Bible

 

Osija 13

Serbian (Daničić, Karadžić)         

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1 Kad Jefrem govoraše, beše strah; beše se uzvisio u Izrailju; ali se ogreši o Vala, te umre.

2 I sada jednako greše i grade sebi lijući od srebra svog po razumu svom likove, koji su svi delo umetničko, a oni govore za njih: Ljudi koji prinose žrtve neka celuju teoce.

3 Zato će biti kao oblak jutarnji i kao rosa koja u zoru padne, pa je nestane, kao pleva, koju odnosi vetar s gumna, i kao dim iz dimnjaka.

4 A ja sam Gospod Bog tvoj od zemlje misirske, i Boga osim mene nisi poznao, i osim mene nema ko bi spasao.

5 Ja te poznah u pustinji, u zemlji zasušenoj.

6 Imajući dobru pašu behu siti; ali čim se nasitiše, ponese se srce njihovo, zato me zaboraviše.

7 Zato ću im biti kao lav, kao ris vrebaću ih na putu.

8 Srešću ih kao medvedica kojoj uzmu medvediće, i rastrgaću im sve srce njihovo i izješću ih onde kao lav; zverje poljsko raskinuće ih.

9 Propao si, Izrailju; ali ti je pomoću meni.

10 Gde ti je car? Gde je? Neka te sačuva u svim gradovima tvojim; gde li su sudije tvoje, za koje si govorio: Daj mi cara i knezove?

11 Dadoh ti cara u gnevu svom, i uzeh ga u jarosti svojoj.

12 Svezano je bezakonje Jefremovo, ostavljen je greh njegov.

13 Bolovi kao u porodilje spopašće ga, sin je nerazuman, jer ne bi toliko vremena ostao u utrobi.

14 Od groba ću ih izbaviti, od smrti ću ih sačuvati; gde je, smrti, pomor tvoj, gde je, grobe, pogibao tvoja? Kajanje će biti sakriveno od očiju mojih.

15 Rodan će biti među braćom svojom; ali će doći istočni vetar, vetar Gospodnji, koji ide od pustinje, i usahnuće mu izvor, i studenac će mu zasušiti; on će odneti blago od svih dragih zaklada.

16 Samarija će opusteti, jer se odmetnu od Boga svog; oni će pasti od mača, deca će se njihova razmrskati i trudne žene njihove rasporiti.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 196


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 264, 908, 1861, 1949, 2584, 3574, 3579, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 241, 242, 243, 281, 321, 343, 422, ...

A Brief Exposition of New Church Doctrine 36, 120

The Lord 34, 38, 45

Sacred Scripture 79

True Christian Religion 6, 21, 83, 188, 294, 583, 637


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 186, 278, 328, 388, 419, 482, 483, ...

Marriage 6, 21, 83

Scriptural Confirmations 19, 99

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1. Korinæanima Poslanica 15:55

2. Timoteju Poslanica 1:10

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srebra
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

oblak
In Isaiah 19:1, "Jehovah rides upon a light cloud, and comes into Egypt", signifies the visitation of the natural man from spiritual-natural Divine Truth, for...

Rosa
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gumna
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dim
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Bog
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

zemlji
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

siti
'What satisfies' is what nourishes the soul.

medvedica
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srce
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bezakonje
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greh
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

sin
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

doći
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

vetar
Because a nearer and stronger divine influx through the heavens disperses truths among the wicked, 'wind' signifies this dispersion of truth and the resulting conjunction...

izvor
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blago
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Samarija
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Boga
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trudne
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Ze Swedenborgových děl

 

True Christian Religion # 188

True Christian Religion (Chadwick translation)      

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188. The fourth experience 1 .

Since I have been allowed by the Lord to see the wonders in the heavens and in the regions below the heavens, my instructions impose on me the duty of relating what I have seen.

I saw a magnificent palace, and at its heart a church. In the middle of this was a table made of gold, on which was the Word, with two angels standing by it. Seats were arranged around it in three rows. The seats of the first row were covered in silk cloth of purple colour, those of the second row in silk cloth of blue colour, those of the third row in white cloth. Beneath the roof, high above the table, was to be seen a curtain drawn across, glittering with precious stones, from which shone a radiance resembling the rainbow to be seen when the sky clears after rain. Then suddenly there appeared clergy to the same number as the seats, all dressed in their priestly vestments. At one side was a strong-box guarded by an angel, in which lay splendid vestments arranged in beautiful order.

[2] It was a council summoned by the Lord; and I heard a voice from heaven saying: 'Debate.' 'But on what subject?' they said. They were told to debate about the Lord the Saviour and the Holy Spirit. When they began to think about these subjects, they had no enlightenment; so they prayed for it, and then light poured down from heaven, which first of all lit up the backs of their heads, then their temples, and finally their faces. Then they began, speaking first as instructed about the Lord the Saviour.

The first question proposed for discussion was: who was it that took upon himself human form in the Virgin Mary? The angel who stood by the table holding the Word read to them this passage from Luke:

The angel said to Mary, Behold, you will conceive in your womb, and will give birth to a son; and you are to call his name Jesus. He will be mighty, and will be called the Son of the Most High. And Mary said to the angel, How will this be, seeing I have no knowledge of a man? And the angel answered and said, The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; hence what is born of you will be holy, and will be called the Son of god, Luke 1:31-32, 34-35.

He also read this passage in Matthew:

The angel said to Joseph in a dream, Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary as your betrothed, for what is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit. And Joseph did not know her, until she had given birth to her first-born son; and he called his name Jesus, Matthew 1:20, 25.

In addition he read many passages from the Gospels (such as Matthew 3:17; 17:5; John 1:18; 3:16; 20:31), and many other passages where the Lord in His Human is called the Son of God, and where He from His Human calls Jehovah His Father, for instance, the passages in the Prophets which predict the coming of Jehovah Himself into the world. Among these were the following two from Isaiah:

On that day it will be said, Behold, He is our God, whom we have awaited to free us. He is Jehovah, whom we have awaited, let us exult and rejoice in His salvation, Isaiah 25:9.

