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Esekiel 45

Norwegian: Det Norsk Bibelselskap (1930)         

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1 Og når I lodder ut landet til eiendom, skal I avgi en gave til Herren, et hellig stykke av landet, fem og tyve tusen stenger langt og ti tusen bredt; det skal være hellig så langt det rekker rundt omkring.

2 Av det skal det tas til helligdommen fem hundre stenger i lengde og fem hundre i bredde, i firkant rundt omkring, og femti alen til en fri plass for den rundt omkring.

3 Således skal du efter dette mål måle fem og tyve tusen stenger i lengde og ti tusen i bredde; og der skal helligdommen, det høihellige, være.

4 Det er en hellig del av landet, den skal tilhøre prestene, helligdommens tjenere, som nærmer sig for å tjene Herren, og det skal være til hustomter for dem og en hellig plass for helligdommen.

5 Og fem og tyve tusen stenger i lengde og ti tusen i bredde skal tilhøre levittene, husets tjenere; de skal ha tyve gårder til eiendom.

6 Og som stadens eiendom skal I avgi fem tusen stenger i bredde og fem og tyve tusen i lengde, ved siden av helligdommens lodd; det skal tilhøre hele Israels hus.

7 Og fyrsten skal ha sin lodd på begge sider av helligdommens lodd og av stadens eiendom, langsmed helligdommens lodd og stadens eiendom, dels på vestsiden, mot vest, og dels på østsiden, mot øst, og i lengde svarende til én av stammenes lodder fra vestgrensen til østgrensen.

8 Dette skal han ha som sitt land, som sin eiendom i Israel, og mine fyrster skal ikke mere undertrykke mitt folk, men overlate landet til Israels hus efter deres stammer.

9 sier Herren, Israels Gud: Nu får det være nok, I Israels fyrster! Få bort vold og ødeleggelse og gjør rett og rettferdighet, hør op med å drive mitt folk fra gård og grunn, sier Herren, Israels Gud.

10 ette vektskåler og rett efa og rett bat skal I ha.

11 En efa og en bat skal ha samme mål, så en bat er tiendedelen av en homer, og en efa tiendedelen av en homer; efter homeren skal deres mål rette sig.

12 En sekel skal være tyve gera; en mine skal hos eder være tyve sekel, fem og tyve sekel, femten sekel.

13 Dette er den offergave I skal gi: en sjettedel efa av en homer hvete, og likeså skal I gi en sjettedel efa av en homer bygg.

14 Og den fastsatte avgift av olje, av en bat olje, er en tiendedel bat av en kor* - det går ti bat på en homer; for en homer er ti bat - / {* en kor er så stor som en homer.}

15 og av småfeet ett lam av to hundre fra Israels vannrike beitemark til matoffer og til brennoffer og takkoffer, til å gjøre soning for dem, sier Herren, Israels Gud.

16 Alt folket i landet skal være skyldig til å yde denne offergave til fyrsten i Israel.

17 Og fyrsten skal det påligge å ofre brennofferne og matofferet og drikkofferet på festene og nymånedagene og sabbatene, på alle Israels høitider; han skal ofre syndofferet og matofferet og brennofferet og takkofferne for å gjøre soning for Israels hus.

18 sier Herren, Israels Gud: I den første måned, på den første dag i måneden, skal du ta en ung okse uten lyte, og du skal rense helligdommen fra synd.

19 Og presten skal ta noget av syndofferets blod og stryke på husets dørstolper og på de fire hjørner av alterets avsats og på dørstolpene i den indre forgårds port.

20 Og likeså skal du gjøre på den syvende dag i måneden for deres skyld som har syndet av vanvare eller uvitenhet, og således skal I gjøre soning for huset.

21 I den første måned, på den fjortende dag i måneden, skal I holde påske; på denne fest skal I ete usyret brød i syv dager.

