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Бытие 4

Russian: Makarij Translation (Pentateuch) (1825)         

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1 Послј сего Адамъ позналъ Еву жену свою; и она зачала и родила Каина, и сказала: приобрјла я человјка отъ Іеговы.

2 Потомъ родила брата его Авеля. Авель былъ пастырь овецъ; а Каинъ былъ земледјлецъ.

3 Спустя нјсколько времени Каинъ принесъ отъ плодовъ земли даръ Іеговј.

4 И Авель также принесъ отъ первородныхъ овецъ своихъ и отъ тука ихъ. И призрјлъ Іегова на Авеля и на даръ его.

5 А на Каина и на даръ его не призрјлъ: и Каинъ сильно огорчился и потупилъ взоры свои.

6 Тогда Іегова сказалъ Каину: для чего ты огорчился? и для чего потупилъ взоры твои?

7 Если дјлаешь доброе: то не поднимаешь ли чела? а если не дјлаешь добраго: то у дверей грјхъ лежитъ; онъ влечетъ тебя къ себј, но ты господствуй надъ нимъ.

8 И говорилъ Каинъ съ Авелемъ братомъ своимъ; и когда они были въ полј, Каинъ возсталъ на Авеля брата своего, и убилъ его.

9 И сказалъ Іегова Каину: гдј Авель братъ твой? онъ сказалъ: не знаю; развј я сторожъ брату моему?

10 Но Богъ сказалъ: что ты сдјлалъ? гласъ крови брата твоего вопіетъ ко мнј отъ земли.

11 И нынј проклятъ ты отъ земли, которая отверзла уста свои принять кровь брата твоего отъ руки твоей.

12 Когда будешь воздјлывать землю, она не ставетъ болје давать силы своей для тебя; ты будешь изгнанникомъ, и станешь скитаться по землј.

13 И сказалъ Каинъ Іеговј: велико преступленіе мое и непростительно.

14 Вотъ, Ты теперь сгоняешь меня съ лица земли, и отъ лица Твоего я скроюсь, и буду изгнанникомъ и стану скитаться по землј; всякой, кто встрјтится со мною, убьетъ меня.

15 И сказалъ ему Іегова: за то всякому, кто убьетъ Каина, отмстится всемеро. И положилъ Іегова на Каинј знаменіе, что бы кто, встрјтясь съ нимъ, неубилъ его.

16 И пошелъ Каинъ отъ лица Іегова; и сталъ жить въ землј Нодъ, на востокъ отъ Едема.

17 И позналъ Каинъ жену свою, и она зачала, и родила Еноха. И построилъ городъ; и наименовалъ городъ по имени сына своего Енохомъ.

18 Отъ Еноха родился Ирадъ, отъ Ирада родился Мехіаель; отъ Мехіаела родился Меѕушаелъ; отъ Меѕушаела родился Ламехъ.

19 Ламехъ взялъ за себя двј жены: имя одной Ада, имя другой Цилла.

20 Ада родила Іавала: сей былъ отецъ живущихъ въ шатрахъ со стадами.

21 Имя брату его: Іувалъ, сей былъ отецъ всјхъ играющихъ па гусляхъ и органј.

22 Цилла также родила Ѕовела кузнеца, сей былъ отецъ кующихъ, всјхъ работающихъ изъ мјди и желјза. У Ѕовела кузнеца была сестра Ноема.

23 И сказалъ Ламехъ женамъ своимъ: Ада и Цилла! послушайте словъ моихъ: Жены Ламеховы! вслушайтесь въ рјчь мою: Я убью человјка, Который поранитъ меня, И отрока, Который ударитъ меня.

24 Если за Каина должно быть отмщено всемеро; То за Ламеха въ семьдесятъ разъ всемеро.

25 И еще Адамъ позналъ жену свою, и она родила сына, и нарекла ему имя: Сиѕъ; потому что, говорила она, Богъ положилъ мнј другое сјмя вмјсто Авеля, котораго убилъ Каинъ.

26 У Сиѕа также родился сынъ, и онъ нарекъ ему имя Эносъ; тогда начали называться по имени Іеговы.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 324, 325, 326, 327, 328, 329, 330, ...

Apocalypse Explained 817

Учение Нового Иерусалима Относительно Священного Писания 103

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 405

Истинная Христианская Религия 279


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 337, 346, 347, 348, 349, 485, 527, ...

Истинная Христианская Религия 466


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 427, 838

Spiritual Experiences 323, 4139

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сына
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жены
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имя
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сестра
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Ламеха
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Resources for parents and teachers

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Arcana Coelestia # 716

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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716. 'Sevens of each' means that they are holy. This is clear from what has been stated already in 84-87 about the seventh day or sabbath. That is to say, the Lord is the Seventh Day and from Him derives every celestial Church or man, and indeed, the celestial itself which, because it is the Lord's alone, is most holy. Consequently seven in the Word means holy; indeed in the internal sense, as here, absolutely nothing is obtained from the number itself. For people who possess the internal sense, as angels and angelic spirits do, have no concept at all of what a number is, and so do not know what seven is. Therefore the idea that they were to take seven pairs of all the clean beasts, or that the ratio of the good to the evil was to be seven to two, is not at all the meaning here. Rather it is this: Things of the will with which this member of the Church was supplied were the goods which are holy, through which, as stated already, he was capable of being regenerated.