The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare the way of Jehovah, make smooth in the desert a path for our God. For the glory of Jehovah will be revealed, and all flesh will see it together. Behold, the Lord Jehovih comes in might, like a shepherd will He feed His flock, Isaiah 40:3, 5, 10-11.

[3] The angel said: 'Since Jehovah Himself came into the world and took upon Himself human form, [and by this means saved and redeemed man] 2 therefore in the Prophets He is called the Saviour and the Redeemer.' Then he read to them the following passages:

Only among you is God, and there is no God besides. You surely are the hidden God, the God of Israel, the Saviour, Isaiah 45:14-15.

Am I not Jehovah, and there is no God besides me, there is no righteous God and Saviour beside me, Isaiah 45:21-22.

I am Jehovah, and there is no Saviour beside me, Isaiah 43:11.

I am Jehovah your God; and you are not to acknowledge any God beside me, and there is no Saviour beside me, Hosea 13:4.

That all flesh may know that I am Jehovah your Saviour and your Redeemer, Isaiah 49:26; 60:16.

As for our Redeemer, Jehovah Zebaoth is His name, Isaiah 47:4.

Their Redeemer, the mighty Jehovah Zebaoth is His name, Jeremiah 50:34.

Jehovah, my rock and my Redeemer, Psalms 19:14.

Thus spoke Jehovah your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel, I am Jehovah your God, Isaiah 48:17; 43:3 3 ; Isaiah 49:7; 54:8.

You are Jehovah our Father, our Redeemer from eternity is your name, Isaiah 63:16.

Thus spoke Jehovah your Redeemer, I am Jehovah the maker of everything, and I alone by myself, Isaiah 44:24.

Thus spoke Jehovah, the King of Israel and his Redeemer, Jehovah Zebaoth; I am the first and the last and there is no God beside me, Isaiah 44:6.

Jehovah Zebaoth is His name, and your Redeemer is the Holy One of Israel; He will be called God of all the earth, Isaiah 54:5.

Behold, the days will come, when I shall raise up for David a righteous shoot, who will reign as King; and this is His name, Jehovah our righteousness, Jeremiah 23:5-6; 33:15-16, On that day Jehovah will be King over all the earth; on that day Jehovah will be one, and His name one, Zechariah 14:9.

(Odkazy: Isaiah 43:14)


[4] Both sets of passages were accepted as proofs by those who sat on the seats, and they said with one accord that Jehovah Himself took upon Himself human form to redeem and save mankind. But then a voice spoke up from the Roman Catholics, who had hidden behind the altar, saying: 'How can Jehovah God become man? Is He not the Creator of the universe?' One of those sitting in the second row of, seats turned round and said: 'Who did then?' The one who had been behind the altar stood up near it and replied: 'The Son from eternity.' But he received the reply: 'Is not the Son from eternity according to your creed also the Creator of the universe? And what is the Son but God born from eternity? How can the Divine essence, which is one and indivisible, be separated so that one part of it came down, and not the whole at once?'

[5] The second debate about the Lord was whether the Father and He are one, just as the soul and the body are one. They said that this followed because the soul is from the father. Then one of those sitting in the third row read the following words from the Creed known as Athanasian:

Although our Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, is God and man, still there are not two, but one Christ; indeed He is utterly one. He is one person. For as the soul and body make up one man, so God and man is one Christ.

The reader said that the Creed containing these words is accepted throughout the Christian world, including the Roman Catholics.

'What need,' they said, 'is there to go on? God the Father and the Lord are one, just as soul and body are one. Since this is so, we see that the Lord's Human is Divine, because it is the Human of Jehovah; and the Lord is to be approached in His Divine Human, because this is the only possible way to approach the Divine called the Father.'

[6] This conclusion of theirs was confirmed by the angel citing many passages from the Word, including:

A child is born for us, a son is given to us, whose name is Wonderful, Counsellor, God, Hero, the everlasting Father, the Prince of peace, Isaiah 9:6.

Also:

Abraham does not know us, and Israel does not acknowledge us. You, Jehovah, are our Father, our Redeemer from eternity is your name, Isaiah 63:16.

In John:

Jesus said, He who believes in me believes in Him who sent me, and he who sees me sees Him who sent me, John 12:44-45.

Philip said to Jesus, Show us the Father. Jesus said to him, He who has seen me has seen the Father. Why then do you say, Show us the Father? Do you not believe that I am in the Father and the Father is in me? Believe me, I am in the Father and the Father is in me, John 14:8-11. Jesus said, I and the Father are one, John 10:30.

Also:

All things which the Father has are mine, and all of mine are the Father's, John 16:15; 17:10.

Finally:

Jesus said, I am the way, truth and life; no one comes to the Father except through me, John 14:6.

The reader went on to say that similar statements to those made here by the Lord about Himself and His Father can also be made by a man about himself and his soul. On hearing this all declared with one heart and voice that the Lord's Human is Divine, and this must be approached in order to approach the Father, because by means of the Human Jehovah God brought Himself into the world and made Himself visible to human eyes, and thus accessible. Likewise He made Himself visible and accessible to the ancients in human form, but at that time by means of an angel. But because this form represented the Lord who was to come, among the ancients everything that concerned the church was representative.

[7] This was followed by a debate about the Holy Spirit. To begin it the popular idea about God the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit was presented, namely, that God the Father sits on high, the Son at His right hand, and they send out from themselves the Holy Spirit, to enlighten, teach, justify and sanctify men. But a voice was then heard from heaven, saying. 'We find this mode of thought intolerable. Surely everyone knows that Jehovah God is omnipresent. A person who knows and acknowledges this will also acknowledge that it is He who enlightens, teaches, justifies and sanctifies, and that there is no mediating God separate from Himself, much less from two other Gods, as one person is separate from another. You must therefore rid yourselves of the first idea, seeing it is meaningless, and accept this, which is correct, and then you will see this plainly.'