22 På den dag skal fyrsten ofre en okse til syndoffer for sig og for alt folket i landet.

23 Og på festens syv dager skal han ofre Herren et brennoffer, syv okser uten lyte og syv værer uten lyte hver dag i de syv dager, og som syndoffer en gjetebukk hver dag.

24 Og som matoffer skal han ofre en efa til hver okse og en efa til hver vær og en hin olje til hver efa.

25 I den syvende måned, på den femtende dag i måneden, på festen, skal han ofre lignende offer i syv dager, både syndofferet og brennofferet, både matofferet og oljen.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 5291

Apocalypse Revealed 861, 945

Conjugial Love 26

Divine Providence 134

The Lord 52

Heaven and Hell 171

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 168


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 576, 2830, 2928, 2959, 3104, 3858, 4482, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 36, 191, 610, 904

Heaven and Hell 197


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 220, 257, 365, 629, 630

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 53

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Word/Phrase Explanations

ti
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

herren
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

hellig
'Sanctuary' signifies the truth of heaven and the church. 'Sanctuary,' as in Ezekiel 24:21, signifies the Word.

tyve
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything or fullness, because it is ten twice. 'Twenty,' as in Genesis 18:31, like all numbers occurring in...

tusen
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

hundre
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

femti
God rested on the seventh day of creation. That represents a state of holiness and tranquility that was preserved in the form of the sabbath....

Måle
'To measure' signifies knowing and exploring the quality of something.

Lengde
'Length' symbolizes goodness, here, the goodness of the church, for the same reason that 'breadth' symbolizes truth. This is because 'length means the sweep of...

tjenere
People in the Word who operate the details of charity are called 'ministers.'

Israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

hus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

sider
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

sier
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Nok
'Sufficiency' relates to the reception of good, because good is the spiritual nourishment of the soul, as natural food is the nourishment of the body.

vold
'Violence' signifies the outrage done to charity and the destruction of charity and faith. 'Violence,' as in Jeremiah 15:21, signifies falsities which assault the good...

Rettferdighet
'Justice' signifies both good and truth.

en
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

Homer
A 'Homer,' or 'measure' denotes a sufficient quantity.

sekel
'A shekel' signifies the price or estimation of good and truth, and 'half a shekel' signifies the determination of the quantity thereof.

hvete
As the finest of the grains, wheat fittingly represents the finest of spiritual food, what Swedenborg calls "the good of love and charity" – which...

olje
Oil – typically olive oil – was an extremely important product in Biblical times, for food preparation, medicinal ointment and for burning in lamps. As...

Måned
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

blod
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

fire
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

Port
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

syvende
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

fjortende
Fourteen, as in Genesis 31:40, signifies a first period of time. The fourteenth year, as in Genesis 14:5, signifies the first temptation of the Lord...

påske
'The Passover,' in Exodus 12, 27, signifies the presence of the Lord and His liberation from damnation of the people of the spiritual church. 'The...

usyret
For something to be “unleavened” means that it's been made without yeast. Since yeast is what makes bread rise and take on its airy texture,...

dager
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

gjetebukk
'Satyrs,' as in Isaiah 13:21, signify goods adulterated.

Hin
'A hin' denotes the measurement of conjunction.

femtende
Fifteen, as in Genesis 7:20, signifies so few as to be scarce anything.

Resources for parents and teachers

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 The Number Seven in the Word Crossword Puzzle
Discover stories that include the number seven in the Word.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

