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Иоиль 2

Russian: Synodal Translation (1876)         

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1 Трубите трубою на Сионе и бейте тревогу на святой горе Моей; да трепещут все жители земли, ибо наступает день Господень, ибо он близок –

2 день тьмы и мрака, день облачный и туманный: как утренняя заря распространяется по горам народ многочисленный и сильный, какого не бывало от века и после того не будет в роды родов.

3 Перед ним пожирает огонь, а за ним палит пламя; перед ним земля как сад Едемский, а позади него будет опустошенная степь, и никому не будет спасения от него.

4 Вид его как вид коней, и скачут они как всадники;

5 скачут по вершинам гор как бы со стуком колесниц, как бы с треском огненного пламени, пожирающего солому, как сильный народ, выстроенный к битве.

6 При виде его затрепещут народы, у всех лица побледнеют.

7 Как борцы бегут они и как храбрые воины влезают на стену, и каждый идет своею дорогою, и не сбивается с путей своих.

8 Не давят друг друга, каждый идет своею стезею, и падают на копья, но остаются невредимы.

9 Бегают по городу, поднимаются на стены, влезают на дома, входят в окна, как вор.

10 Перед ними потрясется земля, поколеблется небо; солнце и луна помрачатся, и звезды потеряют свой свет.

11 И Господь даст глас Свой пред воинством Своим, ибо весьма многочисленно полчище Его и могуществен исполнитель слова Его; ибо велик день Господеньи весьма страшен, и кто выдержит его?

12 Но и ныне еще говорит Господь: обратитесь ко Мне всем сердцем своим в посте, плаче и рыдании.

13 Раздирайте сердца ваши, а не одежды ваши, и обратитесь к Господу Богу вашему; ибо Он благ и милосерд, долготерпелив и многомилостив и сожалеет о бедствии.

14 Кто знает, не сжалится ли Он, и не оставит либлагословения, хлебного приношения и возлияния Господу Богу вашему?

15 Вострубите трубою на Сионе, назначьте пост и объявите торжественное собрание.

16 Соберите народ, созовите собрание, пригласите старцев, соберите отроков и грудных младенцев; пусть выйдет жених из чертога своего и невеста из своей горницы.

17 Между притвором и жертвенником да плачут священники, служители Господни, и говорят: „пощади, Господи, народ Твой, не предай наследия Твоего напоругание, чтобы не издевались над ним народы; для чего будут говорить между народами: где Бог их?"

18 И тогда возревнует Господь о земле Своей, и пощадит народ Свой.

19 И ответит Господь, и скажет народу Своему: вот, Я пошлю вам хлеб и вино и елей, и будете насыщаться ими, и более не отдам вас на поругание народам.

20 И пришедшего от севера удалю от вас, и изгоню в землю безводную и пустую, переднее полчище его – в море восточное, а заднее – в море западное, и пойдет от негозловоние, и поднимется от него смрад, так как он много наделал зла .

21 Не бойся, земля: радуйся и веселись, ибо Господь велик, чтобы совершить это.

22 Не бойтесь, животные, ибо пастбища пустыни произрастят траву, дерево принесет плод свой, смоковница и виноградная лоза окажут свою силу.

23 И вы, чада Сиона, радуйтесь и веселитесь о Господе Боге вашем; ибоОн даст вам дождь в меру и будет ниспосылать вам дождь, дождь ранний и поздний, как прежде.

24 И наполнятся гумна хлебом, и переполнятся подточилия виноградным соком и елеем.

25 И воздам вам за те годы, которые пожирали саранча, черви, жуки игусеница, великое войско Мое, которое послал Я на вас.

26 И до сытости будете есть и насыщаться и славить имя Господа Бога вашего, Который дивное соделал с вами, и непосрамится народ Мой во веки.

27 И узнаете, что Я посреди Израиля, и Я – Господь Бог ваш, и нет другого, и Мой народне посрамится вовеки.

28 И будет после того, излию от Духа Моего на всякую плоть, и будутпророчествовать сыны ваши и дочери ваши; старцам вашим будут сниться сны, и юноши ваши будут видеть видения.

29 И также на рабов и на рабынь в те дни излию от Духа Моего.

30 И покажу знамения на небе и на земле: кровь и огонь и столпы дыма.

31 Солнце превратится во тьму и луна – в кровь, прежде нежели наступит день Господень, великий и страшный.

32 И будет: всякий, кто призовет имя Господне, спасется; ибо на горе Сионе и в Иерусалиме будет спасение, как сказал Господь, и у остальных, которых призовет Господь.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 199


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 31, 46, 217, 488, 547, 574, 588, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 8, 37, 51, 53, 164, 312, 331, ...

A Brief Exposition of New Church Doctrine 78

Учение о Господе 4, 14, 38, 49

Учение Нового Иерусалима Относительно Священного Писания 14, 86

О Небесах, о мире духов и об аде 119, 570

Последний Суд 3

Истинная Христианская Религия 82, 198, 251, 318, 620, 689


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 72, 109, 183, 193, 261, 329, 340, ...