[8] But at this point a voice was heard from the Roman Catholics who were standing near the altar of the church, saying: 'What then is the Holy Spirit who is mentioned in the Word, in the Gospels and Paul, and by which so many of the learned clergy, especially ours, allege they are guided? Is there any Christian to-day who denies the existence of the Holy Spirit and His activity?' On hearing this one of those sitting in the second row turned round and said: 'You claim that the Holy Spirit is a person by Himself and God by Himself. But what is the meaning of a person going forth and proceeding from a person, if it is not the activity which goes forth and proceeds? One person cannot go forth and proceed from another, but his activity can. What is meant by God going forth and proceeding from God, if not the Divine which goes forth and proceeds? One God cannot go forth and proceed from another by means of a third; but the Divine can from a single God.'

[9] On hearing this the assembly in session reached the unanimous conclusion that the Holy Spirit is not a person by Himself, so not God by Himself either, but the Holy Divine which goes forth and proceeds from the one omnipresent God, who is the Lord. The angels who were standing by the golden table on which the Word was placed said to this: 'Good. Nowhere in the Old Testament do we read that the prophets spoke the Word from the Holy Spirit, but from Jehovah; and where the Holy Spirit is mentioned in the New Testament, the Divine which proceeds is meant. This is the Divine which enlightens, teaches, quickens, reforms and regenerates.'

[10] This was followed by another debate about the Holy Spirit: from whom does the Divine meant by the Holy Spirit proceed, from the Father, or from the Lord? While they were discussing this, a light shone on them from heaven which allowed them to see that the Holy Divine, meant by the Holy Spirit, does not proceed from the Father by means of the Lord, but from the Lord acted upon by the Father; as for comparison in man, his activity does not proceed from the soul by means of the body, but from the body acted upon by the soul.

This was confirmed by the angel standing at the table by these passages in the Word:

He whom the Father has sent speaks the words of God; not by measure does God give him the Spirit. The Father loves the Son, and has given all things into his hand, John 3:34-35.

A shoot will come forth from the stock of Jesse; the Spirit of Jehovah will rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and intelligence, the spirit of counsel and power, Isaiah 11:1-2.

The Spirit of Jehovah was put upon him, and was in him, Isaiah 42:1; 59:19-20; 61:1; Luke 4:18.

When the Holy Spirit comes, whom I shall send you from the Father, John 15:26.

He will glorify me, because He will take from what is mine and communicate it to you. All things that the Father has are mine. That is why I have said that He will take from what is mine and communicate it to you, John 16:14-15.

If I go away, I will send the Comforter to you, John 16:7.

The Comforter is the Holy Spirit, John 14:26.

The Holy Spirit was not yet, because Jesus was not yet glorified, John 7:39.

But after His glorification:

Jesus breathed upon the disciples and said to them, Receive the Holy Spirit, John 20:22.

And in Revelation:

Who will not glorify your name, Lord, since you alone are holy? Revelation 15:4.

(Odkazy: John 8:39)


[11] Since the Holy Spirit means the Lord's Divine activity from His Divine omnipresence, so when He spoke to the disciples about the Holy Spirit, which He was to send from the Father, He also said:

I will not leave you bereft; I go away and come to you; and on that day you will know that I am in my Father, and you are in me, and I in you, John 14:18, 20, 28.

Shortly before He left the world, He said:

Behold, I am with you always up to the ending of the age, Matthew 28:20.

After reading these passages to them the angel said: 'It is plain from these and many other passages in the Word that the Divine called the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Lord acted upon by the Father.' Those in session replied: 'This is Divine truth.'

[12] Finally the following resolution was passed: 'We have seen clearly from the deliberations in this council, and thus acknowledge as a holy truth, that in the Lord God the Saviour Jesus Christ there is a Divine Trinity, consisting of the originating Divine called the Father, the Human Divine called the Son, and the Divine which proceeds called the Holy Spirit.' And they cried out together that in Christ all the fulness of the Godhead dwells bodily (Colossians 2:9). 'Thus there is one God in the church.'

[13] When this magnificent council had reached these conclusions, its members rose; and the angel in charge came and brought from the strong-box for each of those who had taken part in the session splendid garments with here and there gold threads interwoven, and said: 'Accept these wedding garments.' Then they were taken in glory to the new Christian heaven, with which the Lord's church on earth, the New Jerusalem, is to be linked.

-----
Footnotes:

1. This section is repeated from Apocalypse Revealed 962.

2. Restored from the parallel passage in Apocalypse Revealed 962.

3. The original has .

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Ze Swedenborgových prací

Odkazy z nepublikovaných prací E. Swedenborga:

Nine Questions 7


   Související pasáže:

Apocalypse Revealed 962

A Brief Exposition of New Church Doctrine 120


Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.

Bible

 

Isaiah 43:14

English: King James Version         

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14 Thus saith the LORD, your redeemer, the Holy One of Israel; For your sake I have sent to Babylon, and have brought down all their nobles, and the Chaldeans, whose cry is in the ships.

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Explanation of Isaiah 43      

Napsal(a) Rev. John H. Smithson

THE EXPLANATION of Isaiah Chapter 43

(Note: Rev. Smithson's translation of the Isaiah text is appended below the explanation.)

1. BUT now, thus says Jehovah, your Creator, O Jacob, and your Former, O Israel, Fear not: for I have redeemed you, I have called you by your name; you art Mine.

VERSE 1. That to "redeem" signifies to liberate from hell, and to claim and conjoin to Himself so that they may be His, is evident, for it is said, "I have redeemed you, I have called you by your name : you art Mine"; and inasmuch as this is effected by reformation and regeneration from the Lord, it is therefore said "Jehovah your Creator, O Jacob, and your Former, O Israel." He is here called "Creator", because to "create" in the Word signifies to reqenerate, as may be seen above. n. 294. "Jacob" and " Israel" signify those who are of the church and who are in Truths from Good. Apocalypse Explained 328.

