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Amós 8

Portuguese: Almeida Atualizada         

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1 O Senhor Deus assim me fez ver: e eis aqui um cesto de frutos do verão.

2 E disse: Que vês, Amós? Eu respondi: um cesto de frutos do verão. Então o Senhor me disse: Chegou o fim sobre o meu povo Israel; nunca mais passarei por ele.

3 Mas os cânticos do templo serão gritos de dor naquele dia, diz o Senhor Deus; muitos serão os cadáveres; em todos os lugares serão lançados fora em silêncio.

4 Ouvi isto, vós que pisais os necessitados, e destruís os miseráveis da terra,

5 dizendo: Quando passará a lua nova, para vendermos o grão? e o sábado, para expormos o trigo, diminuindo a medida, e aumentando o preço, e procedendo dolosamente com balanças enganadoras,

6 para comprarmos os pobres por dinheiro, e os necessitados por um par de sapatos, e para vendermos o refugo do trigo?

7 Jurou o Senhor pela glória de Jacó: Certamente nunca me esquecerei de nenhuma das suas obras.

8 Por causa disso não estremecerá a terra? e não chorará todo aquele que nela habita? Certamente se levantará ela toda como o Nilo, e será agitada, e diminuirá como o Nilo do Egito.

9 E sucederá, naquele dia, diz o Senhor Deus, que farei que o sol se ponha ao meio dia, e em pleno dia cobrirei a terra de trevas.

10 E tornarei as vossas festas em luto, e todos os vossos cânticos em lamentações; porei saco sobre todos os lombos, e calva sobre toda cabeça; e farei que isso seja como o luto por um filho único, e o seu fim como dia de amarguras.

11 Eis que vêm os dias, diz o Senhor Deus, em que enviarei fome sobre a terra; não fome de pão, nem sede de água, mas de ouvir as palavras do Senhor.

12 Andarão errantes de mar a mar, e do norte até o oriente; correrão por toda parte, buscando a palavra do Senhor, e não a acharão.

13 Naquele dia as virgens formosas e os mancebos desmaiarão de sede.

14 Os que juram pelo pecado de Samária, dizendo: Pela vida do teu deus, ó ; e: Pelo caminho de Berseba; esses mesmos cairão, e não se levantarão mais.

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Exploring the Meaning of Amos 8      

By Rev. Martin Pennington and Rev. George McCurdy

The Lord was not going to sit by and watch the church die. He revealed to the Israelites that He was going to bring about a change. Here is the promise made: a “new [element] of the church will arise.” The old church would end, but with a remnant, the coming of the Lord and the glorification of His Human would successfully establish a New Church.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 208


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanos Celestes 1460, 2165, 2723, 2842, 3021, 3081, 3693, ...

Apocalipse Revelado 47, 50, 53, 166, 209, 323, 476, ...

Doutrina Do Senhor 4

Doutrina de Escritura Santa 35

True Christian Religion 689, 707


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 66, 71, 195, 238, 373, 386, 401, ...

Canons of the New Church 27

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 5

De Verbo (The Word) 10, 25

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 9, 56, 75

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Word/Phrase Explanations

senhor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

verão
Summer' signifies the full state of the church, the same as 'noon.'

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

templo
'A temple' represents heaven and the church. The sacred place where the ark was, represents the inmost, or third heaven, and the church among people...

diz
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

muitos
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

lugares
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

terra
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

lua
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

sábado
In Exodus 31:13, 'verily my Sabbaths ye shall keep,' signifies continuous holy thought about the union of the Lord’s divine with His human.

a medida
'To measure' signifies knowing and exploring the quality of something.

balanças
The balances mentioned in Revelation 6:5 signify the estimation of goodness and truth.

dinheiro
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

sapatos
In the Word, 'the sole of the foot' and 'the heel' signifies the ultimate natural. 'The shoe' is what clothes the sole of the foot...

jurou
The Lord swearing by himself signifies that divine truth testifies, for He is divine truth itself, and this testifies from itself and means itself. It...

Jacó
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

habita
'Inhabit' refers to good.

egito
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

sol
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

meio dia
'Noon' signifies the full state of the church. 'Noon' signifies wisdom in its most luminous state. 'Noon' denotes a state of light, because the times...

saco
'A sack' in Genesis 42:25, means a receptacle, and here 'a receptacle' on the natural level, because it is a story about the truths and...

lombos
'Loins' in general, signify love, and when referring to the Lord, divine love. 'Loins' signify the interiors of conjugial love. Loins,' as in Isaiah 11:5,...

calva
'A bald head' signifies the Word deprived of the natural sense, which is the sense of the letter.

cabeça
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

dias
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

pão
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

água
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

ouvir
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

mar
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

Norte
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

palavra
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

virgens
'Virgins,' as in Revelation 14:4, signify people who love truths because they are truths, so from a spiritual affection. 'Virgin' signifies the church as a...

samária
'Samaria,' as in Amos 4:1. 6:1, signifies the spiritual church perverted.

vida
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

Deus
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...


