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Amos 4

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1 Hören detta ord, I Basans-kor på Samarias berg, I som förtrycken de arma och öven våld mot de fattiga, I som sägen till edra män: »Skaffen hit, så att vi få dricka

2 Herren, HE EN har svurit vid sin helighet: Se, dagar skola komma över eder, då man skall hämta upp eder med metkrokar och eder sista kvarleva med fiskkrokar.

3 Då skolen I söka eder ut, var och en genom närmaste rämna i muren, och eder Harmonsbild skolen I då kasta bort, säger HE EN.

4 Kommen till Betel och bedriven eder synd till Gilgal och bedriven än värre synd; frambären där på morgonen edra slaktoffer, på tredje dagen eder tionde.

5 Förbrännen syrat bröd till lovoffer, lysen ut och kungören frivilliga offer. Ty sådant älsken I ju, I Israels barn, säger Herren, HE EN.

6 Jag lät eder gå med tomma munnar i alla edra städer, jag lät eder sakna bröd på alla edra orter. Och likväl haven I icke omvänt eder till mig, säger HE EN.

7 Jag förhöll regnet för eder, när ännu tre månader återstodo till skördetiden; jag lät det regna över en stad, men icke över en annan; en åker fick regn, men en annan förtorkades, i det att regn icke kom därpå.

8 Ja, två, tre städer måste stappla bort till en och samma stad för att få vatten att dricka, utan att de ändå kunde släcka sin törst. Och likväl haven I icke omvänt eder till mig, säger HE EN.

9 Jag slog eder säd med sot och rost; edra många trädgårdar och vingårdar, edra fikonträd och olivträd åto gräsgnagarna upp. Och likväl haven I icke omvänt eder till mig, säger HE EN.

10 Jag sände ibland eder pest, likasom i Egypten; jag dräpte edra unga män med svärd och lät edra hästar bliva tagna såsom byte; och stanken av edra fallna skaror lät jag stiga upp och komma eder i näsan. Och likväl haven I icke omvänt eder till mig, säger HE EN.

11 Jag lät omstörtning drabba eder, likasom när Gud omstörtade Sodom och Gomorra; och I voren såsom en brand, ryckt ur elden. Och likväl haven I icke omvänt eder till mig, säger HE EN.

12 Därför skall jag göra så med dig, Israel; och eftersom jag nu skall göra så med dig, därför bered dig, Israel, att möta din Gud.

13 Ty se, han som har danat bergen och skapat vinden, han som kan yppa för människan hennes hemligaste tankar, han som kan göra morgonrodnaden till mörker, och som går fram över jordens höjder -- HE EN, härskarornas Gud, är hans namn.

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Exploring the Meaning of Amos 4      

By Helen Kennedy

In chapter 4 of the Book of Amos, verses 1-3 talk about people who pervert the truths of the church. They will fall into falsities in outermost things. Fish are lower things, so it follows that fishhooks (verse 2) would mean being caught and held fast in natural or lower things.

Verses 4-6 talk about things of worship such as tithes and sacrifices. These look similar to genuine worship, but are only in outermost things. We can tell because ‘teeth’ (verse 6) represent ultimates or outermost things (Secrets of Heaven 6380), so it follows that “cleanness of teeth” would mean outermost things that look good but only imitate genuine worship. The Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verses 7-8. Some things true will remain, when the rest are false, in consequence of which truths will have no power. This can be seen where the Lord says, “I made it rain on one city; I withheld rain from another city... where it did not rain the part withered.” Again the Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verse 9. Afterward all things of the church are falsified, shown in how blight attacked the gardens, vineyards, fig tree and olive trees. The last three represent spiritual, natural and celestial things, or all the things of spiritual life. “Yet you have not returned to me,” says the Lord.

Verses 10-11. The Lord explains the devastating things he allowed to happen: plague in Egypt, death of young men by swords, stench in the camps, Sodom and Gomorrah. This is because they are profaned by sensual knowledges - profanation meaning the mixing of good and evil together (Secrets of Heaven 1001:2).

This extends to all things of the church, the church being the Lord’s kingdom on earth (Secrets of Heaven 768:3).

With profanation “as soon as any idea of what is holy arises, the idea of what is profane joins immediately to it” (Secrets of Heaven 301).

Now there is hardly anything left. “Yet you have not returned to Me,” says the Lord again.

Verses 12-13. Because people adamantly remain in their profane ways, they are warned, “Prepare to meet your God!”. This is the God powerful and mighty, “who forms mountains, and creates the wind,” and even more close to home, “Who declares to man what his thought is.” As intimately a knowing as that is, the Lord’s love for all humanity is contained in His exhortations for them to turn themselves to Him.

See, for example, Luke 6:44-45, and True Christian Religion 373.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 204


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Caelestia 382, 1069, 1453, 2165, 2220, 2799, 2842, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 336, 439, 474, 496, 502, 862

The Lord 49


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 403, 405, 513, 532, 556, 560, 608, ...

