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Daniel 8

Norwegian: Det Norsk Bibelselskap (1930)         

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1 I kong Belsasars tredje regjeringsår fikk jeg, Daniel, se et syn, et som kom efter det jeg før hadde sett.

2 Da jeg hadde dette syn, forekom det mig som jeg var i borgen Susan i landskapet Elam, og videre forekom det mig i synet som jeg var ved elven Ulai.

3 Og da jeg så op, fikk jeg se en vær som stod foran elven; den hadde to horn, og begge hornene var høie, men det ene høiere enn det andre, og det høieste vokste sist frem.

4 Jeg så væren stange mot vest og mot nord og mot syd, og intet dyr kunde stå sig for den, og det var ingen som kunde frelse av dens vold; den gjorde som den vilde, og tedde sig overmodig.

5 Og da jeg videre gav akt, fikk jeg se en gjetebukk som kom fra vest og fór frem over hele jorden uten å røre ved jorden, og bukken hadde et veldig horn mellem øinene.

6 Og den kom like bort til væren med de to horn, den som jeg så foran elven, og sprang imot den i sin voldsomme kraft.

7 Og jeg så hvorledes den kom tett inn på væren og i sinne fór løs på den og støtte til den og sønderbrøt begge dens horn, og væren hadde ikke kraft til å stå sig for den; og den kastet den til jorden og trådte den ned, og det var ingen som kunde frelse væren av dens vold.

8 Og gjetebukken blev overmåte mektig; men just som den hadde nådd sin fulle styrke, blev det store horn brutt av, og i stedet for det vokste det op fire veldige horn, som vendte mot himmelens fire hjørner.

9 Og av det ene av dem skjøt det op et nytt horn, som fra først av var lite, men siden blev overmåte stort mot syd og mot øst og mot det fagre land*. / {* d.e. Israels land; DNL 11, 16. 41. JE 3, 19.}

10 Og det vokste like op til himmelens hær og kastet nogen av hæren - av stjernene* - til jorden og trådte dem ned. / {* d.e. av Guds folk; DNL 8, 24.}

11 Ja, like til hærens fyrste hevet det sig; det tok fra ham det stadige offer, og hans helligdoms bolig blev omstyrtet.

12 Og sammen med det stadige offer blev hæren overgitt til ødeleggelse for frafallets skyld; og hornet kastet sannheten til jorden, og det hadde fremgang med alt det foretok sig.

13 Så hørte jeg en av de hellige tale; og en annen hellig sa til ham som talte: For hvor lang tid gjelder synet om det stadige offer og det ødeleggende frafall - at både helligdom og hær overgis til nedtredelse?

14 Og han sa til mig: To tusen og tre hundre aftener og morgener; så skal helligdommen komme til sin rett igjen.

15 Da nu jeg, Daniel, så dette syn, søkte jeg å forstå det; da stod det med én gang foran mig en skikkelse som så ut som en mann.

16 Og jeg hørte et menneskes røst mellem Ulais bredder; han ropte: Gabriel! Forklar synet for ham!

17 kom han dit jeg stod, og da han kom, blev jeg forferdet og falt på mitt ansikt; og han sa til mig: Gi akt på mine ord, menneskebarn! For synet sikter til endens tid.

18 Mens han talte med mig, sank jeg sanseløs på mitt ansikt til jorden; da rørte han ved mig og reiste mig op igjen.

19 Og han sa: Nu vil jeg kunngjøre dig hvad som skal skje i vredens siste tid; for synet sikter til den for enden fastsatte tid.

20 Væren du så, den med de to horn, det er kongene av Media og Persia.

21 Og den raggete bukk er kongen av Grekenland, og det store horn mellem dens øine er den første konge*. / {* Aleksander den store.}

22 Og at dette horn blev avbrutt, og at det kom fire andre i dets sted, det betyr at fire kongeriker* skal opstå av hans folk, men ikke med hans kraft. / {* d.e. det makedoniske, trakiske, syriske og egyptiske.}

23 Og i den siste tid av deres herredømme, når overtrederne har gjort sine synders mål fullt, skal det opstå en konge med frekt åsyn og kyndig i onde råd*. / {* Antiokus Epifanes.}

24 Og hans makt skal bli stor, men ikke ved hans egen kraft, og han skal gjøre utrolig stor skade og ha fremgang med alt det han foretar sig; han skal ødelegge mektige fyrster og de helliges folk.

25 Og fordi han er klok, skal hans svikefulle ferd lykkes for ham; han skal ophøie sig i sitt hjerte, og han skal ødelegge mange i deres trygghet; ja, mot fyrstenes fyrste skal han sette sig op; men uten menneskehånd skal han knuses.

26 Og synet om aftenene og morgenene, som det var tale om, er sannhet; men gjem du synet, for det sikter til en fjern fremtid!

27 Men jeg, Daniel, blev rent avmektig, og jeg blev syk en tid; så stod jeg op og gjorde min tjeneste hos kongen; jeg var forferdet over synet, men det var ingen som forstod det.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 411, 1664, 2832, 10042, 10455

De Verbo (The Word) 5

Faith 63

Heaven and Hell 171

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 179

True Christianity 851

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 38


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 22, 1458, 1808, 2333, 2405, 2495, 2547, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 34, 36, 51, 151, 270, 447, 541, ...

