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Бытие 38

Pyatiknizhie Moiseya v perevode arhimandrita Makariya (1825)         

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1 Въ то время случилось, что Іуда, отошедши отъ братьевъ своихъ, поставилъ шатеръ свой въ сосјдствј одного Одолламитянина, которому имя Хира.

2 Тамъ увидјлъ Іуда дочь одного Хананеянина, которому имя: Шуа, и взялъ ее за себя, и вошелъ къ ней.

3 Она зачала, и родила сына; и онъ нарекъ ему имя: Иръ.

4 И зачала опять, и родила сына, и нарекла ему имя: Онанъ.

5 Потомъ и еще родила сына, и нарекла ему имя: Шела. Онъ былъ въ Хезивј, когда она родила сего.

6 И взялъ Іуда за Ира, первенца своего, жену, именемъ Ѕамарь.

7 Иръ, первенецъ Іудинъ, былъ неблагоугоденъ предъ очами Іеговы; и Іегова умертвилъ его.

8 Тогда Іуда сказалъ Онану: войди къ женј брата твоего, вступи у ней въ права деверя, и возстанови сјмя брату твоему.

9 Онанъ зналъ, что сјмя будетъ не ему; и потому, когда входилъ къ женј брата своего, погублялъ сјмя пролитіемъ на землю, чтобы не дать сјмени брату своему.

10 То, что онъ дјлалъ, было зло предъ очами Іеговы: посему Онъ умертвилъ и его.

11 Тогда Іуда сказалъ Ѕамарј, невјсткј своей: оставайся вдовою въ домј отца твоего, пока подростетъ сынъ мой Шела. Ибо онъ сказалъ въ умј своемъ: не умеръ бы и онъ подобно братьямъ его. Ѕамарь пошла, и осталась въ домј отца своего.

12 По прошествіи немалаго времени умерла дочь Шуи, жена Іудина. Іуда, утјшившись, пошелъ въ Ѕимну, къ стригущимъ скотъ его, самъ и Хира другъ его, Одолламитянинъ.

13 И дали Ѕамари вјсть, говоря: вотъ, свекоръ твой идетъ въ Ѕимну, стричь скотъ свой.

14 Тогда она сняла съ себя одежду вдовства своего, покрыла себя покрываломъ, и, закрывшись, сјла у воротъ Енаима, по дорогј въ Ѕимну. Ибо видјла, что Шела выросъ, а она не дана ему въ жену.

15 Іуда, увидя ее, почелъ ее за блудницу; потому что она закрыла лице свое.

16 Онъ поворотилъ къ ней съ дороги, и сказалъ: войду я къ тебј. Ибо не зналъ, что это невјстка его. Она сказала: что ты дашь мнј за то, что войдешь ко мнј?

17 Онъ отвјчалъ: я пришлю тебј козленка изъ стада. Она сказала: дашь ли ты мнј залогъ, пока пришлешь?

18 Онъ сказалъ: какой дать тебј залогь? она отвјчала: печать твою, и цјпочку твою, и трость твою, которая въ рукј твоей. Онъ отдалъ ей сіе, и вошелъ къ ней; и она зачала отъ него.

19 И вставъ, пошла, сняла съ себя покрывало свое, и одјлась въ одежду вдовства своего.

20 Іуда же послалъ козленка черезъ друга своего Одолламитянина, чтобы возвратить залогъ изъ руки женщины; но онъ не нашелъ ея.

21 И спросилъ жителей того мјста, говоря: гдј блудница, которая была въ Енаимј при дорогј? но они отвјчали: здјсь не было блудницы,

22 И такъ онъ возвратился къ Іудј, и сказалъ: я не нашелъ ея; да и жители мјста того сказали: здјсь не было блудницы.

23 Сказалъ Іуда: пусть она возметъ себј, чтобы не стали надъ нами смјяться: вотъ, я послалъ этого козленка; но ты не нашелъ ея.

24 Прошло около трехъ мјсяцевъ, и сказали Іудј, говоря: Ѕамарь, невјстка твоя, впала въ блудъ, и вотъ она беременна отъ блуда. Іуда сказалъ: выведите ее, и пусть сожгутъ ее.

25 Но когда повели ее; тогда она послала сказать свекру своему: я беременна отъ того, чье это. И сказала: узнавай, чья эта печать, и цјпочка, и трость.

26 Іуда узналъ, и сказалъ: она правје меня, потому что я не далъ ея Шелј, сыну моему. Потомъ онъ не позналъ ея болје.

27 Настало время родить ей, и вотъ въ утробј ея близнецы.

28 И случилось во время родовъ ея, что показалась рука одного; тогда повивальная бабка, взявъ, навязала ему на руку червленую нить, сказавъ: этотъ вышелъ первый.

29 Но онъ возвратилъ руку свою; и вотъ вышелъ братъ его. Тогда она сказала: какъ ты расторгъ себј преграду? Отъ сего наречено ему имя: Фаресъ.

