Ezequiel 4

Spanish: Sagradas Escrituras (1569)         

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1 Y tú, hijo de hombre, tómate un adobe, y ponlo delante de ti, y pinta sobre él la ciudad de Jerusalén;

2 y pondrás contra ella cerco, y edificarás contra ella fortaleza, y sacarás contra ella baluarte, y asentarás delante de ella campo, y pondrás contra ella arietes alrededor.

3 Y tú tómate una sartén de hierro, y ponla en lugar de muro de hierro entre ti y la ciudad, y afirmarás tu rostro contra ella, y será en lugar de cerco, y la sitiarás. Es señal a la Casa de Israel.

4 Y tú dormirás sobre tu lado izquierdo, y pondrás sobre él la maldad de la Casa de Israel. El número de los días que dormirás sobre él, llevarás sobre ti la maldad de ellos.

5 Yo te he dado los años de su maldad por el número de los días, trescientos noventa días; y llevarás sobre ti la maldad de la Casa de Israel.

6 Y cumplidos éstos, dormirás sobre tu lado derecho segunda vez, y llevarás sobre ti la maldad de la Casa de Judá cuarenta días, día por año, día por año te lo he dado.

7 Y al cerco de Jerusalén afirmarás tu rostro, y descubierto tu brazo, profetizarás contra ella.

8 Y he aquí que yo puse sobre ti cuerdas, y no te tornarás de un lado al otro lado, hasta que hayas cumplido los días de tus vueltas.

9 Y tú toma para ti trigo, y cebada, y habas, y lentejas, y millo, y avena, y ponlo en un vaso, y hazte pan de ello el número de los días que durmieres sobre tu lado; trescientos noventa días comerás de él.

10 Y la comida que has de comer será por peso de veinte siclos al día; de tiempo a tiempo la comerás.

11 Y beberás el agua por medida, la sexta parte de un hin; de tiempo en tiempo la beberás.

12 Y comerás pan de cebada cocido debajo de la ceniza; y lo cocerás con los estiércoles que salen del hombre, delante de los ojos de ellos.

13 Y dijo el SEÑOR: Así comerán los hijos de Israel su pan inmundo, entre los gentiles a donde los lanzaré yo .

14 Y dije: ¡Ah Señor DIOS! He aquí que mi alma no es inmunda, ni nunca desde mi juventud hasta este tiempo comí cosa mortecina ni despedazada, ni nunca en mi boca entró carne inmunda.

15 Y me respondió: He aquí te doy estiércoles de bueyes en lugar de los estiércoles de hombre, y dispondrás tu pan con ellos.

16 Y me dijo: Hijo de hombre, he aquí que yo quebranto el sostén del pan en Jerusalén, y comerán el pan por peso, y con angustia; y beberán el agua por medida, y con espanto.

17 Porque les faltará el pan y el agua, y se espantarán los unos con los otros, y se desmayarán por su maldad.

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Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Explained 805

Apocalypse Revealed 350, 880

Exposición Breve de la Doctrina de la Nueva Iglesia 100

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 56

Doctrine of the Lord 64

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 127

La Verdadera Religión Cristiana 130

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 426, 730, 1296, 2165, 2959, 3104, 3332, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 50, 315, 485, 598, 610

Doctrine of the Lord 15, 16, 28

Sacred Scripture 16

La Verdadera Religión Cristiana 296, 782

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 63, 71, 600, 617, 633, 655, 706, ...

El Credo Atanasiano 165

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 60

Spiritual Experiences 2283

Spiritual Experiences (Travel Diary) 4720

Marriage 39

Scriptural Confirmations 2, 4, 22, 52

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Word/Phrase Explanations

Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Jerusalem first comes to or attention in II Samuel, chapter 5 where King David takes it from the Jebusites and makes it his capital. In...

Fortifications denote truths so far as they defend good. Fortifications signify defense against falsities and evils.

'Mound' signifies truths not appearing because they are falsified.

'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

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'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

'Unclothed' signifies being deprived of the truths of faith.

