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Éxodo 25

Spanish: Reina Valera (1909)         

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1 Y JEHOVA habló á Moisés, diciendo:

2 Di á los hijos de Israel que tomen para mí ofrenda: de todo varón que la diere de su voluntad, de corazón, tomaréis mi ofrenda.

3 Y esta es la ofrenda que tomaréis de ellos: Oro, y plata, y cobre,

4 Y jacinto, y púrpura, y carmesí, y lino fino, y pelo de cabras,

5 Y cueros de carneros teñidos de rojo, y cueros de tejones, y madera de Sittim;

6 Aceite para la luminaria, especias para el aceite de la unción, y para el sahumerio aromático;

7 Piedras de onix, y piedras de engastes, para el ephod, y para el racional.

8 Y hacerme han un santuario, y yo habitaré entre ellos.

9 Conforme á todo lo que yo te mostrare, el diseño del tabernáculo, y el diseño de todos sus vasos, así lo haréis.

10 Harán también un arca de madera de Sittim, cuya longitud será de dos codos y medio, y su anchura de codo y medio, y su altura de codo y medio.

11 Y la cubrirás de oro puro; por dentro y por fuera la cubrirás; y harás sobre ella una cornisa de oro alrededor.

12 Y para ella harás de fundición cuatro anillos de oro, que pondrás á sus cuatro esquinas; dos anillos al un lado de ella, y dos anillos al otro lado.

13 Y harás unas varas de madera de Sittim, las cuales cubrirás de oro.

14 Y meterás las varas por los anillos á los lados del arca, para llevar el arca con ellas.

15 Las varas se estarán en los anillos del arca: no se quitarán de ella.

16 Y pondrás en el arca el testimonio que yo te daré.

17 Y harás una cubierta de oro fino, cuya longitud será de dos codos y medio, y su anchura de codo y medio.

18 Harás también dos querubines de oro, labrados á martillo los harás, en los dos cabos de la cubierta.

19 Harás, pues, un querubín al extremo de un lado, y un querubín al otro extremo del lado opuesto: de la calidad de la cubierta harás los querubines en sus dos extremidades.

20 Y los querubines extenderán por encima las alas, cubriendo con sus alas la cubierta: sus caras la una enfrente de la otra, mirando á la cubierta las caras de los querubines.

21 Y pondrás la cubierta encima del arca, y en el arca pondrás el testimonio que yo te daré.

22 Y de allí me declararé á ti, y hablaré contigo de sobre la cubierta, de entre los dos querubines que están sobre el arca del testimonio, todo lo que yo te mandaré para los hijos de Israel.

23 Harás asimismo una mesa de madera de Sittim: su longitud será de dos codos, y de uu codo su anchura, y su altura de codo y medio.

24 Y la cubrirás de oro puro, y le has de hacer una cornisa de oro alrededor.

25 Hacerle has también una moldura alrededor, del ancho de una mano, á la cual moldura harás una cornisa de oro en circunferencia.

26 Y le harás cuatro anillos de oro, los cuales pondrás á las cuatro esquinas que corresponden á sus cuatro pies.

27 Los anillos estarán antes de la moldura, por lugares de las varas, para llevar la mesa.

28 Y harás las varas de madera de Sittim, y las cubrirás de oro, y con ellas será llevada la mesa.

29 Harás también sus platos, y sus cucharas, y sus cubiertas, y sus tazones, con que se libará: de oro fino los harás.

30 Y pondrás sobre la mesa el pan de la proposición delante de mí continuamente.

31 Harás además un candelero de oro puro; labrado á martillo se hará el candelero: su pie, y su caña, sus copas, sus manzanas, y sus flores, serán de lo mismo:

32 Y saldrán seis brazos de sus lados: tres brazos del candelero del un lado suyo, y tres brazos del candelero del otro su lado:

33 Tres copas en forma de almendras en el un brazo, una manzana y una flor; y tres copas, figura de almendras en el otro brazo, una manzana y una flor: así pues, en los seis brazos que salen del candelero:

34 Y en el candelero cuatro copas en forma de almendras, sus manzanas y sus flores.

35 Habrá una manzana debajo de los dos brazos de lo mismo, otra manzana debajo de los otros dos brazos de lo mismo, y otra manzana debajo de los otros dos brazos de lo mismo, en conformidad á los seis brazos que salen del candelero.

36 Sus manzanas y sus brazos serán de lo mismo, todo ello una pieza labrada á martillo, de oro puro.

37 Y hacerle has siete candilejas, las cuales encenderás para que alumbren á la parte de su delantera:

38 También sus despabiladeras y sus platillos, de oro puro.

39 De un talento de oro fino lo harás, con todos estos vasos.

40 Y mira, y hazlos conforme á su modelo, que te ha sido mostrado en el monte.

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Swedenborg

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 308, 648, 716, 1947, 2165, 2576, 2788, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 43, 239, 490, 529, 555, 585, 669, ...