As to the signification of "fear", as predicated both of the spiritual and of the natural man, see Chapter 11:3, the Exposition.

Verses 1, 6, 7. I have redeemed you, I have called you by your name; you art Mine. Bring My sons from afar, and My daughters from the ends of the earth, etc. - The subject here treated of is concerning the establishment of the church among the nations. From their reformation Jehovah is called "Creator and Former", wherefore it is said "I have redeemed you, I have called you by your name: you art Mine." "Bring My sons from afar, and My daughters from the ends of the earth", signifies the nations which are out of the church, which receive the Truths and Goods of the church from the Lord; "afar off" and the "ends of the earth" denoting those who are out of the church; the "earth" is the church; "sons" are those who receive Truths, and "daughters" those who receive Goods. These are said to he "created, formed, and made to glory"; "glory" is the divine Truth which they receive. Apocalypse Explained 294.

Verses 1, 7. Jehovah your Creator; - whom I have created for My glory, etc. - The very end of the creation of the universe was that an angelic heaven might be formed out of mankind, where all who believe in God might live in eternal blessedness; for the Divine Love, which is in God, and which essentially is God, can intend nothing else; and the Divine Wisdom, which is also in God, and which is God, can produce nothing else. Since, then, the creation of the universe had for its end an angelic heaven, to be formed out of the human race, and at the same time a church on earth, man's passage into heaven lying through the church; and since the salvation of mankind, being effected upon men that are born in the world, is thus a continuation of creation, therefore we so frequently meet in the Word with the term "to create", the meaning of which is to form for heaven; as in the following passages:

"Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me." (Psalm 51:10) "You openest Your hand, they are filled with good; You sendest forth Your spirit, they are created." (Psalm 104:28, 30) "The people that shall be created, shall praise Jehovah." (Psalm 102:18)

Hence will appear the meaning of "to create" in the following passages:

"Thus says Jehovah, He that creats the heavens, He that spreads forth the earth"; etc. (Isaiah 42:5; 45:12, 18) "Behold, I create a new heaven and a new earth. Be glad and rejoice for ever in that which I create; for, behold, I create Jerusalem a rejoicing." (Isaiah 65:17, 18) True Christian Religion 773. See also 573.

2. When you passest through the waters, I will be with you; and through the rivers, they shall not overflow you: when you walkest through the fire, you shalt not be burnt; and the flame shall not kindle upon you.

Verse 2. By "passing through the waters and through the rivers, and their not overflowing", is signified that falsities and ratiocinations from falsities against Truths shall not enter and corrupt; "waters" denoting falsities, and the "rivers" ratiocinations from falsities against Truths. By "walking through the fire, and not being burned, and the flame not kindling upon you", is signified that evils and cupidities arising from them shall not hurt; "fire" signifying evils, and the "flame" cupidities thence derived. Apocalypse Explained 504. See also Arcana Coelestia 739, 790.

By "rivers overflowing" are also signified temptations, because temptations are inundations of falsest Apocalypse Revealed 409.

[As spiritual temptations are here treated of, the following extract will elucidate this important subject.]

They alone who are being regenerated, undergo spiritual temptations; such temptations being pains of mind induced by evil spirits, in those who are in Good and Truth. While those spirits excite the evils of such persons, there arises in the mind an anxiety, which is temptation. Man does not know whence this anxiety comes, because he is unacquainted with its origin. There are both evil and good spirits attendant on every man; the evil spirits are in his evils, and the good spirits in his goods. When the evil spirits approach they draw forth his evils, while the good spirits, on the contrary, draw forth his goods; whence arise collision and combat, causing in the man an interior anxiety, which is temptation. Hence it is plain that temptations are not induced by heaven, but by hell; as is in accordance with the faith of the church, which teaches that God tempts no man." Interior anxieties are also experienced by those who are not in Goods and Truths; but natural, not spiritual anxieties; the two are distinguished by this, that natural anxieties have worldly things for their objects, but spiritual anxieties heavenly things.

The object contended for during temptations, is the dominion of Good over evil, or of evil over Good. The evil which is desirous of obtaining the dominion resides in the natural or external man, and the Good in the spiritual or internal man. If evil prevails, the natural man obtains the dominion; but if Good prevails, the spiritual conquers. These combats are carried on by the Truths of faith derived from the Word. By these man must contend against evils and falsities; for if he combats from any other principles, he cannot conquer, because in these alone the Lord is present. And as this warfare is carried on by the Truths of faith, man is not permitted to enter on it until he has been instructed in the knowledge of Good and Truth, and has thence obtained some degree of spiritual life; such combats, therefore, do not take place till men arrive at years of maturity. If man falls in temptation, his state after it becomes worse than before, because evil has thereby acquired power over Good, and falsity over Truth. Since at this day faith is rare, because there is no charity, the church being at its end, there are but few who are admitted into anv spiritual temptations; hence it is scarcely known what they are, and to what salutary purpose they are conducive.

The ends to which temptations are conducive are these. They acquire for Good dominion over evil, and for Truth dominion over the false; they confirm Truths in the mind, and conjoin them to Good; and they disperse evils and the falsities thence derived. They serve also to open the internal spiritual man, and to bring the natural man into subjection to it; to destroy the loves of self and of the world, and to subdue the concupiscences which proceed from them. When these things are effected, man acquires enlightenment and perception respecting the nature of Good and its Truth, and of falsity and its evil; whence he obtains intelligence and wisdom, which afterwards increase continually. The Lord alone combats for man in temptations; and unless he believes that the Lord alone combats and conquers for him, he undergoes only an external temptation, which is in no respect conducive to his salvation. The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 187-195.

3. For I am Jehovah your God, the Holy One of Israel, your Saviour: I have given Egypt for your ransom, Ethiopia and Seba in your stead.

4. Because you have been precious in My eyes, you have been honoured, and I have loved you: therefore will I give men instead of you, and peoples instead of your soul.