Arms and feet (Daniel 10:6) signify the exterior things of the Word, which are its literal sense.

As the finest of the grains, wheat fittingly represents the finest of spiritual food, what Swedenborg calls "the good of love and charity" – which...

'Lentils' signify the less noble types of good.

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When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything or fullness, because it is ten twice. 'Twenty,' as in Genesis 18:31, like all numbers occurring in...

'A shekel' signifies the price or estimation of good and truth, and 'half a shekel' signifies the determination of the quantity thereof.

'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

'To measure' signifies knowing and exploring the quality of something.

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'A hin' denotes the measurement of conjunction.

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The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

'Pollution' denotes the truth of faith defiled.

'The time of the heathen,' as mentioned in Ezekiel 30:3, signifies the heathen, or wickedness.

The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.

 Ezekiel: The Prophet As an Example
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

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Apocalypse Revealed # 315

Apocalypse Revealed (Rogers translation)      

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315. "A quart of wheat for a denarius, and three quarts of barley for a denarius." This symbolically means, because the value these people placed on goodness and truth was so little as to be scarcely anything.

This is the symbolic meaning because a quart, which is a measure and its contents, symbolizes the character of a thing, as shown in no. 313 above. Wheat and barley symbolize goodness and truth, and a denarius, being a very small coin, symbolizes a value so little as to be scarcely anything.

Three quarts of barley are specified because the number three symbolizes all and is predicated of truths (no. 400).

Wheat and barley symbolizes goodness and truth, here the goodness and truth of the church acquired from the Word, because everything connected with a field or vineyard symbolizes something having to do with the church - a field symbolizing the church in respect to its goodness and consequent truth, and a vineyard symbolizing the church in respect to its truth and consequent goodness. Therefore, where these are mentioned in the Word, angels, who perceive everything spiritually, have no other understanding of them - as for example in Joel:

The field is wasted, the land mourns, because the grain is wasted, the new wine is dried up, the oil fails. Ashamed are the farmers, the vinedressers wail, over the wheat and the barley, because the harvest of the field has perished. (Joel 1:10-12)

All of these things symbolize things having to do with the church.

(Odkazy: Apocalypse Revealed 314, 515; Revelation 6:6)

[2] That wheat and barley symbolize the goodness and truth of the church can be seen from the following passages:

(John said of Jesus that He would) gather his wheat into the granary and burn the chaff with fire... (Matthew 3:11-12)

(Jesus said,) "Let (weed and wheat) grow together..., and at the time of harvest I will say to the reapers, 'First gather together the weeds... to burn them, but gather the wheat into my granary.'" (Matthew 23:24-30)

...I have heard from Jehovah God... a consummation and determination... Plant the measured wheat, and the appointed barley... (Thus) He instructs him for judgment; His God teaches him. (Isaiah 28:21-26)

...Jehovah... will bring you into... a land of wheat and barley... (Deuteronomy 8:7-8)

The land of wheat and barley here is the land of Canaan, which symbolizes the church.

They shall come and sing in the height of Zion, and shall flow together to the goodness of Jehovah, for wheat and new wine... (Jeremiah 31:12)

(Jehovah) will fill you with the finest wheat. (Psalms 147:12-14, cf. Deuteronomy 32:13-14, Psalms 81:13, 16)

Jehovah told the prophet Ezekiel to make himself a cake of barleycorn mixed with dung and eat it (Ezekiel 4:12, 15). And He told the prophet Hosea to take to himself an adulterous woman, whom he bought for one and a half omers of barleycorn (Hosea 3:1-2). The prophets did these things to represent the falsifications of truth in the church, for barleycorns are truths, and barleycorns mixed with dung are truths falsified and profaned. An adulterous woman also symbolizes truth falsified (no. 134).

(Odkazy: Isaiah 28:22, 28:25-26; Matthew 13:24-30; Psalms 147:14; Revelation 6:6)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Apocalypse Revealed 295, 794

Other New Christian Commentary
Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.

 The Four Horsemen
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

Thanks to the General Church of the New Jerusalem for the permission to use this translation.