Conjugial Love 75

Sacred Scripture 97

La Verdadera Religión Cristiana 260, 284, 323, 707


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 239, 242, 257, 277, 280, 283, 364, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 37

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Word/Phrase Explanations

habló
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

Moisés
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

hijos
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

corazón
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

oro
'Money' relates to truth.

plata
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

carmesí
'Purple' corresponds to divine celestial good. 'Purple' signifies genuine good.

lino
Linen' signifies genuine truth.

cabras
From correspondences, a goat signifies the natural man. The goat which was sacrificed, as in Leviticus 16:5-10, signifies the natural man regarding a part purified,...

madera
'Wood' signifies good, as well the good of love to the Lord as the good of charity towards our neighbor.

aceite
Oil – typically olive oil – was an extremely important product in Biblical times, for food preparation, medicinal ointment and for burning in lamps. As...

especias
'Spice,' in Ezekiel 27:22, in an internal sense, is charity. 'Spice,' in 1 Kings 10:2, signifies interior truths.

aromático
Fragrant signifies the truth of good.

piedras
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

vasos
'Vessels,' in the internal sense, signify things serving as a receptacle, as scientific ideas and knowledges are to truths, and as truths themselves are to...

arca
A coffin (Gen. 1:26) signifies that wherein something is shut up or concealed.

longitud
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

medio
Half and double in reference to numbers in the world have a similar signification as the numbers themselves.

altura
'Height' signifies the good and truth of the church in every degree.

puro
To be "pure" in the Bible means - unsurprisingly - to be devoid of evil. Thus all the washing for purification prescribed in the Laws...

cuatro
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

anillos
'Rings' signify the conjunction of good and truth. In Exodus 25:12, 'rings' particularly signify divine truth with divine good.

dos
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

lado
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

querubines
A Cherub has as its first definition in the dictionary, “A winged heavenly creature.” Cherubim is the plural of cherub. In the Word, the words...

alas
'Wings' signify spiritual truths. 'Wings,' when related to the Lord, signify the divine spiritual. In the opposite sense, 'wings' relate to falsities and rationalizations from...

caras
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

mesa
Food and drink in the Bible represent the desire to be loving and the understanding of how to be loving, gifts that flow from the...

pies
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

pan
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

candelero
(Luke 15:8.) By the woman lighting a candle to find the piece of silver she had lost, is signified inquisition in herself from affection.

seis
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

Tres
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

Almendras
Almonds ('Numbers 17:8') signify the good of charity.

flor
The budding and fructification of a tree represent the rebirth of man. The growing green from the leaves represents the first state, the blossoming the...

debajo
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

Siete
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

Mira
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

monte
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.


 Building the Tabernacle (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 Candlestick Detail of the Lampstand
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Cherubim Facing Each Other
Make your own picture of the cherubim facing each other, drawing the wings so that they touch above the ark. 
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 Cherubim on the Ark
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Correspondences of Gold
Illustrations of three stories in the Word that mention gold. (Quotations are the King James translation.)
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Cut and Fold Model of the Ark of the Covenant
Color and assemble this model of the ark with the cherubim facing each other.
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 Exploring the Tabernacle
Use the beautiful color pictures of the Tabernacle Model (from the Glencairn Museum) to explore the furnishings of the Tabernacle. 
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Making a Model of the Ark with a Matchbox
Use a matchbox as a base for this model of the ark.
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 Making an "Oil Lamp"
Make a clay lamp that can have a tea light nestled inside
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Model of the Ark with a Box
Here is an easy way to make a model of the Ark using a small box. 
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 Moses on Mount Sinai
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Overview of Lead and Guide Us Levels A B C for Ages 3-14
Overview of the Youth Journey Program "Lead and Guide Us", Levels A, B and C, for ages 3-14. Suitable for Sunday schools, camps, classrooms and families.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 3 - 14

 Prayers for Children: Tabernacle of the Lord
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Prayers for Teens: Tabernacle of the Lord
Activity | Ages 15 - 17

 Quotes: Tabernacle of the Lord
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 The Ark of the Covenant
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Ark of the Tabernacle
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Function of Wings
Compare the function of a bird's wings with how the Ten Commandments - and other parts of the Lord's Word - help us.
Activity | Ages 7 - 17

 The Holy of Holies
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Holy of Holies (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 The Holy Place
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Lampstand
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Lampstand of the Tabernacle
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Tabernacle
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Tabernacle and the Ark (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 The Tabernacle and the Ark (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 The Tabernacle and the Ark (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 The Tabernacle and the Ark of the Testimony
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 The Tabernacle in Use
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

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Arcana Coelestia # 9457

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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9457. 'And Jehovah spoke to Moses, saying' means instructions regarding the holy things of heaven which had to be represented. This is clear from the verses that follow, for the things which Jehovah told Moses mean the holy things of heaven that were to be represented. Among the Israelite people a Church was being established in which outward forms would exist displaying in a representative fashion the celestial realities belonging to the good of love, and the spiritual realities belonging to the good and truth of faith, as such realities exist in heaven and ought to do so in the Church. From all this it is clear that 'Jehovah spoke' means instructions regarding the holy things of heaven which had to be represented. Since the matters described in the verses that follow are representative of the celestial and spiritual realities from the Lord in the heavens, something needs to be said about what a representative Church is and why it exists.

