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Ezequiel 7

Portuguese: Almeida Atualizada         

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1 Demais veio a palavra do Senhor a mim, dizendo:

2 E tu, ó filho do homem, assim diz o Senhor Deus à terra de Israel: Vem o fim, o fim vem sobre os quatro cantos da terra.

3 Agora vem o fim sobre ti, e enviarei sobre ti a minha ira, e te julgarei conforme os teus caminhos; e trarei sobre ti todas as tuas abominações.

4 E não te pouparei, nem terei piedade de ti; mas eu te punirei por todos os teus caminhos, enquanto as tuas abominações estiverem no meio de ti; e sabereis que eu sou o Senhor.

5 Assim diz o Senhor Deus: Mal sobre mal! eis que vem!

6 Vem o fim, o fim vem, despertou-se contra ti; eis que vem.

7 Vem a tua ruína, ó habitante da terra! Vem o tempo; está perto o dia, o dia de tumulto, e não de gritos alegres, sobre os montes.

8 Agora depressa derramarei o meu furor sobre ti, e cumprirei a minha ira contra ti, e te julgarei conforme os teus caminhos; e te punirei por todas as tuas abominações.

9 E não te pouparei, nem terei piedade; conforme os teus caminhos, assim te punirei, enquanto as tuas abominações estiverem no meio de ti; e sabereis que eu, o Senhor, castigo.

10 Eis o dia! Eis que vem! Veio a tua ruína; já floresceu a vara, já brotou a soberba. :

11 A violência se levantou em vara de iniqüidade. nada restará deles, nem da sua multidão, nem dos seus bens. Não haverá eminência entre eles.

12 Vem o tempo, é chegado o dia; não se alegre o comprador, e não se entristeça o vendedor; pois a ira está sobre toda a multidão deles.

13 Na verdade o vendedor não tornará a possuir o que vendeu, ainda que esteja por longo tempo entre os viventes; pois a visão, no tocante a toda a multidão deles, não voltará atrás; e ninguém prosperará na vida, pela sua iniqüidade.

14 Já tocaram a trombeta, e tudo prepararam, mas não há quem vá à batalha; pois sobre toda a multidão deles está a minha ira.

15 Fora está a espada, e dentro a peste e a fome; o que estiver no campo morrerá à espada; e o que estiver na cidade, devorálo-a a fome e a peste.

16 E se escaparem alguns sobreviventes, estarão sobre os montes, como pombas dos vales, todos gemendo, cada um por causa da sua iniqüidade.

17 Todas as mãos se enfraquecerão, e todos os joelhos se tornarão fracos como água.

18 E se cingirão de sacos, e o terror os cobrirá; e sobre todos os rostos haverá vergonha e sobre todas as suas cabeças calva.

19 A sua prata, lançá-la-ão pelas ruas, e o seu ouro será como imundícia; nem a sua prata nem o seu ouro os poderá livrar no dia do furor do Senhor; esses metais não lhes poderão saciar a fome, nem lhes encher o estômago; pois serviram de tropeço da sua iniqüidade.

20 Converteram em soberba a formosura dos seus adornos, e deles fizeram as imagens das suas abominações, e as suas coisas detestáveis; por isso eu a fiz para eles como uma coisa imunda.

21 E entregá-la-ei nas mãos dos estrangeiros por presa, e aos ímpios da terra por despojo; e a profanarão.

22 E desviarei deles o meu rosto, e profanarão o meu lugar oculto; porque entrarão nele saqueadores, e o profanarão.

23 Faze uma cadeia, porque a terra está cheia de crimes de sangue, e a cidade está cheia de violência.

24 Pelo que trarei dentre as nações os piores, que possuirão as suas casas; e farei cessar a soberba dos poderosos; e os seus lugares santos serão profanados.

25 Quando vier a angústia eles buscarão a paz, mas não haverá paz.

26 Miséria sobre miséria virá, e se levantará rumor sobre rumor; e buscarão do profeta uma visão; mas do sacerdote perecerá a lei, e dos anciãos o conselho.

27 O rei pranteará, e o príncipe se vestirá de desolação, e as mãos do povo da terra tremerão de medo. Conforme o seu caminho lhes farei, e conforme os seus merecimentos os julgarei; e saberão que eu sou o Senhor.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 130


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanos Celestes 374, 623, 878, 2799, 5044, 5585, 5886, ...

Apocalipse Revelado 20, 47, 52, 151, 208, 323, 476, ...