Verses 3, 4. These things also are said concerning the Lord, and concerning the redemption of those who acknowledge Him, and from affection receive Truths from Him. Redemption is signified by "a ransom [or an expiation]", and by "instead of you", and "for your soul"; the natural affection of knowing Truths derived from spiritual affection is signified by "Egypt, Ethiopia, and Seba"; their intelligence thence derived is signified by "man" [adam], and the church from them receive people." Inasmuch as by "Egypt" is signified the natural man, and all the intelligence of the spiritual man is terminated and has its foundation in the natural man, and in his knowledges and scientifics, therefore: man without them is not intelligent or wise, nor indeed rational, for the spiritual man must act as one by correspondences. Hence it is that, in ancient times, when the representative church was also in Egypt, the King of Egypt, or Pharaoh, was called "the son of the wise, and the son of the kings of antiquity"; (Isaiah 19:11) also "Egypt, the corner-stone of the tribes"; (verse 13.) for by the tribes are signified all the Truths and Goods of the church in one complex, and by the "corner-stone" is signified the foundation thereof. Hence also it is said of Solomon: by whom the Lord was represented as to His celestial and spiritual kingdoms, that his wisdom was above the sons of the East, and above all the wisdom of the Egyptians." (1 Kings 4:30)

By "the sons of the East" are understood all who at that time were in the knowledges of Truth and Good, and thereby were made wise; and by the "Egyptians" are understood all who were skilled in sciences, especially in the science of correspondences, and in intelligence thence derived; wherefore also it is that the sciences of the Egyptians are called "the hidden things of gold and of silver and desirable things" in Daniel 11:42, 43. Apocalypse Explained 654.

"Ethiopia" [Cush] and "Seba'" are the knowledges of spiritual things, which serve those who believe in the Lord. Arcana Coelestia 1171. See also the Exposition of Isaiah 45:14.

As to "Cush", or Ethiopia, and its spiritual meaning, see above, Chapter 18:1, 2, the Exposition.

5. Fear not, for I am with you: from the east I will bring your seed, and from the west I will gather you;

6. I will say to the north, Give up; and to the south, Withhold not: bring My sons from afar, and My daughters from the ends of the earth;

Verses 5, 6. These things are not said concerning the posterity of Jacob, but concerning the nations or Gentiles of whom the church is to be formed, By "Jacob and his seed" are understood those who will be of that church. That it is to be formed of those who are in falsities from ignorance, and thence in obscurity as to Truths, is signified by "from the west I will gather you, and I will say to the north, Give up"; and that these are not to be repelled by those who are in the Good of love and in Truths of doctrine from a clear [principle], but to be accepted, is signified by "from the east I will bring your seed, and I will say to the south, Withhold not"; for the "east" signifies the Good of love in clearness, the "south" the Truth of doctrine in clearness, and the "west" the Good of love in obscurity, and the "north" the Truth of doctrine in obscurity, such as it exists with those who, from ignorance of Truth, are in falsities, and yet desire Truths. The reason why those quarters have such a signification is, because in the spiritual world all dwell distinctly in those quarters according to the light of Truth and the affection of Good in which they are principled. Similar things are signified in Matthew, where it is said that "the elect are to be gathered together from the four winds, from the boundaries of heaven even to their boundaries." (Matthew 24:31)

That all who are in falsities from ignorance, and yet in the desire of Truth, are to be brought into that church, is signified by "Bring My sons from afar, and My daughters from the ends of the earth"; "sons" denoting those who are in Truths, and "daughters" those who are in the affection thereof, and hence also, abstractedly from persons, they signify Truths and their affections; and "afar off" and the "ends of the earth" signify removal from the light of Truth, because in falsities from ignorance, by reason of their not having the Word, or not understanding the sense thereof. Apocalypse Explained 724.

Verses 5-8. To "bring seed from the east, the west, the north, and the south", denotes all of whatsoever religion they be; for the "east" and "west" signify where the Good of love is in clearness and in obscurity, and the "north" and the "south" where the Truth of faith is in obscurity and in clearness.

In this place they are understood who are in obscurity from ignorance, for it is said "Bring My sons from afar, and My daughters from the ends of the earth." "Sons" are predicated of those who receive Truths, and "daughters" of those who receive Goods; "from afar" and "from the ends of the earth " signify those who are remote from the Truths and Goods of the church.

That all will be received and reformed by the Lord, who acknowledge Him, is signified by "I have created, I have formed, and I have made everyone called by My name." These, then, are they who are understood by "the blind who have eyes, and the deaf who have ears." Apocalypse Explained 239.

As to the "blind" and the "deaf", see Chapter 42:18, the Exposition.

The subject here treated of is concerning "Jacob" and "Israel", and unless it be known that the above spiritual things are understood by the quarters there mentioned, it may be supposed that nothing further is implied than that the sons of Israel and Jacob are to be collected from all parts; but by "Jacob" and "Israel" is understood the church which consists of those who are in the Good of love and in Truths from that Good; and by "their seed" are understood all who are of that church. The bringing and gathering together of those who are in the Good of love, is understood by "I will bring your seed from the east, and I will gather you from the west"; and the same with respect to those who are in Truths from that Good, is understood by "I will say to the north, Give up; and to the south Withhold not." That all who are in those Truths and Goods even to those who are in the ultimates, shall be brought, is signified by "Bring My sons from afar, and My daughters from the ends of the earth." Apocalypse Explained 422. See also Arcana Coelestia 1458, 9642.

7. Everyone that is called by My name, whom I have created for My glory, whom I have formed; yea, whom I have made.

8. Bring forth the blind people that have eyes, and the deaf that have ears.

Verse 7. Everyone that is called by My name, etc. - What is meant by being "called by the Lord's name", see Chapter 4:1, and especially Chapter 26:8, the Exposition.

9. Let all the nations be gathered together, and let the peoples be assembled: who among them will declare this, and will show us former things? let them bring forth their witnesses, that they may be justified; or let them hear, and say, It is truth.

Verse 9. Let all the nations be gathered together, and let the peoples be assembled, etc. - As to "nations" and "peoples", see Chapter 9:2, 3, the Exposition.

