทรงฟังถ้อยคำของท่าน และข้าพเจ้ามาด้วยเรื่องถ้อยคำของท่าน

13 จ้าวผู้พิทักษ์ราชอาณาจักรเปอร์เซียได้ขัดขวางข้าพเจ้าไว้ถึงยี่สิบเอ็ดวัน แต่ดูเถิด มีคาเอลจ้าวผู้พิทักษ์ชั้นหัวหน้าผู้หนึ่งมาช่วยข้าพเจ้า ข้าพเจ้าจึงยังอยู่ที่นั่นกับกษัตริย์ทั้งหลายของเปอร์เซีย

14 บัดนี้ข้าพเจ้ามากระทำให้ท่านเข้าใจถึงสิ่งซึ่งจะตกกับชนชาติของท่านในกาลภายหน้า เพราะนิมิตนั้นยังมีไว้สำหรับวันเวลาอีกเป็นอันมาก"

15 เมื่อท่านได้พูดตามถ้อยคำเหล่านี้กับข้าพเจ้าแล้ว ข้าพเจ้าก็ก้มหน้าสู่พื้นดินแล้วก็เป็นใบ้ไป

16 และดูเถิด มีท่านผู้หนึ่งสัณฐานคล้ายบุตรทั้งหลายของมนุษย์มาแตะริมฝีปากของข้าพเจ้า แล้วข้าพเจ้าก็อ้าปากขึ้นพูด ข้าพเจ้ากล่าวกับท่านที่ยืนอยู่ข้างกน้าข้าพเจ้าว่า "นายเจ้าข้า ด้วยเหตุนิมิตนั้นความเจ็บปวดจึงเกิดกับข้าพเจ้า แล้วข้าพเจ้าก็หมดแรง

17 ผู้รับใช้ของเจ้านายของข้าพเจ้าจะพูดกับเจ้านายของข้าพเจ้าได้อย่างไร เพราะบัดนี้ไม่มีกำลังเหลืออยู่ในข้าพเจ้าเลย ลมหายใจพรากไปจากข้าพเจ้าแล้ว"

18 ท่านผู้มีรูปร่างอย่างมนุษย์นั้นได้แตะต้องข้าพเจ้าอีกครั้งหนึ่ง และให้กำลังข้าพเจ้า

19 ท่านกล่าวว่า "โอ บุรุษผู้เป็นที่รักอย่างยิ่ง อย่ากลัวเลย สันติภาพจงมีแก่ท่าน จงเข้มแข็ง เออ จงเข้มแข็งเถิด" เมื่อท่านพูดกับข้าพเจ้านั้น ข้าพเจ้ามีกำลังขึ้นและกล่าวว่า "ขอเจ้านายของข้าพเจ้าจงพูดไปเถิด เพราะท่านได้ให้กำลังข้าพเจ้าแล้ว"

20 แล้วท่านจึงกล่าวว่า "ท่านทราบหรือไม่ว่าข้าพเจ้ามาหาท่านทำไม แต่บัดนี้ข้าพเจ้าจะกลับไปต่อสู้กับจ้าวผู้พิทักษ์แห่งเปอร์เซีย และเมื่อข้าพเจ้าเสร็จธุระกับเขาแล้ว ดูเถิด จ้าวผู้พิทักษ์แห่งกรีกจะมา

21 แต่ข้าพเจ้าจะบอกท่านตามสิ่งซึ่งบันทึกไว้ในหนังสือแห่งสัจจะ ไม่มีผู้ใดร่วมแรงกับข้าพเจ้าต่อสู้จ้าวเหล่านี้เลย นอกจากมีคาเอล จ้าวผู้พิทักษ์ของท่าน"

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Revealed 500, 548

Heaven and Hell 171

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 181


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 425, 1664, 2162, 2788, 3021, 6135, 7601, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 34, 36, 49, 56, 468, 505, 671, ...

Divine Providence 134

The Lord 4, 52

True Christianity 157


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 50, 69, 77, 79, 80, 375, 504, ...