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Arcana Coelestia # 5291

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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5291. 'And let him take up a fifth part of the land [of Egypt]' means which are to be preserved and then stored away. This is clear from the meaning of 'taking up a fifth part' as that which implies something similar to taking tenths. In the Word 'taking tenths' means preserving remnants, and preserving remnants is a gathering together and then storing away of forms of truth and good. For remnants are the forms of good and truth that the Lord has stored away in the interior man, see 468, 530, 560, 561, 661, 1050, 1906, 2284, 5135, and 'tenths' is used in the Word to mean remnants, 576, 1738, 2280, and so also is 'ten', 1906, 2284. And the number five, which is half of ten, is likewise used to mean the same. Half or twice any number when used in the Word holds the same meaning as the number itself. Twenty for example holds the same meaning as ten, four the same as two, six the same as three, twenty-four the same as twelve, and so on. A multiplication of a number also holds the same meaning. A hundred or a thousand for example holds the same as ten; seventy-two and also a hundred and forty-four hold the same as twelve. Therefore what it is that composite numbers hold within them may be seen from the simple numbers of which they are the products. What the more simple numbers hold within them may be seen in a similar way from their integers. Five for example may be seen from ten, two and a half from five, and so on. In general it should be recognized that multiples hold the same meaning as their factors, yet more completely, while quotients hold the same meaning as their dividends, yet less completely.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 560-561)


[2] As regards the number five specifically, this has a dual meaning. First, it means that which is little and consequently something; second, it means remnants. It receives its meaning of that which is little from its relationship with other numbers meaning that which is much, namely a thousand and a hundred, and therefore ten also. For 'a thousand' and 'a hundred' mean that which is much, see 2575, 2636, and so therefore does 'ten', 3107, 4638, as a consequence of which 'five' means that which is little, and also something, 649, 4638. But 'five' means remnants when it has a connection with ten, 'ten' in this case meaning remnants, as stated above. For all numbers used in the Word have spiritual realities as their meaning, see 575, 647, 648, 755, 813, 1963, 1988, 2075, 2252, 3252, 4264, 4495, 4670, 5265.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 647-648)


[3] Anyone who does not know that the Word has an internal sense which is not visible in the letter will be utterly astonished by the idea that spiritual realities too are meant by the numbers used in the Word. The specific reason for his astonishment is his inability to use numbers to give shape to any spiritual idea, when yet the spiritual ideas known to angels present themselves as numbers, see 5265. The identity of those ideas or spiritual realities to which numbers correspond can, it is true, be known; but the origin of such correspondence remains hidden, such as the origin of the correspondence of 'twelve' to all aspects of faith, the correspondence of 'seven' to things that are holy, as well as that of 'ten' and also 'five' to forms of good and truth stored up by the Lord within the interior man, and so on. Even so, it is enough if people know simply that such a correspondence does exist and that by virtue of that correspondence each number used in the Word denotes something present in the spiritual world, consequently that what is Divine has been inspired into them and so lies concealed within them.

[4] Examples of this are seen in the following places where 'five' is mentioned, such as the Lord's parable in Matthew 25:14 and following verses about the man who, before going away to a foreign country, placed his resources in the hands of his servants. To the first he gave five talents, to the second two, and to the third one. The servant who received five talents traded with them and earned five talents more. In a similar way the one who received two earned two more; but the servant who received one hid his master's money 1 in the earth. The person whose thought does not extend beyond the literal sense knows no other than this, that the numbers five, two, and one have been adopted merely to make up the story told in the parable and that they entail nothing more, when in fact those actual numbers hold some arcanum within them. The servant who received the five talents means those people who have accepted forms of good and truth from the Lord and so have received remnants. The one who received the two talents means those who at a more advanced stage in life have linked charity to faith, while the servant who received the one means someone who receives faith alone devoid of charity. Regarding this servant it is said that he hid his master's money 1 in the earth - the reason for this description being that the money 1 he is said to have received means in the internal sense truth which is the truth of faith, 1551, 2954; but faith that is devoid of charity cannot earn any interest, that is, it cannot be fruitful. These are the kinds of matters that numbers hold within them.

