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Бытие 4

Russian: Makarij Translation (Pentateuch) (1825)         

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1 Послј сего Адамъ позналъ Еву жену свою; и она зачала и родила Каина, и сказала: приобрјла я человјка отъ Іеговы.

2 Потомъ родила брата его Авеля. Авель былъ пастырь овецъ; а Каинъ былъ земледјлецъ.

3 Спустя нјсколько времени Каинъ принесъ отъ плодовъ земли даръ Іеговј.

4 И Авель также принесъ отъ первородныхъ овецъ своихъ и отъ тука ихъ. И призрјлъ Іегова на Авеля и на даръ его.

5 А на Каина и на даръ его не призрјлъ: и Каинъ сильно огорчился и потупилъ взоры свои.

6 Тогда Іегова сказалъ Каину: для чего ты огорчился? и для чего потупилъ взоры твои?

7 Если дјлаешь доброе: то не поднимаешь ли чела? а если не дјлаешь добраго: то у дверей грјхъ лежитъ; онъ влечетъ тебя къ себј, но ты господствуй надъ нимъ.

8 И говорилъ Каинъ съ Авелемъ братомъ своимъ; и когда они были въ полј, Каинъ возсталъ на Авеля брата своего, и убилъ его.

9 И сказалъ Іегова Каину: гдј Авель братъ твой? онъ сказалъ: не знаю; развј я сторожъ брату моему?

10 Но Богъ сказалъ: что ты сдјлалъ? гласъ крови брата твоего вопіетъ ко мнј отъ земли.

11 И нынј проклятъ ты отъ земли, которая отверзла уста свои принять кровь брата твоего отъ руки твоей.

12 Когда будешь воздјлывать землю, она не ставетъ болје давать силы своей для тебя; ты будешь изгнанникомъ, и станешь скитаться по землј.

13 И сказалъ Каинъ Іеговј: велико преступленіе мое и непростительно.

14 Вотъ, Ты теперь сгоняешь меня съ лица земли, и отъ лица Твоего я скроюсь, и буду изгнанникомъ и стану скитаться по землј; всякой, кто встрјтится со мною, убьетъ меня.

15 И сказалъ ему Іегова: за то всякому, кто убьетъ Каина, отмстится всемеро. И положилъ Іегова на Каинј знаменіе, что бы кто, встрјтясь съ нимъ, неубилъ его.

16 И пошелъ Каинъ отъ лица Іегова; и сталъ жить въ землј Нодъ, на востокъ отъ Едема.

17 И позналъ Каинъ жену свою, и она зачала, и родила Еноха. И построилъ городъ; и наименовалъ городъ по имени сына своего Енохомъ.

18 Отъ Еноха родился Ирадъ, отъ Ирада родился Мехіаель; отъ Мехіаела родился Меѕушаелъ; отъ Меѕушаела родился Ламехъ.

19 Ламехъ взялъ за себя двј жены: имя одной Ада, имя другой Цилла.

20 Ада родила Іавала: сей былъ отецъ живущихъ въ шатрахъ со стадами.

21 Имя брату его: Іувалъ, сей былъ отецъ всјхъ играющихъ па гусляхъ и органј.

22 Цилла также родила Ѕовела кузнеца, сей былъ отецъ кующихъ, всјхъ работающихъ изъ мјди и желјза. У Ѕовела кузнеца была сестра Ноема.

23 И сказалъ Ламехъ женамъ своимъ: Ада и Цилла! послушайте словъ моихъ: Жены Ламеховы! вслушайтесь въ рјчь мою: Я убью человјка, Который поранитъ меня, И отрока, Который ударитъ меня.

24 Если за Каина должно быть отмщено всемеро; То за Ламеха въ семьдесятъ разъ всемеро.

25 И еще Адамъ позналъ жену свою, и она родила сына, и нарекла ему имя: Сиѕъ; потому что, говорила она, Богъ положилъ мнј другое сјмя вмјсто Авеля, котораго убилъ Каинъ.

26 У Сиѕа также родился сынъ, и онъ нарекъ ему имя Эносъ; тогда начали называться по имени Іеговы.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 324, 325, 326, 327, 328, 329, 330, ...

Apocalypse Explained 817

Учение Нового Иерусалима Относительно Священного Писания 103

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 405

Истинная Христианская Религия 279


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 337, 346, 347, 348, 349, 485, 527, ...