Doutrina Do Senhor 4, 28

Doutrina de Escritura Santa 35

True Christian Religion 764


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 31, 66, 131, 175, 179, 237, 304, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 5, 60

De Verbo (The Word) 10, 25

Scriptural Confirmations 2, 4, 19, 22, 52, 94, 99

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Word/Phrase Explanations

palavra
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

senhor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Filho
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

diz
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

terra
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

quatro
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

ira
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

Meio
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

mal
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

Tempo
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

dia
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

montes
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

veio
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

vara
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

violência
'Violence' signifies the outrage done to charity and the destruction of charity and faith. 'Violence,' as in Jeremiah 15:21, signifies falsities which assault the good...

visão
Vision is the innermost revelation, which is of perception. Visions are according to the state of humankind. The visions of people whose interiors are closed,...

vida
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

iniqüidade
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

batalha
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

espada
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

peste
'Pestilence' denotes the vastation of good and truth.

campo
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

cidade
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

pombas
A dove (Gen. 8.) signifies goodness and truth. A dove, as in Hosea 11:11, signifies rational good.

mãos
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

joelhos
A knee,' as in Genesis 30:5, signifies conjugial love. The king,' as in Isaiah 66:12, signifies celestial love. A knee,' as in Ezekiel 7:17, signifies...

água
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

rostos
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

vergonha
On a natural level, there are a variety of things that can cause shame. We might be ashamed of physical weakness or ugliness; we might...

cabeças
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

calva
'A bald head' signifies the Word deprived of the natural sense, which is the sense of the letter.

prata
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

ruas
The phrase 'in the streets and synagogues' in Matthew 6:2, 5, and Luke 8:26-27, refers to a representative rite amongst the Jews to teach in...

ouro
'Money' relates to truth.

formosura
Beauty of his ornament (Ezek. 7:20) signifies the church and its doctrine.

Imagens
'Images' denote things fashioned from man’s own intelligence.

sangue
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

Nações
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

casas
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

profeta
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

Anciãos
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

rei
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

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Apocalypse Explained # 610

Apocalypse Explained (Whitehead translation)      

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610. That time shall be no more, signifies that there shall be no longer any understanding of Divine truth, nor any state of the church therefrom. This is evident from the signification of "time," as being here the state of man in respect to the understanding of the Word, and thus the state of the church, because both the one and the other are treated of in this chapter. "Time" signifies state, because times in the spiritual world are determined and distinguished only by particular and general states of life. This is because the sun in that world, which is the Lord, does not move, but remains in the same place in heaven, and that place is the east; that sun does not there revolve through the heavens as the sun in the natural world appears to do. By the apparent revolution of the sun of the natural world times in general and in particular are determined, and thus have existence; in general, the year and its four seasons, called spring, summer, autumn, and winter. Moreover, these four seasons of the year are the four natural states of the natural world corresponding to the same number of states in the spiritual world, which are its general spiritual states. In particular, within these general states in the natural world, there are determined and fixed times, called months and weeks, but especially days, and days are divided into four natural states, which are called morning, noon, evening, and night, corresponding to which there are four states in the spiritual world. In the spiritual world, because the sun, as has been said, does not revolve through the heavens but remains constant and fixed in its east, there are no years, months, weeks, days, or hours, consequently there are no determinations by times, but only determinations by states of life, general and particular. Therefore it is not known there what time is, but only what state is, for the determination of a thing is what gives the idea of it, and according to the idea is the thing named. This, then, is the reason that it is not known in the spiritual world what times are, although they succeed each other there the same as in the natural world, but instead of times there are states and their changes; this is the reason also that times, when mentioned in the Word, signify states. (But respecting time and times in the spiritual world, see in the work on Heaven and Hell 162-169; and on the Changes of States of the angels, n. 154-161. [Note from the Margin:] Notice where it is said, "it shall be when there shall be neither day nor night" [Jeremiah 33:20; Zechariah 14:7.)

(Odkazy: Revelation 10:6)


[2] Since "time" means the things pertaining to time in the natural world, as those pertaining to the year and the day (those of the year are seedtime and harvest, and those of the day are morning and evening), by these things pertaining to time states of the church are described in the Word, "seedtime" describing and signifying the establishment of the church; "harvest" its fruit bearing; "morning" its first time, and "noon to evening" its progression. These natural states (or conditions) also correspond to spiritual states, which are states of heaven and the church. As concerns the church, the church in general passes through these states, so does each man of the church in particular. Moreover, each man of the church from his earliest age is also inaugurated into these states, but when the church is at its end he can no more be inaugurated, for he does not receive Divine truth, but either rejects or perverts it, therefore he has neither seedtime nor harvest, that is, no establishment and no fruit bearing, nor has he morning or evening, that is, neither beginning nor progression. These states are meant and signified by "times" in the Word; and as in the end of the church these states cease with men of the church, therefore it is here said that "time shall be no more;" and this signifies that there shall be no further understanding of Divine truth or the Word, consequently not any state of the church.