(Odkazy: Matthew 25:14-18)


[5] Much the same is contained in other parables, such as the parable in Luke 19:12 and following verses regarding someone who journeyed to a far country to receive a kingdom. He gave his servants ten minas and told them to trade with these until he came back. When he returned the first said, 'Sir, your mina has earned ten minas'. He said to him, 'Well done, good servant; because you have been faithful over a very little, be over ten cities'. The second said, 'Sir, your mina has made five minas', and to him too he said, 'You also, be over five cities'. The third had kept his mina stored away in a handkerchief. But the master said, 'Take the mina from him and give it to him who has ten minas'. Here in a similar way 'ten' and 'five' mean remnants, 'ten' rather more, 'five' somewhat less. The one who kept his mina stored away in a handkerchief describes those who acquire the truths of faith but do not join them to the good deeds of charity, so that these truths do not gain interest or become fruitful at all.

(Odkazy: Luke 19:12-27, 19:12-46)


[6] The same meaning exists in other places where the Lord uses these numbers, such as the place where He refers to what one of those invited to a supper said,

I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I am going away to test them. Luke 14:19.

Also in the place where He refers to what the rich man said to Abraham,

I have five brothers; send [Lazarus] to speak to them, lest they come into this place of torment. Luke 16:28.

And in the place where He talks about ten virgins, five of whom were wise and five were foolish, Matthew 25:1-13. The following words spoken by the Lord in a similar way contain such numbers,

Do you think that I have come to give peace on earth? No, I tell you, but division; for from now on there will be in one house five divided; three against two, and two against three. Luke 12:51-52.

And the following details given in the historical narrative also contain such numbers - the Lord fed five thousand people with five loaves and two fishes; He commanded them to sit down in groups of a hundred and groups of fifty; and after they had eaten they collected twelve baskets of broken pieces, Matthew 14:15-21; Mark 6:38 and following verses; Luke 9:12-17; John 6:5-13.

(Odkazy: Luke 12:51; Mark 6:38-44)


[7] It is hardly credible that the numbers included in such details, since these belong to a historical narrative, have a spiritual meaning. That is, five thousand, the number of people, has a spiritual meaning; so does five, the number of loaves, as well as two, the number of fishes. A hundred, and likewise fifty, the numbers of people sitting down together, each have a spiritual meaning; and so lastly does twelve, the number of baskets containing broken pieces. Though it may seem incredible, every detail holds some arcanum. Every single thing occurred providentially, to the end that Divine realities might be represented by them.

[8] In the following places too 'five' means things of a similar nature in the spiritual world, and it corresponds to such in both senses, the genuine sense and the contrary one: In Isaiah,

Gleanings will be left in it, as in the shaking of an olive tree, 2 two or three berries on the top of the [highest] branch, four or five on the branches of a fruitful tree. Isaiah 17:6-7.

In the same prophet,

On that day there will be five cities in the land of Egypt which speak in the lips of Canaan and swear to Jehovah Zebaoth. Isaiah 19:18.

In the same prophet,

One thousand at the rebuke of one, at the rebuke of five you are fleeing, until you remain like a flagstaff on top of a mountain, like a signal upon a hill. Isaiah 30:17.

In John,

The fifth angel sounded, at which point I saw a star that had fallen from heaven to the earth. To him was given the key of the pit of the abyss. It was given the locusts which were coming out from there, that they should not kill the people who did not have the seal of God on their foreheads, but that they should torment them five months. Revelation 9:1, 3, 5, 10.

In the same book,

Here is intelligence, if anyone has wisdom: The seven heads are seven mountains, on which the woman sits; and there are seven kings. Five have fallen; and one is, the other has not yet come. And when he comes he must remain a short time. Revelation 17:9-10.

(Odkazy: Isaiah 17:6; Revelation 9:3-5)


[9] The number five holds a similar representative meaning in the following places,

The valuation for a man or for a woman was determined by their ages - between one month and five years, and between five years and twenty years. Leviticus 27:1-9.

If a field was redeemed, one-fifth was to be added. Leviticus 27:19.

If tithes were redeemed, again one fifth was to be added. Leviticus 27:31.

The firstborn who were in excess [of the Levites] were to be redeemed for five shekels [each]. Numbers 3:46-end.