The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.


 The Prophet Amos
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Prophet Amos (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 The Prophet Amos (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 The Prophet Amos (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

Ze Swedenborgových děl

 

De Verbo (The Word) # 10

De Verbo (Chadwick translation)      

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10. X. The ultimate sense of the Word, 1 which is the literal sense alone, corresponds to the beard and hair of the head of an angelic person.

It may seem surprising the first time it is said or we hear it said that the hair of the head and the beard correspond to the Word at its ultimate level. But this correspondence is due to the fact that everything in the Word corresponds to everything in heaven, and heaven corresponds to everything in a person. For heaven taken as a whole is like a single person in the Lord's sight; on this correspondence see Heaven and Hell [87-102, 307].

[2] I was allowed to perceive that everything in the Word corresponds to everything in heaven from the fact that each chapter in the books of the prophets corresponds to one particular community in heaven. For on reading through the prophetic parts of the word from Isaiah to Malachi, I was allowed to see that the communities of heaven were aroused one after the other, and they perceived the spiritual sense which corresponded to them. So from this and other proofs it was plain to me that the whole of heaven has, part by part, a correspondence to the Word. Now since there is such a correspondence of the Word to heaven, and heaven as a whole and in its parts corresponds to a person, this is why the ultimate level of the Word corresponds to the ultimate in a person. The ultimate level in the Word is the literal sense, and the ultimate level in a person is the hair of his head and his beard.

[3] This is why when people who have loved the Word even at its ultimate level after death become spirits, they are to be seen with a fair head of hair; and so are the angels. When these same people become angels, they also let their beards grow. On the other hand, all who have despised the literal sense of the Word, on becoming spirits after death, turn bald. This is also a sign that they are devoid of truths. So to avoid embarrassing others, they cover their heads with a head-dress.

[4] Since the hair and the beard mean the ultimate level of heaven, and so also the ultimate level of Divine Truth or the Word, the Ancient of Days is described as having the hair of his head like clean wool (Daniel 7:9). Likewise the Son of Man or the Lord as regards the Word (Revelation 1:14). For the same reason the strength of Samson lay in his hair, and he was weakened by having it cut off. The condition of a Nazarite also lay in his hair; for the Nazarite represented the Lord at His ultimate level, and so also heaven at its ultimate level. This was the reason why the forty-two children were torn in pieces by bears for calling Elisha bald (2 Kings 2:23-24).

[5] Elisha, like Elijah and the other prophets, represented the Lord as regards the Word; and the Word without its ultimate, that is, its literal sense, is no longer the Word. For the literal sense of the Word is like a bottle filled with fine wine; so if the bottle is broken, all the wine is lost. The literal sense of the Word is like the bones and skin of the human body; take them away and the whole person falls to pieces. That is why what holds the Word together and in fact gives it its power is its ultimate sense, the literal sense; for this sustains and holds together all the Divine truth it contains.

[6] Since baldness means the absence of truth, when the Jewish church, since it lacks the ultimate level, abandoned Jehovah and despised the Word, it was called bald, as in Jeremiah:

Every head is bald and every beard is shorn. Jeremiah 48:37.

In Isaiah:

Baldness on their heads, and a shorn beard. Isaiah 15:2.

In Ezekiel:

To shave his head and beard with a razor. Ezekiel 5:1.

Shame on all their faces, and baldness on all heads. Ezekiel 7:18.

Every head has been made bald. Ezekiel 29:18.

And in other places, such as Amos 8:10, Micah 1:16.

[7] But the sense of the Word known as the literal sense corresponds at its ultimate level to the hair of the head, but in other respects to various parts of the human body, as its head, chest, loins and feet. But where those correspondences occur in that sense, the Word is so to speak clothed, and so corresponds to the clothing of those parts. For in general clothes mean truths, and really correspond to them. But there are still many things in the literal sense of the Word which are bare and so to speak unclothed; and they correspond to a person's face and his hands, which are the parts left uncovered. Those parts of the Word serve for the teaching of the church, because they are in themselves spiritual-natural truths. From this it can be established that there is no obstacle to prevent a person being able to find and see bare truths there too.

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Footnotes:

1. Added in the margin: As the result of the correspondence between natural and spiritual things the ultimate sense of the Word is to be understood by the twelve precious stones composing the foundations of the wall of the New Jerusalem'.

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From Swedenborg's Works

   Parallel Passages:

Apocalypse Revealed 47

Sacred Scripture 49, 113

True Christian Religion 223, 272

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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