[3] The like is signified by "time" in Ezekiel:

The evil, behold one evil cometh; the end is come, the end is come, it hath awakened upon thee. Behold, the morning is come upon thee, O inhabitant of the land, the time is come (Ezekiel 7:5-7).

This, too, was said of the state of the church. The end of the former church is first described, and the establishment of a new church afterwards, the end of the former church by this, "One evil, behold the evil cometh; the end is come, the end is come;" the establishment of a new church by this, "Behold, the morning is come upon thee, O inhabitant of the land, the time is come," "morning" signifying the state of a new or commencing church, and "time" its progressive state; accordingly the meaning is similar as that of "seedtime and harvest" and "morning and evening," mentioned above, consequently it means the state of the church in respect to the understanding of truth and the will of good.

[4] In Daniel:

The fourth beast shall speak words against the Most High, and shall wear out the saints of the Most High, for he shall think to change times and the right; and they shall be given into his hand for a time and times and half a time (Daniel 7:25).

"The fourth beast" means the evil that was about to vastate the church completely; falsities destroying the truths of the church are meant by "the words that he shall speak against the Most High," and by "the saints of the Most High whom he will wear out," "the saints of the Most High" signifying in the abstract sense Divine truths. That the truths of the Word and its goods will then be turned into falsities and evils is signified by "he shall change the times and the right," "times" meaning the states of the church in respect to the understanding of truth. The duration of that state in relation to the end of the church is signified by "for a time and times and half a time," which means a full state of vastation.

[5] So, too, in the following words in Daniel:

And I heard the man clothed in linen, that he lifted up his right hand and his left hand unto the heavens, and sware by Him that liveth unto the ages of the ages that it shall be for a fixed time of fixed times, and a half, when they are to make an end of dispersing the people of holiness, all these things shall be finished (Daniel 12:7).

"Time" here signifies state; and "time, times and a half" signifies a full state of vastation; therefore it is said, "when they are to make a full end of dispersing the people of holiness," "the people of holiness" meaning those of the church who are in Divine truths; or in an abstract sense Divine truths. With a similar meaning it is said in Revelation:

That the woman should be nourished in the wilderness for a time and times and half a time (Revelation 12:14).

[6] As by "time" things pertaining to time are meant, such as spring, summer, autumn, and winter, these signifying the states of one who is to be regenerated, or is regenerated, also the things pertaining to these times, such as seedtime and harvest, these signifying the state of the church in respect to the implantation of truth and the fructification of good therefrom, and as like things are signified by the times of the day, which are morning, noon, evening, and night, so these times have this signification in the following passages. In Genesis:

During all the days of the earth, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease (Genesis 8:22).

This may be seen explained in Arcana Coelestia 930-937). In David:

The day is Thine, the night also is Thine; thou hast prepared the light and the sun. Thou hast set all the borders of the earth; summer and winter hast Thou formed (Psalms 74:16, 17).

In Jeremiah:

Jehovah giveth the sun for a light of the day, and the statutes of the moon and stars for a light of the night. If these statutes shall depart from before Me, the seed of Israel also shall cease from being a nation before Me all the days (Jeremiah 31:35, 36).

In the same:

Jehovah said, If I shall not have set My covenant of day and night, the statutes of heaven and earth, I will reject also the seed of Jacob and of David 1 My servant (Jeremiah 33:25, 26).

"The statutes of the sun, moon, and stars," also "the covenant of day and night," and "the statutes of heaven and earth," have a similar signification as "times," since "times" exist from those statutes. That "seedtime and harvest, summer and winter," also "day and night," have a similar signification as "times" has been said above.

(Odkazy: Jeremiah 31:35-36, 33:25-26; Psalms 74:16-17)


[7] It follows that "times" have the same signification in these words in Genesis:

God said, Let there be luminaries in the expanse of the heavens, to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs and for seasons, and for days and for years (Genesis 1:14-19).

The two "luminaries," the sun and moon, signify love and faith; for that chapter treats in the spiritual sense of the new creation, or the regeneration of the man of the church, and the things said respecting the sun and moon signify the things that chiefly regenerate man and make the church; therefore these words and those that follow describe the process by which regeneration is effected, and afterwards it describes their states. This makes evident what is signified by "time shall be no more."

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Footnotes:

1.  Latin has "Israel," Hebrew "David," as found in AE 527, 768.

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(Odkazy: Revelation 10:6)

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From Swedenborg's Works

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 605, 633, 673, 755, 761, 875

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Foundation for their permission to use this translation.


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