Canons of the New Church 27

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 3, 56, 58

Marriage 82

Scriptural Confirmations 3, 4, 9, 55, 75

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Word/Phrase Explanations

трубою
'Trumpets,' and all other wind instruments, relate to celestial affections.

святой
'Sanctuary' signifies the truth of heaven and the church. 'Sanctuary,' as in Ezekiel 24:21, signifies the Word.

Земли
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

день
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

облачный
In Isaiah 19:1, "Jehovah rides upon a light cloud, and comes into Egypt", signifies the visitation of the natural man from spiritual-natural Divine Truth, for...

после
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

огонь
A flame signifies spiritual good, and the light of it truth from that good. A flame of fire, as in Revelation 1:14, signifies spiritual love,...

сад
Plants, in general, represent knowledge, ideas and intellectual concepts – things of the mind. Plant the best and most beautiful of those in one place,...

всадники
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лица
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стены
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дома
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окна
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небо
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солнце
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луна
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звезды
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пред
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знает
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собрание
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Священники
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служители
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народ
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Бог
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море
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животные
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дерево
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гумна
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Саранча
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есть
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плоть
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дочери
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видеть
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рабынь
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кровь
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спасение
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Arcana Coelestia # 8875

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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8875. 'A jealous God' means that as a result there is falsity and evil. This is clear from the consideration that in the genuine sense 'a jealous God' means the Divine Truth of Divine Good, since 'God' has reference to truth, 2586, 2769, 2807, 2822, 3921 (end), 4287, 4402, 7010, 7268, 8301, and 'jealous' to good, as will be seen below. But so far as those who do not receive the Divine Truth of the Lord's Divine Good are concerned, 'a jealous God' is falsity and evil. For those who are opposed to Him perceive Divine Truth as falsity, and Divine Good as evil; for the way in which everyone sees that Truth and Good is determined by what he really is in himself. So it is that the Lord's zeal, 1 which in itself is love and compassion, is seen by them as anger; for when the Lord in love and mercy protects His own in heaven those ruled by evil are indignant and angry with the good. They plunge into the sphere where Divine Good and Divine Truth are, endeavouring to destroy those who are there. But then the Divine Truth of Divine Good acts on them and causes them to experience torments like those suffered in hell. As a consequence of this they attribute wrath and anger, and also all evil, to the Divine, when in fact there is no anger whatever in the Divine, nor any evil whatever, only pure forbearance and mercy.

[2] From all this it is evident why 'jealous' means falsity and evil, and why 'zeal' means anger. See what has been shown already about them, that is to say, in the following places,

Wrath and anger are attributed to the Lord, when in fact they exist with those who are ruled by evil or who are full of anger against the Divine, 5798, 6997, 8284, 8483.

Evil things, punishments, and times of vastation are in a similar way attributed to the Lord, when in fact nothing except love and mercy reside with the Lord, 2447, 6071, 6559, 6991, 6997, 7533, 7632, 7643, 7679, 7710, 7877, 7926, 8214, 8223, 8226-8228, 8282, 8632.

Through their endeavour to destroy goodness and truth the evil bring about their own devastation and cast themselves into damnation and hell, 7643, 7679, 7710, 7926, 7989.

The way in which everyone sees the Lord is determined by what he is within himself, 1861 (end), 6832, 8197.

[3] The places in the Word which are quoted below will show that 'the zeal of the Lord' is love and mercy, and that when the Lord protects the good against the evil it seems like hostility, and also like anger.

The zeal of the Lord is love and mercy.

In Isaiah,

Look out from heaven, and see from the dwelling-place of Your holiness and of Your glory. And where are Your zeal and Your might? The yearning of Your loins, 2 and Your compassion, 3 towards me have held themselves back. Isaiah 63:15.

'Zeal' here stands for mercy, which is 'a yearning of the loins' and has reference to good. For where it says 'Your zeal and Your might' the word 'zeal' has reference to good, and the word 'might' to truth; and 'the yearning of the loins' likewise has reference to good, and 'compassion' to truth. In a like manner 'the dwelling-place of holiness' stands for the heaven where members of the celestial kingdom live, and 'the dwelling-place of glory' for the heaven where members of the spiritual kingdom live. From this too it is evident that where good is referred to in the Word, truth is referred to as well, on account of the heavenly marriage, which is the marriage of good and truth, in every individual part of the Word. This is so in the case of the Lord's two names Jesus and Christ; they are a sign of the Divine marriage within the Lord. Regarding these matters, see 683, 793, 801, 2516, 4138 (end), 5138, 5502, 6343, 7945, 8339 (end).

[4] In the same prophet,

To us a Boy is born, to us a Son is given, and the government will be upon His shoulder; and His name is called' 4 Wonderful, Counsellor, God, Hero, Father of Eternity, Prince of Peace. Of the increase of His government and of peace there will be no end. The zeal of Jehovah will do this. Isaiah 9:6-7.