A Brief Exposition of New Church Doctrine 83, 85

Conjugial Love 26

Divine Providence 134

Doctrine of the Lord 4, 28, 52

Faith 61, 65, 66, 67

The Last Judgment (Continuation) 13

True Christianity 157, 537, 764


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 50, 63, 72, 179, 316, 412, 418, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 5

De Verbo (The Word) 15

Last Judgment (Posthumous) 220

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Se
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syn
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Elam
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en
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horn
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nord
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

stå
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kom
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vest
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fire
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hær
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sa
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talte
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Lang
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

helligdom
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tusen
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tre
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hundre
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morgener
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Gabriel
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falt
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ansikt
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tid
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media
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konge
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egen
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mange
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syk
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Arcana Coelestia # 7988

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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7988. 'That all the hosts of Jehovah went out of the land of Egypt' means that those with whom truth and good were present but who had been held back until then were released. This is clear from the meaning of 'going out of the land of Egypt' as being released and delivered from molestations, 'going out' self-evidently meaning being released, while 'the land of Egypt' means molestations, see 7278; and from the meaning of 'the hosts of Jehovah' as the truths and forms of good that the spiritual Church possesses, and so those with whom truth and good are present, dealt with in 3448, 7236. The fact that truths and forms of good are meant by 'the hosts of Jehovah' is clear in Daniel,

There came out one small-sized horn of the he-goat, and it grew exceedingly towards the south, and towards the east, and towards the glorious [land]. And it grew even towards the hosts of heaven, and cast down to the earth some of the host, and of the stars, and trampled on them. It drew itself up even towards the prince of the host. And the host was set over the continual [burnt offering] on account of the transgression, because it cast down truth to the earth. At that point I heard a holy one speaking, How long is both the sanctuary and the host being trodden down? He said to me, Up to the evening and morning, two thousand three hundred times; then the sanctuary will be made correct. Daniel 8:9-14.

Here it is plainly evident that 'the hosts' means truths and forms of good, for it says that [the hem] cast down to the earth some of the host and of the stars, and after this that it cast down truth to the earth, and that the host was to be trodden down up to the evening and morning, which is the Lord's Coming.

[2] Since truths and forms of good make up 'the hosts of Jehovah', angels are therefore called His 'hosts' in the first Book of Kings,

Micah the prophet said, I saw Jehovah sitting on His throne, and the entire host of heaven standing beside Him. 1 Kings 22:19.

And in David,

Bless Jehovah, His angels, powerful with strength; bless Jehovah, all His hosts, His ministers. Psalms 103:20-21.

Angels are called 'hosts' by virtue of the truths and forms of good present with them. Not only angels used to be referred to as the hosts of Jehovah but also the lights in the sky - the sun, moon, and stars. And they were referred to as such because 'the sun' was a sign of the good of love, 'the moon' a sign of the good of faith, and 'the stars' a sign of cognitions of goodness and truth. Reference to those lights as 'hosts' is evident in the Book of Genesis,

The heavens and the earth were finished, and all their hosts. Genesis 1:1.

Here 'hosts' is used to mean all the lights in the sky; but in the internal sense, in which the subject at that point is the new creation of a person, 'hosts' is used to mean truths and forms of good.

(Odkazy: Genesis 2:1; Psalms 148:2-3)


[3] Likewise in David,

Praise Jehovah, all His angels, praise Him, all His hosts; praise Him, sun and moon, praise Him, all stars of light. Psalms 148:1, 3.

'Sun' means the good of love, and 'moon' the good of faith, see 1529, 1530, 2441, 2495, 4060, 4696, 5377, 7083; and 'stars' means cognitions of good and truth, 1808, 2120, 2495, 2849, 4697.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 1529-1530; Psalms 148:2-3)


[4] One reason why 'sun, moon, and stars' means forms of good and truths is that in heaven the Lord is a Sun to those who are celestial and a Moon to those who are spiritual, 1521, 1529-1531, 3636, 3643, 4300, 4721 (end), 5097, 7078, 7083, 7171, 7173; and another reason is that angelic dwelling-places shine like stars, in keeping with the following in Daniel,

Then those who have intelligence will shine like the brightness of the expanse, and those who turn many to righteousness like the stars forever and into eternity. Daniel 12:9.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 4321; Daniel 12:3)


[5] Since angels, by virtue of truths and forms of good, are spoken of as 'the hosts of Jehovah', and also the sun, moon, and stars are called such, and since all truth and good come from the Lord, the Word refers to the Lord as Jehovah Zebaoth, that is, Jehovah of Hosts, 3448. And another reason why it refers to Him in this way is that He fights on a person's behalf against the hells.

From all this one may now see what 'the hosts of Jehovah' is used to mean in the internal sense. The children of Jacob who went out of Egypt were not such, though they represented them. This is evident from their life in Egypt, where they were unacquainted with Jehovah, even with His name before it was made known to Moses from the bramble bush, Exodus 3:13-16; and also they were calf-worshippers no less than the Egyptians were, as may be deduced from Exodus 32. And their life in the wilderness too shows that their character was such that they could not be led into the land of Canaan. Thus they were anything but the hosts of Jehovah.

(Odkazy: Exodus 12:41, 32:1)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 8019, 8138, 9987, 10217, 10225

The White Horse 1


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 72, 155, 391


Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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