10. You are My witnesses, says Jehovah; even My servant, whom I have chosen: that you may know and believe Me, and understand that I am He: before Me no God was formed, and after Me there shall be none.

Verse 10. Where by "Servant" is understood the Lord as to His Divine Human, That the Lord calls Himself a "minister" by reason of His serving, is evident in the Evangelists:

"Whosoever will become great among you, ought to be your minister; and whosoever would be first, ought to be your servant; as the Son of Man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister:" (Matthew 20:25-28; Mark 10:42-44; Luke 22:27) Apocalypse Explained 409.

11. I, [even] I, am Jehovah; and beside Me there is no Saviour.

Verse 11. The idea of a Son born from eternity [which is a prevalent idea in the present Theology], descending and assuming the Humanity, must be found to be altogether erroneous, and will therefore fall to the ground and vanish when those passages in the Word are attended to where Jehovah Himself asserts that He Himself is the Saviour and Redeemer of the world, as He does in the following passages :

"I, [even] I, am Jehovah; and beside Me there is no Saviour." [Isaiah 43:11) "Is it not I, Jehovah, than whom there is no other God? a just God, and a Saviour; there is none beside Me." (Isaiah 45:21, 22; 44:6, 24; 47:4; 48:17; 49:26; 60:16; Hosea 13:4)

From these and many other passages it must be evident to every man who has the use of his eyes, and whose mind is opened by such use, that God, who is One, descended, and was made Man for the purpose of effecting the work of Redemption. How plainly is this seen, as in morning light, by attending to the divine declarations here quoted. Such men, however, as walk in the shadows of night, from a firm persuasion in their minds of the birth of another God from eternity, and of His descent and redeeming labours, close their eyes against the light of these divine declarations, and in that state consider how they may apply and pervert them to the confirmation of their own falsities. True Christian Religion 83. See also 188, 294.

12. I have declared, and I have saved: I have made it known; nor was it any strange [god] among you: and you are My witnesses, says Jehovah, that I am God.

13. Yea, before the day was, I am He; and there is none that can deliver out of My hand: I work; and who shall hinder it?

Verse 12. You are My witnesses, says Jehovah, that I am God [El]. In the Word, Jehovah, or the Lord, in many places is named El in the singular, also Eloah, and likewise Elohim in the plural, - each sometimes in one verse or in one series. The reason why He is so named cannot be known, unless the internal sense of the Word be known. That El involves one thing, and Eloah another, and Elohim another, every one may judge from this, that the Word is divine, that is, derives its origin from the Divine, and that it is hence inspired as to all expressions, yea, as to the smallest apex. What is involved in El, when it is named, and what in Elohim, may appear from what has been abundantly shown above, that is, that El and Elohim or "God" is mentioned when Truth is treated of, see n. Arcana Coelestia 709, 2580, 2769; hence it is that by "El" and "Elohim"; in the supreme sense, is signified, the Divine-Spiritual, for this is the same with Divine Truth, but with the difference that by "El" is signified Truth in the will and act, which is the same thing with the Good of Truth, see Arcana Coelestia 4337, 4353, 4390. "Elohim" in the plural is used, because by the Divine Truth are meant all Truths which are from the Lord; hence also the angels in the Word are sometimes called Elohim or "gods", Arcana Coelestia 4295, as will likewise appear from the passages below adduced from the Word.

Inasmuch now as "El" and "Elohim", in the supreme sense, signify the Lord as to Truth, they also signify Him as to power, for it is Truth of which power is predicated, for Good acts by Truth when it exercises power, Arcana Coelestia 3091, 4015; therefore wheresoever power derived from Truth is treated of in the Word, the Lord is called El and Elohim, or "God"; hence also it is that "El", in the original tongue, likewise signifies one who is powerful. That the names El and Elohim, or "God", are used in the Word where the Divine-Spiritual is treated of, or, what is the same thing, the Divine Truth, and thence the Divine power, may further appear from these passages:

"God said to Israel in the visions of the night, I am the God of the gods [El elohe] of your father: be not afraid of descending into Egypt; because I will place you there into a great nation." (Genesis 46:2, 3)

Inasmuch as these words were spoken to Israel, whom He would place into a great nation, and thereby Truth and the power thereof are treated of, it is said "El Elohe", which in the proximate sense signifies God of gods. That "Elohim" in the proximate sense are gods, because they are predicated of Truths and the power thence derived, is evident also from the following passage:

"There Jacob built an altar, and called the place El-beth-el, because there the Elohim were revealed to him, in his flying before his brother." (Genesis 35:7)

And in another place:

"Jehovah our God, Himself the God of gods, and Lord of lords, the God [El] great, powerful, and formidable"; (Deuteronomy 10:17) where "God of gods" is expressed by Elohe elohim, and afterwards "God" by El, to whom is attributed greatness and power.

So in David:

"God [El] the great Jehovah, and the great King over all gods [Elohim], in whose hand are the tracings out [pervestigationes] of the earth; and the strengths of the mountains are His"; (Psalm 95:3, 4) where the name "God", or El, is used, because the subject treated of is concerning the Divine Truth, and the power thence derived; also mention is made of "gods", because Truths thence derived are treated of; for "king" in the internal sense signifies Truth, see Arcana Coelestia 1672, 2015, 2069, 3009, 3670.

Hence it is evident what is involved in the expression, "a great King above all gods"; the "tracings out of the earth" are also the Truths of the church, which are called "strengths of the mountains" from power grounded in Good. Arcana Coelestia 1402.