[2] That 'seven' means that which is holy, or things that are holy, becomes clear from the rituals in the representative Church, where the number seven occurs time and again, for example, being sprinkled seven times with blood and oil, as in Leviticus,

Moses took the anointing oil and anointed the Tabernacle and everything that was in it and made them holy. And he sprinkled some of it over the altar seven times, and anointed the altar and all its vessels to make them holy. Leviticus 8:10-11.

Here 'seven times' would be utterly devoid of meaning if that which is holy was not being represented in this way. 'Oil' there means the holiness of love. And elsewhere in Leviticus, when Aaron entered the Holy Place,

He shall take some of the blood of the young bull, and shall sprinkle it with his finger over the face 1 of the mercy-seat towards the east, and he shall sprinkle the face 1 of the mercy-seat seven times with some of the blood with his finger.

Similarly with the altar,

He shall sprinkle over it some of the blood with his finger seven times, and shall cleanse it, and make it holy. Leviticus 16:14, 19.

Here every single detail means the Lord Himself, and therefore the holiness of love - that is to say, 'the blood' and also 'the mercy-seat', 'the altar' too, 'the east in which direction the blood was to be sprinkled', and so 'seven' as well, all mean the Lord.

[3] In sacrifices it is similar, about which the following is said in Leviticus,

If a soul has sinned inadvertently, and if the anointed priest has sinned, thus making the people guilty, he shall slaughter the young bull in Jehovah's presence. And the priest shall dip his finger in the blood, and sprinkle some of the blood seven times in Jehovah's presence towards the veil of the Holy Place. Leviticus 4:2-4, 6.

Here similarly 'seven' means that which is holy, for the subject is atonement, and therefore the Lord, since atonement is the Lord's alone. Similar instructions were also given concerning the cleansing of leprosy, about which the following is said in Leviticus,

[Taking some] of the bird's blood, the cedar-wood, the double-dyed scarlet, and the hyssop, the priest shall sprinkle over the one who is to be cleansed from leprosy seven times, and shall cleanse him. In a similar way some of the oil which is in his left palm, seven times in Jehovah's presence. In a similar way in a house where there is leprosy, [he shall take some] of the cedar-wood, and the hyssop, and the double-dyed scarlet, and shall sprinkle some of the bird's blood seven times. Leviticus 14:6-7, 27, 51.

Anyone may see that here cedar-wood, double-dyed scarlet, hyssop, oil, and blood of a bird, and so the number seven, would be utterly meaningless if things that are holy were not being represented by them. If you take away from them holy things, what is left is something dead, or something unholy and idolatrous. When however they do mean holy things the worship they contain in that case is a Divine worship which is internal and simply represented by things that are external. The Jews however were incapable of knowing what these meant; and neither does anyone today know what cedar-wood, hyssop, double-dyed scarlet, and the bird all mean. Yet if only they had been willing to think that these did embody holy things which they did not actually know, and so had worshipped the Lord - who was the Messiah to come who would heal them from their leprosy, that is, from profaning what is holy - they could have been saved. For people who do think and believe in this manner straightaway receive instruction in the next life, if they desire it, as to what every single detail represented.

(Odkazy: Leviticus 4:2-3)


[4] Similarly where 'the red heifer' is the subject it is said that the priest was to take some of its blood on his finger, and sprinkle some of its blood towards the face 1 of the tent of meeting seven times, Numbers 19:4. Because 'the seventh day' or sabbath meant the Lord, and from Him meant the celestial man and the celestial itself, the seventh day in the Jewish Church was the holiest of all its religious observances. For this reason there was a sabbath year 2 every seventh year, Leviticus 25:4. Also a jubilee was to be proclaimed after seven sabbaths of years, that is, after seven times seven years, Leviticus 25:8-9. In the highest sense the number seven means the Lord, and from this the holiness of love. This becomes clear also from the golden lampstand with its seven lamps, mentioned in Exodus 25:31-33, 37; 37:17-19, 23; Numbers 8:2-3; Zechariah 4:2. And in John it is spoken of as follows,

Seven golden lampstands; in the midst of the seven lampstands one like the Son of Man. Revelation 1:12-13.

Here it is absolutely clear that 'a lampstand with seven lamps' means the Lord, and that 'the lamps' are the holy things of love, which comprise celestial things, which also is why there were seven of them.

[5] In the same author,

From the throne there were coming forth seven fiery torches burning before the throne, which are the seven spirits of God. Revelation 4:5.

Here 'the seven torches which came forth from the Lord's throne' are seven lamps. The same applies to the number seven when it occurs in the Prophets, as in Isaiah,

The light of the moon will be as the light of the sun, and the light of the sun will be sevenfold, as the light of seven days, on the day when Jehovah will bind up the hurt of His people. Isaiah 30:26.

Here 'sevenfold light as the light of seven days' does not at all mean sevenfold but the holiness of love meant by the sun. See also what has been stated and shown already at Chapter Isaiah 4:15 concerning the number seven. From these quotations it is also quite clear that all numbers used in the Word never have a numerical value [in the internal sense], as has also been shown already at 6:3.

-----
Footnotes:

1. literally, the faces

2. literally, sabbath of a sabbath

-----

(Odkazy: Genesis 4:15, 6:3, 7:2)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 852, 881, 1429, 1988, 2723, 2832, 2905, 3325, 3824, 3845, 3852, 4123, 5198, 5265, 6175, 6775, 7842, 7885, 8058, 8059, 8889, 8893, 9140, 9162, 9288, 9569, 9600, 10127, 10374, 10656


Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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