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Lamentaciones 2

Spanish: Reina Valera (1909)         

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1 COMO oscureció el Señor en su furor a la hija de Sión! Derribó del cielo á la tierra la hermosura de Israel, Y no se acordó del estrado de sus pies en el día de su ira.

2 Destruyó el Señor, y no perdonó; Destruyó en su furor todas las tiendas de Jacob: Echó por tierra las fortalezas de la hija de Judá, Deslustró el reino y sus príncipes.

3 Cortó con el furor de su ira todo el cuerno de Israel; Hizo volver atrás su diestra delante del enemigo; Y encendióse en Jacob como llama de fuego que ha devorado en contorno.

4 Entesó su arco como enemigo, afirmó su mano derecha como adversario, Y mató toda cosa hermosa á la vista: En la tienda de la hija de Sión derramó como fuego su enojo.

5 Fué el Señor como enemigo, destruyó a Israel; Destruyó todos sus palacios, disipó sus fortalezas: Y multiplicó en la hija de Judá la tristeza y lamento.

6 Y quitó su tienda como de un huerto, Destruyó el lugar de su congregación: Jehová ha hecho olvidar en Sión solemnidades y sábados, Y ha desechado en el furor de su ira rey y sacerdote.

7 Desechó el Señor su altar, menospreció su santuario, Ha entregado en mano del enemigo los muros de sus palacios: Dieron grita en la casa de Jehová como en día de fiesta.

8 Jehová determinó destruir el muro de la hija de Sión; Extendió el cordel, no retrajo su mano de destruir: Hizo pues, se lamentara el antemuro y el muro; fueron destruídos juntamente.

9 Sus puertas fueron echadas por tierra, destruyó y quebrantó sus cerrojos: Su rey y sus príncipes están entre las gentes donde no hay ley; Sus profetas tampoco hallaron visión de Jehová.

10 Sentáronse en tierra, callaron los ancianos de la hija de Sión; Echaron polvo sobre sus cabezas, ciñéronse de saco; Las vírgenes de Jerusalem bajaron sus cabezas a tierra.

11 Mis ojos desfallecieron de lágrimas, rugieron mis entrañas, Mi hígado se derramó por tierra por el quebrantamiento de la hija de mi pueblo, Cuando desfallecía el niño y el que mamaba, en las plazas de la ciudad.

12 Decían a sus madres: ¿Dónde está el trigo y el vino? Desfallecían como heridos en las calles de la ciudad, Derramando sus almas en el regazo de sus madres.

13 ¿Qué testigo te traeré, ó á quién te haré semejante, hija de Jerusalem? ¿A quién te compararé para consolarte, oh virgen hija de Sión? Porque grande es tu quebrantamiento como la mar: ¿quién te medicinará?

14 Tus profetas vieron para ti vanidad y locura; Y no descubrieron tu pecado para estorbar tu cautiverio, Sino que te predicaron vanas profecías y extravíos.

15 Todos los que pasaban por el camino, batieron las manos sobre ti; Silbaron, y movieron sus cabezas sobre la hija de Jerusalem, diciendo: ¿Es ésta la ciudad que decían de perfecta hermosura, el gozo de toda la tierra?

16 Todos tus enemigos abrieron sobre ti su boca, Silbaron, y rechinaron los dientes; dijeron: Devoremos: Cierto éste es el día que esperábamos; lo hemos hallado, vímoslo.

17 Jehová ha hecho lo que tenía determinado, Ha cumplido su palabra que él había mandado desde tiempo antiguo: Destruyó, y no perdonó; Y alegró sobre ti al enemigo, Y enalteció el cuerno de tus adversarios.

18 El corazón de ellos clamaba al Señor: Oh muro de la hija de Sión, echa lágrimas como un arroyo día y noche; No descanses, ni cesen las niñas de tus ojos.

19 Levántate, da voces en la noche, en el principio de las velas; Derrama como agua tu corazón ante la presencia del Señor; Alza tus manos á él por la vida de tus pequeñitos, Que desfallecen de hambre en las entradas de todas las calles.

20 Mira, oh Jehová, y considera á quién has hecho así. ¿Han de comer las mujeres su fruto, los pequeñitos de sus crías? ¿Han de ser muertos en el santuario del Señor el sacerdote y el profeta?

21 Niños y viejos yacían por tierra en las calles; Mis vírgenes y mis mancebos cayeron a cuchillo: Mataste en el día de tu furor, degollaste, no perdonaste.