30 Потомъ вышелъ братъ его съ червленою нитью на рукј. И наречено ему имя: Зара.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 4811, 4812, 4813, 4814, 4815, 4816, 4817, ...

Продолжение о Последнем Суде и духовном мире 82


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 367, 592, 2643, 3325, 3519, 4110, 4316, ...


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 433, 1042

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Významy biblických slov

время
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

Іуда
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

имя
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

дочь
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

сына
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Иръ
Er, mentioned in Gen. 38:3, signifies the quality of falsity derived from the evil of self-love, which prevailed in the Jewish church, or the false...

Онанъ
'Onan,' as in Genesis 38, describes the evil from the falsity of evil which was later prominent among the Jewish peoples.

Шела
'Shelah,' as in Genesis 38:2, signifies the quality of evil derived from falsity of evil, or the quality of the idolatry with the Jewish nation.

первенца
When the Bible talks about generations or birth order, the internal meaning has to do with the progression of spiritual states and their relative importance....

Іегова
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

сказалъ
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

На
'Onan,' as in Genesis 38, describes the evil from the falsity of evil which was later prominent among the Jewish peoples.

дать
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

жена
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

дороги
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

Руки
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

женщины
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

сказать
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

близнецы
'Twins in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:24, signifies that both good and truth, represented by Esau and Jacob, were conceived together.

рука
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

первый
Why would it be insulting for a man to refer to his married partner as his “first wife”? Because it implies there will be a...

Зара
'Zarah,' as in Genesis 38:30, signifies the quality of good as actually being firstborn, and truth only seems to be. 'Zarah' in the original tongue...

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Arcana Coelestia # 4823

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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4823. 'And she conceived again and bore a son' means evil. This is clear from the meaning of 'a son' as truth and also good, dealt with in 264, and so in the contrary sense as falsity and also evil, though evil that arises out of falsity. Essentially this kind of evil is falsity, because it has its origin in this. For anyone who does what is evil arising out of false teaching does what is false; but because this falsity is realized in action it is called evil. The meaning which the firstborn carries of falsity and consequent evil is evident from the statement made here regarding this [second] son, to the effect that in action he did what was evil. The actual words are 'he spilled his seed on the ground, so that he should not provide seed for his brother; and what he had done was evil in the eyes of Jehovah; and He caused him to die also', verses 9-10. The fact that this evil arose out of falsity is also evident at that point. What is more, in the ancient Churches the secondborn meant the truth of faith realized in action; therefore the second son here means falsity realized in action, which is evil. It may also be recognized that evil is meant by this son from the fact that the firstborn was named Er by his father or Judah, but this son, Onan, by his mother, the daughter of Shua, as may be seen in the original language. For 'man' in the Word means falsity and his wife (mulier) evil, see 915, 2517, 4510; and so also does 'the daughter of Shua' mean evil, 4818, 4819. Therefore because he was given his name by his father, 'Er' means falsity; and because Onan was given his name by his mother, evil is meant by him. Thus the first was so to speak the father's son, the second so to speak the mother's son.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 4818-4819)


[2] In the Word the expression 'man and wife' (vir et uxor) is used many times, as also is 'husband and wife' (maritus et uxor). When 'man and wife' is used, 'man' means truth and 'wife' good; or in the contrary sense 'men' means falsity and 'wife' evil. But when 'husband and wife' is used, 'husband' means good and 'wife' truth; or in the contrary sense 'husband' means evil and 'wife' falsity. The reason underlying this arcanum is this In the celestial Church good resided with the husband and the truth of that good with the wife; but in the spiritual Church truth resided with the man and the good of that truth with the wife: Such is and was the actual relationship between the two, for in human beings interior things have undergone this reversal. This is the reason why in the Word, when celestial good and celestial truth from this are the subject, they are called 'husband and wife', but when spiritual good and spiritual truth from this are dealt with, these are called 'man and wife', or rather 'man and woman' (vir et mulier). From this, as well as from the actual expressions used, one can come to know which kind of good and which kind of truth are being dealt with in the internal sense of the Word.

[3] Here also is the reason why it has been stated already in various places that marriages represent the joining of good to truth, and of truth to good. Furthermore conjugial love has its origin in these two joined together. Among celestial people conjugial love has its origin in good joined to truth, but among spiritual people in truth joined to good. Marriages also correspond in actual fact to these joinings together. From all this one may see what is implied by the father giving the first son his name, but the mother giving the second and also the third sons theirs, as is clear from the original language. The father named the first son because the first son meant falsity, while the mother named the second son because the second son meant evil.

(Odkazy: Genesis 38:4)

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Odkazy z vydaných prací:

Arcana Coelestia 4824, 4825, 4836, 4843, 4844, 4988, 4996, 5194, 5946, 6014, 6086, 6356, 7022, 8337, 8644, 8647, 8902, 8974, 8979, 8981, 9007, 9046, 9065, 9198, 9206, 10402, 10555

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 121


Odkazy z nepublikovaných prací E. Swedenborga:

Apocalypse Explained 295, 433


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Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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