14. Thus says Jehovah, your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel: For your sake have I sent to Babylon, and I will cast down all her bars; and the Chaldeans, whose shouting is in their ships:

15. I am Jehovah, your Holy One; the Creator of Israel, your King.

Verse 14. The subject here treated of is concerning the liberation of the faithful from the oppression of those who, devastate the church, and who are understood by "Babylon"; and they devastate it by this, that they withhold all from the knowledges of Truth and of Good, saying that they themselves know, and that they are to be believed, when notwithstanding they know nothing of Truth, thus keeping others, together with themselves, in dense ignorance, and turning them away from the worship of the Lord, in order that they themselves may be worshipped. To "cast down their bars" signifies to destroy their principles of the false, and the false devastating Truths; "bars" here denoting principles of the false, and the "Chaldeans" those who devastate by falsities: for by "Babylon", in the Word, are signified those who by evils destroy Goods, and by the "Chaldeans" those who by falsities destroy Truths; a "shouting in their ships" denotes the destruction of their doctrinals, Apocalypse Explained 514.

As to the signification of "bars", see Chapter 45:2, the Exposition.

16. Thus says Jehovah, who made a way in the sea, and a path in the mighty waters;

Verse 16. That by "sea,", in this passage, is not understood the sea, nor by "waters" are understood waters, is evident, forasmuch as it is said that "therein is the way and the path of Jehovah"; wherefore by "sea" and by "waters" are understood such things as Jehovah or the Lord is in, which are the knowledges of Truth in general from the Word, and Truths therein; the "sea" denoting those knowledges, and the "waters" Truths. Knowledges and Truths differ in this, that knowledges are of the natural man, and Truths of the spiritual man. Apocalypse Explained 275.

As to the further meaning of the "sea", when mentioned in the Word, see Chapter 21:1, the Exposition.

17. Who brought forth the chariot and the horse, the army and the power; together they lie down, they rise up no more: they are extinguished, they are quenched like tow.

18. Remember not the former things; and the things of old do not consider:

Verse 17. As to the spiritual meaning of "horses" and "chariots", see Chapter 31:1, the Exposition.

They are quenched like tow. - As to the meaning of "tow", see Chapter 1:30, 31, the Exposition, and verse 31, note.

19. Behold, I make a new thing; even now shall it spring. forth: will you not acknowledge it? yea, I will make in the.wilderness a way, and rivers in the desert.

Verses 19, 20. Treating of the Lord, and of the New Church from Him, which is understood by "Behold, I make a new thing; even now shall it spring forth."

By "making a way in the wilderness, and rivers in the desert", is signified to give Truths and the intelligence of Truths where they were not before; "way" denotes Truth leading to heaven, and "rivers" intelligence.

By "giving drink to the people" is signified to instruct those who desire to be instructed.

By "the beast of the field, the dragons, and the daughters of the owl", are signified those who know Truths and Goods from the memory only, and do not understand and perceive them; such are they who speak Truth without any idea of it, depending only upon others. Apocalypse Explained 518.

20. The beast of the field shall honour Me; the dragons, and the daughters of the owl: because I have given waters in the wilderness, and rivers in the desert, to give drink to My people, My chosen.

21. The people, whom I have formed for Myself, shall show forth My praise.

Verse 20. That "the beast of the field, dragons, and daughters of the owl", are not here understood, is evident, for these cannot " honour Jehovah"; but that the men of the church are understood, is manifest from its being said in what follows, "to give drink to My people, My chosen"; wherefore by the "beast of the field " are signified the affections of the knowledges of Truth, by "dragons " natural ideas, and by the "daughters of the owl" sensual affections, for the sensual principle is affected with Truths, and sees them in darkness, as owls see objects in the night. Hence it is also evident that the nations or Gentiles are hereby understood, with whom the New Church was to be established, for before reformation they were in such an obscure affection and natural thought.

By "giving waters in the wilderness, and rivers in the desert", is signified to imbue with Truths and thence with intelligence, those who were before in ignorance. "Waters" denoting Truths, "rivers" intelligence, and

"wilderness" and "desert" signify ignorance. To "Give drink to the people of Jehovah, and to His chosen", signifies to instruct those who are in the Truths of faith and In the Good of charity; they are called "people" who are principled in the Truths of faith, and they "chosen" who are in the Good of charity. Apocalypse Explained 650.

As to the "daughters of the owl", in a bad sense, or the sensual perceptions of the mind entirely perverted, see Chapter 13:19-22, the Exposition. "Dragons" in this verse, as in Chapter 35:7, signify those who, although sensual, can nevertheless receive the Truth and be saved.

22. But you have not called upon Me, O Jacob; but you have been weary of Me, O Israel!

Verse 22. That to "call upon the name of Jehovah" is a frequent and common form of expression for all the worship ot the Lord, is well-known. The Lord cannot be worshipped except from charity; if from faith which is not from charity, there is no worship, because it is only from the mouth and not from the heart. "You have not brought to Me the lamb of your burnt-offering, neither have you honoured Me with your sacrifices", etc. In these words, in a summary form, all representative worship is involved. Arcana Coelestia 440.

23. You have not brought to Me the lamb of your burnt-offering: neither have you honoured Me with your sacrifices. I have not caused you to serve with an offering, nor wearied you with incense.

Verse 23. I have not caused you to serve with an offering; nor wearied you with incense. - Inasmuch as all worship of the Lord is effected from spiritual Good, which is derived from celestial Good, therefore both the "meat-offering" and the "incense" are mentioned in the letter separately, which, notwithstanding, in the internal or spiritual sense, are understood conjointly, but the one from the other. Apocalypse Explained 324. See also 491.

24. You have not bought for Me with silver the sweet cane; neither have you filled Me with the fat of your sacrifices: but you have made Me to serve with your sins, you have wearied Me with thine iniquities.

Verse 24. These words stand for-you have not acquired for yourself the Truths of faith. "Neither have you filled Me with the fat of your sacrifices", for-you have not acquired the Good of love. Burnt-offerings and sacrifices were the principal things of divine worship among the Jews; wherefore by " burnt-offerings" and "sacrifices" in general is signified worship, and by the things which were sacrificed, also by all the process of the sacrifice, is signified the quality of worship, and by the "fat" and the "burning" thereof, the very celestial divine principle, which is the Good of love from the Lord. Arcana Coelestia 5943.