22 Has llamado, como a día de solemnidad, mis temores de todas partes; Y en el día del furor de Jehová no hubo quien escapase ni quedase vivo: Los que crié y mantuve, mi enemigo los acabó

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 120


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 402, 414, 921, 1071, 1460, 2015, 2162, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 20, 49, 158, 166, 270, 285, 299, ...


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 31, 69, 187, 195, 204, 304, 315, ...

Scriptural Confirmations 9, 78

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Word/Phrase Explanations

hija
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

del cielo
"Air" in the Bible represents thought, but in a very general way – more like our capacity to perceive ideas and the way we tend...

cielo
Heavens are celestial and spiritual things. Consequently, they are inmost things, both of the Lord's kingdom in heaven the and in the earth. This also...

la tierra
"Earth" in the Bible can mean a person or a group of like-minded people as in a church. But it refers specifically to the external...

tierra
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

pies
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

día
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

ira
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

Jacob
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

judá
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

príncipes
Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.

cuerno
'A horn,' when spoken of the Lord, signifies omnipotence. 'The little horn that rose up,' as mentioned in Daniel 7:3-8, signifies the full perversion of...

fuego
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

devorado
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

arco
A bow signifies falsity of doctrine destroying truth, and spear, the falsity of evil de­stroying good. (Jer. 6:23.)

tienda
'Tent' is used in the Word to signify the celestial and holy aspects of love, because in ancient time they performed holy worship in their...

palacios
'A palace,' as in Psalm 144:12, represents the understanding in which truths have a beautiful form. They have a beautiful form when they are from...

huerto
Plants, in general, represent knowledge, ideas and intellectual concepts – things of the mind. Plant the best and most beautiful of those in one place,...

congregación
A congregation is a group of people with common loves, interests, and purposes. It often refers to a church group. In the Word it is...

Jehová
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

Olvidar
To forget, in the internal sense, signifies nothing else but removal and apparent privation.

sábados
In Exodus 31:13, 'verily my Sabbaths ye shall keep,' signifies continuous holy thought about the union of the Lord’s divine with His human.

Rey
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

altar
The first altar mentioned in the Word was built by Noah after he came out of the ark. On that altar, he sacrificed clean animals...

mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

puertas
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

profetas
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

visión
Vision is the innermost revelation, which is of perception. Visions are according to the state of humankind. The visions of people whose interiors are closed,...

ancianos
Ancients of the people, and the princes thereof ('Isaiah 3:14'), have a similar signification with the twelve disciples.

Polvo
'Powder' or 'dust' refers to love of self and the world.

cabezas
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

saco
'Being clothed in sackcloth' signifies lamentation because of the devastation of truth in the church. 'Sackcloth,' as in Revelation 6:12, relates to destroyed good.

jerusalem
Jerusalem first comes to or attention in II Samuel, chapter 5 where King David takes it from the Jebusites and makes it his capital. In...

ojos
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

lágrimas
'A tear' signifies grief because of a lack of understanding of truth.

Hígado
'The liver,' as in Exodus 29:13, signifies interior purification, and 'the caul above the liver,' the inferior good of the external or natural self.

madres
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

trigo
Corn,' as in Genesis 42:2, here stands for a word in the original language which means 'breaking,' and also for a similar word meaning to...

vino
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

ciudad
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

almas
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

testigo
'To protest' signifies being averse.

Virgen
'Virgins,' as in Revelation 14:4, signify people who love truths because they are truths, so from a spiritual affection. 'Virgin' signifies the church as a...

mar
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

vanidad
'Vanity' signifies evil and the falsity of evil. 'Vanities of strangers' signifies falsities of religion.

Cautiverio
Captivity and spoil (Daniel 11:33) signifies the deprivation of every truth and good.

camino
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

hermosura
Beauty of his ornament (Ezek. 7:20) signifies the church and its doctrine.

enemigos
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

boca
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

dientes
'Tooth,' as in Exodus 21:24, denotes the exterior understanding, and natural truth.

mandado
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

adversarios
Foes, or adversaries, denote the falsities of evil. Foes, or adversaries, when predicate of the Lord, signifies to avert falsities derived from evil.

corazón
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

arroyo
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

noche
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

agua
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

calles
The phrase 'in the streets and synagogues' in Matthew 6:2, 5, and Luke 8:26-27, refers to a representative rite amongst the Jews to teach in...