Scriptural Confirmations 2, 4, 15, 42

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Arcana Coelestia # 9406

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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9406. 'And under His feet' means the lowest level of meaning, which is that of the letter itself. This is clear from the meaning of 'feet' as natural things, dealt with in 2162, 3147, 3761, 3986, 4280, 4938-4952, so that the soles under the feet are the lowest things in the natural order. The reason why the lowest level of meaning in the Word, which is the sense of the letter, is meant here by 'under the feet' is that these words refer to Divine Truth or the Word, which comes from the Lord and is the Lord, as may be recognized from what has come before. And the lowest level of God's truth or the Word is the Word as it exists in the sense of the letter, that is, the natural sense since it is intended for the natural man. The fact that the sense of the letter contains an internal sense, which in comparison is spiritual and heavenly, is clear from all those things which have been shown up to now regarding the Word. But the more worldly- and bodily-minded a person is, the less he understands this, because he does not allow himself to be raised into spiritual light and from there to see what the Word is like, namely that in the letter it is natural and in the internal sense is spiritual. For it is possible to see from the spiritual world or the light of heaven what lower things down to the lowest are like, but not from below upwards, 9401 (end), and so to see that the Word in the letter is as described above.

[2] Since the Word in the letter is natural, and natural things are meant by 'the feet', the lowest level of the Word, like the lowest of the Church, is called 'the place of Jehovah's feet', also 'His footstool', 1 as well as 'clouds and darkness' in comparison, as in Isaiah,

They will keep Your gates open continually, to bring to You the army 2 of the nations, and their kings in procession. 3 The glory of Lebanon will come to You, the fir, the pine, and the box tree together, to beautify the place of My sanctuary; and I will make the place of My feet glorious. Isaiah 60:11, 13.

This refers to the Lord and to His kingdom and Church. 'The army of the nations' is used to mean those with whom forms of the good of faith exist, and 'kings' to mean those with whom the truths of faith are present. For the meaning of 'nations' as those with whom forms of the good of faith exist, see 1259, 1328, 1416, 1849, 4574, 6005, and for that of 'kings' as those with whom truths are present, 1672, 2015, 2069, 3009, 4575, 4581, 4966, 5044, 5068, 6148. 'The glory of Lebanon', or the cedar, is spiritual good and truth; 'the fir, the pine, and the box tree' are corresponding, natural forms of good and truth; 'the place of the sanctuary' is heaven and the Church, and the Word as well; 'the place of the feet' is heaven, the Church, and the Word as well, on their lowest levels. The reason why the Word as well is meant is that heaven is heaven, and the Church likewise the Church, by virtue of Divine Truth emanating from the Lord, and Divine Truth which makes the Church and heaven is the Word. This also explains why the inmost part of the tent in which the ark containing the law was is called 'the sanctuary'; for 'the law' is the Word, 6752. In the same prophet,

The heavens are My throne and the earth My footstool. Isaiah 66:1.

[3] In David,

Exalt Jehovah our God, and worship at His footstool. Holy is He! Moses and Aaron were among His priests; He spoke to them in the pillar of cloud. Psalms 99:5-7.

'Jehovah's footstool' which they were to worship at is Divine Truth on its lowest levels, thus the Word. 'Moses and Aaron' in the representative sense are the Word, see 7089, 7382, 9373, 9374, and 'cloud' is the Word in the letter or Divine Truth on its lowest levels, see Preface to Genesis 18, and 4060, 4391, 5922, 6343 (end), 6752, 8106, 8781; and from all this it is evident what 'speaking in the pillar of cloud' means.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 2135, 9373-9374)


[4] In the same author,

We heard of Him in Ephrathah, we found Him in the fields of the wood. We will enter His dwelling-places, and we will bow down at His footstool. Psalms 132:6-7.

This refers to the Lord and the revelation of Himself in the Word. 'Finding Him in Ephrathah' means doing so in the spiritual-celestial sense of the Word, 4585, 4594, 'in the fields of the wood' in the natural or literal sense of the Word, 3220, 9011 (end). 'Footstool' stands for Divine Truth emanating from the Lord, as it exists on the lowest levels of the Word.

[5] In the same author,

Jehovah bowed heaven, and thick darkness was under His feet. He made darkness His hiding-place - darkness of waters, clouds of the heavens. From the brightness before Him His clouds passed away. Psalms 18:9, 11-12.