The firstborn of an unclean beast was to be redeemed with the addition of one-fifth. Leviticus 27:27.

In the case of any wrongs that were done one-fifth was to be added as a penalty. Leviticus 22:14; 17:13, 15; Numbers 5:6-8.

Anyone who stole an ox or one of the flock, and who slaughtered it or sold it, had to restore five oxen for an ox, and four of the flock for one of the flock. Exodus 11:1.

(Odkazy: Exodus 22:1; Leviticus 27:13, 27:15; Numbers 3:46-51)


[10] The fact that the number five contains some heavenly arcanum, as does ten also, is evident from the cherubs referred to in the first Book of Kings,

In the sanctuary Solomon made two cherubs of olive wood, each ten cubits high. The wing of one cherub was five cubits, and the wing of the other cherub five cubits; ten cubits from the tips of the wings of one to the tips of the wings of the other. Thus a cherub was ten cubits; both cherubs were the same size and same shape. 1 Kings 6:23-25.

The same fact is evident from the lavers around the temple, and also from the lampstands, described in the same book,

Five bases for the lavers were placed on the right side of the house, 3 and five on the left side of the house. 3 Also, five lampstands were placed on the right, and five on the left in front of the sanctuary. 1 Kings 7:39, 49.

The bronze sea was ten cubits from one brim to the other, and five cubits high, and thirty cubits in circumference. 1 Kings 7:13.

All this was prescribed so that holy things might be meant spiritually not only by the numbers ten and five but also by thirty, for although geometrically this number giving the circumference is not right for the stated diameter, it nevertheless implies spiritually what is meant by the rim of a vessel.

(Odkazy: 1 Kings 6:23-27, 7:23)


[11] All numbers mentioned in the Word mean things existing in the spiritual world, as is clearly evident from the numbers used in Ezekiel, where a new land, a new city, a new temple, and a detailed measuring of these by the angel are described; see Chapters 40-43, 45-49 [sic.]. Numbers are used in these chapters to describe practically every sacred object, and therefore anyone unacquainted with what those numbers hold within them can know scarcely anything about the arcana present there. The number ten and the number five occur there in Ezekiel 40:7, 11, 48; 41:2, 9, 11-12; 42:4; 45:11, 14, in addition to the multiplications of such numbers, namely twenty-five, fifty, five hundred, and five thousand. As regards the new land, the new city, and the new temple mentioned in those chapters, these mean the Lord's kingdom in heaven, and therefore His Church on earth, as is clear from every detail mentioned there.

(Odkazy: Ezekiel 41:1, 42:1, 43:1, 46:1, 47:1, 48:1)


[12] All the references above to 'five' have been gathered together for the reason that here and in what follows the subject is the land of Egypt, where, in the seven years of abundance, a fifth part of the corn was to be gathered and preserved for use in the succeeding years of famine. This demonstrates that 'the fifth part' means the forms of good and truth which a person has received from the Lord, who has stored them away and preserved them in that person for future use when there is a famine, that is, when there is an absence and deprivation of goodness and truth. For unless the Lord stored away in a person such forms of good and truth, there would be nothing to raise him up in a state of temptation and vastation and consequently to make it possible for him to be regenerated, so that he would be left without any means of salvation in the next life.

-----
Footnotes:

1. or silver

2. The Latin means fig tree, but the Hebrew means olive tree, which Swedenborg has in other places where he quotes this verse.

3. literally, beside the shoulder of the house towards the right/left

-----

(Odkazy: Genesis 41:34; Luke 19:12-46; Matthew 25:14-18)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 5292, 5335, 5708, 5894, 6070, 6156, 6508, 7284, 7842, 7900, 7973, 8714, 8715, 9102, 9437, 9487, 9488, 9600, 9641, 9659, 9660, 9674, 9716, 9757, 10235, 10253, 10262, 10492

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 1, 121


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 39, 194, 270, 336, 384, 430

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.


 God's Bounty
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 The Loaves and Fishes
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3


Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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