25. I, [even] I, am He that blotts out your transgressions for Mine own sake; and your sins I will not remember.

Verse 25. As to the "remission of sins", and what are the signs that sins are remitted or removed, see Chapter 33:24, the Exposition.

26. Put Me in remembrance; let us plead together: declare you, that you mayest be justified.

Verse 26. It is said in the Word concerning Jehovah, that is, the Lord, that He "remembers", and that He "does not remember", by which is signified that whatsoever then happens, whether it be preservation or deliverance, is from Mercy; in like manner as when it is said of Him that He "sees", "hears", and "knows", and that He "does not see", "does not hear", and "does not know", by which also commiserations and non-commiserations are understood. That it is so said is from similitude with man, and from appearance, for when a man turns himself away from the Lord, which is the case when he does evil, then because the Lord is at his back, it appears as though the Lord did not see him, did not hear him, and did not know him, nor remember him; whereas all this is with man, Hence from the appearance it is so said in the Word; whereas, when a man turns himself to the Lord, which is the case when he does well, the contrary is the case. Every one may know that "remembrance" and "remembering" cannot be predicated of the Lord, since things past and future in Him are eternal, that is, are present to Him from eternity to eternity. Arcana Coelestia 9849.

As to "pleading [or reasoning] together", see Chapter 1:18, the Exposition.

27. Your first, father has sinned, and your teachers have transgressed against Me.

Verse 27. See the Exposition of Isaiah Chapter 1:28.

28. Therefore I will profane the princes of the sanctuary; and will give Jacob to the curse, and Israel to reproaches.

Verse 28. To "profane the princes of the sanctuary " signifies holy Truths; the extirpation of the Truth of the external and of the internal church is signified by "giving Jacob to the curse, and Israel to reproaches." Arcana Coelestia 5044 Arcana Coelestia 5044[1-13].

---
Isaiah Chapter 43

1. BUT now, thus says Jehovah, your Creator, O Jacob, and your Former, O Israel, Fear not: for I have redeemed you, I have called you by your name; you art Mine.

2. When you passest through the waters, I will be with you; and through the rivers, they shall not overflow you: when you walkest through the fire, you shalt not be burnt; and the flame shall not kindle upon you.

3. For I am Jehovah your God, the Holy One of Israel, your Saviour: I have given Egypt for your ransom, Ethiopia and Seba in your stead.

4. Because you have been precious in My eyes, you have been honoured, and I have loved you: therefore will I give men instead of you, and peoples instead of your soul.

5. Fear not, for I am with you: from the east I will bring your seed, and from the west I will gather you;

6. I will say to the north, Give up; and to the south, Withhold not: bring My sons from afar, and My daughters from the ends of the earth;

7. Everyone that is called by My name, whom I have created for My glory, whom I have formed; yea, whom I have made.

8. Bring forth the blind people that have eyes, and the deaf that have ears.

9. Let all the nations be gathered together, and let the peoples be assembled: who among them will declare this, and will show us former things? let them bring forth their witnesses, that they may be justified; or let them hear, and say, It is truth.

10. You are My witnesses, says Jehovah; even My servant, whom I have chosen: that you may know and believe Me, and understand that I am He: before Me no God was formed, and after Me there shall be none.

11. I, [even] I, am Jehovah; and beside Me there is no Saviour.

12. I have declared, and I have saved: I have made it known; nor was it any strange [god] among you: and you are My witnesses, says Jehovah, that I am God.

13. Yea, before the day was, I am He; and there is none that can deliver out of My hand: I work; and who shall hinder it?

14. Thus says Jehovah, your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel: For your sake have I sent to Babylon, and I will cast down all her bars; and the Chaldeans, whose shouting is in their ships:

15. I am Jehovah, your Holy One; the Creator of Israel, your King.

16. Thus says Jehovah, who made a way in the sea, and a path in the mighty waters;

17. Who brought forth the chariot and the horse, the army and the power; together they lie down, they rise up no more: they are extinguished, they are quenched like tow.

18. Remember not the former things; and the things of old do not consider:

19. Behold, I make a new thing; even now shall it spring. forth: will you not acknowledge it? yea, I will make in the.wilderness a way, and rivers in the desert.

20. The beast of the field shall honour Me; the dragons, and the daughters of the owl: because I have given waters in the wilderness, and rivers in the desert, to give drink to My people, My chosen.

21. The people, whom I have formed for Myself, shall show forth My praise.

22. But you have not called upon Me, O Jacob; but you have been weary of Me, O Israel!

23. You have not brought to Me the lamb of your burnt-offering: neither have you honoured Me with your sacrifices. I have not caused you to serve with an offering, nor wearied you with incense.

24. You have not bought for Me with silver the sweet cane; neither have you filled Me with the fat of your sacrifices: but you have made Me to serve with your sins, you have wearied Me with thine iniquities.

25. I, [even] I, am He that blotts out your transgressions for Mine own sake; and your sins I will not remember.

26. Put Me in remembrance; let us plead together: declare you, that you mayest be justified.

27. Your first, father has sinned, and your teachers have transgressed against Me.

28. Therefore I will profane the princes of the sanctuary; and will give Jacob to the curse, and Israel to reproaches.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 43


Další odkazy Swedenborga k tomuto verši:

Arcana Coelestia 440, 1368, 3305, 6385, 7091, 9229, 9496, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 173, 281, 613, 786, 962

A Brief Exposition of New Church Doctrine 120

The Lord 34, 38, 40

True Christian Religion 83, 93, 188, 294, 637


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 328, 514

Marriage 83, 93

Scriptural Confirmations 19

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'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

sent
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

babylon
Babylon was an ancient city built on the Euphrates river in what is now southern Iraq. It once was the capital of a great empire...

down
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

chaldeans
Chaldea was a land lying along the Euphrates river near its mouth, south of Babylon, part of what is now southern Iraq. It was a...

ships
Ships were used in the ancient world – as they generally are now – to carry freight from nation to nation for trade. The various...

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 For Reflection: The Lord Calling You by Name
Activity | Ages over 15


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