(Odkazy: Exodus 25:1)


[2] There are three heavens - the inmost or third, the middle or second, and the lowest or first. In the inmost heaven the good of love to the Lord reigns, in the middle heaven the good of charity towards the neighbour reigns, and in the lowest the things which are thought, spoken, and come into being in the middle and inmost heavens are represented. The representatives there are countless, such as paradise parks, gardens, forests, fields, plains, as well as cities, palaces, and houses; also flocks and herds, as well as very many kinds of animals and birds; and countless other phenomena. These appear before the eyes of angelic spirits in that heaven more plainly than any such things do on earth in the light at midday; and what is astonishing, those spirits also discern what realities are meant by the things which appear.

[3] Such phenomena also appeared to prophets when their inner sight, which is the sight of the spirit, had been opened, for instance the horses that appeared to Zechariah, 6:1-8; the living creatures which were cherubs, and afterwards the new temple and everything in it that appeared to Ezekiel, Chapters 1, 9, 10, 40-48; the lampstand, thrones, living creatures (which again were cherubs), horses, new Jerusalem, and very many other phenomena, which appeared to John and are described in the Book of Revelation; and similarly the fiery horses and chariots that appeared to Elisha's servant, 2 Kings 6:17. Things such as these are constantly making their appearance in heaven before the eyes of spirits and angels. They are natural forms in which the inward things of heaven terminate and are given shape. The things which present themselves visually before the spirits and angels' actual eyes in this way are representations.

(Odkazy: Ezekiel 40:1, 41:1, 42:1, 43:1, 44:1, 45:1, 46:1, 47:1, 48:1)


[4] A representative Church exists therefore when the holy, inner realities of love and faith which are derived from the Lord and look towards the Lord present themselves by means of visual forms in the world, such as those which are the subject in this and following chapters - the ark, the mercy-seat, the cherubs, the tables there, the lampstand, and everything else that was part of the tabernacle. For that tabernacle was constructed in such a way that it might represent the three heavens and everything there, the ark which contained the Testimony representing the inmost heaven and the Lord Himself there. This is why, when Moses was shown on the mountain the form it should take, Jehovah said at the same time, To the end that they may make for Him a sanctuary and He may dwell in their midst, verse 8. Everyone endowed with any ability to think on a deeper level can see that Jehovah could not have dwelt in a tent but that He dwells in heaven, and that this tent is called the sanctuary only because it presents an image of heaven, and the celestial and spiritual realities there. Let everyone ask himself, What would it have been for Jehovah, Creator of heaven and earth, to dwell in a small dwelling-place that was made of wood, overlaid with gold, and surrounded by curtains, if heaven and the things of heaven had not been represented there in outward forms?

[5] For the realities which are represented in outward forms do indeed reveal themselves in a similar way in the lowest or first heaven before the spirits there. But those in the higher heavens perceive the inner things that are being represented, which, as has been stated, are the celestial realities belonging to love to the Lord and the spiritual realities belonging to faith in the Lord. It was things of this nature that filled heaven when Moses and the people, moved by outward holiness, venerated that tent as the dwelling-place of Jehovah Himself. From this it is evident what a representative was, and also that by means of it heaven, and so the Lord, was present with mankind.

[6] A representative Church therefore was established among the Israelite people, when the ancient Church came to an end, in order that by means of such representatives heaven, and so the Lord, might be joined to the human race. (If the Lord did not join Himself to people through heaven they would cease to exist; for it is as a result of this joining of Himself to them that people possess the life they have.) Those representatives however were no more than outward means serving to conjoin, yet to which the Lord joined heaven in a wondrous manner, 4311. But when the joining together through those means also was about to perish the Lord came into the world and laid bare the actual realities which were being merely represented up to then, that is, the inner realities which belong to love to and faith in Him. These realities themselves now effect that joining together. But the only means by which such a joining together is effected at the present day is still the Word, since this has been written in such a way that every single part of it has a correspondence and as a consequence represents and serves to mean the Divine realities present in the heavens.

(Odkazy: Exodus 25:1)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 9466, 9670, 9739, 9854, 9873, 9928, 9954, 9963, 10001, 10022, 10103, 10108, 10129, 10150, 10177, 10195, 10230, 10268, 10270, 10304, 10337, 10338


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 62, 277, 324, 375, 392, 630, 700


Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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