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Word/Phrase Explanations

ord
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

kor
'The heifer whereby labor has not been done,' as mentioned in Deuteronomy 21:3, signifies the innocence of the external self, which is in ignorance. 'The...

berg
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

dricka
To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

he
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

helighet
The Bible describes many things as being holy, or sacred. The Ark of the Covenant is one very holy object. The inmost chamber of the...

dagar
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

komma
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

säger
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

betel
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

Gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

morgonen
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

tionde
'Tithes,' as in tenths, signifies goods and truths stored up from the Lord in a person’s interior self. These goods are called remains. When these...

syrat
Leaven' signifies evil and falsity, which should not be mixed with good and true things. In Leviticus 2:11, it says, 'no meat offering which ye...

Israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

barn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

bröd
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

Regn
'Rain,' in a positive sense, denotes blessing, but in the opposite sense, damnation Rain,' as in Genesis 2:5-6, Exodus 34:25-27, and Hosea 6:3, signifies the...

tre
'Thirteen,' between twelve and fourteen, denotes the intermediate state. 'Thirteen,' as the sum of ten and three, denotes remains.

månader
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

stad
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

två
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

vatten
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

slog
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

vingårdar
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

fikonträd
The Writings tell us that the fig tree represents the "natural human," which is our outward life in the world, and the thoughts and feelings...

olivträd
'An olive,' as in Isaiah 17:6, signifies celestial remains. 'An olive' signifies love and charity, because 'the olive tree' signifies the celestial church, and so...

sände
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

pest
'Pestilence' denotes the vastation of good and truth.

egypten
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

dräpte
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

svärd
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

hästar
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

Gud
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

Sodom
"Sodom" in the Bible represents the love of self and the love of ruling or dominating others springing from the love of self. This is...

namn
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

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Apocalypse Revealed # 862

Apocalypse Revealed (Rogers translation)      

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862. We have said that the nations' surrounding the camp of the saints and the beloved city means, symbolically, that these people attempted to destroy everything connected with the New Church, both its truths and goods and its fundamental doctrine regarding the Lord and life, as stated in the preceding number. This is the symbolic meaning because the camp of the saints symbolizes all the truths and goods of the church which is the New Jerusalem.

That a camp in the spiritual sense symbolizes everything connected with the church with respect to its truths and goods can be seen from the following passages:

The sun and moon grew dark, and the stars diminished their brightness. Jehovah uttered His voice before His army, for His camp is very great; for numberless are those who obey His Word. (Joel 2:10-11)

I will encamp for My house some of the army... (Zechariah 9:8)

...God has scattered the bones of them who encamp against you..., because God has rejected them. (Psalms 53:5)

The angel of Jehovah encamps all around those who fear Him, and delivers them. (Psalms 34:7)

(An angel of God met Jacob, and said to Jacob,) "This is God's camp." Therefore he called the name of that place Mahanaim (Two Camps). (Genesis 32:1-2)

And so on elsewhere, as in Isaiah 29:3, Ezekiel 1:24, Psalms 27:3.

That an army or host in the Word symbolizes the church's truths and goods, and also its falsities and evils, may be seen in nos. 447, 826, 833; and so, too, does a camp.

(Odkazy: Ezekiel 38:12; Genesis 32:2; Numbers 4:4, Numbers 21:10-25; Revelation 20:9)


[2] Since the children of Israel and their twelve tribes symbolize the church in respect to all its truths and goods (nos. 349, 350), they were therefore called the armies or hosts of Jehovah (Exodus 7:4; 12:41, 51), and the places where they stopped and assembled were called camps, as in Leviticus 4:12; 8:17; 13:46; 14:8; 16:26, 28; 24:14, 23; Numbers 1; 2; 3; 4:5 ff., 5:2-4; 9:17-23; 10:1-10, 11-28; 11:31-32; 12:14-15; 21:10-15; 33:1-49; Deuteronomy 23:9-14; Amos 4:10.

It is apparent from this now that the nations' surrounding the camp of the saints and the beloved city means, symbolically, that these people tried to destroy all the truths and goods of the New Church, which is the New Jerusalem, and also its doctrine regarding the Lord and life.

The same symbolism is found in these verses in Luke:

When you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then know that its desolation is near... (At length) Jerusalem will be trampled by Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled. (Luke 21:20, 24)

This is said in reference to the end of the age, which is the final period of the church. Jerusalem here also symbolizes the church.

That Gog and Magog, that is, people who engage in external worship divorced from any internal worship, will then invade the church and try to destroy it, is something we are told also in Ezekiel 38:8-9, 11 :12, :15, :16; 39:2, and that the New Church will then be established by the Lord, Ezekiel 39:17-29.

(Odkazy: Apocalypse Revealed 349-350; Ezekiel 38:11-12, Ezekiel 38:15-16; Numbers 1:1-2, Numbers 5:3-4, 10:2-28, 10:3-8, 21:10-25, Numbers 33:3-49; Revelation 20:9)

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Inbound References:

Apocalypse Revealed 324, 329, 840


Thanks to the General Church of the New Jerusalem for the permission to use this translation.


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