Mira
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

mujeres
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

fruto
We tend to think of "fruit" in two ways in natural language. One is as food that grows on trees and vines, sweet and delicious,...

del señor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

cuchillo
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

llamado
'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

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Arcana Coelestia # 2686

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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2686. That 'a bow' is the doctrine of faith is clear from its meaning. In the Word, wherever wars are the subject and wherever wars are mentioned, none but spiritual wars are meant in the internal sense, 1664. There were also in the Ancient Word 1 books that were entitled The Wars of Jehovah, as is clear in Moses, in Numbers 21:14-16. These, which were written in the prophetical style, possessed an internal sense and had as their subject the Lord's conflicts and temptations, and also the Church's conflicts and temptations, and those of members of the Church. This is evident from the fact that some things were selected by Moses from those books, as well as from other books of that Church which were called The Books of the Utterers of Prophecies, 2 referred to in Numbers 21:27-30, where almost the same words occur as in Jeremiah; compare Numbers 21:28 with Jeremiah 48:45. From this it may also be concluded that the Ancient Church had writings, historical and also prophetical, which were Divine and inspired and which in the internal sense had the Lord and His kingdom as their subject, and that for those people these writings were the Word as the historical and the prophetical books are for us, which in the sense of the letter have to do with the Jews and Israelites but in the internal sense with the Lord and with the things which are His.

(Odkazy: John 1:49)


[2] As in the Word, and also in the books of the Ancient Church, 'war' meant spiritual warfare, so all weapons such as the sword, spear, buckler, shield, arrows, shafts, and bows meant such things specifically as belong to the warfare that is meant in the spiritual sense. What is meant specifically by particular kinds of weapons will in the Lord's Divine mercy be stated elsewhere. Here the meaning of 'the bow', namely the doctrine of truth, will be shown, and how this meaning is derived from arrows, shafts, or darts, which mean the things of doctrine from which and with which those in particular who are spiritual fight, who in former times were therefore called 'archers'.

[3] That 'the bow' means the doctrine of truth becomes clear from the following places: In Isaiah,

The arrows of Jehovah are sharp, and all His bows are bent. His horses' hoofs are considered as flint, and His wheels as the whirlwind. Isaiah 5:28.

This refers to the truths of doctrine. 'arrows' are spiritual truths, 'bows' doctrine, 'horses' hoofs' natural truths, 'wheels' their doctrine. It is because such things are meant by them that those objects are attributed to Jehovah, to whom they cannot be attributed except in the spiritual sense, otherwise they would be words that are empty and not appropriate. In Jeremiah,

The Lord has bent His bow like an enemy, He has stood with His right hand like a foe, and has slain all things pleasant to the eye in the tent of the daughter of Zion, He has poured out His anger like fire. Lamentations 2:4.

'Bow' stands for the doctrine of truth, which is seen by those immersed in falsities as a foe and hostile. No other kind of bow can be spoken of in reference to the Lord. In Habakkuk,

O Jehovah, You ride on Your horses, Your chariots are salvation, Your bow will be made quite bare. Habakkuk 3:8-9.

Here also 'bow' means the doctrine of good and truth. In Moses,

The archers will exasperate him and shoot at him and hate him. He will sit in the strength of his bow, and the arms of his hands will be made strong by the hands of the Mighty One of Jacob; from there is the Shepherd, the Stone of Israel. Genesis 49:23-24.

This refers to Joseph, 'bow' standing for the doctrine of good and truth.

[4] In John,

I saw, and behold, a white horse, and he who sat on it had a bow; to him a crown was given. Revelation 6:2.

'A white horse' stands for wisdom, 'he who sat on it' for the Word, as is made explicit in Revelation 19:13, where the white horse is referred to again. And because 'he who sat on it' is the Word it is clear that 'a bow' means the doctrine of truth. In Isaiah,

Who stirred up righteousness from the east, called him to be His follower, gave nations before Him, and caused Him to have dominion over kings? He made them as dust to His sword, as driven stubble to His bow. Isaiah 41:2.

This refers to the Lord, 'sword' standing for truth, 'bow' for doctrine derived from Him. In the same prophet,

I will set a sign among them, and I will send survivors from them to the nations, to Tarshish, Pul, and Lud, who draw the bow, to Tubal and Javan. Isaiah 66:19.