This refers to the Lord and His Coming. 'The zeal of Jehovah will do this' stands for His acting from a love that burns to save the human race. In the same prophet,

Out of Jerusalem will go a remnant, and those who escape from Mount Zion. The zeal of Jehovah will do this. Isaiah 37:32.

'The zeal of Jehovah will do this' stands for His acting out of love and mercy.

[5] In Ezekiel,

Thus said the Lord Jehovih, Now I will bring back the captives of Jacob, and have mercy on the whole house of Israel; and I will be jealous for My holy name. 5 Ezekiel 39:25.

'Being jealous' stands for having mercy. In David, The zeal of Your house has devoured me. Psalms 69:9.

This refers to the Lord. 'The zeal of Jehovah's house' stands for love towards those who receive goodness and truth; for they are Jehovah's house.

[6] The Lord's zeal or mercy when He protects the good seems like hostility.

In Isaiah,

Jehovah will go forth as a mighty man, as a man of war He will arouse zeal; He will shout aloud and cry out, He will prevail over His enemies. Isaiah 42:13.

And in Joel,

Jehovah will be jealous for His land, and spare His people. Joel 2:18.

[7] The Lord's zeal is called anger and wrath because mercy is seen as such by the evil.

In Moses,

You shall not go after other gods, of the gods of the peoples who are round about you (for Jehovah your God in the midst of you is a jealous God), lest perhaps the anger of Jehovah your God flare up against you and destroy you from the face of the earth. Deuteronomy 6:14-15.

In the same author,

They provoked Him to jealousy through foreign [gods]; through abominations they made Him angry. They sacrifice to demons. They have moved Me to jealousy, 6 by what is not god, they have provoked Me to anger with their idols. 7 Deuteronomy 32:16-17, 21.

In Ezekiel,

When My anger is accomplished and I make My wrath rest on them, I will repent, so that they may know that I Jehovah have spoken in My zeal, when I have accomplished My wrath on them. Ezekiel 5:13.

In Zechariah,

The angel of Jehovah [speaking] in me said to me, Cry out, saying, Thus said Jehovah Zebaoth, I have been jealous for Jerusalem and for Zion with great zeal. For I have become extremely indignant against the nations that feel secure. Zechariah 1:14-15; 8:2.

In Zephaniah,

I will pour out onto them My indignation, all My fierce anger, 8 for in the fire of My zeal the whole earth will be devoured. Zephaniah 3:8.

In Moses,

Jehovah will not be pleased to pardon him; but then the anger of Jehovah, and His zeal, will smoke against that man, and every curse will rest on him Deuteronomy 29:20.

In David,

How long, O Jehovah; will you be angry forever? Will your jealousy burn line fire? Pour out Your anger on the nations that do not know You. Psalms 79:5-6.

Jehovah's zeal is in like manner referred to as 'anger' in Psalms 38:1; Ezekiel 16:42; 23:25; 38:19.

All this shows what is meant by 'Jehovah's zeal' or 'a jealous God' - in the genuine sense love and mercy, but in the non-genuine sense, such as that understood by those immersed in evils and falsities, anger and ruination.

[8] It should be recognized that Jehovah, that is, the Lord, is called 'jealous' or 'an avenger' especially when what ought to reign universally with a member of the Church - that is to say, what is Divine and must be either loved, held in mind, or feared above all things - is being corrupted. When it has been corrupted or destroyed complete and utter darkness ensues in place of heavenly light; for that light no longer flows in from the Divine because there is no acceptance of it. This is why the commandment says, 'I am Jehovah your God, a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the sons, on the third and on the fourth [generations] of those who hate Me', which He would do if they worshipped other gods or made either a graven image or likenesses for themselves. For these corrupt what is Divine and ought to reign universally.

[9] Therefore similar declarations occur elsewhere in Moses,

Take care, lest you make for yourselves a graven image of any figure; for Jehovah your God is a devouring fire, a jealous God. Deuteronomy 4:23-24

And in the same author,

You shall not worship any other god; for Jehovah, whose name is Jealous, He is a jealous [God]. Exodus 34:14.

The reason why the Israelite nation was forbidden so strictly to do these things was that any adoration of other gods, graven images, and other images destroyed everything representative of the Church among them. For in heaven Jehovah, that is, the Lord, reigns universally; His Divine [Life] fills all things there and composes the life of all. If anything else had been worshipped instead of the Divine, everything representative, and so contact with heaven, would have perished.

-----
Footnotes:

1. or jealousy. In Latin, as in Hebrew, the same noun may be rendered zeal or jealousy, and the same adjective may be rendered zealous or jealous.

2. literally, The commotion of Your viscera

3. literally, compassions

4. literally, He has called His name

5. literally, the name of My holiness

6. literally, they have moved My jealousy (or zeal)

7. literally, vanities

8. lit all the wrath of My anger

-----

(Odkazy: Exodus 20:5)

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Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 9143, 9204, 9306, 10431


Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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