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Esekiel 45

Norwegian: Det Norsk Bibelselskap (1930)         

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1 Og når I lodder ut landet til eiendom, skal I avgi en gave til Herren, et hellig stykke av landet, fem og tyve tusen stenger langt og ti tusen bredt; det skal være hellig så langt det rekker rundt omkring.

2 Av det skal det tas til helligdommen fem hundre stenger i lengde og fem hundre i bredde, i firkant rundt omkring, og femti alen til en fri plass for den rundt omkring.

3 Således skal du efter dette mål måle fem og tyve tusen stenger i lengde og ti tusen i bredde; og der skal helligdommen, det høihellige, være.

4 Det er en hellig del av landet, den skal tilhøre prestene, helligdommens tjenere, som nærmer sig for å tjene Herren, og det skal være til hustomter for dem og en hellig plass for helligdommen.

5 Og fem og tyve tusen stenger i lengde og ti tusen i bredde skal tilhøre levittene, husets tjenere; de skal ha tyve gårder til eiendom.

6 Og som stadens eiendom skal I avgi fem tusen stenger i bredde og fem og tyve tusen i lengde, ved siden av helligdommens lodd; det skal tilhøre hele Israels hus.

7 Og fyrsten skal ha sin lodd på begge sider av helligdommens lodd og av stadens eiendom, langsmed helligdommens lodd og stadens eiendom, dels på vestsiden, mot vest, og dels på østsiden, mot øst, og i lengde svarende til én av stammenes lodder fra vestgrensen til østgrensen.

8 Dette skal han ha som sitt land, som sin eiendom i Israel, og mine fyrster skal ikke mere undertrykke mitt folk, men overlate landet til Israels hus efter deres stammer.

9 sier Herren, Israels Gud: Nu får det være nok, I Israels fyrster! Få bort vold og ødeleggelse og gjør rett og rettferdighet, hør op med å drive mitt folk fra gård og grunn, sier Herren, Israels Gud.

10 ette vektskåler og rett efa og rett bat skal I ha.

11 En efa og en bat skal ha samme mål, så en bat er tiendedelen av en homer, og en efa tiendedelen av en homer; efter homeren skal deres mål rette sig.

12 En sekel skal være tyve gera; en mine skal hos eder være tyve sekel, fem og tyve sekel, femten sekel.

13 Dette er den offergave I skal gi: en sjettedel efa av en homer hvete, og likeså skal I gi en sjettedel efa av en homer bygg.

14 Og den fastsatte avgift av olje, av en bat olje, er en tiendedel bat av en kor* - det går ti bat på en homer; for en homer er ti bat - / {* en kor er så stor som en homer.}

15 og av småfeet ett lam av to hundre fra Israels vannrike beitemark til matoffer og til brennoffer og takkoffer, til å gjøre soning for dem, sier Herren, Israels Gud.

16 Alt folket i landet skal være skyldig til å yde denne offergave til fyrsten i Israel.

17 Og fyrsten skal det påligge å ofre brennofferne og matofferet og drikkofferet på festene og nymånedagene og sabbatene, på alle Israels høitider; han skal ofre syndofferet og matofferet og brennofferet og takkofferne for å gjøre soning for Israels hus.

18 sier Herren, Israels Gud: I den første måned, på den første dag i måneden, skal du ta en ung okse uten lyte, og du skal rense helligdommen fra synd.

19 Og presten skal ta noget av syndofferets blod og stryke på husets dørstolper og på de fire hjørner av alterets avsats og på dørstolpene i den indre forgårds port.

20 Og likeså skal du gjøre på den syvende dag i måneden for deres skyld som har syndet av vanvare eller uvitenhet, og således skal I gjøre soning for huset.

21 I den første måned, på den fjortende dag i måneden, skal I holde påske; på denne fest skal I ete usyret brød i syv dager.

22 På den dag skal fyrsten ofre en okse til syndoffer for sig og for alt folket i landet.

23 Og på festens syv dager skal han ofre Herren et brennoffer, syv okser uten lyte og syv værer uten lyte hver dag i de syv dager, og som syndoffer en gjetebukk hver dag.

24 Og som matoffer skal han ofre en efa til hver okse og en efa til hver vær og en hin olje til hver efa.

25 I den syvende måned, på den femtende dag i måneden, på festen, skal han ofre lignende offer i syv dager, både syndofferet og brennofferet, både matofferet og oljen.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 5291

Apocalypse Revealed 861, 945

Conjugial Love 26

Divine Providence 134

The Lord 52

Heaven and Hell 171

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 168


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 576, 2830, 2928, 2959, 3104, 3858, 4482, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 36, 191, 610, 904

Heaven and Hell 197


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 220, 257, 365, 629, 630

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 53

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Word/Phrase Explanations

ti
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

herren
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

hellig
'Sanctuary' signifies the truth of heaven and the church. 'Sanctuary,' as in Ezekiel 24:21, signifies the Word.

tyve
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything or fullness, because it is ten twice. 'Twenty,' as in Genesis 18:31, like all numbers occurring in...

tusen
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

hundre
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

femti
God rested on the seventh day of creation. That represents a state of holiness and tranquility that was preserved in the form of the sabbath....

Måle
'To measure' signifies knowing and exploring the quality of something.

Lengde
'Length' symbolizes goodness, here, the goodness of the church, for the same reason that 'breadth' symbolizes truth. This is because 'length means the sweep of...

tjenere
People in the Word who operate the details of charity are called 'ministers.'

Israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

hus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

sider
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

sier
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Nok
'Sufficiency' relates to the reception of good, because good is the spiritual nourishment of the soul, as natural food is the nourishment of the body.

vold
'Violence' signifies the outrage done to charity and the destruction of charity and faith. 'Violence,' as in Jeremiah 15:21, signifies falsities which assault the good...

Rettferdighet
'Justice' signifies both good and truth.

en
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

Homer
A 'Homer,' or 'measure' denotes a sufficient quantity.

sekel
'A shekel' signifies the price or estimation of good and truth, and 'half a shekel' signifies the determination of the quantity thereof.

hvete
As the finest of the grains, wheat fittingly represents the finest of spiritual food, what Swedenborg calls "the good of love and charity" – which...

olje
Oil – typically olive oil – was an extremely important product in Biblical times, for food preparation, medicinal ointment and for burning in lamps. As...

Måned
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

blod
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

fire
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

Port
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

syvende
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

fjortende
Fourteen, as in Genesis 31:40, signifies a first period of time. The fourteenth year, as in Genesis 14:5, signifies the first temptation of the Lord...

påske
'The Passover,' in Exodus 12, 27, signifies the presence of the Lord and His liberation from damnation of the people of the spiritual church. 'The...

usyret
For something to be “unleavened” means that it's been made without yeast. Since yeast is what makes bread rise and take on its airy texture,...

dager
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

gjetebukk
'Satyrs,' as in Isaiah 13:21, signify goods adulterated.

Hin
'A hin' denotes the measurement of conjunction.

femtende
Fifteen, as in Genesis 7:20, signifies so few as to be scarce anything.

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Arcana Coelestia # 10262

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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10262. 'A hin' means how far things are joined together. This is clear from the meaning of 'a hin' - which was a liquid measure, at this point a measure of oil - as the extent to which things are joined together. 'Oil' means the Lord's celestial Divine Good, which is the essential power that binds all things together in heaven; consequently the measure of the oil means how far things are joined together, and the fullness of their being joined together. The reason why the Lord's celestial Divine Good is the essential power that binds all things together is that it is the essential being (ipsum esse) of the life that all things have. For that Divine Good imparts life to all things through the Divine Truth emanating from itself; and it imparts life in accordance with the specific character of whatever receives it. Angels are recipients; so too are people in the world. The truths and forms of good they have form their specific character, and this conditions the reception that takes place within them, and so conditions any joining together.

[2] Two measures which were used for sacred purposes are mentioned in the Word; one was for liquids, which was called the hin, the other was for dry substances, which was called the ephah. The hin served to measure oil and wine, and the ephah to measure flour and fine flour. The hin, used for oil and wine, was divided into four, whereas the ephah was divided into ten. The reason why the hin was divided into four was in order that it might mean that which binds things together; for 'four' means a joining together. But the reason why the ephah was divided into ten was in order that it might mean reception, the nature of which was indicated by the numbers; for 'ten' means much, all, and what is complete.

'Four' means a joining together, see 8877, 9601, 9674, 10136, 10137.

'Ten' means much, all, and what is complete, as 'a hundred' does, 1988, 3107, 4400, 4638, 8468, 8540, 9745, 10253.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 10136-10137)


[3] The fact that the hin was used for the oil and wine in the sacrifices, and was divided into four, whereas the ephah was used for the flour and fine flour, which were for the minchah in the sacrifices, and that it was divided into ten, becomes clear in Exodus 29:40; Leviticus 5:11; 23:13; Numbers 15:3-10; 28:5, 7, 14. From these verses it is evident that 'a hin' means the extent to which things are joined together, and 'an ephah' the amount of reception. Furthermore the oil served to bind the fine flour together, and the fine flour to receive the oil; for a minchah consisted of oil and fine flour.

[4] In addition there were other measures that were used for ordinary purposes, both for dry substances and for liquids. The measures for dry substances were called the homer and the omer, and the measures for liquids the cor and the bath. A homer contained ten ephahs, and an ephah ten omers, whereas a cor contained ten baths, and a bath ten smaller parts; regarding all these, see Exodus 16:36; Ezekiel 45:11, 13, 24.

[5] But where the new temple is dealt with in Ezekiel a different division of the ephah and the bath occurs. There the ephah and the bath are divided not into ten but into six, and the hin corresponds to the ephah, as is evident in the same prophet, in Ezekiel 45:13-14, 24; 46:5, 7, 11, 14. The reason for this is that in those places the subject is not celestial good and its ability to bind things together, but spiritual good and its ability to do so; and the numbers 'twelve', 'six', and 'three' have their correspondence in the spiritual kingdom, because they mean all and, when used in reference to truths and forms of good, mean all aspects of truth and good in their entirety. The fact that these are meant by 'twelve', see 3272, 3858, 3913, 7973, also by 'six', 3960(end), 7973, 8148, 10217; and in like manner 'three', by which from beginning to end, thus what is complete, is meant, and - in respect of real things - all, 2788, 4495, 5159, 7715, 9825, 10127. The reason why these numbers imply similar things is that larger numbers are similar in meaning to the simple ones which when multiplied produce them, 5291, 5335, 5708, 7973.

(Odkazy: Ezekiel 1:1)


[6] Since 'a hin' also means how far something is joined to spiritual truth, a third part of a hin of oil was taken for the minchah in the sacrifices of a ram, and a third part of wine for the drink offering, Numbers 15:6-7; for spiritual good is meant by 'a ram', 2830, 9991. From all this it is again plainly evident that numbers are used in the Word to mean real things. What other reason could there be for the numbers used so often in Moses, Ezekiel, and elsewhere to specify amounts and measures?

(Odkazy: Exodus 30:5, 30:24)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 1


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 130, 373, 375

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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