'Those who draw the bow' stands for teachers of doctrine. For what Tarshish means, see 1156; Lud, 1195, 1231; Tubal, 1151; Javan, 1152, 1153, 1155.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 1152-1153)


[5] In Jeremiah, At the noise of the horseman and of him who wields the bow the whole city takes to flight. They have entered clouds and climbed up on rocks. The whole city has been forsaken. Jeremiah 4:29.

'The horseman' stands for those who declare the truth, 'the bow' for the doctrine of truth, which they flee from or fear who are immersed in falsities. In the same prophet,

Set yourselves in array against Babylon round about; O all you who bend the bow, shoot at her, spare no arrow, for she has sinned against Jehovah. Jeremiah 50:14, 29; 51:2-3.

Here 'those who shoot and bend the bow' stands for declarers and teachers of the doctrine of truth.

[6] In Zechariah,

I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim, and the horse from Jerusalem, and the battle bow will be cut off, and He will speak peace to the nations. Zechariah 9:10.

'Ephraim' stands for the Church's understanding of truth, 'bow' for doctrine. In Samuel,

David lamented with this lamentation over Saul and over Jonathan, his son, and told [them] to teach the children of Judah the bow. 2 Samuel 1:17-18.

Here 'the bow' is not the subject but doctrinal matters regarding faith. In Ezekiel,

The Lord Jehovih has said, This is the day of which I have spoken, and those who dwell in the cities of Israel will go out, and they will make fires of and burn the weapons, both shield and buckler, bow and arrows, both hand-staff and spear; and they will make a fire of them for seven years. Ezekiel 39:8-9.

The weapons mentioned here are all weapons for spiritual war. 'Bow and arrows' stands for doctrine and its truths. Furthermore when truths themselves separated from goods are represented visually in the next life they are seen as arrows.

[7] Just as 'the bow' means the doctrine of truth, so in the contrary sense it means the doctrine of falsity. In the Word things like these nearly always have a contrary sense, as stated and shown in various places; as in Jeremiah,

Behold, a people coming from the land in the north, and a mighty nation will be stirred up from the furthest parts of the earth. They lay hold on bow and spear; it is cruel and they will have no pity. Their voice will roar like the sea, they will ride upon horses, every one set in array as a man for battle, against you, O daughter of Zion! Jeremiah 6:22-23.

Here 'bow' stands for the doctrine of falsity. In the same prophet,

Behold, a people coming from the north, a mighty nation, and many kings will be stirred up from the furthest parts of the earth. They have hold of bow and spear; they are cruel and have no pity. Jeremiah 50:41-42.

Here the meaning is similar. In the same prophet,

They bend their tongue; their bow is a bow of lies and not used for truth. They grow strong in the land, for they have gone on from evil to evil and do not know Me. Jeremiah 9:2-3.

'A bow', it is quite evident, means the doctrine of falsity, for it is said that 'they bend their tongue, their bow is a bow of lies and not for truth'.

(Odkazy: Jeremiah 9:3)


[8] In the same prophet,

Jehovah Zebaoth has said, Behold, I am breaking the bow of Elam, the chief of its might. Jeremiah 49:35.

In David,

Come, behold the works of Jehovah who makes desolations in the earth, making wars cease even to the end of the earth, He breaks the bow, shatters the spear, and burns the chariots 3 with fire. Psalms 46:8-9.

In the same author,

In Judah God is known, in Israel His name is great, and in Salem will His tabernacle be, and His dwelling-place in Zion. There He broke the bow's fiery darts, the shield and the sword, and war. Psalms 76:1-3.

In the same author;

Behold, the wicked bend the bow, they prepare their shafts upon the string to shoot in the darkness at the upright in heart. Psalms 11:2.

Here 'bow and shafts' plainly stands for matters of doctrine concerning falsity.

-----
Footnotes:

1. The text has Church, but the Latin is clearly Word.

2. or The Books of Prophetic Utterances. But see 2897.

3. literally, carts or wagons

-----

(Odkazy: Genesis 21:16; Psalms 46:9)


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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 2709, 2799, 3309, 3432, 3448, 3499, 4964, 5354, 6306, 6422, 6423, 6656, 7351, 7729, 8096, 8215, 8273, 8800, 8813, 8902, 9141, 9182, 9293, 9396, 9468, 9930, 9942, 9954, 10217, 10540, 10632

The White Horse 6

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 255, 261


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 131, 195, 238, 242, 278, 375

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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