This refers to the Lord's coming and presence in the Word. 'Thick darkness under His feet' stands for the sense of the letter of the Word, as does 'darkness of waters' and 'clouds of the heavens'. The fact that this very sense holds within itself Divine Truth as this exists in the heavens is meant by 'He made darkness His hiding-place'; and the fact that at the presence of the Lord the internal sense then appears, as it exists in heaven, and in its glory, is meant by 'from the brightness before Him His clouds pass away'. In Nahum,

The way of Jehovah is in storm and tempest, and the clouds are the dust of His feet. Nahum 1:3.

Here also 'the clouds' stands for the Word in the sense of the letter, which is also meant by 'storm and tempest', in which 'the way of Jehovah' lies.

[6] When God's truth as it is in heaven shines through for a person in the actual sense of the letter, this sense is then portrayed as 'the feet', which have a shine 'like that of burnished bronze', as also in Daniel,

I lifted up my eyes and saw, and behold, a Man clothed in linen whose loins were girded with gold of Uphaz, and His body was like tarshish; 4 and His face was like the appearance 5 of lightning, and His eyes were like fiery torches; His arms and His feet were like the shine of burnished bronze, and the sound of His words like the sound of a crowd. Daniel 10:5-6.

Here 'a Man clothed in linen' is used to mean in the highest sense the Lord; and since the Lord is meant it is also used to mean Divine Truth emanating from Him. For Divine Truth that emanates from the Lord is the Lord Himself in heaven and in the Church. God's truth or the Lord on lowest levels is meant by 'arms and feet like the shine of burnished bronze', and also by 'the sound of His words like the sound of a crowd'; and something similar is meant in Ezekiel 1:7.

[7] The successive state of the Church on this planet so far as reception of God's truth emanating from the Lord is concerned is also meant by the statue seen by Nebuchadnezzar, in Daniel,

The head of the statue was gold, its breast and its arms were silver, its belly and thighs were bronze, its legs were iron, its feet were partly iron and partly clay which did not cohere with each other. And the stone cut out of the rock smashed to pieces the iron, clay, bronze, silver, and gold. Daniel 2:32-35, 43, 45.

The first state of the Church so far as reception of God's truth emanating from the Lord is concerned is 'the gold', because 'gold' means celestial good, which is the good of love to the Lord, 113, 1551, 1552, 5658, 8932. The second state is meant by 'the silver', this being spiritual good, which is the good of faith in the Lord and of charity towards the neighbour, 1551, 2954, 5658, 7999. The third state is meant by 'the bronze', which is natural good, 425, 1551. And the fourth state is meant by 'the iron', which is natural truth, 425, 426. 'The clay' means falsity, which does not cohere with truth and good. The smashing to pieces of the iron, bronze, silver, and gold by the stone cut out of the rock means the destruction of the Church so far as reception of truth from the Word is concerned when the sense of the letter of the Word is used to reinforce falsity and evil. This happens when the Church is in its final state, at which time it is no longer governed by any heavenly love, only by worldly and bodily love. This was how it was with the Word so far as reception of it among the Jewish nation was concerned when the Lord came into the world. And it is how it is with the Word among the majority at the present day. They are not even aware that there is anything inwardly present in the Word; and if they were told that there is and what it is like they would not accept it. Yet in most ancient times, which are meant by 'the gold', people saw within the sense of the letter of the Word nothing apart from what was heavenly, almost independently of the letter.

From all this it may now be recognized that 'the God of Israel' and what was seen 'under His feet' means the Word on its lowest level of meaning, which is the sense of the letter.

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Footnotes:

1. literally, the stool of His feet

2. Though the Hebrew word means army it may be rendered alternatively as strength or as wealth. Most English versions of the Scriptures prefer one of these.

3. literally, their kings will be led

4. A Hebrew word for a particular kind of precious stone, possibly a beryl.

5. literally, the face

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(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 425-426, 1551-1552; Exodus 24:10)

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   Study this Passage
From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 10044, 10047, 10241


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 204, 270, 701, 717

Other New Christian Commentary
Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.


 Nebuchadnezzar's Dream
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3


Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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