Истинная Христианская Религия 466


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 427, 838

Spiritual Experiences 323, 4139

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Arcana Coelestia # 420

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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420. Various types of instruments are mentioned in the Word, each one having its own particular meaning, which will in the Lord's Divine mercy be shown when they occur. For the present let just the following in David be quoted,

I will sacrifice in the tent of Jehovah the sacrifices of shouts of joy; I will sing and make melody to Jehovah. Psalms 27:6.

Here 'tent' is used to express that which is celestial, and 'shouts of joy', 'singing', and 'making melody' that which is spiritual deriving from it. In the same author,

Sing to Jehovah, O you righteous! His praise befits upright men. Confess Jehovah with the harp, make melody to Him on a ten-stringed lyre. Sing to Him a new song, play skillfully with a loud note, for the word of Jehovah is upright, and all His work is done in truth. Psalms 33:1-4.

This stands for truths of faith, to which these commands have reference.

[2] Spiritual things, which are the truths and goods of faith, were extolled by means of the harp, ten-stringed lyres, singing, and the like, whereas the holy or celestial things of faith were praised by means of wind instruments, such as trumpets and others like them. This explains why so many instruments were used around the Temple, for so often particular instruments were needed to celebrate this occasion or that. As a consequence those instruments came to mean the actual things in praise of which they were used.

[3] In the same author,

I will confess to You on a ten-stringed instrument, Your truth, O my God. I will make melody to You with the harp, O Holy One of Israel. My lips will sing when I make melody to You; and my soul which You have redeemed. Psalms 71:22, 13.

This similarly refers to the truths of faith. In the same author,

Reply to Jehovah with confession; make melody to our God with the harp. Psalms 147:7.

Here 'confession' has regard to the celestial things of faith, which is why the name 'Jehovah' is used, while 'making melody with the harp' has regard to the spiritual things of faith, which is why the name 'God' is used. In the same author,

Let them praise the name of Jehovah with dancing; with timbrel and harp let them make melody to Him. Psalms 149:3.

'Timbrel' stands for the good and 'harp' for the truth which they are praising.

(Odkazy: Psalms 71:22-23)


[4] In the same author,

Praise God with trumpet-sound; praise Him with a ten-stringed lyre and with a harp, praise Him with timbrel and dance; praise Him with stringed instruments and organs, praise and Him with sounding cymbals 1 praise Him with high-sounding cymbals. 2 Psalms 150:3-5.

These stand for the goods and truths of faith, which occasion praise. Let no one think that so many instruments are mentioned by name without each one having some particular meaning. In the same author,

Send out Your light and Your truth; let them lead me, let them bring me to Your holy mountain and to Your dwellings. Then I will go in to the altar of God, to God my exceeding joy, and I will confess You with the harp, O God, my God. Psalms 43:3-4.

This stands for cognitions of good and truth.

(Odkazy: Psalms 150:3-4)


[5] In Isaiah,

Take a harp, encompass the city, strike a good note, increase your song, that you may be called to memory. Isaiah 23:16.

This stands for matters of faith and cognitions of faith. The point is plainer still in John,

The four living creatures and the twenty-four elders fell down before the Lamb, each holding a harp, and with golden bowls full of incense, which are the prayers of the saints. Revelation 5:8.

'Harps' being held is not the meaning, as may be clear to anyone. Instead the truths of faith are meant by 'harps', and the goods of faith by 'golden bowls full of incense'. In David sounds made on instruments are referred to as 'praises and confessions', in Psalms 42:4; Psalms 69:70. And elsewhere in John,

I heard a voice from heaven, like the sound of many waters. I heard the sound of harpers playing on their harps. They were singing a new song. Revelation 14:2-3.

And elsewhere in the same book,

I saw them standing beside the sea of glass holding harps of God. Revelation 15:2.

It deserves to be mentioned that angels and spirits distinguish sounds on the basis of the differences that exist with good and truth. This applies not only to the sounds made by singing and instruments, but also to those made by voices. They do not entertain any sounds other than those that are accordant, so that there may be an accordance of the sounds, and therefore of the instruments, with the very nature and essence of good and truth.

-----
Footnotes:

1. literally, cymbals of hearing

2. literally, cymbals of shouting

-----

(Odkazy: Genesis 4:21; Psalms 42:5, 69:30, 69:31; Revelation 14:2)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 2417, 3880, 4138, 6742, 8337, 8802, 9926


Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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